russia through the hidden eye 3

Lalas

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Sechenov University has opened a single window for working with industrial partners and business

February 27, 2024
Partnership & Business


The First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation became the first university in Russia to create a single window for working with industrial partners and business. The result of this interaction will be innovative products for implementation in practical healthcare. To implement joint projects, new industrial laboratories are being opened at the University, where products are created and finalized together with high-tech companies.



"There is a gigantic potential inside the body": what the megaproject "Organ-on-Order" is dedicated to

February 26, 2024


Professor Pyotr Timashev, Scientific Director of the Scientific and Technological Park of Biomedicine of Sechenov University of the Ministry of Health of Russia, told what tissues can be created today with the help of bioengineering, what is the main difficulty in growing them, and what is the goal of the Organ-on-Order megaproject, which was launched this year.
...
— Which organs are currently most in demand from the point of view of transplantology?

— There are no unclaimed organs. Of course, the longest queue today is for kidney transplantation. But, unfortunately, from the point of view of recreating in the laboratory, the kidney is one of the most complex organs. Even getting one full-fledged nephron is not a trivial task, and there are more than a million of them in the kidney. Liver, heart, skeletal tissue... The problem of the shortage of donor material is relevant for all organs.
..
Our specialists of the Center for Innovative Collagen Developments have devoted several years to the creation of an artificial cornea. But in addition to the samples themselves, they have also developed a technology that can be used for mass production. And we are already working on its implementation together with an industrial partner.


— This year, Sechenov University is launching the Organ-to-Order megaproject. What is it aimed at?

— First of all, we need to develop a unified protocol for creating tissues from patient cells. To date, we have developed a number of basic technologies and are now ready to move on to more serious, comprehensive solutions. This is a natural and logical path. In terms of complexity and size, the eardrum cannot be compared with either the liver or the heart. But without understanding the nuances involved in its recreation, it is impossible to move on to the liver or the heart. The concept of the megaproject involves the formation of a technological chain that makes it possible to recreate complex tissues for specific patients on request and complete it with advanced technologies, if necessary. Not in every case it is necessary to grow an organ from scratch and transplant it. Sometimes it is enough to speed up the natural regeneration processes. Such approaches will also be included in the future single protocol. The whole concept of the mega-project is related to the idea that there is a gigantic potential inside the human body. You just need to direct it in the right direction and give it the opportunity to realize.

We already have the technology for such a large-scale project. Now it is necessary to systematize them and build interaction in such a way as to ensure a full production cycle - from a specific request to the formation of a complex of tissues ready for transplantation. And this is an extremely ambitious task. The subprojects cover not only biology and chemistry, but also physics, bionic technologies, and even sociology and law.


— What will be the first steps within the framework of the megaproject?

— The key task now is to create a bioreactor. We need an all-in-one device that can be adapted to specific tasks. If we are growing vessels, we need to achieve the flow of fluid at a certain speed so that this vessel is constantly under the necessary mechanical stress. If we're growing neurons, nerve tissue, they're going to need electrical action. Each individual case requires its own combination of factors, which a conventional bioreactor is simply not able to provide. Therefore, we first need to organize a system that would use mechanical, electrical, and other influences to create the environment necessary for the growth of a particular tissue. We have already begun work on the creation of a bioengineering laboratory that will allow us to implement this task. Then such a bioreactor can be used both for growing bioequivalents and for testing drugs.

— To show the efficiency of the technological chain, it will be necessary to create some kind of organ with its help. What will it be?

— We will start with the periodontal complex. It is a complex structure that includes the tissues that ensure the retention and physiological regeneration of the tooth, namely the cementum of the tooth, the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. The biggest challenge is not to grow this or that tissue, but to ensure the connection and simultaneous functioning of several types of tissue. Where the interaction of tissues takes place, we are already talking about completely new mechanical, adhesive, functional properties. And this is a problem that we have yet to solve.

— How long will it take to implement the megaproject?

— Our planning horizon is five years. During this time, we will create a domestic hardware and software complex for a multicell bioreactor, a set of standardized biopaper and bioink for various tasks, develop a technological chain and, most importantly, a standard protocol for creating complex organs to order. But by 2027, we expect to bring the creation of a periodontal complex to the level of clinical practice as the first example of the implementation of our concept."

A new bioprinter for training and research has appeared in the Biofactory design center

March 11, 2024

Sechenov University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation has completed the fourth stream of training under the educational program "Introduction to 3D Bioprinting". This time, the course participants had the opportunity to work not only with the Swedish bioprinter Cellink Bio X6, but also with the Korean Rokit Dr. INVIVO 4D2, which recently appeared in the Biofactory design center.

"Both of these bioprinters are extrusion printers, but they have a different number of print heads, bio ink volumes used and materials available for printing. Unlike the Cellink with 6 print heads, the Rokit has 2 but larger volumes. In addition, the Korean bioprinter has a module for classic extrusion 3D printing with plastic, which allows you to form more durable and voluminous structures. Cellink, in turn, is aimed at the formation of complex structures and interfaces that require the simultaneous use of several types of bioink," explained Polina Bikmulina, head of the Biofactory design center.

The students understood the peculiarities of calibration of both devices, loading and installing cartridges, setting parameters and other aspects of operation. In addition, bioprinters have different software, the mastering of which is necessary to conduct any experiment. All this allowed the students to test biofabrication approaches on different equipment, find out the differences and similarities between different methods, and become more prepared, confident and flexible when planning their bioprinting activities.

The students were employees of the Blokhin National Medical Research Center of Oncology, students and postgraduates of Russian universities. Areas in which participants work include cell biology, including tumor cell biology, materials science, 3D printing, research, and nanoparticle creation.

"Interesting and informative lectures allowed us to better understand the features of this direction. At the practical classes, I was able to cover a wide range of 3D bioprinting techniques, get acquainted with several models of 3D bioprinters, and work independently with the devices. Also useful was the block on working with cell cultures: growing cells, cell spheroids, preparing spheroids for 3D bioprinting, characterizing spheroids using fluorescence microscopy, LIVE/DEAD test. The knowledge gained will help me to start my first experiments on a 3D bioprinter that is in our laboratory. And also, of course, it's great that now I personally know colleagues experienced in this field, who will always be able to help with advice or share knowledge," said Pavel Shakhov, a PhD student at MEPhI, one of the listeners.











***



 
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Lalas

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19 Feb 2024
According to the results of a survey conducted by the All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center (WTsIOM) for the Forum of Future Technologies
..
As noted by the organizers of the Forum of Future Technologies, held in Moscow, today scientists are creating brain-computer interfaces, and neuroprostheses are able to restore lost body functions. These and other scientific achievements are designed to significantly improve the quality and duration of life.
..
Young Russians under the age of 25 are the most optimistic about the possibilities of neurotechnologies in medicine: a total of 83% are convinced that new technologies will help achieve unprecedented results in the future.
..
Seven out of ten respondents believe that neurotechnologies will have a significant impact on humanity in the future: thanks to them, we will be able to understand our brain, multiply its capabilities, be able to control it through gadgets, and even unite several into a single network.
..
As for the moral and ethical issues related to neurotechnologies, the expert states that there are indeed questions here. The problem is related to how it will work, whether it will help human development, whether it is possible to connect the human brain to some kind of network, etc.


ABOUT US
HSE Daily is the university brand media of the Higher School of Economics. We present a wide range of materials on current topics in the field of economics, social sphere, labor market, government, education, science and innovation, foreign policy and public initiatives. Our portal also serves as a platform for expert discussions and presentations of research on student projects. Every day we publish the opinions of HSE experts on key issues on the current agenda and the most important regional, national and global trends.

https://daily.hse.ru/post/ukreplenie-celoveka-podderzivat-no-ne-vtorgatsya
STRENGTHENING THE PERSON: SUPPORTING, BUT NOT INTRUSIVE



Publication date: 05.12.2023

Willingness to adopt human enhancement or enhancement technologies depends largely on the perception of their impact on the individual's autonomy and safety for physical and mental health. Based on the results of a study prepared by HSE researchers in relation to human improvement technologies, society can be divided into optimists, moderates, and skeptical people. The majority of respondents have a positive attitude towards wearable electronics and training that improve the memory and other abilities of individuals, while negatively perceive invasive methods (for example, implanting chips) and gene editing, seeing this as a dangerous invasion of human nature.

The HSE Strategic Project 'Human Success and Autonomy in a Changing World' held an online seminar 'Social and Cultural Aspects of the Perception of Human Augmentation Technologies: From Understanding the Mechanisms to Describing the Risks'.


The moderator of the seminar, Director of the HSE Institute of Education, Evgeny Terentyev, stressed that it is impossible to discuss improvement technologies without understanding the probable risks, which requires interdisciplinary discussions.


Evgeny

Oksana Sinyavskaya, Head of the Study and Deputy Director of the Institute for Social Policy at the Higher School of Economics, reminded that strengthening or improving a person implies a permanent or temporary improvement of his or her abilities through the use of various technologies. There are discussions about whether to include only high-tech tools among its methods or to supplement them with self-help practices and techniques, such as training to improve memory and physical capabilities, and the use of dietary supplements. There is also debate about whether strengthening technologies should be considered only those that empower healthy individuals, or whether they should include methods that allow normalizing the lives of people with disabilities.


Oksana

"As part of the study, we relied on an expanded interpretation of human enhancement technologies, including techniques outside of high-tech. Some technologies empower people, while others allow people to achieve the social norm," said Oksana Sinyavskaya.

The success of human enhancement technologies largely depends on their perception in society, which is influenced by expectations regarding their usefulness, harm or danger, and ease of use. Oksana Sinyavskaya explained that the authors assumed that people assess the usefulness of technology by correlating the expected likelihood of gaining more freedom of choice, increasing chances for a decent life and well-being with the risks of increasing inequality and violation of privacy. The authors of the report sought to study information about the opportunities and risks of human augmentation technologies, their perception by respondents, and to develop options for a risk assessment protocol.

In the course of the study, 12 two-hour focus group discussions were conducted with citizens aged 20 to 49 years, differing in age, type of settlement, gender, education, and income.

During the discussions, the participants discussed how they feel about wearable electronics, artificial intelligence, methods of improving cognitive abilities, assisted reproductive technologies, slowing down aging, gene editing to prevent hereditary diseases, etc., and what are the reasons for this or that attitude.




Those surveyed can be divided into three groups: progressives, moderates, and apprehensive. The former are enthusiastic about any innovations, believe that they should be applied without restrictions and that a person can personally decide on their use, taking into account their ability to pay.

Those who are apprehensive have a positive attitude only to well-studied methods and technologies that help people with physical and cognitive deficits, but negatively assess interference in the body, fearing its lack of control.

Moderates have a positive attitude towards improvement technologies, but oppose invasive intervention in the body, especially the implantation of chips, and support state regulation in this area.


THE DISCUSSIONS SHOWED THAT YOUNG MEN AND HIGH-RESOURCE GROUPS HAVE A MORE POSITIVE ATTITUDE TOWARDS HUMAN ENHANCEMENT TECHNOLOGIES

For the most part, people's objections are rational: there are concerns that overstimulation of one system or faculties can lead to side effects on other organs and the body as a whole. Most people believe that a person has the right to decide whether to resort to this or that technology.

Oksana Sinyavskaya explained that the respondents have the most positive assessment of wearable electronics and reproductive technologies. Genetic technologies related to modeling the sex and appearance of a child, as well as chips, are perceived most negatively. People are suspicious of exoskeletons, believing that they can only be used with a doctor's prescription and under his strict supervision.

The positive attitude towards wearable electronics is due to its mass use and ease of use to control physical activity and important health indicators, and it cannot radically change lives. Some concerns relate to the low accuracy of the measurement, which can lead to errors in the detection of health problems. But measures to monitor health indicators with more extensive capabilities (sensors, chips) are rejected because of their invasiveness. There are also fears of loss of privacy of personal information and that excessive health control with the help of these devices will increase anxiety and deteriorate mental health.

Surgeries to improve eyesight are well accepted by people, allowing them to improve the quality of life. Over-commercialization of technologies and related inequalities in access are identified as risks.

Technologies for improving memory and attention are considered positively only when it comes to traditional techniques for strengthening them, such as special exercises and a healthy lifestyle. Dietary supplements and natural preparations were mentioned somewhat less frequently. Attitudes towards pharmaceuticals are wary of side effects and the use of cognitive enhancement technologies for illegal purposes.

People have a positive attitude towards the use of artificial intelligence in medicine to solve routine tasks, hoping that its use will increase the time of interaction between a doctor and a patient.


IT IS IMPORTANT THAT AI IS PERCEIVED AS AN ASSISTANT TO A DOCTOR, AND NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR HIM, FOR RESPONDENTS IT IS IMPORTANT TO MAINTAIN THE PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE DOCTOR FOR THE RESULT OF TREATMENT

At the same time, there are fears that AI will contribute to the development of laziness and the rejection of self-development.

Assisted reproductive technologies, which allow people to become parents and reduce the risk of hereditary diseases, are evaluated positively. However, there are concerns that a marked increase in the age of parenthood with a decrease in the emotional and physical resources of older people can lead to negative consequences for the development of children. Editing a child's genes is perceived negatively as an interference with human nature.

Exoskeletons are more likely to be viewed positively as empowering people with disabilities, especially movement, allowing them to return to or approach normal life. Concerns about this technology are related to the possibility of harm caused by attackers with their help, and there is also a request to control their use.

Life extension technologies are perceived positively if it is possible to prolong a full life. Among the risks, respondents name the weakening of mental health and the loss of the meaning of life. There are also concerns about the place of older people in society, the scarcity of resources, the devaluation of human life and the degradation of young people who will hope for a long life.




According to Oksana Sinyavskaya, in works on risk management, social risks of the use of technologies are rarely highlighted, while this is an important category of risks in relation to human enhancement technologies, and the lack of evidence-based effects of their use increases the acuteness of public perception of possible risks, which affects their implementation. She noted that due to the differences in the perception of technologies, a single risk assessment protocol for all of them is not possible, since the questions must take into account the specifics of each category of technology. It is necessary to form different protocols that divide risks into objective and subjective, individual and societal.

According to the speaker, the objective risks of users are the harm to physical and mental health and the risk of data leaks. Societal risks, in her opinion, lie in the growth of inequality, changes in the level of collectivism and individualism, reduction of resources and increased competition for them.

Among the subjective risks at the user level, the authors of the report highlight the perceived significance of side effects from the use of technology, the negative impact of technology on attitudes to health, etc. Subjective societal risks can arise due to the impact of technology on relationships with loved ones and due to possible abuse. Subjectively determined risks of lack of demand for technologies may be associated with the culturally conditioned perceived unnaturalness of the technology or the uncontrollability of the results and consequences of its use.


Regular sociological research is required to understand the subjective assessment of readiness to use human enhancement technologies, to understand affordability and perception of their naturalness, as well as to monitor the results.

Ekaterina Pavlenko, Director of the Centre for Sociology of Culture at the HSE Institute of Education, supplemented the study with an analysis of hidden irrational structures of perception, such as admiration or fear, and other symbolic oppositions. In the course of it, the antitheses of natural and unnatural results and controlled and uncontrolled interference with the body became the most noticeable. Natural technologies involve the development of innate human abilities, while unnatural ones carry dangers and risks.

THE INABILITY TO INDEPENDENTLY CONTROL THE LEVEL OF INTERFERENCE IN THE BODY CREATES A REQUEST FOR CONTROL BY A PROFESSIONAL OR THE STATE

In the future, researchers will have to define the sphere of naturalness: for example, maintaining youth by plastic surgery methods is considered by many to be natural, although it seems to interfere with the mechanisms of nature. It is important to understand which oppositions each individual technology fits into and its perception, because each of them will have its own set of oppositions.

The discussant, Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy of the National Research Tomsk State University Elena Sukhushina, noted the importance of the participation of representatives of various scientific disciplines in the study of the perception of technology. In her opinion, interviews with developers do not always reflect socio-humanitarian problems, which are influenced by many factors and contexts. "You've done great, everything looks convincing," she concluded.

Polina Kolozaridi, academic supervisor of ITMO University's Master's program in Digital Methods in the Humanities, emphasized the high academic and social importance of the research. "I am glad that it is based on qualitative data and sociological methods, because human agency is often excluded in the relationship between humans and technology," she said.

Polina Kolozaridi drew attention to the need to distinguish wearable devices from the cultural and social phenomena associated with them. Technology creates not only gadgets, but also techniques for using them. For example, the presence of pressure and pulse sensors is changing the practice of measuring them. Polina Kolozaridi noted the problems of biopolitics, the distinction between politics and media technologies, and the definition of the boundaries of privacy and the human body itself when using, for example, chips, caused by the development of human enhancement technologies.

She suggested that the study should continue to study groups with different social and individual boundaries, such as students and older people with physical disabilities and groups with higher and lower incomes. She also called the study of rational and emotional reactions to the emergence and application of technologies and the determination of the boundary between them an important area of work.

"There is a remarkable position of expediency: whether a person needs it or not, this is the principle of social hygiene, and it seems that important conclusions can be drawn from your report," Polina Kolozaridi said.

Svetlana Biryukova and Elena Selezneva also took part in the discussion of the report.

At the end of the seminar, Evgeny Terentyev thanked the authors of the report and the participants of the seminar for an interesting report on an important topic and a meaningful discussion."



Vladimir Putin met with participants of the World Youth Festival

March 6, 2024, 22:50, Sirius
..
We had a statesman, a military commander of German origin – Marshal, I think, or Field Marshal Minich, who said that Russia is a country that is directly ruled by God, because if this is not the case, it is not clear how it exists at all.
In the first part, I agree: Russia is a country that is directly governed by God. ..."
 
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Lalas

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In a nutshell: absolutely nothing new showed the "study" of HSE (one of the most basic in Russia centers for the study of everything, for planning, university, etc.). On the contrary, a question even arose: why are they asking? Why are they so interested in how people are attuned to implantable chips and genome editing?
 

Lalas

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for HSE
..............
Joined - Nov (11) 8, 2022
Messages - 1,222


WTF :eek:
Get away from me, satan! :mad:
:D

By the way, when I am not logged in and look at my profile, it says: Joined: November 8. And now I see: November 9. (Go away, satan)

....
So.
"The HSE Strategic Project 'Human Success and Autonomy in a Changing World' held an online seminar 'Social and Cultural Aspects of the Perception of Human Augmentation Technologies: From Understanding the Mechanisms to Describing the Risks'."

The great "Strategic Project" is within the framework of the even greater Priority 2030 Program (more about the project - a little later; please, I understand that you are very interested in finding out about the project, but stop writing me millions of letters, my box of private messages is overflowing and on the verge of collapse; wait a minute, wait...)

Let's remember what HSE and Priority 2030 are.

Consistently ranked as one of Russia’s top universities, HSE University is a leader in Russian education and one of the preeminent economics and social sciences universities in eastern Europe and Eurasia. Having rapidly grown into a well-renowned research university over two decades, HSE University sets itself apart with its international presence and cooperation.

Our faculty, researchers, and students represent over 100 countries, and are dedicated to maintaining the highest academic standards. Our newly-adopted structural reforms support HSE University’s drive to internationalize and conduct groundbreaking research.

Now a dynamic university with four campuses, HSE University is a leader in combining Russian education traditions with the best international teaching and research practices. HSE University offers outstanding educational programmes from secondary school to doctoral studies, with top departments and research centres in a number of fields. We are ranked among the top 100 institutions worldwide in Politics & International Studies, Sociology, History, Economics & Econometrics in the QS – World University Rankings by Subject.

Since 2013, HSE University has been a member of the 5-100 Russian Academic Excellence Project, a highly selective government programme aimed at boosting the international competitiveness of Russian universities.

HSE cooperates with over 400 universities world-wide through bi- and multilateral projects, the European Commission and other schemes, as well as international associations and network memberships.



+


with English subtitles ->


Priority 2030.
Priority 2030 is the largest state university transformation program in the history of Russia. Developed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation. Priority 2030 will make it possible to concentrate resources to ensure the contribution of Russian universities to the achievement of the national development goals of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030, to increase the scientific and educational potential of universities and research organizations, as well as to ensure the participation of educational institutions of higher education in the socio-economic development of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

The goal of the program is to form a large group of universities that will become leaders in the creation of new scientific knowledge, technologies and developments for implementation in the Russian economy and social sphere, and will provide affordable high-quality higher education in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

On May 13, 2021, the Government of the Russian Federation signed Decree No. 729 "On Measures to Implement the Priority 2030 Strategic Academic Leadership Program".
..
Many scientists agree that an important task of Russian universities is their contribution to the technological development of the country. Therefore, the development of innovative activities of universities, including the creation and commercialization of the results of intellectual activity, is becoming especially relevant.

One of the principles of participation in the Priority 2030 program is the formation of consortia with other universities, scientific organizations, as well as enterprises of the real sector of the economy and the social sphere. This form of cooperation is one of the main trends in the development of higher education and science in the leading countries of the world.
..

On April 21, 2021, in his address to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Russian President Vladimir Putin noted:
"Starting this year, at least 100 universities in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation will receive grants of 100 million rubles and more for the opening of student technology parks, business incubators, updating the educational and laboratory base and training programs. All state universities will be able to apply for such support, including those that train future teachers, doctors, workers in the field of transport and culture. I am confident that the younger generation of Russians, Russian scientists, will fully assert themselves in new significant research projects."

[The Prime Minister] Mikhail Mishustin at the Government's annual report to the State Duma on May 12, 2021:
"We will continue to improve the higher education system, strengthening the role of universities in the socio-economic, scientific and technological development of the country. A new program to support universities, Priority 2030, has already been developed and will be approved and launched by the end of May this year. It is aimed at the development of research, education, development, innovation, technology and territories. At least 100 universities selected by the competition committee will take part in it. Industry-specific medical, transport, agricultural, pedagogical, creative and other regional universities will be involved in the program."

On June 24, 2021, at a meeting with the rectors of universities that decided to participate in Priority 2030, the Minister of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation Valery Falkov launched the program, announcing the start of a competitive selection:
"The program launches a competitive mechanism. Universities need to show success and dynamics every year. Participation in the program is an additional chance for the development of the university. The main task is to ensure that in 10 years there will be more universities of the 3rd generation, those that combine education, science and innovative entrepreneurship, turn ideas and knowledge into technologies."

*By the way, as I am easily impressive :D , two news from the last link of the site "Year of Science and Technology" grabbed my eye again:
AUGUST 5 (2021?)
Excursions "Science is Near": In July, schoolchildren learned how vaccines are created, saw the construction of ships and played laser tag with robots

The campaign is held monthly as part of the "Science Is Near" initiative of the Decade of Science and Technology in various regions of Russia
..
Guided tours are held every month. They are organized by the Bolshaya Peremena ANO (a project of the Federal Agency for Youth Affairs (Rosmolodezh), which is part of the line of the presidential platform "Russia – Land of Opportunities") and the ANO "National Priorities".
..
Moscow schoolchildren were told about modern biotechnologies at the Biotech Museum at VDNH (Pavilion No. 30). Experts from the Federal Research Center "Fundamentals of Biotechnology" of the Russian Academy of Sciences explained how vaccine creation systems, city farms, bioreactors and many other innovative and familiar technologies work. In addition, the participants of the tour were able to touch new materials made using biotechnologies (from silk to concrete), see familiar food products made from non-traditional raw materials ("meat from a test tube", "grasshopper flour", "mushroom cheese") and, with the help of an interactive installation, understand how the process of plastic decomposition takes place in natural conditions and using biotechnological methods.

Voronezh schoolchildren took part in master classes of the Quantorium and the Technopark of Universal Pedagogical Competencies of the Voronezh State Pedagogical University. Schoolchildren attended "lessons" of interaction with high-tech equipment. They were able to use the training complex of human-machine interaction... At the end of the tour, the children learned how to control robots using manipulators and played laser tag with them.




DECEMBER 27 (2021?)

A new neural network will help to edit DNA more accurately

Russian bioinformaticians have proposed a new neural network architecture that is able to predict how accurately the RNA "targeting" the edited gene is chosen. This approach will make it possible to alter DNA more efficiently using the popular CRISPR/CAS technique, which means that it will help develop new ways to treat severe hereditary diseases.

Genome editing is a very popular approach in a wide variety of fields of experimental biology, as well as in agro- and biotechnology. The most commonly used method is CRISPR/Cas.

CRISPR/Cas is one of the many ways bacteria can protect themselves from viruses. When the DNA is infected, the pathogen ends up inside the cell, but because its sequences differ from those of the microorganism, the Cas proteins recognize this hereditary material as foreign and cut it. In order for the bacterium to react faster to the virus in the future, fragments of the pathogen's DNA are stored in the cell, almost like a database of viral signatures in a computer antivirus. They are then passed down from generation to generation and are used by Cas proteins to defend against new invasions.

In 2011–2013, scientists from different laboratories around the world (D. Daudna, E. Charpentier, F. Jang in the USA and V. Šiksnis in Lithuania) were able to independently adapt the CRISPR/Cas system to alter arbitrary DNA sequences in human and animal cells, making genome editing much easier and more efficient. The key elements of the technology are guided RNA and the Cas9 protein, which cuts DNA at the location corresponding to its sequence. The cell will then "heal" the incision, but the changes will have already been made. However, the guidance RNA doesn't always hit the right spot and can misdirect the Cas9 "genetic scissors." It is necessary to turn CRISPR/Cas technology into a modern high-precision tool, which is especially important in the case of medical interventions.

Scientists from Skoltech, led by Konstantin Severinov, have applied deep learning, Gaussian processes, and other techniques to solve the problem of more accurate selection of optimal guidance RNAs. The result is a set of neural networks, which are mathematical models implemented in the form of sequential multiplications of matrices — large sets of numbers with a complex internal structure.

A neural network is able to learn due to the presence of a "memory" that changes in a certain way each time the system counts in training mode. The models were trained on different datasets containing tens of thousands of experimentally validated guide RNAs that were fired with high accuracy on human and other animal cells.

The algorithm proposed by Skoltech scientists estimates the probabilities of cutting DNA targets in the right place for given guide RNAs. This can be used as a reference when choosing an editing tool in any CRISPR/Cas technology. Scientists have already proposed a set of guided RNA sequences calculated in advance by their neural network, which allows them to accurately change the genes of human chromosome 22. This was made possible by the accuracy of the prediction of the cutting frequency and the addition of an estimate of error that no previously developed method for solving such a problem provided.

"The results of our work can be applied to any application of technologies that are based on CRISPR/Cas, whether it is the therapy of genetic diseases, agricultural technologies, or experiments in basic scientific research," says Skoltech PhD student Bogdan Kirillov, one of the creators of the new method and the first author of the paper.

The method developed by Russian scientists simplifies the problem of selecting the right tool for high-precision DNA editing, which means it saves time and resources. In the future, DNA editing could help in the development of therapies for some hereditary diseases.

The results of the work, carried out with the support of a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (RSF), are published in the journal Nucleic Acids Research.


So, after the brief clarification that once again emphasized the exclusively based on deep religiosity and traditional values Russian strategy for the future of the Russian authorities, let's move on to the second part of the monumental "study" of HSE.
 
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HOW TO BECOME SUCCESSFUL AND MAINTAIN WELL-BEING: HSE TALKS ABOUT HUMAN STRENGTHENING TECHNOLOGIES



Publication date: 05.03.2024

The modern world provides many opportunities for personal development and self-improvement, including through improving the quality of education, working conditions, and the use of digital technologies. The success of a modern person is largely determined by the ability to independently use this toolkit. However, people are not always aware of the availability of such opportunities and are not always motivated to use them.

The team of the strategic project "Human Success and Independence in a Changing World" (implemented as part of the Priority 2030 program) conducted a study of the available tools and the attitude of the adult population to human strengthening technologies. The scientists presented the results of their research at the seminar "How to Become Successful in a Rapidly Changing World and Maintain Well-Being: An Overview of Modern Solutions".


Human Strengthening Technologies

As the study showed, more than 50% of the population has a positive attitude towards technological progress, 33.6% experience positive emotions in connection with the development of strengthening technologies.


"It was very important for us to collect an empirical base that would answer three basic questions: what technologies appear in the spheres of human life, what is the scale of use of different types of technologies, what are the subjective assessments of the reasons for the use or non-use of these technologies, and the effect obtained," emphasizes the Director of the Institute of Education, Senior Research Fellow at the International Laboratory for the Evaluation of Practices and Innovations in Education, Acting Scientific Supervisor of the Strategic project by Evgeny Terentyev.

The empirical study included two rounds of surveys of the adult urban population, selected on the basis of a representative sample: the first to assess the extent of awareness of technologies and their use by different categories of the population, the second to identify the risks of the available tools and barriers to their use.

The first stage took place in the fall of 2023: respondents were interviewed in semi-formalized interviews using tablets. Four areas were selected for analysis: physical health, mental health, education and the labour market, social connections, and technologies that contribute to strengthening the development of social capital. The second stage took place through an online survey.

Its goal was to highlight the risks and barriers to the use of opportunities for personal improvement. In both samples, 45% of respondents are men and 55% are women.



Elena Selezneva

Speaking about the study of the perception of human enhancement technologies, Elena Selezneva, Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Comprehensive Social Policy Studies at the HSE Institute for Social Policy, notes: 'Our part of the work was to analyze the general attitude of the population to technology, as well as to see how different the views of groups of people on different technologies are. The first thing to note is that we have had quite positive results."

Three groups of technologies were identified for analysis: empowerment (enhancement of vision, hearing, physical strength, cognitive abilities), getting rid of problems (correction of emotional state, genetic defects), and life extension (developments in biogerontology).

Here are some of the study's findings:

Women are more enthusiastic about technologies that solve problems and human deficits.

Young people are more interested in empowerment, while older generations are more interested in life extension.

Citizens with a higher level of education and income are more interested in technology.


The reasons for the negative evaluations of strengthening technologies in some groups lie in emotional fears, as well as in the lack of information and, as a result, fears due to the lack of knowledge of technologies.


Physical & Psychological Health


One aspect of the study concerned the population's attitude towards technologies to support and promote physical health. Ilya Ivanov, Associate Professor at the School of Electronic Engineering at the Tikhonov Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics at the Higher School of Economics, emphasizes: 'We tried to consider the tools that, on the one hand, are already widespread, and on the other hand, have interesting novelties and devices.'

During the first wave of the survey, respondents singled out popular gadgets related to measuring heart rate, pulse, blood pressure, as well as even more modern smart things — clothes and shoes with sensors of biological parameters, bionic prostheses, exoskeletons.

The second wave of surveys summarized some of the technologies from the previous survey, while adding new devices designed to assess the psycho-emotional state and self-monitor vision. In terms of prevalence, the first group took the lead.

As the study showed, devices for measuring blood pressure and heart rate are used everywhere. At the same time, gadgets designed to measure physical activity (parameters of walking, running) mainly attract the younger generation and people leading an active lifestyle.

Participants in the online survey paid special attention to the assessment of their psycho-emotional state. Relevant technologies are of greater interest to people due to their novelty.

Maria Chumakova, Head of the School of Psychology at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the Higher School of Economics, presented such an aspect of the study as 'Technologies for Supporting and Strengthening the Psychological Well-Being of the Individual'. This includes four groups of tools to support mental health and self-development:


– psychological courses, consultations, business trainings;

– motivational trainings, marathons;

– online solutions for psychological assistance and training;

– pharmacology for the regulation of the psyche.


"In terms of awareness, the result was quite interesting: more than half of the respondents had either heard of fortification technologies or knew about them in detail. This suggests that today there has already been a fairly wide dissemination of information in general that psychological health can and is useful to support," the expert emphasizes.

The researchers also found that women have more experience with technologies to support individual psychological well-being compared to men, and men are more likely to be unfamiliar with these technologies at all. This effect is especially evident in the intake of pharmacological drugs aimed at regulating mental activity.

Interestingly, non-pharmacological technologies to support psychological health are more often used by younger respondents, and pharmacological drugs are more often used by older respondents. People aged 18-29 years are highly informed about the possibility of using drugs, but have the least experience with their use. Perhaps this is due to the development of a global trend towards the rejection of exclusively pharmacological regulation of mental activity, which young people are more aware of, the researchers suggest.


Educational Technology

Ivan Gruzdev, Director of the Centre for Sociology of Higher Education at the HSE Institute of Education, presented the results of the study in the field of 'Educational Technologies for Personal Development'.

Most often, survey participants use online platforms for children's education, less often commercial platforms with online courses, although the latter are the most well-known digital solution for education and self-development.



Ivan Gruzdev (right)

Only 13.4% of respondents use platforms with online courses from commercial manufacturers, and 38.3% have not heard of them at all.

Online courses from universities are inferior in frequency of use to private platforms (11.3% vs. 13.4%), while more people know about them than about commercial educational projects. As such, it is both the most well-known online solution and the least used.

In general, experts note that the prevalence of digital platforms is higher:

— in large cities in comparison with small settlements;

– among educated respondents;

— among younger age cohorts.

In this sense, general measures are needed to reduce the digital divide, which would be aimed at increasing the availability of online solutions in education. It is also important to raise awareness among citizens about the availability of such solutions, the researchers emphasize.

Strengthening social ties

The fourth important aspect of the study is "Technologies for Supporting and Strengthening Social Ties". Vasily Anikin, Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Stratification Studies of the Institute for Social Policy, identified four important aspects here:

– social networks;

– networking/self-education;

– volunteering/dating;

- Planning/crowdsourcing.

According to Anikin, the study made it possible to draw the following conclusions.

Digital technologies have a moderate, positive impact on the growth of communication and their use as useful tools to keep in touch with others (generally increasing the likelihood of improving social connections by 2-3%).

At the same time, the values of agency and independence and the corresponding attitudes laid down by Russians in the goals of using technology (CIT) are more likely to have a greater impact. At the same time, pessimism deteriorates social connections and reduces the likelihood of sharing within social networks.



Yulia Koreshnikova

"With an increase in the level of agency (a person's ability to act, willingness to act as an independent agent and make informed and free choices — Ed.) the positive attitude of the population towards the perception of technology is increasing," says Yulia Koreshnikova, Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Education, Administrative Head of the Strategic Project.

The study found that women (52%) take more initiative in one or more areas than men (48%). At the same time, men begin to show initiative earlier, at the age of 25-34 years, while in women the corresponding activity is manifested at the age of 35-44. Enterprising men are also characterized by the presence of five or more people in the family, only if the man does not live alone. The percentage of proactive women increases as the number of family members grows to 4 people, and then decreases.



Pavel Sorokin

"Technology has always changed the social structure, changed the way the economy works, the way people interact with each other. Technology is needed not only to make people healthier, but also to do what is needed in the current crisis,' says Pavel Sorokin, Leading Research Fellow at the Laboratory for Human Capital and Adult Education Studies at the Centre for Skills Development and Vocational Education at the HSE Institute of Education.

Among the results of the study, he highlighted the following.


— People who use both Russian and foreign social networks are most active in volunteering and non-profit organizations.

Modern social networks include algorithms that tell people where that friend is, where that partner is, where the team you work with, and what you can do together.

— Time tracking and planning systems are in the greatest demand among people in need of self-organization, for example, among entrepreneurs.

— Technologies for business are needed by those who need technological support for the organization of their work: placing a person in a technological environment that provides opportunities leads to the fact that people act more efficiently in it.

People with higher education and those whose parents have higher education are more active than others, they are quicker to get acquainted with and use strengthening tools.


Based on the data obtained in the course of the study, a pool of recommendations was formed to encourage the population to use technologies, as well as recommendations were prepared for the development of the Russian market for human strengthening tools, including the identification of the most promising niches for new developments.

More information about the research data and recommendations can be found on the project website.
 
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"Publication date: 05.12.2023

Willingness to adopt human enhancement or enhancement technologies depends largely on the perception of their impact on the individual's autonomy and safety for physical and mental health. Based on the results of a study prepared by HSE researchers in relation to human improvement technologies, society can be divided into optimists, moderates, and skeptical people. The majority of respondents have a positive attitude towards wearable electronics and training that improve the memory and other abilities of individuals, while negatively perceive invasive methods (for example, implanting chips) and gene editing, seeing this as a dangerous invasion of human nature.

The HSE Strategic Project 'Human Success and Autonomy in a Changing World' held an online seminar 'Social and Cultural Aspects of the Perception of Human Augmentation Technologies: From Understanding the Mechanisms to Describing the Risks'."


"Even more beautiful" is the picture to this article, which HSE shows on the project website:
Strategic Project "Human Success and Independence in a Changing World"

Wearable Electronics theme

Human Strengthening: Supporting, but Not Invading




So:
Strategic Project "Human Success and Independence in a Changing World"

LEARN MORE ABOUT THE STRATEGIC PROJECT
->
Card Index: Human Success and Independence in a Changing World
HSE Strategic Project


For the sake of success and well-being, a modern person needs to "compare notes" with the ongoing social, economic, technological, and cultural changes. However, in order to adapt to them, you need to be able to do a lot, be healthy and active, develop cognitive abilities, acquire new skills and maintain friendships. All this expands the capabilities of a person and reveals his potential. HSE's unique multidisciplinary strategic project 'Human Success and Independence in a Changing World', which brings together teachers, sociologists, psychologists, economists, biologists, doctors, and digital technology specialists, will help to solve such problems. Together, they essentially create a navigation system to enhance human achievement for the benefit of society as a whole.


What is the essence of the project "Human Success and Independence in a Changing World" and what are its goals?

This is one of the five strategic projects of HSE University as part of the Priority 2030 Strategic Academic Leadership Programme. Its essence is to help a person to reveal his or her capabilities, self-actualize, and live a rich and prosperous life. At the same time, the most important resource is the independence and agency of a person — his ability to act, changing himself and the world for the better.

Stable structures of life organization — the former support for a person — are becoming a thing of the past, which means that independence — as the ability to navigate, make decisions and implement them — is becoming an imperative. People must learn to actualize their talents on their own, relying on social, digital, biological, and cognitive technologies.

Such active independence, expansion of one's capabilities and functions is called human enhancement.
The HSE project offers mechanisms and tools for this. Each person needs to be given the key to well-being in different areas.



Who is involved in the project "Human Success and Independence in a Changing World"?

The basis of the work was laid by the consortium "World-Class Scientific Center "Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Human Potential", one of the tasks of which is to identify social mechanisms for the development of human capabilities. However, now it is necessary to cover the entire range of characteristics of a person, consider different areas of his self-realization and support his independence to achieve success. To do this, the project brought together sociologists, economists, teachers, psychologists, biologists, engineers and other specialists. The multidisciplinary scientific community, which includes a number of consortia of scientific organizations and the corporate sector, makes it possible to connect the created tools with each other and develop institutional solutions for their dissemination. More than 200 scientists are involved in the project, and almost half of them are young employees.

To date, more than 30 tools have already been created to measure and stimulate success, and dozens of reports have been made in the field of human enhancement. A series of analytical works has been published on independence and proactivity, strengthening a person in a changing world, social capital, success in the labor market, additional education, technological trends in the field of implantable and wearable electronics, and psychological well-being. More than 50 monographs and publications in high-ranking journals have been published.


What areas does the project "Human Success and Independence in a Changing World" include?

The theory of human capital (knowledge and skills) and the concept of social capital (acquaintances and connections) are basic for designing human strengthening, allowing us to identify such vectors of increasing opportunities as physical and mental health, skills for life and work, independence and social ties. Accordingly, the strategic project is organized around six areas.

The first and fundamental of them is devoted to fundamental research into the options and limits of human strengthening, taking into account changes in the world around us. Other areas are focused on the development of specific technological and institutional solutions:

in the medical and biological sphere – for human health;

in psychology, for cognitive development and psychological well-being;

in the development of skills – for professional and personal self-realization;

in the strengthening of independence, i.e. individual action in the transformations of the social environment;

in the activation of social connections.



What are the main objectives of the project "Human Success and Independence in a Changing World"?

Its main tasks include:

Identification of populations that face risks to health and well-being in the context of rapid change, as well as a particular demand for support for self-reliance;

identification of key tools for the development of capabilities (including educational, digital, medical, social technologies) in response to new requirements from society;


development of technologies to increase independence in maintaining health and developing cognitive functions, including through new biomedical and digital opportunities to enhance human mental functions, neurostimulators, and wearable electronic devices;

creation of digital and educational technologies for the identification and self-development of talents, individualization of educational routes, the formation of stable social ties, the development of attitudes towards independence and self-regulation skills;

creation of models for socio-economic assessment of the effects of human "strengthening" technologies;

training programmes for human enhancement professionals.



Can you learn more about specific areas? For example, those dedicated to health, psychology and human behavior.

The direction of "Health Promotion" is focused on the options for personal management of the physical condition of a person by monitoring the physiological indicators of his body. A hardware and software platform has been designed and prototypes of non-invasive (without penetration into the body) sensors have been assembled to measure the physiological and biochemical parameters of the human body's vital functions. These technologies are able to determine the biological age of people and their state of health, and issue appropriate recommendations.

"Building Individual Resilience and Psychological Well-Being" aims to develop technologies to develop the brain's capabilities to achieve success in life. We are talking, among other things, about neurotechnologies for optimizing brain function (neurostimulators). Within the framework of the direction, a system of measures for self-support of psychological well-being and stress resistance has been formed, which includes a digital library of self-development technologies. Methods for developing critical thinking have also been created.

"Proactive behavior and independence" is a field that made it possible to create a theoretical model of agency, test it in practice in the education system, and offer tools for its further development. At the same time, emphasis was placed on supporting entrepreneurship, including among young people.


Other areas are more focused on the social, cultural and educational aspects of success, what are their specifics?

Strengthening the Human in a Changing World focuses on the possibilities and limits of human "amplification" in response to ongoing social, economic, technological, and cultural changes. Within the framework of the direction, philosophical and ethical problems, socio-economic, cultural and emotional aspects of technological "strengthening" of a person are highlighted. For example, we are talking about the acceptance and rejection of technology, techno-poverty, self-help and therapy as manifestations of new ways of organizing emotional life.


"Skills and Labor Trajectory" is dedicated to the development of educational technologies, skills and attitudes that ensure the success of a person in education and profession. It is very important to identify abilities in time and find the best use for them.

This area also includes the research project "Models of Educational Behavior of Students in Their Relation to Indicators of Success". Its participants analyze the interaction of students with the educational environment of Russian universities. Thus, it has been established that Russian students receive higher education primarily for successful entry into the labor market. Instrumental motives (acquisition of special knowledge — 59%, improvement of job chances — 54%) are the most popular. Interestingly, only a quarter of respondents are focused on the development of universal skills (from critical thinking to analytical skills). At the same time, such a motive as personal growth is quite common (44%). As a result, the study will help to develop measures to increase the success of students.

The "Strengthening Social Ties" track identifies tools to support individual success and the growth of social solidarity through grassroots initiatives of mutual aid and civic engagement.



What results are expected from the project "Human Success and Autonomy in a Changing World"?

At the global level, it is, firstly, a developed pool of technologies to support independent choice, health preservation, social inclusion and success, including:

models of intelligent search that activate human cognitive functions, as well as neurotechnologies to increase resistance to false information;

online tools for assessing the quality of life and health of a person;

digital technologies for self-diagnostics using wearable devices;

technologies for monitoring recovery and adjusting the course of treatment based on artificial intelligence;


A digital platform of services for the development of tools to support independence in extending active longevity.

Secondly, the developed information, consulting and educational practices and technologies for identifying talents, including:

digital tools for identifying human abilities and self-assessment of the development of universal competencies;


a digital platform for building educational trajectories;

tools for self-building a competency profile and continuous skill acquisition.

In addition, a new scientific and educational direction "Humanitarian Informatics" is being formed. A model of a digital platform for professional qualifications is being developed, which increases the chances of successful employment. Recommendations are being prepared for state policy on the promotion of tools to support independent action in the education system.



Does the project 'Human Success and Independence in a Changing World' contribute to the development of the Higher School of Economics as a research university?

Absolutely! If we talk about the contribution of this strategic project to the development of HSE, there are three components:

For the development of research, the country's most comprehensive database of empirical data on topics related to the expansion of human autonomy has been formed.

New educational products related to the development and use of human strengthening technologies have been created and launched. These are courses (including online), modules, and additional education programs.

A cohort of researchers and professionals has been trained to develop priority sectors of the economy in the field of human strengthening.



It turns out that "Human Success and Independence in a Changing World" is really a unique and very promising project?

It's hard to disagree with that. This strategic project is a flagship project in terms of the synergy of the efforts of many diverse specialists, in terms of tasks, results, and target audience. In fact, it is addressed to absolutely everyone who strives to improve themselves and the world around them, as well as to be useful to society.

The project will be a guide to empowering people in different fields. And this is by no means futurology, but a real, practice-oriented guide to self-development and self-realization.

IQ


HSE's strategic projects are implemented as part of the Priority 2030 programme and the University Development Programme.



October 23, 2023

Steps of development

2023
Launch of long-term research programs and annual monitoring of the use of self-guided tools to improve individual success

2026
Prototypes of tools for diagnosing human success: physical and psychological health, brain function, level of competence development, position in the labor market and in the consumer market

2028
Catalog of Tools to Improve Individual Success by Key Areas

2030
A digital platform for navigating the tools of human self-action


Analytical reports
..

Technological Trends in Implantable and Wearable Electronics and Human Modification
Volume 4, scientific editor I.A. Ivanov



BOOK
Priority 2030, Volume 4 of the report. "The Global Landscape of Research and Foresight in Human Augmentation."


Vol. 4: Technological Trends in Implantable and Wearable Electronics and Human Capability Modifications. Egitas Electronic Publishing House, 2022.

Alshanskaya E. I., Martynova O. V., Ivanov I. A., Kislitsyn D. V.
Scientific Editor: Ivanov I. A.


Health has always been a significant capital of a person, and competent management of it has always brought tangible investments. In today's world, with its pace, tasks and challenges, most people have less and less time to preserve, maintain and, especially, improve health. But in response to the emerging demand, a solution is formed, dictated by the society itself, namely, its digital reflection. The digitization of public and private life, despite its many drawbacks, presents enormous opportunities, including in relation to health. The concept of digital health includes tools and technologies that improve the efficiency of medical care, its accessibility and transparency. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), digital technologies are now an integral part of people's daily lives, and innovation, especially in the digital sphere, is happening on an unprecedented scale. Volume 4 of the Priority 2030 report, "The Global Landscape of Research and Foresight for Human Enhancement", examines and describes mature, emerging and frontier technologies in implantable and wearable electronics to modify human capabilities.


In the book
Strengthening People in a Changing World: Opportunities, Challenges and Risks

Vol. 1: The Global Landscape of Research and Foresight in Human Empowerment. , Moscow: Electronic Publishing House "Egitas", 2022

CHAPTER OF THE BOOK


Anti-vaxxing as a Problem of Legitimizing Biotechnologies for Human Strengthening: A Review of Research and World Trends

Hl. 2.2. P. 133-152.

Kislitsyn D. V., Meilakhs P. A., Shchapov D. S.


The problem of acceptance and rejection of technologies has acquired the most acute and large-scale (truly planetary) forms precisely in the case of attitudes towards covid vaccination. It is well known that these variables can explain the variation in almost any significant phenomenon, from life expectancy to political preferences, but in the case of the most "reliable" and predictable variables, it is also striking.The picture of "vaccine hesitancy" is often not so clear-cut. The authors of the study show that two groups of theories dominate today: the first is traditionally associated with the theory of rational choice and proceeds from the fact that people make decisions based on the information available to them about the benefits and risks of vaccination. The second group of theories, the cultural one, points to the crucial role of often subtle collective representations operating on an intuitive level. For example, many studies show that responses and justifications to, for example, "vaccine hesitancy" are often only later rationalizations of decisions that have already been made on an intuitive level. An important practical implication of this is that the awareness and persuasion campaigns relied on by policymakers in many countries may not be effective for the general population.

 
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FEFU Launches Scientific School for the Study of Genetic and Cellular Technologies

December 7, 2023

Scientists from the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) have launched the Practical School "Genetic and Cellular Technologies in Scientific and Clinical Practice" with the support of the Priority 2030 program. The three-day intensive course takes place in person at the Center for Genomic and Regenerative Medicine. Scientists and doctors from leading Russian medical complexes and universities will study advanced methods of molecular genetic, cellular and bioinformatics analysis.

The organizers of the school note that knowledge in the field of molecular genetics and biomedical cell technologies is key in modern scientific and medical practice. The school is held within the framework of the strategic project "Life Sciences" of the FEFU Priority 2030 program.


"Our goal is to bring to the general public the advanced techniques possessed by the Center for Genomic and Regenerative Medicine. Large innovative companies Helicon and Biolabmix take an active part in the school. They will demonstrate new solutions in the field of molecular genetic diagnostics. We also want to present our Center to the whole of Russia as a place of concentration of a unique instrument base and a multidisciplinary team of specialists in the field of biomedicine," said Vladislav Farniev, one of the organizers, head of the project "Genomic and Cellular Technologies for Personalized Medicine" of the FEFU Priority 2030 program.

The training is designed for students of medical and biological specialties, as well as for young scientists and doctors working in the field of genetics, biotechnology and pharmaceutics. Within the framework of the school, participants will gain knowledge about modern methods of molecular diagnostics and targeted therapy, the basics of cell culture, as well as the principles of working with genetic material. In addition, current topics in the field of bioinformatics data analysis and gene editing will be considered.

FEFU scientists are creating technologies for personalized medicine and biological safety as part of the Life Sciences strategic project of the Priority 2030 program.
The university's research teams have already identified a number of promising candidate substances for the treatment of oncological, dermatological and infectious diseases. Each project in the Priority 2030 program has real customers with their own interesting and ambitious tasks that attract young, talented researchers. Students are increasingly becoming part of research teams and conducting their developments under the guidance of experienced scientists.




February 12, 2024

Tyumen State University Opens the First Regional VR Polygon

On the basis of the Institute of State and Law of Tyumen State University, a center of virtual reality simulators and simulators began its work. This is a unique project for the region, created specifically for conducting practical classes for students and based on the introduction of virtual conditions into the educational process, close to reality.

(*There were pictures here, but somehow they disappeared. Nothing, were nothing important - just university students with VR glasses)


The space of the center allows you to organize multi-user scenarios for the use of VR/AR simulators. At the training ground, students have access to modern equipment necessary for the reproduction of content. In addition, it is possible to develop and test software created on the basis of virtual and augmented reality technologies. The infrastructure will become a laboratory environment for the development of competencies of IT students. It is also planned to organize an open platform for career guidance for schoolchildren in the region.

"The center was created as part of the implementation of the university's Priority 2030 development program in order to increase the effectiveness of practical training of students. It is very important for us to develop various approaches to the use of modern technologies and artificial intelligence in education. I would like this project to become a reserve for all other structural divisions of the university. Moreover, the VR simulator has no analogues in the Russian market, has passed the state registration of computer programs and is a product ready for distribution in other higher education institutions," said Ivan Romanchuk, Rector of Tyumen State University.

The project assumes that its library will be supplemented with new visual content and various scenarios.


One of the first was the "Criminalistics" simulator, developed jointly by teachers of the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines and the Center for Information Technologies of Tyumen State University. Students of legal training will be trained on the simulator. In virtual reality, they will be able to record and seize traces of a crime, assess the correctness of their actions and professional skills. Now students have access to three plots: the investigation of an accident, bank robberies and the case "The Hanged Man".

(*There were pictures here, but somehow they disappeared. Nothing, were nothing important - just university students with VR glasses)


The simulator was tested in focus groups and presented to the expert community at the International Forum "The Future of National Law: Traditional Ideas and Promising Models". The general opinion of all respondents is that the project increases interest in studying the discipline due to realistic graphics, detailed logic of traces and tools, and the presence of game elements.

The use of technology in learning has a number of undeniable advantages, including, for example, increased engagement, ensuring a high degree of assimilation of the material through immersive experience, almost unlimited scalability and replication.


(*And there were pictures here, but somehow they disappeared. Nothing, were nothing important - just university students with VR glasses)



April 29, 2023

The university of Yakutia began an experiment to clone a cow of the Yakut breed

Scientists from the North-Eastern Federal University (NEFU) have begun an experiment to clone a cow of the Yakut breed, adapted to the extreme conditions of the Far North and recognized as an endangered species. Work is underway at the branch of the Center for Biotechnological Research of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which operates on the basis of NEFU in Yakutia, the press service of the university told TASS on Saturday.




March 11, 2024

On the basis of the largest university in Yakutia, a center for unmanned systems will be opened in 2024

The Center for Unmanned Systems, aimed at training and assembling drones, is planned to open in 2024 on the basis of the North-Eastern Federal University (NEFU) in Yakutia. This was reported to TASS by the head of the project, head of the educational and design laboratory "Mechanotronics" of the Institute of Physics and Technology of NEFU Sergey Filippov.

"This year, the project to create a center for unmanned systems became one of the winners in the competition of the North-Eastern Federal University for the development of the university. The Center for Unmanned Systems will be a link between other structures of the university, where collaboration of both employees and students is possible. The project will be implemented within the framework of the Priority 2030 state program and will receive funding in the amount of about 4 million rubles," Filippov said.




13 March 2024

The country's leading big techs and universities signed a declaration on responsible generative artificial intelligence

During the Artificial Intelligence Day at the Russia International Exhibition and Forum, Sberbank, Yandex, MTS, as well as the country's leading universities and research organizations — the Higher School of Economics, Skoltech, Innopolis University, MIPT, ITMO University, and the Institute for System Programming of the Russian Academy of Sciences — signed a Declaration on the Responsible Development and Use of Services Based on Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI). The document specifies ethical principles, recommendations and standards of conduct.


Artificial Intelligence Day at the Russia International Exhibition and Forum. Photo: AI Alliance

The document was developed as part of the implementation of the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin following the results of the conference "Journey to the World of Artificial Intelligence", held on November 24, 2023. The Declaration establishes ethical principles, guidelines and standards of conduct that are recommended to guide developers and users of generative AI solutions. These are models for generating voice, text, images, sounds, video and other electronic messages based on the user's request. The document elaborates and details a Code of Ethics for Artificial Intelligence in relation to generative AI.

Vladimir Vasiliev, Rector of ITMO University:

"The principles set out in the declaration will help developers and users take into account most of the risks at the initial stage of working with AI. In order to maintain and increase the pace of development of artificial intelligence in Russia, it is more effective to take into account the "pitfalls" in recommendation documents in advance than to correct mistakes that have already been made with bans. It is the teamwork that is important – these are government agencies, Big Tech, and universities – so we can assess the progress and prospects for the development of AI in a synchronized manner."


11 March 2024

ITMO Scientists Breed High-Protein Fly Larvae for Use as Cattle Feed

Researchers at ITMO University have suggested a technology for controlled breeding of high-protein black soldier fly larvae that includes specially selected breeding conditions and food waste substrate with a high protein content. Apart from decreasing the amount of organic waste, the new technology will help create an alternative non-plant-based protein source for feeding cattle.


Weighing black soldier fly larvae. Photo by Dmitry Grigoryev / ITMO.NEWS

The black soldier fly is the species most popular for breeding that is also safest for humans. In artificial conditions, a single adult fly can produce 500-600 eggs that turn into larvae in 25 days. It is the larvae that are considered the most valuable in this case, as they are capable of turning organic waste into useful products. Apart from adult black soldier flies that survive on only water, the larvae can feed on expired products, food and agricultural waste, activated sludge (the product of water purification), as well as waste from meat, fish, dairy, and beer industries.

Thanks to this diet, the larvae contain chitin, a compound used in medicine and food industry; they also produce a natural fertilizer, biohumus. Once they’ve gained weight, the insects are dehydrated and processed into a powder with a high protein content. The lipids gained in this process are used as biodiesel and palm oil substitute in cosmetics, while the defatted protein concentrate is used as alternative feed for cattle, poultry, and fish. While only 70-80% of protein from traditional sources, such as soybeans, corn, clover, and peas is digestible, for protein derived from larvae the percentage is 90. Moreover, it contains amino acids beneficial for the nervous system, hair, and protein processing, such as tryptophan, phenylalanine, and methionine.



Black soldier fly larvae. Photo by Dmitry Grigoryev / ITMO.NEWS

However, in order to breed larvae and then turn them into a biomass with a dependably high content of valuable nutrients, it is necessary to secure ideal conditions and substrate (the larvae feed medium).

“There are several challenges in terms of breeding larvae. For instance, adult flies may not reproduce, the eggs they lay may not turn into larvae, or the larvae may contain different levels of proteins and lipids because one part of them ate brewing waste, another – chocolate, and the third – oranges. How can we make this process controllable and technological? How can we ensure that all larvae contain the necessary amount of nutrients and have this technology require less than a dozen professionals on site? These were the issues we addressed in our project,” says Nelli Molodkina, an associate professor and head of a laboratory at ITMO University’s Faculty of Ecotechnologies.



Nelli Molodkina. Photo by Dmitry Grigoryev / ITMO.NEWS

After three years of research, the faculty’s scientists have developed a list of requirements for substrates necessary to ensure larvae growth, as well as criteria and procedure for quality control of high-protein biomass at every stage of development. According to the researchers, even the size, porosity, and nutrient ratio of substrate’s components can have an effect on the quality of resulting biomass.

“We placed larvae into various substrates and observed their behavior and biomass. The concentration of proteins and lipids is highest at the early prepupa stage – that’s when it’s best to process the larvae. It also turned out that a substrate’s ingredients have an effect on the amount of lipids and proteins in the resulting biomass; this means we can adjust this parameter in order to get the product with the desired components. Typically, larvae have 35-40% protein contents. In order to bring it up to 60%, the substrate has to contain bread waste, such as dried bread or bran,” adds Anastasia Gorbulina, a second-year Master’s student at the Faculty of Ecotechnologies.



Alisa Pismennaya and Anastasia Gorbulina at the lab. Photo by Dmitry Grigoryev / ITMO.NEWS

In the future, the scientists are planning to mix the substrates that showed the best results with other waste (fruit, vegetables, and beer waste) and conduct an additional series of experiments. This way, they will be able to analyze the insects’ reaction to new feed and optimize the substrate’s components in order to ensure an even higher protein percentage in the biomass. Moreover, the research team is on the lookout for industrial partners to scale the larvae breeding technology.

19 February 2024

ITMO’s Advanced Engineering School Among Federal Leaders

On February 19, the Council on grants and state support for the development of advanced engineering schools assembled in Moscow. Valery Falkov, the Russian Minister for Science and Higher Education and the head of the council, discussed the results achieved by advanced engineering schools from all over the country with an expert committee. ITMO’s Advanced Engineering School (AES) retains its leading position and is to receive 634 million rubles in grant support.


The team of ITMO's AES at the defence in Moscow.

This year, ITMO’s AES once again placed in the first group of the federal project. The council evaluates the results produced by each school in 2023 based on different criteria to then rank the schools and determine the amount of support they will receive. In 2023, ITMO’s AES launched three new Master’s programs: Software Developer and Industrial Biotechnology in collaboration with Almetyevsk State Oil Institute and Tatneft; and Optical Infocommunication Technologies with Mordovia State University.

Moreover, the school’s team continued collaborating with major industrial partners, including Tatneft, Russian Railways, Perspective Technologies Agency, Pharmasyntez, and others, having attracted over 286 million rubles in investments for infrastructure and research. Among the school’s research projects is the development of an automated test system for monitoring contamination with corrosive microorganisms in products of oil extraction, transportation, and storage. This project will help monitor the quality of oil, quickly and accurately predict its contamination, and conduct timely antibacterial treatment.



Head of ITMO's AES Alexander Vinogradov at the defence in Moscow.

Apart from that, researchers at AES are working on prototypes of a molecular microchip and the accompanying software-hardware system that can detect and interpret fluorescent signals. The project makes it possible to efficiently solve a wide array of personalized healthcare tasks, including the diagnostics of cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. The researchers are also planning to adapt the microchips for health monitoring and efficient breeding of cattle.

According to Alexander Vinogradov, the head of ITMO’s AES, in 2024 the school’s team is to keep developing collaborations with industrial partners and educational organizations in various Russian regions. For instance, another Master’s program, Artificial Intelligence in Oil Chemistry, is set to be launched at Almetyevsk State Oil Institute. The school will also be organizing the second international conference in biotechnologies –
BIOCON. Moreover, a new building will be opened to host AES’ project office and classrooms. It will house modern genetic engineering laboratories, a pilot laboratory for oligonucleotide synthesis, a bioinformatics laboratory for developing digital interfaces for genomics and genetic engineering, highly sterile labs for microchip production, as well as a large coworking space where student teams will be able to work on digital projects."
 
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Order of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation of August 7, 2007 No. 311 "On Approval of the Strategy for the Development of the Electronic Industry of Russia for the Period up to 2025"

October 16, 2007

In order to implement a unified state policy in solving the problem of dynamic development of the electronics industry of the Russian Federation and in accordance with the instruction of the Government of the Russian Federation of September 26, 2005 No. MF-P9-4838 and the minutes of the meeting of the Government of the Russian Federation of September 21, 2006 No. 33, I order:

1. To approve the attached Strategy for the Development of the Electronics Industry of Russia for the period up to 2025.
..
Minister V.B. Khristenko
Strategy for the development of the Russian electronics industry for the period up to 2025
(approved by the Order of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation dated August 7, 2007 No. 311)
..

7.Aims and objectives strategies

1. Reforming the structure of the electronics industry, optimizing the methods and mechanisms of public administration and public-private partnership. 2. Reconstruction and technical re-equipment of electronic production facilities. 3. Development of a network of inter-industry and industry-specific centers for the design of microelectronic components and systems on a chip. 4. Priority development of the technological and production base of solid-state and vacuum microwave electronics. 5. Priority development of development and production of radiation-resistant ECB, including vacuum. 6. Priority development of microsystem engineering. 7. Priority development of microelectronics. 8. Priority development of nanoelectronics. 9. Priority development of electronic materials and structures. 10. Taking measures to significantly expand positions in the domestic market. 11. Taking measures to amend the existing legislation to ensure the implementation of the measures of this Strategy

..
8. Timeline and stages of implementation of the Strategy The Strategy will be implemented in 2007-2025 in three stages: the first stage - 2007-2011; second stage - 2012-2015; Third stage - 2016-2025


9. List of Main Activities ... 6. Development of basic technologies and designs of optoelectronics, quantum and magnetic electronics, passive radioelectronic components. 7. Creation of new high-tech materials for electronics and organization of their serial production

..
Introduction

..
Today, it is obvious that Russia's further lagging behind in such a key area of industry as the production of electronic components is extremely dangerous and unacceptable, since it will not allow the transition from a "raw-based" economy to a "knowledge" economy and ensure the priority development of high-tech industries and the solution of problems to ensure the security of the state.

The main objective of the presented Strategy is to propose, on the basis of a comprehensive analysis of the current state of Russian and world electronics, the optimal way for the development of the domestic electronics industry, to choose priorities, to concentrate the financial efforts of both the state and the private sector on the key areas of this development.


..
1. Systemic Problem and Expected Result of the Strategy Implementation

The main systemic problem is to eliminate the critical scientific and technological lag of the domestic electronics industry from the world level, to increase the competitiveness of its products in the domestic and world markets and to increase the volume of sales of the electronic component base.

..
1. Systemic Problem and Expected Result of the Strategy Implementation

The main systemic problem is to eliminate the critical scientific and technological lag of the domestic electronics industry from the world level, to increase the competitiveness of its products in the domestic and world markets and to increase the volume of sales of the electronic component base.
..

It is obvious that the structure of the electronic equipment market will change due to the emergence of new promising and capacious segments, such as radio frequency identification systems, including electronic passports with biometric data, navigation and coordinate support, digital radio and television, etc.

A very important circumstance is that in the coming years, new market niches will open up in Russia that have not yet been occupied by a foreign manufacturer. The presence of such a potential market creates real conditions for the rapid development of electronic manufacturing. Below are the features of the development of some market segments.

- Ensuring the creation and production of radio frequency identification means

One of the most important areas of application of radio frequency identification is the electronic passport. Work in this direction is currently being actively carried out in the Russian Federation. Estimates show that with a population of about 150 million people, the transition to an electronic passport will require at least the same number of chips. To this must be added the annual replenishment of the adult population, the need to replace passports for family and other reasons, as well as the planned renewal of passports every five years.
..
Thus, the transfer of passport and visa documents to electronic technology will require about 150 million microchips at a time and then 50 million annually. An additional need is provided by the transfer of driver's licenses, smart cards of payment systems, and mobile SIM cards to the same technology.
..

Modern typical microelectronic production is capable of processing about 240,000 wafers with a diameter of 200 mm per year, and about 2,000 microchips can be obtained from each wafer. The total production capacity will be about 500 million microcircuits per year. In this way, the needs of the domestic market for radio frequency identification can be fully met with just one microelectronic factory.

The decision on the mandatory choice of a domestic developer and manufacturer of microchips for an electronic passport is fundamentally important. A positive decision to transfer this order to a domestic electronic organization, on the one hand, will give a new impetus to the development of the electronics industry, on the other hand, it will be aimed at ensuring security, since this will preserve the cryptographic core, and eliminate the possibility of unauthorized access to the composition of information in the Vlsi of the electronic passport. The project to create an electronic passport should be under the control of the state, and it should be considered as the main catalyst project for the rise of the microelectronics industry as a whole.

... >>
 
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Order of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation of August 7, 2007 No. 311 "On Approval of the Strategy for the Development of the Electronic Industry of Russia for the Period up to 2025"

October 16, 2007

..
Minister V.B. Khristenko
....

- Electronics & Affordable Housing

In the near future, it is planned to significantly reduce the cost of operating and supplying energy to housing. Of great importance is the widespread adoption of solar energy, highly cost-effective solid-state lighting sources and intelligent residential facility control systems that optimize energy consumption and ensure constant monitoring of all controls located in the room ("smart home").

In addition, it is of great importance to address issues related to the provision of communal infrastructure for the newly built and modernized housing stock, improving the quality, optimizing the use of energy and improving the accounting of the volume of utilities (water supply, electricity supply, heat supply).
..

- Electronics & Agriculture
In the field of agriculture, electronic technologies should be used to create a production basis for the modernization of agricultural machinery (including the transport component, technological equipment for animal husbandry and primary processing of products, a new engineering and technical base of the industry), wireless sensor networks based on intelligent sensors that monitor the state of soil, crops and the movement of livestock in animal husbandry, as well as the main technological parameters of production processes are similar to remote monitoring systems in healthcare, etc.

The use of these technologies in agriculture will provide a sharp reduction in costs due to the rational use of fertilizers, a decrease in the mortality of livestock and poultry, as well as a timely warning of the spread of epidemics dangerous to humans among animals.
..

- State Armament Program
..
An increase in application is to be expected, primarily for high-precision armaments and military equipment systems of microsystems on chips integrating microelectronics and micromechanics (MEMS). [?]

In addition, a significant increase in the use of fully automated weapons in microminiature design, based on the use of micromechanical systems, the number of which can be estimated at millions of units, is expected


..
The average annual growth rate of VLSI production for this period will be 28.1%. By 2010, China will become the world's largest producer of semiconductor devices, with a value of about $150 billion.

As the results of 2005 showed, Chinese firms were the best performers in those sectors of the IP market for which specialized programs were conducted. The program for the introduction of biometric passports and access means based on smart cards is carried out under the state program, which provides for the use of only domestic VLSI crystals, which ensures the necessary security at the state level. The task is also set to provide maximum support for strategic and special systems, including the space program and electronic components of our own production.

Another example is the software development of microsystems products in the United States and Japan, which in the United States produced more than $10 billion in 2005 and Japan plans to reach an annual production level of $17 billion. In our country, this direction is still in its infancy.

In the last decade, there has been a clear trend of moving the production of microelectronic equipment to the countries of Southeast Asia, which allows the USA, Japan, and Europe to dramatically strengthen the scientific areas of search for new promising technologies (nanotechnology, microsystems engineering, bioelectronics, etc.). At the same time, the governments of developed Western countries support these key areas of science, technology and production.

There is an "International Map for the Development of Semiconductor Devices" in the world, which defines the main indicators for the development of microelectronics until 2018 and is updated annually. It is, in fact, a development policy document, according to which countries with advanced electronics compare the achieved technological levels and carry out the formation of development programs.


..
In the period 2002-2006, the main development of domestic electronics was carried out in the process of implementing the section "Electronic Component Base" of the Federal Target Program "National Technological Base", the completion of the current version of which was carried out in 2006.

In the process of R&D, the following main results were obtained:

- In the field of microelectronic technologies, projects have been implemented to create separate processes for the basic technologies for the production of new generations of VLSI and SSIS with minimum element sizes of 0.1-0.25 μm, including special-resistant LSIs with technological standards of 0.5-0.8 μm, as well as to develop a technological environment focused on end-to-end design of equipment and advanced ECB using libraries of standard elements and SF blocks. The nomenclature of the developed SF units is focused on the creation of competitive systems for multimedia, space monitoring, telecommunications, radar systems, radio navigation, transport, communications, digital television, cashless payment and identification systems. For the first time in the country, the main provisions for the creation of a three-level computer-aided design system for advanced equipment based on system-on-chip VLSI have been worked out.
..
- In the field of support works, analytical studies were carried out to develop, classify and determine priority areas for the development of SF units and system-on-chip VLSI for strategically important radio-electronic systems.

..
The problem of the global lag of domestic electronics was a consequence of the lack of a purposeful state scientific and technical policy in the electronics industry of Russia, the passivity and unpreparedness of the state to reform the industry in the context of market mechanisms of management.

Failure to address this problem (inertial scenario) is most likely to result in the following consequences:

1. Domestic electronics will continue to lag behind the world level, which will reach a critical value. The technological gap will increase, which in turn will lead to a lag in the tactical and technical parameters of domestic electronic military systems of detection, control, communication, reconnaissance, etc., which means that it will inevitably have a negative impact on the state of the country's defense capability.

2. The information and economic security of the state will not be ensured in connection with the landslide use of imported elements in strategic systems of management, processing and protection of information, anti-interference, electronic countermeasures, mass media and other systems.

3. Russia will have to come to terms with the conquest of the domestic market by imported electronic equipment, primarily television (including digital), communications, automotive, navigation, medical, municipal, and household equipment.

4. It will be impossible to develop other industries, the competitiveness of their products will decrease, which means that the possibility of an active transition to an innovative economy (the economy of "knowledge") will be jeopardized.

The inertial scenario cannot provide a solution to the problem under any circumstances.

The only possibility of overcoming the crisis of domestic electronics is associated with the implementation of an active scenario at all stages of the implementation of the Strategy, namely, with the adoption by the state of a well-thought-out and balanced protectionist policy in solving structural and technological problems of the electronics industry, providing the necessary financial assistance for the development of a new level of technological and production basis.

It is the active scenario of the implementation of the Strategy that will solve the complex of problems facing the electronics industry. First, the structural disproportion of the electronics industry associated with the discrepancy between the scale and structure of the industry, its scientific, technical and production potential and the volume and structure of effective demand for the main products of the industry will be eliminated. Secondly, to achieve the comprehensive development of the industry and eliminate the one-sided development associated with the development of special equipment. Thirdly, to eliminate the imperfection of domestic legislation and the financial infrastructure of the electronics industry.

The effectiveness of overcoming the crisis will be determined by the correct establishment of relations between the state and business on the principles of public-private partnership.

The basis and basis for the planning and implementation of the planned measures for the development of Russian electronics should be a program-targeted approach with the mandatory participation of the state, successfully used to solve similar problems in the leading countries of the world - the USA, Japan, China, the EU, etc.

The expected result is the solution of the problem of reducing the level of domestic technological lag from the world level, increasing the demand for the domestic electronic industry of products in the domestic and world markets.

The effect of achieving this result will be multi-level.


At the macro level:

- the volume of sales of domestic ECB in the domestic and foreign markets is increasing;

- the technological lag of the Russian electronics industry from the world level is significantly reduced;

- Significantly greater opportunities for the development of all branches of industry are being provided, and the transition to a "knowledge" economy is taking place;

- conditions are created for more effective implementation of national projects announced by the President;

- A market-oriented infrastructure of the electronics industry is being created, taking into account the restructuring of business in this area (system-oriented design centers, design centers, "silicon factories", etc.);

- the export of domestic high-tech products is expanding;

- Innovation activity is intensified and the implementation of the results of scientific and technical activities in mass production is accelerated;

- It is possible to create weapons, military and special equipment of a new generation, which will increase the defense capability and security of the state, create conditions for equal competition with the best models of armaments and military equipment of the armies of the leading world powers.


At the micro level:

- the renewal of fixed assets of electronic industry organizations is ensured and the creation of modern high-tech industries is stimulated;

- Large and effective diversified structures (holdings, concerns) are being created that are able to compete with the best Western companies working in the field of electronics;

- Production of mass intellectually rich and competitive high-tech radio-electronic products and provision of a variety of modern telecommunication services, including radio and television, electronic media, is organized.


In the socio-economic sphere:

- the number of jobs in the electronics industry will increase, the outflow of talented scientific and technical personnel will decrease, the demand for qualified scientific and technical personnel will increase, the attraction of young specialists and scientists will be ensured, and thus the age structure of personnel will decrease;

- The quality of life of the population will improve, which will approach the standards of highly developed countries of the world due to the intellectualization of the environment as a result of expanding the possibility of using electronics and information systems.

In the public sector:


- An increase in the tax base will be ensured due to a significant increase in the volume of sales of electronic products.

Timeline for the implementation of the Strategy
It is planned that the Strategy will be implemented in three stages:

first phase - 2007-2011;

second stage - 2012-2015;

The third stage is 2016-2025.
 
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Order of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation of August 7, 2007 No. 311 "On Approval of the Strategy for the Development of the Electronic Industry of Russia for the Period up to 2025"

October 16, 2007

..
Minister V.B. Khristenko
....


2. Substantiation of the main directions of problem solving and risk assessment
Directions for solving the problem of the development of the domestic electronics industry can be based on two strategic options within the framework of the active scenario:

1. State monopolization of the ownership of organizations in the electronic industry and centralized management of the industry.

2. Public-private partnership in the development of the industry, expansion of all forms of international cooperation taking into account the key interests of the state.

The choice of one or another option for strategic development affects the organizational structure of strategy implementation management and the level of achievement of results.

Option 1

The choice of this option means that the responsibility for success or failure in achieving the ambitious goal of reducing the gap between domestic electronics and the world level falls almost entirely on the state.

In this case, the state assumes the functions of determining the nomenclature of products manufactured for state needs, responsibility for the correctness of this determination and, accordingly, for the results achieved.

The budget is obliged to finance not only fundamental research and advanced development of "breakthrough" products, but also development and development, pre-production, as well as a system for maintaining the operation and subsequent disposal of the entire range of products.

The main negative point in the case of choosing this option is the relatively small share of purchases by the state itself in the total sales volume of the electronics industry and, as a result, the lack of real motivation of the state in the development of purely commercial areas of the industry, which should bring the bulk of income and provide the necessary inflow of capital to expand production, as is done in world practice.
..
Option 2

An alternative way to solve the problem of anti-crisis development of the electronics industry is to combine the efforts of the state and private business (domestic and foreign).

Partnership with foreign business is decisive in this case, since it is foreign firms and organizations that are the leaders in this area in the world. Only they have the necessary technologies and experience in organizing this type of production, as well as their effective commercial operation.
..
Having a government partnership and a reliable technology partner is key to ensuring greater investor confidence and interest in such projects.

Within the framework of the industry development model proposed under the second option, the state is assigned the most important role in solving the security problem, in building a system of public-private partnership, in assisting business in organizing the infrastructure of the electronic industry market, in developing international cooperative relations, entering the world system of division of labor, promoting the industry's products to world markets, in maintaining and developing the national electronic component base, in ensuring guaranteed market of public procurement, in solving the problem of providing the electronics industry with highly qualified specialists trained in the system of certified state educational institutions and using the practice of internships in the world's leading organizations.

In this system, private business is responsible for determining the range of commercial products and the success of commercial projects in the domestic and global markets. It is this approach that makes it possible to concentrate resources on the most priority areas of the electronic component base and to coordinate with government agencies and customers measures aimed at solving the problem of target tasks, deadlines and resources in existing, developing and prospective target programs, plans, individual projects and sets of measures of a scientific, technical, industrial, economic, organizational and legal nature, in the field of electronic component base, within the framework of this Strategy.

Thus, a comparison of the two directions of development of domestic electronics shows that the only realistic way of development is public-private partnership with the simultaneous expansion of forms of international cooperation, taking into account the key interests of the state.


..
3. Main objectives and objectives of the Strategy
..
- Priority development of microsystem engineering.

On the basis of modern achievements in microelectronics, micromechanics, nanotechnology, optoelectronics, acoustoelectronics and other critical technologies, a wide range of micromechanical devices for navigation, automatic control, control, and guidance systems in rocket, space, aviation, and ship-based weapons are being created today in leading countries information and many other applications. According to their functional purpose, such devices are designed to measure basic physical quantities, angular and linear velocities, acceleration, deformation, torque, pressure, flow rate of liquids and gases, immersion depth, vibrations, concentrations of chemical gases and other parameters.

Due to the significant reduction in size, weight, power consumption and especially the cost of production, the field of their application abroad is expanding rapidly. The areas of application of such devices as the main structural element for microrobotics, fuel cells, acoustics, adaptive optics, space technology (microsatellites), etc., are expanding.

The aforesaid testifies to the urgent scientific and technical problem of creating domestic high-precision micromechanical systems for high-precision weapons and promising competitive civilian applications. In recent years, a number of domestic organizations have been actively developing work in the field of microsystem engineering and gas sensors.

However, the pace of domestic development of microsystem engineering products does not correspond to the growing needs of radio-electronic complex organizations, so this area should be given the priority of development as one of the most important.
..
It is essential to maintain a high level of microwave technology and create a new generation of highly reliable high-power vacuum microwave devices and high-efficiency hybrid small-sized microwave modules with improved weight and size characteristics. In the field of vacuum microwave electronics, it is necessary, first of all, to develop those technologies that will ensure world leadership. This is especially true for high-power microwave electronics.

..
The development of microelectronics should be aimed at:
..

- accelerated development of complex VLSI design systems, including system-on-a-chip VLSI, focused on the development of competitive electronic systems for multimedia, telecommunications, radar systems, space monitoring, digital systems for processing and transmitting information, digital television and radio broadcasting, process and transport control systems, cashless payment systems, scientific instrumentation and training, identification, compression and Coding of Information, Medical Equipment and Environmental Control
 
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Order of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation of August 7, 2007 No. 311 "On Approval of the Strategy for the Development of the Electronic Industry of Russia for the Period up to 2025"

October 16, 2007
..
Minister V.B. Khristenko
....


The main goal of the third stage (2016-2025) of the implementation of the Strategy is to ensure the full revival of the domestic electronics industry, competitive with similar industries of developed countries, integrated with leading foreign firms.

At this stage, the main efforts should be aimed at solving the following tasks:

- integration within the framework of international programs for the development of electronics with developed countries and leading electronics firms;

- gaining significant positions in a number of sectors of the global market of electronic components;


- wide introduction of the achievements of domestic nanotechnology, bioelectronics and microsystem technology in everyday human life, in the fields of healthcare, education, housing and communal services, transport and communications.

The annual output of the electronics industry in 2025 will amount to more than 350 billion rubles.

The elimination of the technological lag of domestic electronics cannot be solved without the integration of our research resources into international programs for the development of electronics.

However, to do this, it is necessary to have scientific and technical groundwork that is of interest to our potential partners.

Only on the basis of such interest can the exchange of technologies be ensured and thus significantly reduce the cost of their development.

Practical achievements in the field of nanomaterials for electronics, the necessary experience in creating complex systems based on modern components of the "system-on-a-chip" type will be the basis for such integration.

In addition, we already have practical achievements in the field of modern radiation sources for nanolithography used by leading foreign companies - Intel, ASML, Lambda-Physik, Cymer, etc., immersion nanoimplantation, atomic layer deposition, etc.

In all these areas, it is necessary to organize the participation of both our research organizations and industrial organizations in the international programs of the European Union.


In this regard, it is necessary to reorient the relevant programme of the Union State to the issues of expanding global cooperation using the scientific and technical groundwork we have in microelectronics and nanotechnology.

Gaining significant positions in the world markets of niche products in the field of radiation-resistant electronics, microwave electronics, wireless systems for global information exchange, integrated systems on a chip for stationary and mobile electronic equipment will be possible due to the priority development of domestic electronic components.


Additional expansion of sales markets can be achieved through the commercialization of dual-use areas.

Radiation-resistant microcircuits, for example, are in high demand in the markets of satellite communication and navigation systems and control systems for nuclear power facilities.

The total volume of the world market in this area is projected at $150 million per year. In the foreign market, manufacturers of end equipment in these areas are constantly looking for second suppliers due to the well-known problem of "washing out" obsolete types of ECB from the supply nomenclature.

Microwave has very great commercial prospects due to the ever-expanding use of wireless mobile means of information transmission in the 2.5 bands; 5 and 12 GHz. Products in this direction are becoming a mass product. The total potential sales volume of dual-use microwave electronics in the domestic and foreign markets is projected at $100-350 million per year for the period 2012-2015.



Forecasts for the development of electronics in the post-silicon period (after 2020) suggest the widespread introduction of nanotechnology achievements in industry.

However, we should not expect any significant change in the technological platform of microelectronics. Its contours are already visible, since the main equipment for nanoelectronics is already at the stage of prototypes: an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) stepper scanner, nanoprinting units (nanoimprint), maskless lithography systems, atomic pulse gas-phase deposition, etc.

During this period of time, the industry needs to be prepared for a sharp increase in the cost of technical re-equipment, since the cost of nanoequipment complexes is several times higher than the cost of traditional means of technological equipment for microelectronics. Therefore, for the period 2016-2025, the budget should provide for at least a 3-5-fold increase in resources for the technical re-equipment of facilities for the priority development of the production of nanoelectronics products.


The introduction of nanotechnology should further expand the depth of its penetration into the daily life of the population. It is necessary to ensure the constant connection of each individual with global information and control networks such as the Internet.

Nanoelectronics will be integrated with biological objects and will provide continuous control over their life support, improve the quality of life, and thus reduce social costs of the state.


Built-in wireless nanoelectronic devices that provide constant contact between a person and the surrounding intellectual environment will become widespread, and means of direct wireless contact of the human brain with surrounding objects, vehicles and other people will become widespread. The circulation of such products will exceed billions of pieces per year due to their ubiquity.

Domestic industry must be prepared for this challenge, since the ability to produce all components of network systems will mean the establishment of de facto control over all their users, which is unacceptable for many countries from the point of view of preserving their sovereignty. A similar point of view is shared by experts from the EU countries in connection with the global expansion of electronics manufacturers from Southeast Asia and the intention of the United States to ensure permanent technological leadership in this area. Therefore, in the period 2016-2025, we should expect another strengthening of the role of electronics in the life of society and be economically ready for a new round of global competition between countries based on nanoelectronic technology.

At the same time, the appearance of industrial production will increasingly resemble microelectronic and pharmaceutical production, rather than the traditional instrument-building and machine-building industries that exist at present.

..
4. Main programme activities
..

At the third stage (2016-2025), the Strategy is supposed to be implemented within the framework of a new federal target program, which will be developed taking into account the implementation of the Federal Target Program "Development of the Electronic Component Base and Radio Electronics" and will provide:


- gaining significant positions in a number of sectors of the global market of electronic components;

- Widespread introduction of the achievements of domestic nanotechnology, bioelectronics and microsystem technology in everyday life in the fields of healthcare, education, housing and communal services, transport and communications.

..
6. Conclusion

The implementation of a set of interrelated special subprograms, investment projects and extracurricular activities, which form the basis of the proposed Strategy, will restore the scientific, technical, production and technological potential of the electronic industry as a whole and bring it to the modern world level.

It is expected that already in 2011 the volume of sales of electronic industry products will amount to at least 45 billion rubles per year, and in 2025 - 350 billion rubles, and the technological level of microelectronics products in serial production in 2011 will correspond to 0.09 μm, and in 2025 - 0.018 μm. This will make it possible to solve the problems of meeting the needs of the country's industries, including the creation of strategically important equipment and systems, as well as to sharply reduce the share of imported ECB in the total volume of its purchases by radio-electronic complex organizations in 2011, i.e. it will make it possible to change the current ratio of 65%: 35% in favor of imported ECB to 70%: 30% in favor of domestic ECB.

The reconstruction and technical re-equipment of key electronic equipment industries and the optimization of the industry structure on the basis of public-private partnership with the simultaneous creation of market infrastructure should ensure a significant improvement in the economic situation of organizations and increase the profitability of products.


Taking into account the high potential level of domestic science in the field of electronics, by 2025 we can expect a significant development of international scientific and technical cooperation and a breakthrough in the field of new technologies, including nanotechnology, bioelectronics, optoelectronics, quantum computers, etc.

All this will increase the competitive environment of domestic electronic equipment both in the domestic and foreign markets and will ensure a significant strengthening of Russia's defense capability and security.

Minister of Industry and Energy
of the Russian Federation V.B. Khristenko
Order of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation of August 7, 2007 No. 311 "On Approval of the Strategy for the Development of the Electronic Industry of Russia for the Period up to 2025"


The text of the order was published in the newspaper "Industrial Growth Weekly" of September 24-30, 2007 No. 31"


"Coincidentally, this former minister of Industry V. B. Hristenko - Viktor Borisovich Hristenko, a wealthy man and businessman, President of the Business Council of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) - who in 2007 signed a Order on the strategic development of the Russian Electronic Industry, which said that in the period 2016-2025, beginning a rapid development in 2020, "NANOELECTRONICS WILL INTEGRATE WITH BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS", is the husband of deputy prime minister Tatiana Golikova. On January 29, 2020, Tatyana Golikova headed the operational headquarters for the prevention of the "import and spread" of "covid19 coronavirus infection" in the Russian Federation. So - leading the pressure team-including mandatory vaccination in many sectors - on Russians to inject themselves with what's in the injections. (What's in them?)
..
(October 21, 2022)
Tatiana Golikova will oversee the development of genetic technologies

"Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin has distributed new responsibilities among his deputies. Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova, who is responsible for education and healthcare in the government, will now oversee the "direction for the accelerated development of genetic technologies." This direction has its own federal program, the leading technology partner of which is Rosneft.
..
Tatiana Golikova was previously assigned the supervision of other areas. For example, an official in the government is responsible for the implementation of the state programs of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation – "Development of healthcare" and "Ensuring chemical and biological safety of the Russian Federation", as well as for the program of the Ministry of Industry and Trade "Development of the pharmaceutical and medical industry".
..
127 billion rubles were planned to be allocated for the implementation of the Federal Scientific and Technical Program for the Development of Genetic Technologies in 2019-2027, of which 115 billion were budget funds. The program involves the creation of genomic research centers, the development of genetic editing technologies
..
"Since May 29, 2020, by decree of the President of the Russian Federation, Tatyana Golikova has been appointed a member of the Supervisory Board of the Federal State Budgetary Institution "National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" for a period of five years."
~~

Press Center of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"
03.11.2023

Russia will have a program for the development of nature-like technologies

The decree was signed by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.
..
Scientific guidance over the implementation of the plan, as well as monitoring and evaluation of scientific results in the field of nature-like technologies are entrusted to the NRC "Kurchatov Institute".

Draft Decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the Strategy for the development of nature-like (convergent) technologies" (June 14, 2022), full text:

~~
..
Coincidentally, in 2007, before Khristenko signed the order saying that nanoelectronics would merge with bio-objects, a meeting on nanotechnology was held between Putin and Kovalchuk, the director of the Kurchatov Institute. 2007, also coincidentally, was the year in which Hermann Gref* - the main driver behind artificial intelligence in Russia, which Putin said ten days ago would be introduced into every sphere of Russian society - took over the most important Russian bank Sberbank*, the leader in digitalization (+ artificial intelligence, biometrics, digital identification, etc.)."



*This is not exactly the case, although this is how I wrote it because I was misled by the trap of the Russian controlled-opposition fake alternative media.

Sberbank and Gref are very important and basic, but the development of artificial intelligence (and related technologies) is distributed among many centers and is in the strategic long-term development programs (which have nothing to do with Gref). Let's say that if it's not Sberbank, others will finance AI and nothing will change; even more - if Gref accidentally falls out the window, immediately someone else will replace him, without distinction for the "technological development", which continues seamlessly, because it is not based and is not due to Sberbank and Hermann Gref.

But Russia's controlled-opposition "alternative" media uses the myth of the ubiquitous globalist of "fifth column" Gref and Sberbank to wave it in front of the people, failing to mention many, many other major centers, people, and programs, (and also reducing criticism of Putin himself, attributing everything to his administration, which, you see, somehow sometimes deceives Putin and promotes globalist agendas, so naive Putin; sounds like the myth of Trump and agents by deep state in his administration who lied to him about the "pandemic" for example and tricked him into launching Warp Speed, but Trump himself is an innocent victim.

So, in short: targeting and blurring (but it is more complicated, as we know, this operation of implementing the new technological order, is the Top of the Top, so it is on many levels and with many goals, etc.)
 
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"Parlamentskaya Gazeta" is the official weekly publication of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. It has been published since 1997. The founders of the newspaper are the State Duma and the Federation Council of the Russian Federation. The publication is the official publisher of federal laws, resolutions, acts and other documents of the Federal Assembly.
Zhuravlev:
Russia is among the leading countries in the implementation of digital currency


Zhuravlev

06.03.2024

Russia is among the leading countries in the introduction of digital currency, Deputy Speaker of the Federation Council Nikolai Zhuravlev said at a conference on the regulation of digital financial assets, the press service of the Chamber of Regions reported on March 6.

According to him, the Bank of Russia has done a lot of work to introduce the digital ruble. "The necessary regulation at the legislative level was developed in record time," Zhuravlev emphasized.

At the moment, as part of a pilot project with the participation of banks, trading companies and citizens, transfers using the digital ruble are being worked out, he said. "The Bank of Russia has already settled the difficulties that arose at the initial stage. Now operations are carried out in just a few seconds. The conclusion of smart contracts is being tested. In total, tens of thousands of surgeries have already been performed," Zhuravlev said.

At the next stages, transfers between legal entities will be tested, as well as the issue of using the digital ruble in budget payments to increase targeting and transparency in spending budget funds will be worked out.


"Today, the presence of digital currency is a matter of our economic and financial sovereignty," said the Deputy Speaker of the Federation Council.

The digital ruble was proposed to be used for international payments

However, so far not a single country in the world has agreed to this




06.03.2024
Russians will be able to pay with digital rubles (CR) in stores, even if there is no Internet. All calculations will take place without commission, but it will be impossible to put the CR in a commercial bank at interest. But they can be given and bequeathed. In the future, the CR may become a convenient means of cross-border settlements, but this requires Russia's partners to make such decisions and create infrastructure. So far, there are no people willing to do this, it was voiced at a conference at the Bank of Russia on March 5.

A Unique Phenomenon
The conference was organized at the suggestion of the Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Legislation and State Building. Opening the event, Deputy Speaker of the Federation Council Nikolai Zhuravlev recalled that the Central Bank presented the concept of the digital ruble in 2021, then parliamentarians adopted the laws necessary for its implementation, and in August 2023, an experiment on working with the CR was launched. Twelve banks in eleven cities participate in it, and 36 enterprises operate with the new form of currency. They test the work of the CR platform and pay for purchases with it. "Tens of thousands of payments have already been made, I hope that in the near future we will reach the full use of the new tool," Zhuravlev said.

The digital ruble is a unique economic and legal phenomenon, said Irina Rukavishnikova, First Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on State Construction. This is a rather rare, atypical case for legal reality, when the legislator did not put into legal form already existing social relations, but introduced into economic circulation a completely new legal structure that gives rise to new legal relations, she noted.


The printing press will not be included
The Central Bank called the digital ruble a new form of national currency, an addition to cash and non-cash money. They will be put into circulation by analogy with ordinary rubles, the operator of the CR platform is the Bank of Russia. At the same time, according to the Civil Code, settlements in the Central Bank will be classified as non-cash, explained Alla Bakina, director of the National Payment System Department of the Central Bank. Among the advantages of the CR for people, she named free, that is, without commissions, access to the wallet through any bank or mobile application, and for companies, the commission for settlements will be seven times lower than for plastic cards. In the future, it will be possible to pay with a wallet with a CR even without the Internet, specialists are now working on this. The functionality will become available when the new form of currency goes into wide circulation.* However, the conference did not say when this would happen. So far, the Central Bank plans only to expand the number of participants in the experiment.

[*not "if", "in case it goes into wide circulation", but "when it goes"...]

In the financial market, the use of CR increases competition, develops settlements in national currencies, and creates innovative products and services. The advantages for the state are the digitalization of the economy and payment sovereignty, Alla Bakina noted.

The Central Bank will not issue new digital rubles in addition to the existing money, there are no concerns about the growth of inflation in this regard, assured Andrey Gangan, Deputy Director of the Monetary Policy Department of the Central Bank. "The impact of the CR on the money supply is neutral," he said. "There will be no more money, the structure of the money supply will just change."

The Central Bank will not accrue interest income on the CR, deposits will remain an advantage of commercial banks. And so that people, if they like to use a new type of currency, do not begin to massively withdraw money from banks, they will be allowed to transfer no more than 300 thousand per month from accounts in the Central Bank.


When will U.S. control end?

In the future, the CR may become a new means of cross-border settlements. Such plans were announced by the Central Bank earlier and found support in this matter of parliamentarians. Anatoly Aksakov, the head of the Duma Committee on the Financial Market, told Parlamentskaya Gazeta that the CR can be used for mutual settlements, for example, with China, which has practically already tested the digital yuan and is ready to use it, including for international settlements. "If we launch this, then other countries will begin to actively connect, and the US control over the global financial system will actually end," the deputy said.

The Central Bank has worked out several models of international settlements: in a bilateral one, states will be able to interact on each other's digital platforms, and in a multilateral one, on a special supranational platform. But so far, the prospects for such cooperation are unclear. In order to make cross-border payments in digital money, it is necessary not only to create a technological infrastructure on both sides, but also to reach an appropriate political decision, Alla Bakina said. The Russian financial regulator, according to her, is negotiating with countries friendly to Russia. But of the twelve states with which contact has been established on these issues, none has so far confirmed the possibility of cross-border settlements and "has not outlined practical steps."

"Nevertheless, we continue this work both at the level of working groups of financial departments and at the level of government cooperation," the director of the Central Bank department concluded.

Why does a Russian need a biometric profile?

It's easier to submit and verify digital fingerprints of your face and voice



28.02.2024
They want to make it easier for Russians to submit and verify their biometric data. This will open up access to many services that can be accessed through a mobile application on a smartphone. The new norms are outlined in the draft government decree, which is put up for public discussion until March 14. Parlamentskaya Gazeta found out what the levels of biometrics are and what a biometric profile is for.

From simplification to confirmation
Biometric personal data is a person's unique physiological and biological characteristics that can be used to identify or verify an identity. This definition is given by the public services portal. It can be a fingerprint, an image of a face, a retina of the eye, and a voice recording. In 2018, the Unified Biometric System (UBS) was created in Russia to collect, store, process and use biometric profiles in order to increase the availability of services, including for people with limited mobility or living in remote areas. The system only stores images of faces and voice recordings.

All biometrics in the UBS can be divided into three types: confirmed, standard, and simplified. A simplified one is the easiest to register if you have an account on the State Services. To do this, it is enough to take a selfie and three recordings of your voice in the Public Services Biometrics mobile application. This data will need to be updated every two to three years. With the simplified level of biometrics, you can pay for purchases "in person" in some stores in the amount of up to 2500 rubles, travel in public transport and authenticate in a bank or taxi.


Check into a hotel by profile
The government document, posted on the portal of draft regulatory legal acts, indicates that it may enter into force on September 1, 2024. The adoption of amendments to the resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers of 2022 will make it easier for Russians to receive services using biometrics, as well as the placement of this data in the UBS, according to the explanatory note. They plan to achieve this through "the introduction of a mechanism for face-to-face confirmation in the bank of biometric personal data placed in the UBS independently through a mobile application." That is, a bank employee will be able to confirm the identity of a person who already has biometric impressions: photo and voice, thus bringing his data to the highest level. It's easier and faster than going through the whole procedure from the beginning.

It will also be easier to increase the level of biometrics from simplified to standard for those who submitted it in banks before transferring data to the UBS — it will be possible to do this in the application without a passport.

The simplification of the procedure is especially relevant for residents of the DPR, LPR, Zaporozhye and Kherson regions, the explanation says.* Among the stated goals, the Ministry of Digital Development, which developed this project, also indicated an increase in the number of holders of standard and confirmed levels of biometrics.

The list of prospects that will open up for the holder of a biometric profile includes the issuance of a qualified certificate of the electronic signature verification key, boarding a train and checking into a hotel without a passport, receiving public services at the MFC and paying taxes, issuing the Pushkin Card and other measures of social support and state benefits.

"The state is interested in providing more citizens with access to a wide range of services using biometrics and a mobile application. Thanks to the registered data, the state and private companies can provide services faster and more conveniently, reducing the time for filling out and providing information," Artem Sheikin, a member of the Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Legislation and State Building, told Parlamentskaya Gazeta.

According to the senator, the number of people wishing to use biometric services will only increase in the future.


A little easier and safer

At the forum of national achievements "Public Services", Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko noted that at the beginning of February, more than 55 million biometric impressions of Russians were stored in the UBS. More than 80 credit institutions are now providing services for connecting remote banking services using biometrics. At the same time, the President of the Association of Russian Banks, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Garegin Tosunyan found it difficult to determine the share of owners of biometric profiles among all clients of credit institutions.

"I don't think there are more than 10 percent of them so far, and that's from among advanced users. I don't even know the proportion of all bank customers who use online applications. But those who use Internet banking often use biometrics as well, simply because logging in by face or fingerprint is faster and easier," he said in a comment to Parlamentskaya Gazeta.


Answering the question of why biometrics are needed, if it is quite easy to make a deposit and a loan in the bank's online application, the academician noted that it slightly simplifies and additionally protects this process.

"If a hacker tries to get funds from the card, it will be more difficult for them to do so. True, modern hackers can find fingerprints, but you also need to fake the face - all this complicates the work of swindlers. In addition, it gives you speed – you don't need to enter a password, remember it, waste time," Tosunyan explained.


Three Zeros in the Digital Future

The president of the Association of Russian Banks noted that customers are still very reserved about the proposal to register their biometric data, since "there is a complex of distrust." Alexander Yushchenko, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy, Information Technology and Communications, agrees with him and believes that until there is a guarantee of protection of biometric profiles, they will not be in high demand.

"Many people avoid applying for biometric profiles, moreover, they are categorically against it. They understand that their data may end up in the wrong hands. And simplifying the registration of biometrics will not make weather and will not increase the number of users. There is a category of people who will not accept this on principle," the MP said in a comment to the Parliamentary Newspaper.

At the same time, the head of the Association of Russian Banks expressed confidence that one way or another the biometric direction will actively develop. Because, if we do not take into account conspiracy theories about the "watchful eye" of the state, this is "a movement towards greater convenience of using all kinds of services" and "more good than evil."


"You can't stop it, just as you can't stop the information revolution. We are moving into a completely different era, although we are not fully aware of it," Tosunyan stressed.

At the State Services Forum, Deputy Prime Minister Chernyshenko promised that the list of services provided by biometrics will be expanded, existing services will be scaled, and the global task of the state is to ensure that "bureaucratic processes are invisible to citizens." This approach, according to him, is based on the concept of three zeros: zero entry - when you do not need to enter anything manually and provide documents and certificates, zero waiting - when all interdepartmental requests are automatic, and zero exit - no "crusts" and "papers", but just the received service.

In January, the first demonstration wedding ceremony using biometric identification took place. The newlyweds confirmed their identities using a tablet without presenting any documents. Payment for purchases "in person" on marketplaces is not far off. An agreement with the owner of one of the online platforms has already been signed."


"...The wedding ceremony showed how in the future marriage registration can take place without a passport, but using biometric data. Such a project is currently under development. "


The simplification of the procedure is especially relevant for residents of the DPR, LPR, Zaporozhye and Kherson regions, the explanation says.*
Look you, look you...
..
A small part of Putin's speech on the signing of the treaties on the accession of the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic and the Zaporozhian and Kherson regions to Russia on September 30 [2022]. (Which drove the majority of the alt-right audience outside Russia, not just in the Western world, mad with delight.)

“I repeat, the dictatorship of Western elites is directed against all societies, including the peoples of the Western countries themselves. It’s a challenge to everyone. Such a complete denial of man, the overthrow of faith and traditional values, the suppression of freedom acquires the features of “reverse religion” – outright Satanism. In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus Christ, denouncing false prophets, says: “By their fruits you will know them.” And these poisonous fruits are already obvious to people – not only in our country, in all countries, including for many people in the West itself.

The world has entered a period of revolutionary transformations, they are fundamental. New development centers are being formed, they represent the majority – the majority! – the international community and are ready not only to declare their interests, but also to defend them, and in multipolarity they see an opportunity to strengthen their sovereignty, which means to gain true freedom, historical perspective, their right to independent, creative, original development, to a harmonious process."


3 days after the speech; in the Russian Alt-Press:

SOVEREIGNTY OR DIGITIZATION?
THE PRESIDENT INSTRUCTED TO CREATE A JOINT STOCK COMPANY BASED ON ROSTELECOM AND THE BANK OF RUSSIA TO PROMOTE BIOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION

On the day of the Russian President’s uplifting speech on the occasion of the official reunification of the Russian lands, the light saw not only a document signed by Vladimir Putin and the heads of the regions of the former Ukraine. The President also signed Decree No. 693 “On the definition of an organization that ensures the development of digital identification and authentication technologies.”
It follows from the presidential decree of September 30 that it is vital to rapidly develop digital identification and authentication technologies in Russia, primarily biometrics.
The Center of biometric technologies will appear in Russia
03.10.2022

Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on the establishment of a joint venture (JV) JSC "Center for Biometric Technologies" (CBT). The founders will be Rostelecom (49% of shares), the Russian Federation represented by the Federal Agency for State Property Management (26% of shares) and the Bank of Russia (25% of shares).

CBT will develop and replicate digital identification and authentication technologies (including those based on biometric personal data), as well as document signing and storage services, including the creation, development and operation of commercial services and standard solutions. This will increase the level of digitalization in various sectors of the economy.



Anton Nemkin told how to increase the trust of Russians in biometrics

The President signed a law toughening punishment for violations in working with personal data


19.12.2023
The amendments to the Code of Administrative Offences approved by the State Duma establish that for mistakes in the placement and updating of biometric personal data by banks, MFCs and other organizations, the fine for officials will be from 100 to 300 thousand rubles, and for legal entities - from 500 thousand to a million. In addition, penalties have been toughened for the processing of personal data without written consent or in violation of the requirements for the composition of information in such consent. Anton Nemkin, a member of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy, Information Technology and Communications, told Parlamentskaya Gazeta about the main news in the IT sphere.
..

- Is biometrics popular among Russians, or does the new technology still not inspire confidence?

- More than half a million citizens have already been registered in the Unified Biometric System. According to the UBS operator, the Center for Biometric Technologies, about 1.2 thousand people register simplified biometrics every day, and about two thousand confirmed biometrics. This shows the high interest of people in services and technologies that make everyday life easier. And this interest will grow due to the constant expansion of the list of services that are provided using biometrics, and the improvement of registration methods. Today, the list of services available by biometrics already includes obtaining an electronic signature, concluding contracts for communication services, obtaining a fan card, authorization on the public services portal, and much more.

At the same time, many people are still really distrustful of the new technology. And people's conservatism in this matter is quite understandable – they are frightened by the possibility that biometrics can fall into the hands of fraudsters. That is why no one can force a person to agree to the use of biometrics. Nevertheless, informing people that the biometrics system does not pose any threat and will not affect their lives in any way should be a top priority. For this purpose, among other things, intensive work is being carried out on legislative regulation in this area."


****
In a nutshell: from September 2022, for the whole of 2023, with the most intensive advertising of biometrics, there is negligible interest, apparently even among the so-called "norms" and deluded fans of new technologies, who are basically ready to bite any digital bone they submit to them. Hahahahahaaa

"Many people avoid applying for biometric profiles, moreover, they are categorically against it. They understand that their data may end up in the wrong hands. And simplifying the registration of biometrics will not make weather and will not increase the number of users. There is a category of people who will not accept this on principle," the MP said in a comment to the Parliamentary Newspaper.

At the same time, the head of the Association of Russian Banks expressed confidence that one way or another the biometric direction will actively develop. Because, if we do not take into account conspiracy theories about the "watchful eye" of the state, this is "a movement towards greater convenience of using all kinds of services" and "more good than evil."

"You can't stop it, just as you can't stop the information revolution. We are moving into a completely different era, although we are not fully aware of it," Tosunyan stressed.
 
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At the same time, the head of the Association of Russian Banks expressed confidence that one way or another the biometric direction will actively develop. Because, if we do not take into account conspiracy theories about the "watchful eye" of the state, this is "a movement towards greater convenience of using all kinds of services" and "more good than evil."
Soon we will be able to charge our chips from our own blood without worrying about the need for medical interventions to replace the batteries.
Safe and effective. (if we do not take into account conspiracy theories)
- From the Kurchatov Institute of the anti-WEF-globalist-cabal Russia
"The National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" is improving biofuel cells that make it possible to obtain electricity from glucose contained in the blood.
..
By generating electricity from blood glucose, they can replace batteries in implantable medical devices. This will allow users of such devices to avoid unnecessary surgical interventions to replace batteries.
..
The development opens up new prospects for the long-term use of implantable devices, which will be a real revolution in medicine...This discovery not only contributes to the development of new technologies in the treatment of various diseases, but also makes an important contribution to the development of devices capable of running on renewable energy sources taken directly from the human body."


"You can't stop it, just as you can't stop the information revolution. We are moving into a completely different era, although we are not fully aware of it," Tosunyan stressed.
 
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Russian Academy of Sciences, news
The educational medical forum Sechenov.Pro has completed its work in Moscow

March 15, 2024

..
From the conversation with the Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the Research Center of Neurology, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Mikhail Piradov, the students learned that diseases of the nervous system are in the first place in terms of disability today. The speaker's motivation to engage in science was a great desire to help not just a few patients as an ordinary doctor, but tens of thousands as a doctor-scientist.
..
The academician answered the children's question about which areas in neurology should be developed in the first place. "We often hear about genetics, it penetrates into all areas of medicine. Over the past 11 years, 17.5 million articles have been published in peer-reviewed journals worldwide. Every 10th article is devoted to neuroscience, because there is nothing more top-notch than neuroscience now. Genetics comes second. Every second cover of the world's most popular scientific magazine, Scientific American, is dedicated to the brain and nervous system. We are our brain," Mikhail Piradov said.




At the end of May, Moscow will host the Forum of BRICS Academies of Sciences

March 14, 2024

The Russian Academy of Sciences hosted the first inaugural meeting of the Programme Committee for the preparation of the BRICS Academies of Sciences Forum. This year's event will be held at the end of May in Moscow as part of Russia's BRICS Presidency.
..
Based on the results of the discussion and speeches of the members of the program committee and the leadership of the institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences, it was decided to finalize the draft program of the forum, taking into account scientific topics that are particularly relevant for the BRICS countries, for example, megascience, artificial intelligence, medicine, agriculture, climate change, as well as taking into account the demand for formats for holding such events."

~~

~~
Tomsk National Research Medical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Scientists, doctors and experts in various fields met at the "Future Technologies Forum"
19.02.2024

The Forum was attended by representatives of Tomsk NRMC.
..
At the Forum, scientists, doctors and experts discussed innovative solutions in the field of digital, genetic, bio- and neurotechnologies, artificial intelligence, as well as projects in regenerative and nuclear medicine.
..
The second Forum of Future Technologies, according to the organizers, is designed to become a catalyst for the development of new knowledge-intensive areas. The participants discussed genetic technologies as part of the medicine of the future, the development of neurotechnologies in healthcare, regenerative medicine as a way to restore lost health, biotechnologies in personalized healthcare, including technologies for active longevity and preventive medicine.

The Forum was attended by representatives of public authorities, relevant departments, state corporations and companies operating in the biomedical and neurotechnology market, specialists from technology and innovation companies, research institutes, and representatives of the scientific community.



"Cloud of Meanings". Source:
Cloud of Meanings of the Future Technologies Forum
The Cloud of Meanings is a visual representation of the main theses of the Forum in the context of the most discussed topics of the event.
The Cloud of Meanings was generated by AI based on the results of all sessions of the Forum.


The Research Institute of Oncology of the Tomsk NRMC uses an unparalleled prosthesis for thoracic reconstruction

28.02.2024

Senior Researcher of the Department of General Oncology of the Research Institute of Oncology of the Tomsk National Research Medical Center, Cand. honey. Dr. Ilya Anisenya during the meeting of the Academic Council of the Tomsk NRMC.

Ilya Ivanovich presented to his colleagues a unique technology for reconstructing the chest of patients using an implant based on titanium nickelide. The product meets the necessary conditions for complex surgical intervention and subsequent recovery.
..
Now the implant is manufactured individually, with the help of an industrial partner - NPO SINTEL. In 2024-2026, Tomsk specialists plan to prepare methodological recommendations and establish serial production of the structure.




Tomsk scientists in the expedition replenished the biobank of samples for the analysis of the genomes of the indigenous peoples of the North
..

Blood samples obtained from representatives of the indigenous peoples of the North will help researchers study the genetic diversity of the peoples of Siberia.

"Earlier, we have already visited the Tazov, Purovsky and Nadymsky districts, we managed to collect more than 1200 samples," said Vladimir Kharkov, head of the genomic identification laboratory of the Research Institute of Medical Genetics of the Tomsk NRMC, Doctor of Biological Sciences.



The researchers have already isolated DNA from the samples, the next step will be genotyping (the process of determining the genotype) of various DNA markers on autosomes, mitochondrial DNA and the Y chromosome. The material obtained during the expedition will also replenish the bioresource collection of the Institute.



~~
Agency for Strategic Initiatives

The top 100 "Strong Ideas for a New Time" includes projects in high-tech surgery and neurorehabilitation

March 12, 2024


A participant of the forum "Strong Ideas for a New Time", whose projects were included in the top 100, proposed to introduce a new technological ecosystem for brain and heart surgery, as well as rehabilitation neural interfaces to restore the health of patients.

The initiatives were presented by Alexandra Bernadotte, CEO of Neurosputnik from Moscow. The first of them is "Implementation of the Right-Handed Ecosystem for High-Tech Intelligent Personalized Brain and Heart Surgery".
..
Alexandra Bernadotte's second initiative is "Hypercortex: Implementation of Neural Interfaces for Gaming-Based Neurorehabilitation in Russia". The goal of the project is to improve the quality of life of citizens, reduce the financial burden on people after injuries and diseases, and increase the efficiency of employees of enterprises. Hypercortext will help patients to increase the level of cognitive abilities, reduce the level of chronic stress, alleviate the manifestations of post-traumatic syndrome and remove problems with falling asleep. The system also allows you to reduce pain syndromes, for example, from chronic or phantom pain.

"Hypercortex" is a software and hardware complex for cognitive training and neurorehabilitation in the form of a game. The complex consists of a non-invasive neurointerface based on an electroencephalogram (EEG), which receives an additional signal from an accelerometer and an eye movement tracker, a mobile application, and an AI backend.

The complex is used for personalized neurorehabilitation and cognitive training, providing movement control using a neural interface in computer games, including in a VR environment.


 
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The Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences discussed the future of research in the field of artificial intelligence
March 12, 2024

..
Dmitry Ushakov, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, made a report on "Artificial Intelligence Technologies in the Study and Support of Humans".
In addition, the following scientific reports were presented: "Problems of legal identification of artificial intelligence"; "Features of the application of AI technologies"; "Artificial Intelligence in the Humanities. Threats and Opportunities" (Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Harutyun Avetisyan); "Scientific Problems of Ensuring Sovereignty in the Field of Artificial Intelligence Technologies".




Rosatomflot Employees Evaluated the Works of the Finalists of the All-Russian Competition of Scientific and Technological Projects "Big Challenges"

March 15, 2024

..
This year, more than 40 children from 13 to 18 years old from seven municipalities of the Murmansk Region took part in the final stage of the competition in the following areas: "Agro-industrial and biotechnology", "Ecology and study of climate change", "Modern energy", "Nonatechnologies", "Development of the Arctic and the World Ocean", "New materials".
..
And one guy created an application to prepare schoolchildren for the Basic State Exam in social studies, the essence is to quickly memorize terms, and with a voice module. The mobile app allows you to quickly prepare for the exam using artificial intelligence. This project could be involved in the preparation of our seafarers for passing examinations on ships."

Many finalists in the Ecology and Climate Change Studies programme have developed practice-oriented projects...



Ministry of Education and Science of the Nizhny Novgorod Region
Gleb Nikitin: "Over the past six years, more than 800 schools and kindergartens have already been built and renovated for young Nizhny Novgorod residents"

March 13, 2024

In the Nizhny Novgorod region, an advanced system of early practice-oriented education has been created. This was told by the Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod Region Gleb Nikitin during his speech at the Nizhny Novgorod Fair on March 12. This work is carried out in close cooperation with the main industrial partners.

The development of the education sector was one of the key topics in the governor's speech.
..
"We have reached a fundamentally new level of convergence between vocational education and the real sector – we have created an extensive network of modern workers' workshops and become leaders in the Professionalism project. The region is creating ten clusters, thanks to which we occupy one of the leading places in opening clusters in the country. Very soon, the technopark of vocational education of the federal level on the basis of Nizhpoligraph will open its doors," said Gleb Nikitin.

Career guidance for children is also provided in institutions of additional education, many of which operate as part of the implementation of the national project "Education". Since 2019, almost 400 Growth Points, 9 Quantorium children's technology parks, including three mobile technology parks and two school technology parks, seven IT Cube digital education centers for children, the Vega Talent Development Center and two Houses of Scientific Collaboration have been opened in the region.

"At the initiative of Rosatom and the decision of the President, the National Center for Physics and Mathematics is being created in Sarov, so that this wonderful city, the spiritual and scientific center of the country, as before, becomes a place where the most talented children dream of getting to study and work. This is just the first step. In 2030, there will be a real city of the future for scientists from all over the country," Gleb Nikitin emphasized.
..
Recall that the national project "Education" is being implemented in the country in accordance with the decree of the President of Russia "On National Goals and Strategic Objectives of the Development of the Russian Federation". Its key goal is to ensure the global competitiveness of Russian education and make Russia one of the top 10 countries in the world in terms of the quality of general education. Currently, the national project includes 8 federal projects: "Modern School", "Success of Every Child", "Digital Educational Environment", "Young Professionals", "Social Elevators for Everyone", "Social Activity", "Patriotic Education" and "Youth of Russia".




Students of the Nizhny Novgorod Quantorium will be able to study VR technologies with the help of the NEIMARK digital universe

January 31, 2024

In 2024, students of the Quantorium Children's Technopark in Nizhny Novgorod will be able to start studying virtual reality technologies using the capabilities of the NEYMARK digital universe.

In 2022, the team of the Gorky Artificial Intelligence Center (now Gorky Tech), together with the Project Office of the Development Strategy of the Nizhny Novgorod Region and the IT company AVM Technologies, developed a virtual educational center for the world-class IT campus NEIMARK. It made it possible to launch the IT campus in a virtual form before the completion of construction. In the future, in this virtual environment, people from different parts of Russia and the world will be able to attend lectures together, conduct laboratory work and develop digital projects.

In January 2024, ANO Gorky Tech held a meeting with Quantorium teachers, during which a program of measures was developed to introduce the digital universe into the educational system of the children's technopark, as well as a plan for testing the solution. Children will be able to "roam" freely within the digital universe and test the product.

"High technology has long been an integral companion of modern man. The opportunity to use such an innovative method as virtual reality in teaching will open up many new horizons for students. School quantoriums are actively opening in the region. The development of a program of VR technologies on the basis of educational organizations will allow children to try on different professions and find their vocation without leaving school," said Mikhail Puchkov, Minister of Education and Science of the Nizhny Novgorod Region.

Starting this year, a course of lectures and practices on testing virtual reality technologies will become one of the key modules in the training program of the Nizhny Novgorod Quantorium. Students will have access to several products of the digital universe: a career guidance module, an NFT gallery, and an astronomy training course. In addition, quantorians will be able to virtually "walk" through the building of the world-class IT campus "NEIMARK", which is currently being built in Nizhny Novgorod as part of the national project "Science and Universities", approved by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.

The career guidance block will allow students to virtually try out a number of professions: turner, crane operator, firefighter, drone operator and logistician. For each of the professions, there are VR simulators with specialized scenarios.

The astronomy section will help children study a virtual map of the real starry sky, and the NFT gallery will give them the opportunity to visit a virtual museum and see various art objects, as well as get acquainted with the creation of three-dimensional figures in a specialized 3D workshop.

"Five years ago, virtual reality was mainly used only in the gaming industry and was associated with it for most people. And today, similar technologies are used in architecture and urban planning, in education, personnel training, art, marketing, and more. Their use has already become much wider and will definitely continue to grow, benefiting society. With this in mind, our task is to prepare the younger generation to work with virtual reality, to help them adapt as quickly as possible. Some of the students of the Quantorium may be interested in the development of VR technologies and decide to connect their future career with this area," added Evgeny Fedoseyev, Director of ANO Gorky Tech.

The Gorky Tech team, together with the IT company AVM Technology, will provide Quantorium with instructions on how to use the functionality and test cases for the productive study of VR technologi
es.



***
To recall:
Alexander Chulok, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Director of the HSE Center for Scientific and Technological Forecasting (2021):
"..
I think the attitude to technology itself will change dramatically in the next 10 years. Generations will be updated, for the new ones — the Internet is not a miracle, and smart watches are not a gadget. It's all already part of their life as a shirt. It is not so important whether it will be embedded in the body or in clothes. Let's look at the history of mankind, it has always experimented. It is difficult to say how inevitable the cyborgization of man is, but his merging with technology is indeed inevitable."
 

Lalas

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Novosibirsk State University
NSU Scientists Have Created a Prototype LCD Device for Sixth-Generation Mobile Communication Systems

14.03.2024


A prototype LCD device – a spatial phase modulator for controlling subterahertz radiation beams with the prospect of using it in next-generation (6G) wireless communication systems – was created at the Laboratory of Functional Diagnostics of Low-Dimensional Structures for Nanoelectronics of the Analytical and Technological Research Center "High Technologies and Nanostructured Materials" of the Faculty of Physics of Novosibirsk State University. 6G technology is based on the use of terahertz (THz) waves. Switching to these waves will increase the speed of data transfer in wireless communication systems by at least 100 times compared to existing solutions.

Terahertz (THz) waves are electromagnetic radiation with frequencies ranging from one hundred gigahertz to several terahertz. THz waves are located between the infrared and ultra-high-frequency (UHF) bands of the spectrum.

"To date, the exact requirements for 6G technology have not yet been determined, its standards are expected to be developed only by 2030, which is designated as a time milestone for the introduction of the first 6G systems into world practice. The transition to such high frequencies of wireless communication requires the development of conceptually new approaches, both in terms of the architecture of 6G systems and the physical principles of their operation and technological implementation. In particular, since the THz band corresponds to the wavelengths of the millimeter/submillimeter scale, the transmission of information in 6G systems will be carried out along a narrow beam, the direction of which should be dynamically (electronically) rearranged when the subscriber moves in space," said Sergey Kuznetsov, a senior researcher at the laboratory.

The developments of scientists from NSU are aimed at creating such devices for controlling terahertz rays. They are based on the use of liquid crystals integrated with special metamaterials (resonance metastructures). Externally, the prototypes of the devices look like LCD displays. They favorably combine the necessary functionality and low production costs. Work on improving the prototypes continues.




St. Petersburg State University
March 14, 2024

St Petersburg University Scientists Have Created Non-Invasive Sensors to Monitor the Effectiveness of Chemotherapy

Chemists from St. Petersburg State University and doctors from the Volga Research Medical University (PIMU) have developed non-invasive luminescent sensors that make it possible to monitor the effectiveness of chemotherapy for colorectal cancer.


..
For more effective measurement of the pNi level, scientists from St. Petersburg University have developed special luminescent sensors based on iridium complexes, one of the platinum group metals mined in deposits, including in Russia.


The created sensors make it possible to determine intracellular pNi in various cell cultures in a non-invasive way, that is, without puncturing (breaking the integrity) of body tissues, as well as in vivo — in tumors grafted into experimental animals. We insert the sensor into cells or tumor tissues, irradiate a biological sample with light of a predetermined wavelength, and monitor the luminescence characteristics of the sensor using a fluorescent microscope or macroscanner.
The author of the study, Professor of the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry of St. Petersburg State University Sergey Tunik
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The work was carried out on the basis of the resource center "Laser Methods of Substance Research" of the Science Park of St. Petersburg State University. As noted by Professor Sergey Tunik of St Petersburg University, this indicates the need to develop methods for delivering drugs to cells in such tumours or the need to modify the drugs themselves.
So far, these studies have been performed in an in vitro cell model, but in the near future it is planned to study these effects in laboratory animals.

The results of the study, supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation, are published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences.


Lomonosov Moscow State University
13.03.2024

MSU Scientists Have Created a Device for the Operation of "Quantum" Neural Networks

Russian scientists have proposed a superconducting logic cell that can be both an integral part of a quantum computer and a component of a neural network – an artificial neuron. In the future, it will be used to design elements for neuromorphic information processing in quantum processors – in fact, "quantum" neural networks. The results of the study, supported by a grant from the Presidential Program of the Russian Science Foundation, were published in the Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology.
..
The development of the method of analysing the evolution of observables for the adiabatic logic cells in quantum mode was carried out with the support of the Grant of the Russian Science Foundation No. 22-72-10075. The development of the main concept was carried out with the financial support of the Strategic Academic Leadership Programme “Priority-2030” (grant from NITU “MISIS” No. K2-2022-029). A.S. is grateful to the Foundation for the Advancement of Theoretical Physics and Mathematics “BASIS” (grant 22-1-3-16-1)."
~~

Modern achievements in the field of information and telecommunication technologies contribute to the active development of artificial intelligence systems. However, despite the tremendous progress and the introduction of neural networks in almost all spheres of human activity, scientists are still looking for the optimal element base of artificial neural networks that would consume a minimum of energy resources and at the same time work with an extremely large amount of data. This problem can be solved by combining the ideas of quantum computing and neurotechnologies based on a superconducting element base.

Scientists from Lomonosov Moscow State University and Lobachevsky National Research University of Nizhny Novgorod have proposed a model of a superconducting logic cell, which can be both a unit of information in a quantum computer – a qubit – and the basic element of a neural network – a neuron. Such a cell turned out to be an interferometer, a device that changes the magnetic field according to the law set by scientists.

"Currently, systems that combine quantum computing and artificial intelligence are especially relevant. Our work is a small step towards the development of neurocoprocessors (basic cells – neurons) that work with quantum information. In the future, we plan to study the transmission and processing of quantum information in the simplest quantum superconducting network," commented Marina Bastrakova, head of the laboratory at Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, head of the project supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation.




15.03.2024

Scientists at Moscow State University have learned how to analyze emotions using neural networks




MSU scientists have presented a new family of machine learning model architectures using graph neural networks, which promises to significantly improve the possibilities of interpretation and generalization in the analysis of complex multidimensional time series, as well as to involve additional metric information from the subject area in the analysis. The results of the study were presented at the All-Russian Conference "Mathematical Methods of Pattern Recognition" (MMRO-2023).

Researchers from the Faculty of Computer Science of Moscow State University have formalized the tasks of identifying functional patterns in multidimensional time series using machine learning methods, which avoids the need for specific research in the field. The proposed architecture takes into account spatial metadata, encoding the initial positions of the electrodes as a graph to be transferred to the corresponding model. This method has been successfully applied in neurophysiology: the model independently coped with those cases where neurophysiologists already know the functional P300 pattern. In addition, this approach has been applied to emotion recognition using the SEED dataset, achieving high results.

"One of the key aspects of the method is the use of a graph built from external metric information, which had a significant impact on the efficiency of the algorithm. In the future, it is planned to expand the method to other areas, such as data from sensors on production lines or bank transactions," said Archil Maisuradze, Associate Professor of the Department of Mathematical Methods of Forecasting at the Faculty of Computer Science of Moscow State University.

The study covers the analysis of datasets collected using the "single stimulus" experimental method, widely used in psychological and neurophysiological research. The BCI competition dataset was used to further validate the architecture, achieving impressive results with a variety of machine learning models. In addition, the SEED dataset was used for emotion recognition tasks, demonstrating the flexibility and effectiveness of the method.

"In contrast to recent approaches that ignore the physical structure of BCI interfaces, this method emphasizes the creation of a dense graph representing the actual shape of the writing device. Various methods of graph construction have been investigated and it has been shown that the method proposed by us has a significant impact on the results," added Leonid Sidorov, a Master's student at the Department of Mathematical Methods of Forecasting at the Faculty of Computer Science of Moscow State University.

The proposed model architecture consists of spatial and temporal processing blocks, as well as a prediction block, with an emphasis on the capabilities of graph convolutional networks. The integration of graph convolutional networks has made it possible to achieve improved model performance on EEG data and competitive levels of accuracy on standard data sets.


Tomsk State University
13.03.2024

TSU Scientists Have Developed a New Method for Assessing Cell Viability


The study of cell viability is included in the list of mandatory studies in the creation of new materials for implants designed to replace solid tissues. In this way, the biocompatibility of implants with the human body is assessed. Scientists from Tomsk State University have developed a method that makes it possible to determine the state of cells that are indicators of implant survival in real time. The new approach based on two-photon microscopy is described in an article published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences (Q1).
..
..The biocompatibility of the ceramics used has been demonstrated by various scientific groups..


Funding
This research was funded by a grant under the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 220 of 9 April 2010 (Agreement No. 075-15-2021-615 of 4 June 2021). This study was supported by the Tomsk State University Development Programme (Priority-2030) The work was performed according to the Government research assignment for ISPMS SB RAS, project FWRW-2022-0002.
~~

"When creating new materials for osteoimplants, one of the main indicators of non-toxicity and biocompatibility is the survival rate of cell cultures applied to the material," explains Viktor Nikolaev, a senior researcher at the TSU Laboratory of Laser Molecular Imaging and Machine Learning. "In our study, we applied mouse fibroblasts to porous ceramic osteoimplants. These cells play an important role in wound healing: they synthesize components of the intercellular substance and other compounds necessary for the body, such as collagen.

The standard for assessing cell viability after contact with material is microscopic examination with pre-staining, which shows dead cells. Another option is electron microscopy.

Scientists from the TSU Laboratory of Laser Molecular Imaging and Machine Learning use two-photon microscopy as a tool for studying cells. As experimental studies have shown, this method allows you to look into the cell in vivo and see undesirable changes in it.




"When examined with conventional microscopy, the damaged cell can look quite viable," says Viktor Nikolaev. "When it is on a slide, it has enough oxygen, the cell "feels" well. But when a cell is placed on porous ceramics, it may lack oxygen, resulting in oxidative stress. Two-photon microscopy is good because it allows you not only to see whether a cell is alive or not, but also to detect the presence of oxidative stress, a decrease in metabolism, assess the energy reserves of cells, and so on.

The new approach will make it possible to create materials with high biocompatibility for reconstructive surgery and, accordingly, improve the quality of life of patients.

It should be added that the key task of the Laboratory of Laser Molecular Imaging and Machine Learning, created with the support of a megagrant from the Government of the Russian Federation, is to develop new non-invasive methods for diagnosing socially significant diseases. As a tool for studying biological tissues, fluids and exhaled air, TSU scientists use optical technologies, which makes it possible to reduce the examination time from several days to several hours or minutes.

 
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Sechenov University has determined the winners of the Open Project Competition 2024

March 11, 2024
Competition / Priority 2030




The First Moscow State Medical University named after I. M. Sechenov of the Ministry of Health of Russia summed up the results of the Open Project Competition 2024. Based on its results, the Program Committee approved 81 winning projects for work in 2024. These included projects aimed at the development of breakthrough technologies and products and the integration of research, development, education, clinical practice and entrepreneurship at Sechenov University.
..
Applications were accepted for four competitive tracks, corresponding to three strategic projects of the Sechenov University Development Program. For example, under the strategic project "Biodesign", a selection of projects was carried out under the track "Megaproject Organ-to-Order"; Two tracks corresponded to the Translational Research in Medicine and Pharmaceuticals strategic project: Digital Health Projects and Joint Projects with an Industrial Partner, and the Open Education track corresponded to the Network for the Development of Best Practices in Medicine, Science and Education strategic project.
..
Based on the results of the selections for the "Organ-on-Order Megaproject" track, 6 winning projects were determined. Thus, a team led by Professor Svetlana Tarasenko, Head of the Department of Surgical Dentistry of the Borovsky Institute of Stomatology, will develop a method for recreating periodontal structures using bioequivalents obtained by three-dimensional printing. With its successful implementation, an important task will be solved - scientists and doctors will be able to restore periodontal tissues in the required volume.

The project of biologist Nastasya Kosheleva, a leading researcher at the Laboratory of Clinical Smart Nanotechnologies of the Institute of Regenerative Medicine, is dedicated to the development of a technology for stimulating targeted regeneration of soft tissues of the periodontal complex. Scientists will create a product that will speed up healing and shorten the postoperative period even in severe cases of periodontal damage. The goal of the project "Hydrogel Compositions for Tissue Engineering" will be to create approaches to the design of multifunctional hydrogel materials that will be used as a medium or substrate for 3D bioprinting with the subsequent creation of tissues and implants.

Another winning project is dedicated to the creation of a technological platform for the development, production and application of genetically engineered drugs based on human immune cells for the treatment of cancer and autoimmune diseases. Previously, foreign equipment and reagents were used for this. The implementation of the project will make CAR-T therapy more accessible to patients.

The project "Development of a tissue-engineered bioreactor for the cultivation of bioequivalents" is aimed at creating a multifunctional device that, with the help of mechanical, electrical and other influences, will form the necessary environment for the growth of a specific tissue. In the future, such a bioreactor can also be used for growing bioequivalents and testing drugs. The implementation of the project "Development of a Specialist's Program in the Field of Fundamental and Applied Biology" will make it possible to significantly improve the quality of graduates and minimize the time for their adaptation in the workplace. The program will be focused on the formation of competencies necessary for young scientists and workers in the high-tech medical industry.

In the "Joint Projects with an Industrial Partner" track, the winner was a project aimed at developing a new generation multi-omics oncodiagnostic platform. Its implementation will help solve the problem of insufficiently effective prescription of expensive targeted anti-cancer therapy. Together with their industrial partner, Oncobox LLC, the scientists plan to develop innovative products for diagnosing chimeric oncogenes and determining the full range of mutations and genomic rearrangements in tumors, as well as a platform solution for DNA and RNA sequencing and algorithmic analysis of the data obtained. These products will help to diagnose cancer more accurately and prescribe personalized treatment.

Two projects became the winners of the Digital Health Projects track. "Digital Athlete's Passport" is a development of scientists from the Department of Sports Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation of the Sklifosovsky Institute of Clinical Medicine, which can be used to assess the level of training of an athlete, predict and identify the risk of injuries, as well as monitor the processes of treatment and rehabilitation.

The second winning project is a platform for automating molecular genetic laboratory research with elements of the GenX acceptance support system.

It was also decided to support the SmartGastro project within the framework of the Innovative Scientific School "Consortium of Neural Network Systems for 3D Modeling for Preoperative Planning Sechenov AI. It is dedicated to the development in the field of visualization of the oncological process in stomach cancer using artificial intelligence algorithms.

The winning projects were included in the 2024 roadmap. In the future, they will receive financial and organizational support.

The open call for proposals 2024 was held as part of the implementation of the development program of Sechenov University and with the support of the state program of strategic academic leadership "Priority 2030". It helps to support technological products and developments of employees and students."




The opening day of Sechenov.Pro – 2024 has ended at Sechenov University

March 12, 2024


This year, the Educational Medical Forum Sechenov.Pro brought together 110 outstanding participants of the All-Russian Olympiad of Students "I Am a Professional" for four days - brilliant medical students from all over the country.
..
The forum was launched by the Rector of the First Moscow State Medical University, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Petr Glybochko. He congratulated the participants on the fact that they passed a serious selection and were among the best of the best:

"There are only 110 of you in the whole of Russia, you are real leaders and already now you are the winners. The All-Russian Student Olympiad "I Am a Professional" is an effective project and an excellent career start for each of you. The days you will spend on Sechenov.Pro are an invaluable contribution to the future..."

Mikhail Murashko: "We are counting on you"

March 13, 2024



Today, the Sechenov.Pro Educational Medical Forum was attended by the Minister of Health of Russia Mikhail Murashko.
..

"We are counting on you, because the new technologies that appear in medicine today require modern knowledge that will allow you to work with new equipment, with new equipment, with new products, including software. We know that each of you, having chosen medicine, chooses it with your heart and mind," Mikhail Murashko said.
..
At the meeting with the forum participants in the "dialogue on an equal footing" format, a discussion was held on the future of medicine, digitalization and import substitution. For example, the guys asked how he sees the development of medicine in our country in 10 years.

Medicine, according to Mikhail Murashko, is following the path of forming several key areas, preventive medicine is the most main and important.


"Preventing the development of the disease, or preventing the development of complications when the disease occurs, is the skill that patients today expect from a medical worker. A set of tasks related to predictive medicine, when we rely on certain predispositions to disease, will develop thanks to the introduction of genetic technologies. We are following this path today," he said.

Genetic and neurotechnologies, according to Mikhail Murashko, will definitely have great prospects. As well as the brain-computer interface, it is a field that is increasingly coming to medicine. These technologies await the industry in 10 years.


"You definitely need to have basic knowledge of biology, chemistry, genetics, including information systems, building information systems, maybe even a little more professional than at the user level. This is important for a doctor," the minister concluded.

In the tone of the discussion, the students asked how he assesses the digitalization of Russian healthcare and whether artificial intelligence can become a faithful assistant for doctors today.

"It is necessary to introduce these technologies, they simplify the life of the doctor and the patient. Those of you who have already worked in medical organizations today know how much medical documentation a patient can have, for example, an outpatient card for the period of his life or for the period of his illness. Structuring this information, highlighting the most important, predicting the further disease, course or offering solutions – this is what is already becoming available today," Mikhail Murashko answered.

The meeting ended with a question to the minister about plans for the development of import substitution of medicines and increasing domestic production. According to Mikhail Murashko, today the Russian pharmaceutical industry is already creating innovative and first-in-class products. Today, this is the most important format for the development of the pharmaceutical industry.

"What should we set ourselves goals? To form research and production sites in order to speed up the release and creation of new regulatory mechanisms in order to quickly go from idea to implementation in the shortest possible way," the minister said. "When we create new products, we definitely need to understand how quickly they will reach the patient, including a certain category of patients who have a serious illness. We have to think that if there is a development that allows us to give a chance in compliance with certain ethical standards, scientific justification, and, of course, the consent of the patient himself, it should be implemented."

We part, but we don't say goodbye! The Sechenov.Pro-2024 Forum has ended at Sechenov University

March 14, 2024


On March 14, the final events and the closing ceremony of the Educational Medical Forum Sechenov.Pro took place at Sechenov University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. 110 best students from 44 medical universities of the country talked on an equal footing with the Deputy President of the Russian Academy of Education Gennady Onishchenko and visited the laboratories of the scientific core of the First Moscow State Medical University - the Scientific and Technological Park of Biomedicine.
..
Gennady Onishchenko, Head of the Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Health of Sechenov University, Deputy President of the Russian Academy of Education, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences, spoke with the participants of the forum on the topic "Health Preservation and Psychological Safety of Children, Adolescents and Youth in the Education System".
..

Talking to the children, the guest shared his colossal experience as a doctor, scientist and, of course, a manager – in 1996-2013, Gennady Onishchenko was the Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation and the head of Rospotrebnadzor. He gave advice to students who are studying medical and preventive medicine:

"First of all, you are the organizers. To some extent, they are politicians. You need to be able to talk to any person – for example, to the director of a large metallurgical plant, who "feeds the whole region" and does not want to hear about the gas pollution of the atmosphere. To prevent infectious diseases is to popularize vaccination when the voice of anti-vaxxers is loud in society. To help ensure that competent laws are adopted in the country that will protect the health of citizens."
..
At a meeting with the staff of the Biomedicine Science and Technology Park (NTPB) and a tour of the laboratories, students got acquainted with the breakthrough achievements of scientists from Sechenov University.

The children learned that today the Scientific and Technical Library unites 8 institutes and dozens of modern laboratories. Research in the field of regenerative medicine, laser technologies, molecular theranostics, and biomodeling is carried out here.

A number of unique technologies have been developed and brought to the stage of clinical trials in the laboratories of the NTPB, where future doctors, pharmacists and scientists were trained. These are, for example, an artificial cornea of the eye and technology for the restoration of the vocal cords and eardrum. A technology for 3D printing of tissues and organs, for which bioink and biopaper have been developed. Prototype of Russia's first mobile 3D bioprinter. An innovative research platform for finding new molecules that can block the development of cancer. And many, many other things that made the guys' eyes light up.




The Advanced Engineering School of Sechenov University launched its own production of medical products using 3D printing

March 13, 2024
..
One of the products of the 3D printing laboratory is the structural elements of the Cardio Patch, a biosensor wearable device for analyzing human heart rhythm disorders. The device itself was developed by an interdisciplinary team of Sechenov University, which included doctors, engineers and programmers. And the hull elements for it were created in the laboratory of the Advanced School of Engineering.

Other products of the laboratory include electrodes for a cochlear implant, a medical device that can compensate for hearing loss in patients, as well as a phantom organ of the prostate gland. With the help of such a device, which completely imitates the tissues of the native organ, future surgeons will practice the skills of prostate puncture and other complex manipulations.
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Further plans of the laboratory are the development of 3D printing technology for implants for reconstructive operations in maxillofacial surgery. According to Dmitry Telyshev, Scientific Supervisor of the Advanced Engineering School of Sechenov University, Director of the Institute of Bionic Technologies and Engineering, additive technologies are already firmly embedded in the technological processes of various industries.




Dmitry Telyshev, Head of the Advanced Engineering School, announced the launch of the production of medical devices by 3D printing at Sechenov University

March 14, 2024
Our Experts in Leading Media

Sechenov University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation has launched its own production of medical devices using 3D printing in the laboratory of the Advanced Engineering School. The list of manufactured products includes structural elements of the Cardio Plaster, special products that imitate human organs and tissues for training doctors, as well as filter cartridges for a special device. Dmitry Telyshev, Director of the Institute of Bionic Technologies and Engineering, Scientific Director of the Advanced Engineering School of Sechenov University, is convinced that "in the near future, all personalized medical devices will be printed in the clinic."

Details in TASS. Science:


Sechenov University has developed a glove to restore motor skills after a stroke

March 15, 2024
Priority 2030

A prototype of a glove for restoring hand motor skills after a stroke and injuries was created by specialists from Sechenov University of the Ministry of Health of Russia. The device allows the patient's fingers to be bent automatically to restore their mobility. The work was carried out within the framework of the Priority 2030 strategic academic leadership program.

 
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Priority 2030, news
Cancer will be treated with killer cells

March 18, 2024

..
Scientists of the Department of Hospital Therapy with courses of outpatient therapy and transfusiology of the Samara State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia (Samara State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia) have developed a method for treating oncological diseases using natural killer cells from umbilical cord blood (NK therapy). A new method of immunotherapy in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) showed high efficacy (80%), as well as the absence of adverse reactions. The technology will optimize the cost of expensive targeted therapy.
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Umbilical cord blood is one of the most effective methods of treating oncohematological diseases. It is increasingly being used as a source of stem cells for transplantation and restoration of the patient's hematopoietic system.
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According to Olga Tyumina, the decisive factor in the progression of the disease is the dysfunction of NK cells. Today, bone marrow stem cells are implanted in the patient to treat multiple myeloma.
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The development of the method is carried out at Samara State Medical University within the framework of the program of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia "Priority-2030" (national project "Science and Universities").




VGIK presented "Neurotheatre"

7 March, 2024

On the sidelines of the World Youth Festival in Sochi, the opening of an interactive multimedia platform for digital art of the All-Russian State University of Cinematography named after S. A. Gerasimov (VGIK) took place. The presentation took place on the federal territory of Sirius as part of the project "Neural Network. My Festival Galaxy".

Neurotheatre is an intersection of art and high technology, where neural networks become not just a tool, but also active participants in the creative process. The main objective of the project is to develop characters for cinema and animation, where every aspect of creation – from sound and movement to texture and dramaturgy – is generated by the interaction of humans and artificial intelligence. In the future, this will strengthen the interaction of various educational and creative projects that are working on the creation of modern film formats in Russia and in partner countries.
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Presenting leading masters and teachers at the WFM, VGIK shared its innovative works and educational practices with the participants of the festival. Guests of the site got acquainted with advanced methods in the field of cinema and multimedia, as well as with the latest trends in neural networks and virtual reality. Everyone could try themselves in the role of crew members, artists, actors and co-authors of the film, take part in the creation of original digital videos in real time, in the creative process of filming with immersion in the world of the Neurokino virtual space.
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The result of the work of the interactive multimedia platform of digital art of VGIK will be the video "My Festival Galaxy", which will demonstrate the multinational unity of all participants of the festival.

The VGIK Neurotheatre project is being implemented as part of VGIK's participation in the Priority-2030 program of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (the national project "Science and Universities").


Scientists are developing test systems for diagnosing hospital-acquired infections

6 March, 2024

Scientists from the Samara State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Samara State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation) together with the TestGen company are developing a set of reagents for detecting the DNA of microorganisms that are the cause of most nosocomial infections. The main task of test systems is to identify the pathogens of the most dangerous diseases caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, enterobacteriaceae, acinetobacter and enterococci in a short time.

The kit includes two ready-to-use reagent mixtures, each containing three target microorganisms and an internal control material to assess the quality of PCR. For testing, any biomaterial can be taken from the patient (nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal swab, blood, etc.).
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Clinical trials are scheduled for May 2024, after which scientists will be able to apply for a marketing authorization. Medical institutions will start using the test system by the end of the year.

The project is being implemented within the framework of SamSMU's participation in the program of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation "Priority-2030" (the national project "Science and Universities").




A laboratory of genetics and PCR analysis was opened in ROSBIOTECH

27 February, 2024

A laboratory of genetics and PCR analysis has been opened at the Russian Biotechnological University (ROSBIOTECH University). The purpose of the laboratory is to train highly qualified specialists and scientific and pedagogical personnel in the field of molecular genetics.
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Boris Chernyshev, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of ROSBIOTECH, said that the opening of the laboratory will contribute to the creation of intelligent products in the field of biotechnology that can be implemented in production. This will bring together educators, representatives of research institutes and industry partners.
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Also, on the basis of the laboratory, professional retraining courses, advanced training and career guidance events will be held. The laboratory project was created under the program of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation "Priority-2030" (the national project "Science and Universities").


NSU Launches Lavrentyev Supercomputer Center Cluster

15 March, 2024

Novosibirsk State University (NSU) will open the first computing cluster of the Lavrentyev SCC. Its capacity will be more than 200 teraflops (trillion floating-point operations per second). The new equipment will allow scientists to work with large language models and solve research and applied problems, including for companies in the real sector.

The Lavrentyev SCC is focused on solving problems related to artificial intelligence. The supercomputer will be able to train the AI model and further "transfer" it to smartphones, video cameras and other small, portable devices in the form of chatbots, voice assistants, etc.

"We have acquired the first computing cluster – this is a "piece" of the future Lavrentyev supercomputer center. The equipment that the university has allows you to work only with simple language models, the level of which is 2-3 steps lower than Chat GPT. The new machine will allow us to work with large language models and train them quickly. In this way, we will be able to work with the most modern projects. With the help of multimodal models, we will be able to take a step into the future, when a robot will "hear", "see" and analyze the information received for the optimal performance of the task," comments Alexey Okunev, Director of the Institute of Intelligent Robotics at NSU, head of the Digital Future strategic project.

The Lavrentyev SCC will become a center for collective use. It will be in demand among specialists solving problems using big data in the field of security, industrial production, agriculture, and mining. The cluster will also be useful for processing big scientific data.

The supercomputer center will start operating in full form in 2026. The pilot cluster of the Lavrentyev SCC was financed from the funds of the strategic project "Digital Future" of the program of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation "Priority-2030" (the national project "Science and Universities").


 
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Interview to Dmitry Kiselev
Vladimir Putin answered questions from Dmitry Kiselev.

March 13, 2024

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Dmitry Kiselev: Mr President, you have mentioned economic structure, the need for structural change in the economy. This is exactly what you set forth in your Address to the Federal Assembly and the challenge is exactly this: make innovative sectors grow faster than the economy as a whole.

Vladimir Putin: Of course.

As I said, we need to work on the structure. That will determine the future of our economy, the future of labour resources, the efficiency, and labour productivity .

One of the main challenges today is to enhance labour productivity. Given shortage of workers, the only one way to achieve effective development is to enhance labour productivity. This in turn means that we need to inject innovation into our economy and aim for greater robotic process automation. Today, as far as I can remember, there are ten robots for every 10,000 workers, whereas we need at least 1,000 robots for every 10,000 workers. That seems to be the case in Japan now.

Then, people need to be trained to operate these new machines, not only robots but also other advanced production tools. So there is another challenge, the training of skilled workers.

We have identified specific areas, including engineering training, where this is a priority. You may be aware that 30 state‑of‑the‑art engineering schools have been opened in different parts of the country. Another 20 will open this year; there will be 50 in total. Fifty more are in the pipeline for the next few years.

So these areas are the future of our nation. We will explore and develop these areas.


..
Dmitry Kiselev: We mentioned the incident when you saved children from the fire. You already have grandchildren. What kind of country would you like to leave to your grandchildren?

Vladimir Putin: You know, we have to achieve everything that was stated in the Address to the Federal Assembly several days ago as a first step. We have big plans. They are very specific in economic and social spheres, as well as in supporting mothers, children, families with children, the elderly. We rarely talk about it these days, or do not talk at all, yet we always allocate appropriate resources for this as well. It includes indexation of pensions, various benefits, long‑term care for people who need it.

I would like to say that it’s thanks to the elderly people that today we have a strong and stable statehood and economy, among other things. That is why, despite all the upheavals and direst trials our economy went through in the 1990s, it pulled through thanks to their heroic labour after the Great Patriotic War and during the economic revival. That is why we must never forget about this, about the achievements of the previous generations. We must always remember it while ensuring appropriate well-being for them. The future is in our children, that is why I have mentioned programmes to support mothers and children.

All this can be achieved only on the basis of the economy. I expect it to become more technologically advanced, modern, and be based on the achievements of science and technology, information technology, artificial intelligence, robotics, genetics and do on. Our agriculture is developing at fantastic rates. It also needs up-to-date technologies. They are actively used and will continue to be used moving forward.

Of course, the country will be self-sufficient in ensuring its security and defence. Together, we will have to multiply all of that to secure our future.


Dmitry Kiselev: Thank you, Mr President. Your confidence inspires. I wish you success in your noble pursuits.

Vladimir Putin: Thank you.

Dmitry Kiselev: Thank you."

:D:D



The Exhibition "Russia" will host the Day of Artificial Intelligence

The country's key achievements in the development of the artificial intelligence ecosystem will be presented at the Exhibition on March 13.

During the main spring event of the AI industry, the following events will take place:

- discussion of the implementation of the federal project "Artificial Intelligence";

- expert discussions on the implementation of AI in the financial industry, energy, construction, medicine, agriculture, education and transport;

- speeches by Russian scientists on the future of man in the era of large-scale development of artificial intelligence;

- an exhibition of AI achievements of Russian regions and advanced research centers;

- master classes and interactive expositions at more than 20 partner organizations, including Sberbank, Yandex, Sibur, the Bank of Russia, the Movement of the First, the Ministry of Digital Development, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Energy, etc.

The events will be attended by the Government of the Russian Federation, heads of federal and regional agencies, scientists, developers and heads of technology corporations.

In addition to the business program, there will be events for the whole family, where guests will learn about the use of AI in various areas of life. For example, the Smart Finance pavilion will host fascinating lectures on neural networks and the use of AI in banking. The Gazprom Pavilion will hold a youth scientific discussion on engineering applications of artificial intelligence.

Come to the Exhibition "Russia" and learn new things about the country's achievements!




Driver of Technological Efficiency:
The Use of AI in Key Sectors of the Economy Discussed at the Exhibition




14.03.2024
The Day of Artificial Intelligence was held at the exhibition "Russia". Experts presented the prospects for the use of Artificial Intelligence in various industries: education, healthcare, transport, and others.

The introduction of AI is becoming a priority for all key sectors of the economy. Russia has approved the National Strategy for the Development of Artificial Intelligence for the period up to 2030, thanks to which the introduction of AI will increase GDP by 11.2 trillion rubles, and business and government investments in AI will increase from 120 to 850 billion rubles per year. At the same time, the share of priority sectors of the economy with high readiness for the introduction of AI intends to increase from 12 to 95%. At business events, they talked about the level of development of the technology today, as well as about what measures are being taken to implement it in key sectors of the economy.

Dmitry Chernyshenko, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, spoke about the importance of technology in the development of science, economy and industry in the country.

"We see that artificial intelligence is becoming a key technology, and its development is inextricably linked to an increase in efficiency in all areas of activity. Thanks to AI, the transition from an economy of scarcity to an economy of abundance is becoming possible. In conjunction with other technologies, AI can reduce the cost of many goods, reducing the cost of their production," Dmitry Chernyshenko emphasized.

Maxim Reshetnikov, Minister of Economic Development of Russia, in turn, noted the role of artificial intelligence in solving the problem of personnel shortage and competition for them. According to him, AI technologies optimize processes, and reducing costs and improving product quality makes it possible to influence labor productivity, which is in the interest of all key industries.

At the panel discussion "Artificial Intelligence in Education", the participants discussed the impact of AI technologies on education and trends in their implementation in this system.

"For three years, we have been working in two main directions. Firstly, it is the training of teachers in artificial intelligence within the framework of the relevant national project. Conducting the first stages of training, which include an introductory course on what AI is and how to work with it, we realized the high need for technology not only for teachers of mathematics and computer science, but also for literature, the Russian language and other specialties. Secondly, holding an AI Olympiad to identify talents who can work with this technology," said Andrey Gorobets, Director of the Department of Digital Transformation and Big Data of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation.

Another area in which AI technologies are actively used today is transport. As Deputy Minister of Transport Dmitry Bakanov noted at the plenary discussion "Artificial Intelligence in the Transport Industry", a number of areas are actively developing today.

"We are engaged in the development of unmanned modes of transport: road and aviation. Another important area that concerns transport is the introduction of the Free Flow system, which makes it possible to automatically write off toll roads without stopping the vehicle or impose fines in case of non-payment. In addition, the technology of the psychophysical monitoring device for the driver has been introduced, which is aimed at improving the safety of the road situation," said Dmitry Bakanov.

The panel discussion "The Limits of the Depth and Effectiveness of AI Development in Industries and Regions" presented the results of the work and experience of five regions working on the implementation of AI in various industries. These regions include Moscow, the Moscow Region, the Sakhalin Region, the Republic of Tatarstan and the Kaluga Region. As Vyacheslav Alenkov, Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Sakhalin Region, noted, the region faces the task of total introduction of artificial intelligence in all areas. Today, the regional government, together with Sberbank, is implementing the Island of Technologies project, which is aimed at transforming the Sakhalin Region into a leading region of Russia in terms of the introduction of artificial intelligence into its management based on big data.

"One of the main problems that is acute in the region is human resources. To solve this problem, we created an Artificial Intelligence Center at the university and built an end-to-end system of personnel training, starting from kindergarten and school. In addition, we use AI in medicine: all workplaces of radiologists, functional diagnosticians and primary care physicians are equipped with AI technologies, as well as in creating a comfortable urban environment, using this tool to assess the quality of the roadway and recognize violations of road markings," said Vyacheslav Alenkov.

As part of the panel discussion "Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare", experts discussed both the state system of AI management in healthcare and the issue of doctors' trust in the above-mentioned technology. According to Olga Artemova, Deputy Director of the Department of Digital Development and Information Technologies of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, today there is an urgent need to conduct scientific research to increase the loyalty of the professional audience to AI tools. In addition, among the most important topics on the agenda, the speaker noted the monitoring and control of the use of AI, the ethics of the use of AI and the training of personnel in this area.

At the end of the business program, a panel discussion "Artificial Intelligence in Fintech" was held. According to Maxim Grigoriev, CEO of the Association for the Development of Financial Technologies, the financial sector is one of the leaders in the implementation of artificial intelligence: according to their estimates, about 90% of financial institutions use AI technologies in their work. During the event, participants raised questions about the future of AI in finance, key trends in its development in 2024, as well as the effects of AI implementation on banks and ordinary people."


March 14, 2024

Kaliningrad specialists taught a neural network to detect vandalism



Image: gov39.ru
A stand with information about the QWATCHER software package, which can detect acts of vandalism


Detection of acts of vandalism can be carried out by the QWATCHER software package, created by scientists of the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University together with employees of the regional State Public Institution "Safe City", the press service of the government of the Kaliningrad region reported on March 13 on the official Internet portal.

The development of Kaliningrad specialists was presented in Moscow at the exhibition "Russia" at VDNKh, where the Day of Artificial Intelligence was held on March 13. A specially trained neural network processes data from video surveillance cameras of the Safe City State Public Institution in real time and records the appearance of new graphites and other drawings, and then transmits a signal to the operator's workplace, which makes a decision to respond to the situation.

If the recognition is correct, the operator reports the incident to the Unified Duty Dispatch Service. In 2023, the software package recognized and transmitted information about more than 80 graffiti applied to bus stops, historical and other objects. Since the beginning of 2024, the neural network has recorded more than ten such incidents.

According to Levan Daraselia, Minister of Digital Technologies and Communications of the Kaliningrad Region, the neural network allows you to save the budget of utilities by detecting acts of vandalism at an early stage. Daraselia noted that the authorities will continue to work together with Kaliningrad scientists in the field of the use of artificial intelligence technologies."


:D:D:D

March 13, 2024

Ministry of Economy: Russia is in the top 10 countries in the implementation of AI



Image: kremlin.ru, Maxim Reshetnikov

Russia is among the top 10 leading countries in terms of total computing power using artificial intelligence (AI), said the Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation Maxim Reshetnikov, the press service of the department reported on March 13.

During the plenary session "Artificial Intelligence is the Main Technology of the 21st Century" of the Artificial Intelligence Day at the Russia International Exhibition and Forum, Reshetnikov said: "Russia is one of the top 10 leading countries in terms of total computing power, and the overall level of implementation of artificial intelligence in priority areas of the economy was 31.5%. The high level of maturity of AI allows it to be massively used in business and public administration, and the level of adoption has increased 1.5 times over the past two years."

In addition, the head of the ministry believes that in Russia there is a need to create incentives for those who have not yet implemented AI, and to develop a market for solutions for them. It is also "important to simultaneously develop fundamental science, calculation methods for neural networks, new ways of forming models and optimization of calculations."

In his speech, Reshetnikov stressed that we will "form scientific schools, allocate additional funding and open new research centers, attract business to this, increase computing capacity so that future top specialists have something to work with."

It should be noted that in the field of the national strategy for the development of artificial intelligence until 2030, the introduction of artificial intelligence in 95% of organizations will increase GDP growth by 11.2 trillion rubles, and business and state investments in AI will increase from 120 billion to 850 billion rubles.

Recall that on February 29, during his address to the Federal Assembly, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the need to achieve self-sufficiency in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), in this regard, he noted that "Russia is one of the world leaders in the introduction of digital platforms in the field of public services."


March 13, 2024

Shadayev said that AI will restructure the education system



Shackles

Artificial intelligence (AI) will help in the coming years to carry out a global restructuring in the education system, said the head of the Ministry of Digital Development, Maksut Shadaev, on March 13, speaking at the Day of Artificial Intelligence on the insert "Russia".


"At the previous stage, thanks to covid, artificial intelligence came to healthcare, then the next five to six years, we believe that there will be a global restructuring of the education system," he said.

Shadayev expects that AI will determine the individual trajectory of additional education for each child. According to him, they want to instruct artificial intelligence to decide what educational blocks students need for their future careers. Allegedly, AI will be able to determine the abilities of children and assign training based on this.

According to the minister, he expects a great future in this area for Russia as well.


Earlier, the head of Sberbank, Herman Gref, said that humanity already has to coexist with strong AI. At the same time, he doubts that people are ready for this."


Comments
Irina B. 13.03.24

Curiously, Shadaev's children will also be taught according to an individual trajectory created with the help of artificial "intelligence"? Or how?

Where do digitizers find "intelligence" in what they create artificially? AI is a common imitation of nature, and imitation is always worse than the original. Why degrade children by educating them with poor imitations of natural intelligence?
 
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Russia. Let's go!
Official channel of the International Exhibition-Forum "Russia".
Russia is a country of great achievements and new opportunities.
We are proud of Russia!


Students were told how to use the "time machine"
3 days ago
( :) March 15?)



Representatives of young people often visit the exhibition "Russia". Here, university graduates and students discover many opportunities. The key expositions for young people are Pavilion No. 1 "First in Russia – the Land of Opportunities!" and the VEB.RF exposition "Cities for Life Come True".

For example, in the first pavilion, the interactive exposition is divided into several thematic zones dedicated, for example, to dreams or talent. And in the "Opportunities" zone, you can find out how each person can realize themselves and what support measures to count on. Admission to the exhibition is free, but registration is required.




At the exhibition "Cities for Life Come True" you can see how life has changed over the past 20 years and look into the future: smart homes, medical diagnostics in a few minutes. The main exhibit of the pavilion is a time machine. AI visualizes the future of visitors to the exhibition and allows you to take a selfie against the background of the city of the future.

The exhibition and forum "Russia" is open to everyone from Tuesday to Thursday from 10:00 to 21:00, as well as from Friday to Sunday from 10:00 to 22:00.

On March 19 and 25, the exhibition will be closed to visitors, on March 18 the work will continue as usual - from 10:00 to 21:00.

4 days ago (14?)

Animated avatars of writers, a pocket ECG and a symbiosis of neural networks and robots — projects using AI were presented at the Russia Exhibition

The day opened with a combination of technology and art: a string quartet played several compositions to the accompaniment of music generated by Yandex Station. The musical theme was continued by Robot Ardi, a well-known development of Perm roboticists. Thanks to integration with the Yandex GPT neural network, the robot itself generates answers in real time and sings songs.

The Smolensk Region presented the library robot "Smolesh". He is able to communicate with visitors, conduct local history quests and tell little-known facts about the region.

Nizhny Novgorod developers presented a software and hardware complex for monitoring the human heart. This is a compact cardiograph that helps to make an electrocardiogram with the help of sensors and a phone. Artificial intelligence reads and decrypts the data, providing it to the doctor and the user himself.

In the Arkhangelsk region, with the help of neural networks, the voice of the famous Pomor storyteller Boris Shergin was revived. A voice restored from old records and a multimedia avatar greet guests in a traditional northern hut. The avatar with wit answers any questions about the Arkhangelsk region and introduces you to the iconic places of the region.

We tried to explain and predict what the increasing appearance of robots in our lives will lead to in the ATOM pavilion, where a lecture on cyborg people and "smart" cities was held.

In the Smart Finance pavilion, the AI capsule "Trainer of Financial Habits" was presented. This is an interactive booth where participants learn about their consumer behavior profile from a neural network in just a couple of minutes.

And one of the highlights of the day was a master class on the use of the Kandinsky generative neural network developed by Sberbank. Together with the specialist, the singer Anya Pokrov was trained.

Come to the Exhibition "Russia", learn about new technologies that are entering our lives today!

1 month ago

All the stuffing of smart cities and the most technologically advanced solutions for the urban environment – this is Pavilion No. 59 "VEB.RF Cities for Life Come True"

Yegor Shyp confirms that the exposition is very well prepared. Here you can figure out how the city's infrastructure works and improves, data is collected, how decisions on improvement are made, and which projects already today clearly demonstrate that the future is near

On the Thematic Day "Infrastructure and Environment for Life" at the Exhibition, you can learn about the current achievements of the country's construction complex. Events dedicated to the restoration of new regions, infrastructure development, the creation of urban master plans, landscaping and development of the urban environment will be held at various venues.

Lectures, discussions, and master classes for the whole family are held in Pavilion No. 59 of VEB. RF Cities for Life Come True", No. 15 "Building the Future", Pavilion T "House of Dreams" and Pavilion No. 75.

Come to the Russia Exhibition, contemplate, be inspired and create with the whole family!


2 months ago

American journalist Scott Ritter was incredibly impressed by the Exhibition "Russia"

"I see how Russia has woken up and come to life. It's just a great Exhibition. Every Russian should be proud of this!" – American journalist Scott Ritter was incredibly impressed by the Russia Exhibition.

The columnist writes a lot about Russia, and now he was able to learn more about its achievements, look at Novosibirsk scientific clusters, and even cope with the interactive river of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.

"What I see now is a new Russia! Many wanted Russia to collapse and no longer be able to rise from its knees. But the Russians took it all together, got together and did what they have now! It's an incredible example of pride!" said Scott Ritter.

The journalist noted that he dreams of going to Altai and seeing one of the most beautiful Russian regions with his own eyes this summer.
 
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