Who Changed the Sabbath day from Saturday to Sunday?

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#1
The Catholic Church claims responsibility for the change from the seventh day to the first day Sabbath. Here is an explanation fromThe Catechism of the Catholic Church Section 2 Article 3 (1994):

"Sunday – fulfilment of the Sabbath. Sunday is expressly distinguished from the Sabbath which it follows chronologically every week; for Christians its ceremonial observance replaces that of the Sabbath..."

"The Sabbath, which represented the completion of the first creation, has been replaced by Sunday which recalls the new creation, inaugurated by the Resurrection of Christ..."

"In respecting religious liberty and the common good of all, Christians should seek recognition of Sundays and the Church’s holy days as legal holidays."

And here are various Catholic sources claiming the change was the doing of the Roman Catholic Church:

Cardinal James Gibbons, The Faith of Our Fathers (Ayers Publishing, 1978): 108:
"But you may read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance of Saturday, a day which we never sanctify."

The Convert's Catechism of Catholic Doctrine (1957): 50:
"Q. Which is the Sabbath day?
A. Saturday is the Sabbath day.
Q. Why Do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?
A. We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday."


Chancellor Albert Smith for Cardinal of Baltimore Archdiocese, letter dated February 10, 1920:
"If Protestants would follow the Bible, they should worship God on the Sabbath day by God is Saturday. In keeping the Sunday, they are following a law of the Catholic Church."

Stephen Keenan, Catholic—Doctrinal Catechism 3rd Edition: 174:
"Question: Have you any other way of proving the Church has power to institute festivals of precept?

"Answer: Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her, she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday the 1st day of the week, for the observance of Saturday the 7th day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority."

Our Sunday Visitor (February 5, 1950):
"Practically everything Protestants regard as essential or important they have received from the Catholic Church... The Protestant mind does not seem to realize that in accepting the Bible and observing the Sunday, in keeping Christmas and Easter, they are accepting the authority of the spokesman for the church, the Pope."

Catholic Priest T. Enright, CSSR, lecture at Hartford, KS, Feb 18, 1884:
"I have repeatedly offered $1000 to any one who can furnish any proof from the Bible that Sunday is the day we are bound to keep...The Bible says, “Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy,” but the Catholic Church says, “No, keep the first day of the week,” and the whole world bows in obedience."

Catholic Record (September 1, 1923):
"The [Catholic] Church is above the Bible, and this transference of the Sabbath observance is proof of that fact."

Pope Leo XIII, Praeclara Gratulationis Publicae (The Reunion of Christendom), June 20, 1894: 

"We hold upon this earth the place of God Almighty."

Our Sunday Visitor (April 18, 1915): 3:
"The letters inscribed in the Pope’s miter are these: VICARIUS FILLII DEI, which is the Latin for, “Vicar of the Son of God.”"


Letter from C.F. Thomas, Chancellor of Cardinal Gibbons on October 28, 1895:
"Of course the Catholic Church claims that the change was her act…And the act is a MARK of her ecclesiastical power and authority in religious matters."

Arthur Weigall, The Paganism in Our Christianity (New York: Putnam’s Sons, 1928): 145:
"The Church made a sacred day of Sunday…largely because it was the weekly festival of the sun; for it was a definite Christian policy to take over the pagan festivals endeared to the people by tradition, and to give them a Christian significance."

John A. O'Brien, The Faith of Millions: the Credentials of the Catholic Religion Revised Edition (Our Sunday Visitor Publishing, 1974): 400-401:
"But since Saturday, not Sunday, is specified in the Bible, isn't it curious that non-Catholics, who claim to take their religion directly from the Bible and not from the Church, observe Sunday instead of Saturday? Yes, of course, it is inconsistent; but this change was made about fifteen centuries before Protestantism was born, and by that time the custom was universally observed. They have continued the custom even though it rests upon the authority of the Catholic Church and not upon and explicit text in the Bible. That observance remains as a reminder of the Mother Church from which the non-Catholic sects broke away—like a boy running away from home but still carrying in his pocket a picture of his mother or a lock of her hair."


This change from Saturday to Sunday Sabbath was prophesied about in Daniel 7:25.
"And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time."

Jesus and the apostles all kept the Sabbath as the law commands us to do in Exodus 20:8-11.
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
 





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#3
Related - who changed Passover to Easter?
Passover wasn't changed to Easter. Passover is a Jewish celebration of the escape of Jews as slaves from Egypt. It is still celebrated to this day.
Biblically the Passover represented the crucifixion of Christ too. It was the most important part of the celebration. The Passover first occurred while the Israelites were slaves in Egypt. God sent plagues to punish Egypt, including an angel of death that killed every firstborn in Egypt. In order for God’s people to escape this plague, God told each family to kill a lamb that had no blemish. They were to smear the blood of that sacrificial lamb on their door posts, so that the angel of death would pass over their houses, and their firstborn would be safe from the plague (Exodus 12).
To remember this event, Jews celebrated the Passover, which not only looked back to their deliverance from Egypt and the lamb’s blood on their door posts, but also looked ahead to the perfect Lamb that was to be slain to take away the sins of the world (John 1:29).
Christ’s sacrifice fulfilled the Passover feast. He was the Passover Lamb. Exodus 12:5; 46 says, "Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats…neither shall ye break a bone thereof."

Easter is a celebration of Jesus' resurrection that was instituted by the Catholic Church (although most Protestant Christians celebrate it too). Easter is not about the resurrection of Christ. Jesus died at the time of the Passover feast, but the Passover is not Easter. Easter is an ancient spring festival. Long before the time of Christ, the pagan goddess Ishtar, or sometimes known as Astarte or Ashtoreth, was worshipped in different countries. Because the Ishtar celebration was held each spring on a Sunday, close to the vernal equinox, the ascension of Christ was changed from 40 days after the time of Passover (as told us in the Bible) to the annual Easter celebration. All this began in paganism. Many Christians celebrate Easter as the day celebrating the resurrection of Christ, but the truth is that the celebration of Easter actually comes from paganism.
 





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#6
What sabbath:confused:

42They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. 43Everyone was filled with awe at the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles.
44All the believers were together and had everything in common.
45They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need.
46Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts,
47praising God and enjoying the favor of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.
 





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#7
What sabbath:confused:

42They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. 43Everyone was filled with awe at the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles.
44All the believers were together and had everything in common.
45They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need.
46Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts,
47praising God and enjoying the favor of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.
The one enshrined in the Decalogue. Can you abrogate the Moral Law? On what grounds?
 





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#8
Q: Who Changed the Sabbath day from Saturday to Sunday?

A: in an effort to alleviate the heavy jewish and christian gridlocked traffic on saturday mornings in commuting to their respective houses of worship, a papal bull was decreed, moving the whole thing over to sunday for christians. this worked out favorably, since most jews need extra time to set up for NFL tailgating, whereas christians prefer to prepare early for college football.
 





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#9
What sabbath:confused:

42They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. 43Everyone was filled with awe at the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles.
44All the believers were together and had everything in common.
45They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need.
46Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts,
47praising God and enjoying the favor of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.
No where in the verses you posted does it mention the Sabbath wasn't kept.
 





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#10
Q: Who Changed the Sabbath day from Saturday to Sunday?

A: in an effort to alleviate the heavy jewish and christian gridlocked traffic on saturday mornings in commuting to their respective houses of worship, a papal bull was decreed, moving the whole thing over to sunday for christians. this worked out favorably, since most jews need extra time to set up for NFL tailgating, whereas christians prefer to prepare early for college football.
Whose authority do we follow? God's or human tradition? Mark 7:9, And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition. Matthew 15:9, But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
 





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#12
The Catholic Church claims responsibility for the change from the seventh day to the first day Sabbath. Here is an explanation fromThe Catechism of the Catholic Church Section 2 Article 3 (1994):

"Sunday – fulfilment of the Sabbath. Sunday is expressly distinguished from the Sabbath which it follows chronologically every week; for Christians its ceremonial observance replaces that of the Sabbath..."

"The Sabbath, which represented the completion of the first creation, has been replaced by Sunday which recalls the new creation, inaugurated by the Resurrection of Christ..."

"In respecting religious liberty and the common good of all, Christians should seek recognition of Sundays and the Church’s holy days as legal holidays."

And here are various Catholic sources claiming the change was the doing of the Roman Catholic Church:

Cardinal James Gibbons, The Faith of Our Fathers (Ayers Publishing, 1978): 108:
"But you may read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance of Saturday, a day which we never sanctify."

The Convert's Catechism of Catholic Doctrine (1957): 50:
"Q. Which is the Sabbath day?
A. Saturday is the Sabbath day.
Q. Why Do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?
A. We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday."


Chancellor Albert Smith for Cardinal of Baltimore Archdiocese, letter dated February 10, 1920:
"If Protestants would follow the Bible, they should worship God on the Sabbath day by God is Saturday. In keeping the Sunday, they are following a law of the Catholic Church."

Stephen Keenan, Catholic—Doctrinal Catechism 3rd Edition: 174:
"Question: Have you any other way of proving the Church has power to institute festivals of precept?

"Answer: Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her, she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday the 1st day of the week, for the observance of Saturday the 7th day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority."

Our Sunday Visitor (February 5, 1950):
"Practically everything Protestants regard as essential or important they have received from the Catholic Church... The Protestant mind does not seem to realize that in accepting the Bible and observing the Sunday, in keeping Christmas and Easter, they are accepting the authority of the spokesman for the church, the Pope."

Catholic Priest T. Enright, CSSR, lecture at Hartford, KS, Feb 18, 1884:
"I have repeatedly offered $1000 to any one who can furnish any proof from the Bible that Sunday is the day we are bound to keep...The Bible says, “Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy,” but the Catholic Church says, “No, keep the first day of the week,” and the whole world bows in obedience."

Catholic Record (September 1, 1923):
"The [Catholic] Church is above the Bible, and this transference of the Sabbath observance is proof of that fact."

Pope Leo XIII, Praeclara Gratulationis Publicae (The Reunion of Christendom), June 20, 1894: 

"We hold upon this earth the place of God Almighty."

Our Sunday Visitor (April 18, 1915): 3:
"The letters inscribed in the Pope’s miter are these: VICARIUS FILLII DEI, which is the Latin for, “Vicar of the Son of God.”"


Letter from C.F. Thomas, Chancellor of Cardinal Gibbons on October 28, 1895:
"Of course the Catholic Church claims that the change was her act…And the act is a MARK of her ecclesiastical power and authority in religious matters."

Arthur Weigall, The Paganism in Our Christianity (New York: Putnam’s Sons, 1928): 145:
"The Church made a sacred day of Sunday…largely because it was the weekly festival of the sun; for it was a definite Christian policy to take over the pagan festivals endeared to the people by tradition, and to give them a Christian significance."

John A. O'Brien, The Faith of Millions: the Credentials of the Catholic Religion Revised Edition (Our Sunday Visitor Publishing, 1974): 400-401:
"But since Saturday, not Sunday, is specified in the Bible, isn't it curious that non-Catholics, who claim to take their religion directly from the Bible and not from the Church, observe Sunday instead of Saturday? Yes, of course, it is inconsistent; but this change was made about fifteen centuries before Protestantism was born, and by that time the custom was universally observed. They have continued the custom even though it rests upon the authority of the Catholic Church and not upon and explicit text in the Bible. That observance remains as a reminder of the Mother Church from which the non-Catholic sects broke away—like a boy running away from home but still carrying in his pocket a picture of his mother or a lock of her hair."


This change from Saturday to Sunday Sabbath was prophesied about in Daniel 7:25.
"And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time."

Jesus and the apostles all kept the Sabbath as the law commands us to do in Exodus 20:8-11.
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
The day of Saturn and the day of the Sun. European paganism infiltrated Christianity. The Sun was the primary deity. Thus, the beginning of the week. Birth of the Sun (winter solstice Dec 25) = birth of Jesus ("the light of the world")

images (2).jpeg
 





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#15
The European and Jewish methods of distinguishing days are different.

Yom Shabbat = part Friday and part Saturday.

Friday = day of Germanic goddess Frigg
Saturday = day of Roman god Saturn (Greek Chronos or time)
Lol - the Hebrews had names for the days of the week a little while before the Romans came along!

Sunday - Yom Rishon
Monday - Yom Sheni
Tuesday - Yom Shlishi
Wednesday - Yom Revi
Thursday - Yom Chamishi
Friday - Yom Shishi
Saturday - Shabbat


p.s. I like how Jesus upset the religious folk over Sabbaths, and in doing so, illustrated the point of them - to set aside time from work and focus on God. How you "do" Sabbath is like asking how Adam "did" walking in the Garden with the Lord.
 





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#17
Because that was not the point of my forum although I showed through Bible scripture about the power that would think to change God's law and the the commandment that says we should keep the Sabbath.The point was about who changed the Sabbath which is the Catholic Church. The heading should have been "who thought they could change the Sabbath" because the Sabbath has never changed. That commenter put out scripture trying to show that the apostles and early church never kept Sabbath but that specific scripture didn't prove it, did it?
 





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#18
Lol - the Hebrews had names for the days of the week a little while before the Romans came along!

Sunday - Yom Rishon
Monday - Yom Sheni
Tuesday - Yom Shlishi
Wednesday - Yom Revi
Thursday - Yom Chamishi
Friday - Yom Shishi
Saturday - Shabbat


p.s. I like how Jesus upset the religious folk over Sabbaths, and in doing so, illustrated the point of them - to set aside time from work and focus on God. How you "do" Sabbath is like asking how Adam "did" walking in the Garden with the Lord.
Rishon, Sheni etc = first, second...

It doesn't matter who was before whom. European paganism existed way before the Bible came about. Romans accepted beliefs that had existed long before them, oftentimes they simply changed names of deities. That's why Europeans mixed their native God names with the Roman. Germanic Frigg was same as Roman Venus or Greek Aphrodite etc.

My point was, Yom Shabbat Kodesh is different from Saturday. So I see no reason for a LOL reaction...

The Jesus of Christianities is a direct replacement of the Sun-god, therefore he's worshipped on Sun-days.
 





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#19
To my admittedly "natural" mind, which I concede is incapable of knowing anything spiritually discerned, especially when that something is written and expressed in Pauline ambiguities, it sounds as though the author of Hebrews, a book contained in the Roman Catholic library otherwise known as the New Testament, may have changed the Sabbath, and that by either re-emphasis or redefining its meaning. Consider, for instance:

"Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest. Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his. Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief."
(Hebrews 4:1-11)

I ask the resident believers, theologians and Bereans, does this not suggest, or imply, that those who have entered into Christ and the New Covenant (testament), in marked contrast to the Old Covenant, which observed a specific day, have, by ceasing their works, also entered a sort of perpetual Sabbath? Also, that final, concluding statement seems especially paradoxical. If the Sabbath "rest" is obtained by cessation of "works," why should one "labor" to enter it? Does labor not imply works? It sounds tantamount to trying to force one's self to go to sleep.
Catholicism = descendants of Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy = mixture of western-Semitic beleifs with European paganism
Western-semitic beliefs = mixture of Sumerian, Babylonian, Egyptian religions with native Semitic beliefs
Etc.
(with gross simplification as the reality is more complex).

Christianity discarded not only the idea of the holy Shabbat, but many others, too, from their Jewish component. It's one of the ten Mosaic commandments, though.

European paganism was more developed morally. Therefore it had to remove many less morally developed ideas from the Jewish faith.

Or some impracticalities - for example, total ceasing of any work every 7th day. In the warm climate of Levant for a pastoral people group it's very possible, where rain was crucial. In much more rigid climate and more labour-intensive agriculture of Europe, it wasn't feasible. Two seasons a year it was impossible to break work for a day in the fields - sowing and harvesting.

Hellenized Shaul/Paulos knew full well the gentiles ain't Shabbatin'... It's like bringing a religion into America that says kicking ball or eating burgers is a mortal sin... Not gonna fly unless you remove those tenets!

Theological substantiation of changed commandments will never make complete sense to your or any natural or logical mind, because it's simply acrobatics of conformism...
 





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#20
To my admittedly "natural" mind, which I concede is incapable of knowing anything spiritually discerned, especially when that something is written and expressed in Pauline ambiguities, it sounds as though the author of Hebrews, a book contained in the Roman Catholic library otherwise known as the New Testament, may have changed the Sabbath, and that by either re-emphasis or redefining its meaning. Consider, for instance:

"Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest. Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his. Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief."


I ask the resident believers, theologians and Bereans, does this not suggest, or imply, that those who have entered into Christ and the New Covenant (testament), in marked contrast to the Old Covenant, which observed a specific day, have, by ceasing their works, entered a sort of perpetual Sabbath? Also, that final, concluding statement seems especially paradoxical. If the Sabbath "rest" is obtained by cessation of "works," why should one "labor" to enter it? Does labor not imply works? It sounds tantamount to trying to force one's self to go to sleep.
What Paul was talking about is the weekly Sabbath rest also points to the eternal rest that God is preparing for the redeemed. That rest was typified by entering into the promised land for ancient Israel. Spiritual Israel looks forward to the promise of a new earth.

"There remains therefore a rest for the people of God. For he who has entered His rest has himself also ceased from his works as God did from His."
This is talking about just as God rested from Creation so do God's people who rest on the Sabbath. On the Sabbath we should experience a physical and spiritual rest.

Labouring for rest sounds like a contradiction, but really that’s what’s happening as we prepare for the Sabbath. We’re investing additional labour so that we might enjoy the rest of the Sabbath. Its sort of like when we are going on holiday. We need to prepare to to go on holiday. A little extra work and preparation will help us enjoy the holiday more.The Bible calls the day Jesus died preparation day (Friday). It was the day Jews made preparations for the Sabbath, so that they would not have to worry about certain things on the Sabbath and just concentrate and rest their minds from the cares and thoughts of the week. In order for us to really enjoy the release and peace that God has designed for this blessed day we must labour to enter that rest.

I don't know about a perpetual Sabbath of the New covenant. I know that there is contentment/rest that we get when we have a deep relationship with Jesus. No matter what we go through nothing can take that happiness away. Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light" (Matthew 11:28-30). That kind of rest only comes from God.

God’s moral law that represents His character which includes the Sabbath law is not Old covenant. Jesus fulfilled the obligation of the law of the Ten Commandments by His perfect obedience to its precepts while He was here on earth. The law of Ten Commandments did not change, nor was it done away with. The same law is still to be found in the New Testament and those who follow Christ must continue to live by this law.
 





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