the cornerstone: "the nature–like technosphere is a part of the noosphere.."

Lalas

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Press Center of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"
02.11.2023
The Kurchatov Institute summed up the results of the International Forum of Nature-Like Technologies
More than 20 scientific events, about 1,500 scientists, representatives of research centers from all over Russia (from Vladivostok to Crimea), as well as from Asia, Africa and Europe... The International Forum of Nature-Like Technologies, which lasted from 17 to 27 October, was one of the main events of the month not only for the Kurchatov Institute, but for Russian science as a whole.

The development of nature-like technologies is the central task of the Kurchatov Institute in the 21st century.
And, as Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the Center, emphasizes, there is virtually no alternative to this approach:

"If humanity wants to avoid a global resource crisis, and first of all, an energy crisis, we will have to create a new technosphere based on the principles of the work of living nature, and not on antagonism with it."

The topics of the forum were genetics, as well as synchrotron and neutron research. "Genetic technologies and research methods that make it possible to work with substances at the atomic level are some of the main tools for the development of nature-like technologies," Yulia Dyakova, First Deputy Director of the Center for Science, explained the choice of topics.

In addition, both areas are being developed within the framework of federal scientific and technical programs (FNTP), where the Kurchatov Institute is the leading scientific organization. "The forum showed that the FNTP successfully fulfills its coordinating function, consolidating the scientific environment around priority tasks," comments Yulia Dyakova. "We see that these areas are becoming more and more interesting and in demand, including among young scientists; Communities are formed around them."

Main events of the International Forum of Nature-Like Technologies:

Kurchatov Genome Forum ("KurchatovGenTech-2023");
Visiting meeting of the Public Council of the Basic Organization of the CIS Member States for the Development of Megascience Research Infrastructure;
Kurchatov Forum of Synchrotron and Neutron Research

Throughout the forum, there was an interactive platform "Wineology", telling about the development of domestic viticulture and winemaking in the context of a scientific approach, as well as about the work carried out in this area by the Kurchatov Institute. In particular, projects related to the study of the genome of grape varieties, the protection of the authenticity of Russian wines, and the selection of new yeast strains were demonstrated.

In addition, within the framework of the forum, the exposition of the project "Our Lab" was demonstrated, where scientific equipment from Russian and Belarusian companies was presented. The idea of the project is to collect information on laboratory devices, components, consumables for the work of researchers and engineers produced in the Union State, to support manufacturers and help scientists overcome difficulties with imports.

Aide to the President of the Russian Federation Andrey Fursenko, Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Valery Falkov and his deputy Denis Sekirinsky, Minister of Health of the Russian Federation Mikhail Murashko, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma of the Russian Federation Irina Yarovaya, Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Science, Education and Culture Lilia Gumerova, Head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Government of the Russian Federation Olga Krivonos and others were guests of honor at various events of the Forum."
 

Lalas

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Press Center of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"
03.11.2023

Russia will have a program for the development of nature-like technologies
The decree was signed by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.

In accordance with the decree, the Government of the Russian Federation was instructed to develop criteria for classifying specific technologies as nature-like, to assess the current state of such technologies in Russia and to determine the goals and priorities for their development. After that, within 6 months, an action plan should be prepared, including "the creation of an advanced scientific infrastructure, the formation of human resources and the conduct of scientific research in this area." Scientific guidance over the implementation of the plan, as well as monitoring and evaluation of scientific results in the field of nature-like technologies are entrusted to the NRC "Kurchatov Institute".

"Back in the 1930s, Academician Vernadsky said that as soon as the technosphere spreads to most of the world, there will be a resource catastrophe. And we can see it. There are two ways: either a war for resources, which is already starting all over the world, or the creation of a nature-like technosphere," commented Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the Center, speaking at the Academic Forum of Young Scientists of Greater Eurasia "Continent of Science".

Decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the Development of Nature-Like Technologies in the Russian Federation":

Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated 02.11.2023 No. 818
"On the Development of Nature-Like Technologies in the Russian Federation"

Publication number: 0001202311020021
Publication date: 02.11.2023

***

Draft Decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the Strategy for the development of nature-like (convergent) technologies" (June 14, 2022), full text:

And a summary from Russian alt-media:
"KURCHATNIK PRESENTED THE STRATEGY OF MERGING MAN AND MACHINE. HAS KOVALCHUK LAUNCHED A PROJECT TO CREATE "SERVICE PEOPLE"?

We are the Directorate of Digitalization, Technology and Agri-Business of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization








"Nature-like and Convergent Technologies Driving the Fourth Industrial Revolution
January 2020
->

"Kurchatov Institute"
Science -> Basic and Applied Scientific Research -> Nature-Like Technologies

"The global challenge of the twenty-first century is the need to ensure the sustainable development of civilization. The basic condition for such development is a sufficient amount of energy and resources. At the same time, in the context of globalization, more and more countries and regions are involved in technological development, which leads to more intensive consumption and depletion of resources.

Many world leaders, including Russian President Vladimir Putin, are aware of this global challenge. At the 70th session of the UN General Assembly in 2015, he stated that "... We must focus on the development of fundamentally new nature-like technologies that do not damage the environment, but exist in harmony with it. This will make it possible to restore the balance between the biosphere and the technosphere, which has been disrupted by human activity." The formation and development of a nature-like technosphere will determine a new image of civilization.

Nature-like technologies are based on the use of renewable resources, that is, they do not disrupt the circulation of substances in nature. Such technologies are extremely cost-effective and efficient, because nature has created and perfected them over hundreds of millions of years of evolution.

In 2009, the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" created a unique Kurchatov complex of nano-, bio-, info-, cognitive and socio-humanitarian sciences and nature-like technologies, which has no direct analogues in the world. It conducts world-class research and development on the entire range of nature-like technologies, using such mega-facilities as synchrotron and neutron radiation sources, a supercomputer, and the latest devices. Research in the Kurchatov NBICS-PT complex is aimed at creating nature-like technologies and materials, combining the achievements of science with samples "prompted" by nature in the development of bioenergy, robotics, genetics, materials science, nanoelectronics, superconductivity, neuromorphic intelligent systems.

The formation of a nature-like technosphere is noted as a strategic priority of the scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation until 2035.

The tasks of creating the basic elements of a nature-like technosphere should include:

Technological reproduction of wildlife systems and complexes, first of all:

  • nature-like energy systems;
  • neuromorphic artificial intelligence systems;
  • cyber-physical additive manufacturing complexes;
  • medical systems, including those based on regenerative technologies, methods of nuclear medicine and technologies for the correction of the psychophysiological sphere of a person;
  • formation of key elements of anthropomorphic and group biorobotics;
  • development of the system of interdisciplinary education.

To develop these studies, an innovative scientific and educational system of interdisciplinary training was formed, including the world's first faculty of nano-, bio-, info-, cognitive technologies at the National Research University of MIPT, the Kurchatov School Project of Continuous Interdisciplinary Education.

Here you can see examples of the development of nature-like technologies that return humanity to natural resource circulation at a qualitatively new level."
 
Last edited:

Lalas

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"Kurchatov Institute"
Science -> Basic and Applied Scientific Research -> Nature-Like Technologies
The formation of a nature-like technosphere is noted as a strategic priority of the scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation until 2035.
"...
On October 16, 2014 at the office of the Russian Venture Company (RVC), an expert seminar “The Neuronet Roadmap” was held with the participation of Stephen Dunn, director of Starlab Neuroscience Research; Karen Casey, creator of the Global Mind Project; Randal A. Kuhne, CEO of the Science Foundation Carboncopies.org and the founder of NeuraLink Co.; Mikhail Lebedev, Senior Researcher An employee at the Neuroengineering Center of the Department of Neurobiology at Duke University Medical Center (M. Nicolelis Laboratory); Evgeny Kuznetsov, Deputy General Director of RVC. The seminar was conducted by the co-founders of the Russian Neuronet Group Pavel Luksha and Timur Shchukin, as well as the head of the RVC Innovation Ecosystem Development Service Georgy Gogolev.

In the RVC office hosted an expert seminar “Neuronet Roadmap”, at which the world’s leading experts in the field of neuroscience and members of the Russian Neuronet group discussed neuroscience and neurotechnology – one of the most relevant areas of research.

Neurotechnologies affect the sphere of entertainment, the education system, approaches to the management of industry and trade. But the most important result of a scientific and technological breakthrough in the field of neuroscience is the achievement of a new quality in communications. The modern Internet transmits information and even semantics, but is powerless in transmitting emotions and the unconscious. The Neuronet is the next generation of the Internet, which will use neural interfaces to create new types of communication between people and machines. By linking hundreds or, in the future, even billions of intelligences into a neurocomputer network, it will be possible to achieve a synergistic effect in their joint work, since the brain has the property of plasticity. Perhaps, in the era of the Neuronet, people will finally agree on solving the world’s problems, because an environment will appear that will help overcome the usual human distortions of thinking and perception. New opportunities will open up in teamwork and improving the effectiveness of educational programs.

The roadmap for the development of the Neuronet for the period from 2014 to 2040 is shown [translation]:


The main stages of the development of the Neuronet, Source: Pavel Luksha. Presentation “Roadmap for the development of the Neuronet”, 2014;


The main stages of Biometrinet development, Source: Pavel Luksha. Presentation “Roadmap for the development of the Neuronet”, 2014

BiometriNet (pre-Neuronet) (2014-2024),
The onset of the Neuronet (2025-2035),

Full-Fledged Neuronet (2035+)
...
When Biometrinet becomes commonplace, the “Neuronet Offensive” will begin (2025-2035), during which communication protocols based on digital models of mental processes will be developed and approaches to organizing a “collective consciousness” capable of “brainstorming” and solving tasks that require the concerted efforts of many people will be found.
…..

Review of the roadmap of Neuronet from the PDF on National Technology Initiative.
“The Neuronet Roadmap was approved by Protocol No. 1 of 02/28/2022 by absentee voting of the members of the Presidium of the Government Commission for Economic Modernization and Innovative Development of Russia."
...
Key market segments:

  • "Neuromedtechnics";
  • "Neuropharma";
  • "Neuroeducation";
  • "Neuro-entertainment and sports";
  • "Neurocommunications and marketing";
  • "NeuroAssistant";
..
1) "Neuromedtechnics"
..By 2035, it is planned to develop prototypes of neural interfaces integrated into exoskeletons, prostheses, wheelchairs, and a smart home;
..
Within the NeuroMed Technology segment to By 2035 , it is planned to introduce neuroprosthetics of sensory organs and limbs exceeding biological prototypes in their parameters; to create life support systems and brain interface, including in the future during its transplantation into an artificial body.

2) "Neuropharma"
..
By 2035, a number of services will be provided in the Neuro Pharma market: early diagnosis, correction, treatment and prevention of diseases of the nervous system (such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, depressive states,schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, traumatic brain injury); strengthening
the cognitive abilities of healthy people, taking into account professional specialization and personal characteristics
.

3) "Neuroeducation"

In this case, we mean an education system based on patterns and the use of neurocognitive mechanisms for acquiring new knowledge, learning and memory, as well as data on individual human predispositions and brain plasticity, the use of neurocomputer interfaces, elements of virtual and augmented reality, hybrid intelligence.

Currently, the products and services of the market Neuroeducation is developing in such segments as distance learning
..
..
The priorities are the creation of educational and laboratory places for schoolchildren and students based on neurotechnologies of enhanced perception, optimized memorization and enhancement of cognitive functions, and by 2035 - the full use of integrated systems of natural and artificial intelligence.


4) "Neuro-entertainment and sports"
..
The product of 2035 will be a large-scale gaming platform that constantly interacts with the user. The platform will continuously monitor functional, psycho-emotional states, assess the cognitive background of the user's current activity. Based on the data obtained, non-invasive stimulation of users will be carried out to achieve the necessary conditions. The platform will work according to the game format, the format of permanent trainings.

5) "Neurocommunications and marketing"
..
By 2035 , the following products are projected to appear on the neuromarketing market:

automated systems for calculating neurometrics and systems for analyzing categories of states based on neurodata;

prototypes of cheap scalable systems for removing neurometrics (boxed solutions);

wearable devices for automatic detection of emotional status;

decision support systems;

human – pets communication systems;

neurocommunication systems "man–man", "man–machine", "man–society";

decision-making forecasting systems, social neural networks.


6) "NeuroAssistant"
..
By 2035, the virtual assistant market will be a multi-level network of interacting intelligent services.

All together, electronic assistants will be part of the "global secretariat", minimizing all transaction costs for finding services, goods, personnel, coordinating the interests and personal schedules of employees and business partners. In these developing areas, there will be a tendency for a rapid increase in neuromorphic computing algorithms and
architectures
.

...
Effects
..10. Neuronet technologies will reduce social tension and its consequences arising in connection with the pandemic in 2020.
.......
"
 

Lalas

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Media about the decree on the development of nature-like technologies in the Russia.
Putin ordered to create a plan for the development of nature-like technologies in Russia
[...omitting what has already been written...]
...
In 2020, Putin called Russia a separate civilization, for the preservation of which it is necessary to develop high technologies. "If we want to preserve this civilization, we, of course, must focus on high technologies and their future development," the president said.
Coronavirus-free news, 17 May 2020
Putin called Russia a separate civilization

According to the President, in order to preserve this civilization, it is necessary to focus on the development of high technologies. Among the priorities are artificial intelligence, genetics and unmanned vehicles

Russia is a separate civilization, for the preservation of which it is necessary to prioritize the development of high technologies, President Vladimir Putin said in the program "Moscow. Kremlin. Putin" on the Rossiya 1 TV channel.
~~

New technologies will become the basis for Russia's development, without which it is impossible to ensure the future of the country. This was stated by Russian President Vladimir Putin in an interview with Pavel Zarubin, the author of the program "Moscow. Kremlin. Putin" on the Rossiya 1 TV channel.
..
"New technologies have emerged, and they will change the world, they are already changing it. All these areas: artificial intelligence, unmanned vehicles, genetics, medicine, education - all this will be the basis on which the country will develop," the head of state said.

He stressed that Russia is not just a country, but a separate civilization. "This is a multinational country with a large number of traditions, cultures, religions," Putin explained.

"If we want to preserve this civilization, we, of course, must focus on high technologies and their future development," he added.

The head of state gave an interview to Pavel Zarubin on September 18, 2019, after a meeting of the Supervisory Board of the Agency for Strategic Initiatives, but it was shown on the air for the first time."
~~
In May 2019, Putin said that the struggle for technological leadership in the world had become a field for global competition. Among the actively developing technologies, the president named artificial intelligence. According to him, a country that has secured a monopoly in this area will become the ruler of the world.

Later, in early June 2019, the head of state announced the creation of a strategy for the development of artificial intelligence in Russia. According to Putin, by 2024, the global market for products using artificial intelligence will grow almost 17 times. Global GDP due to the introduction of artificial intelligence will increase by 1.2% every year, he stressed.

Russia also needs to develop in the field of genetic development, Putin noted in May 2020. According to him, this program is comparable in scale to the nuclear and space projects of the 20th century. The President explained that he was referring to genetic developments in various fields - medicine, agriculture, industry, energy and others. "We must use them in our interests, in the interests of our citizens, to form and build up our own scientific and technological potential," Vladimir Putin said.
~~


Russia needs a program for the development of genetic technologies comparable in scale to the nuclear and space projects of the 20th century. This was stated during a meeting on the development of genetic technologies by Russian President Vladimir Putin.

"We are talking about a variety of areas, from medicine and agriculture to industry and energy, where genetic technologies open up enormous opportunities. And we must use them in our interests, in the interests of our citizens, to form and build up our own scientific and technological potential," the head of state explained.

Putin noted that Rosneft has become the main technology partner of the program, within the framework of which three world-class genome centers are being created in Russia.

"I asked the heads of other companies to join the mainstream, as they say, to the key areas of development, using their financial resources," the president added.

According to Putin, each of the centers created under this program should become a consortium of research institutes and universities, as well as manufacturing and innovation companies located throughout Russia, "from Novosibirsk to Crimea."

At the end of April, the BBC reported that Rosneft, in particular, would be engaged in genetic research, and the supervisory board of the genome center, whose budget could be $200 million a year, in addition to the head of the company, Igor Sechin, could include Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova, presidential aide Andrei Fursenko and endocrinologist Maria Vorontsova, whom the BBC Russian Service and The New Times magazine previously called the president's daughter.

The information has not received official confirmation or denial. In December 2015, during a press conference, Putin stressed that he would not discuss his family, including because of security issues.

Rosneft then threatened to sue the BBC. A message on the oil company's website noted that the BBC's publication "about the creation of a genetic center with the participation of Rosneft contains an unfounded lie about the company and persons not involved in this project."
~~
Among the new technologies on the basis of which Russia should develop, the president named artificial intelligence (AI), unmanned vehicles and genetics. He later stated that AI had become the basis for "a leap forward for all of humanity in its development." The President stressed that the so-called end-to-end technologies "permeate and will permeate" all spheres of life, including production, the social sphere, science and culture."


etc. ...
 

Lalas

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Russian Science Foundation, October 30, 2023

Russian scientists have come closer to unraveling the processes of the origin of life on Earth
Russian scientists, together with foreign colleagues, have modeled the mechanism of synthesis of special coacervate molecules. According to popular scientific theory, such molecules were the precursors of the first single-celled organisms and laid the foundation for life on our planet. Using mathematical methods, the authors reproduced a cascade of chemical reactions that led to the formation of coacervates. The research is not only able to bring science closer to understanding how the first terrestrial organisms arose, but can also find application in the creation of artificial cells and the development of technologies for targeted drug delivery. The results of the study, supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (RSF), were published in the journal Chem.
~~

~~
Russian scientists from ITMO's Research and Education Center for Infochemistry as part of an international research team have modeled the chemical mechanism of the formation of coacervate molecules, which partially explain the appearance of the first single-celled organisms on the planet. The work will help to get closer to unraveling exactly how life began on Earth, as well as accelerate research in the field of creating artificial cells.

According to one of the main scientific theories, the first primitive organisms could have arisen on the planet as a result of the initially abiogenic synthesis of complex chemical molecules in the so-called primordial soup, a solution of ammonia, methane and other compounds present in the atmosphere and ocean. Fusion reactions were carried out under the influence of lightning discharges, intense ultraviolet radiation, and other factors. The resulting molecules were complex organic compounds and biopolymers that then combined into proteins. From these, in turn, arose the first primitive organisms. The theory was put forward by the Soviet scientist Alexander Oparin at the beginning of the last century.

The most difficult question for science was how exactly protein molecules assembled into the first organisms. As Oparin suggested, proteins formed complexes, at the border of which lipid molecules were lined up, the prototype of the cell membrane. Such complexes are called coacervates (from the Latin word coacervus – clot).

The authors of the work partially confirmed this theory. Researchers have developed and described, using computational methods, a chemical system that leads to the "self-assembly" of coacervates. The process of formation of these structures is similar to the behavior of a living organism, scientists note.


Dynamics of autocatalytic formation of polyion structures.

As the researchers explained, the system includes a whole cascade of biochemical reactions: autocatalysis (the reproduction of itself by a molecule), phase separation (the formation of several phases in an aqueous solution), the formation of oil droplets in water, and coacervation (the clumping of formed charged macromolecules).

"Imagine a kind of chemical 'soup': molecules of different substances are placed in a broth, they interact, as a result of which a new molecule is formed. It begins to multiply, come into contact with other particles, and also initiate the creation of coacervates. Moreover, when complexes are created, the reaction continues inside, and not in the broth, which affects the speed of obtaining the final structures. Everything happens without our participation, we just watch," Ekaterina Skorb, director of ITMO's Infochemistry Research and Education Center, explained to RT.

To describe all the reactions, the scientists used a method of computer modeling, which allows you to track what happens to the molecules at each stage. According to the researchers, they were able to reproduce the mechanism of formation and behavior of coacervates. This will help to better understand how exactly the process of the appearance of the first living organisms on Earth proceeded, and will also help in the work on the creation of artificial cells. In addition, the data obtained can be used in the development of technologies for targeted drug delivery."

~

The results of the study,
supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (RSF)

PROJECT CARD,
SUPPORTED BY THE RUSSIAN SCIENCE FOUNDATION

OVERVIEW

Number 21-13-00403

Title: Programmable Soft Electronics for Bionic Devices

Head: Ekaterina V. Skorb, PhD in Chemistry

Organization of financing: Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "National Research University ITMO", St. Petersburg

Years of implementation with the support of the Russian Science Foundation: 2021 - 2023
Competition: 2021 Competition "Conducting Fundamental Scientific Research and Exploratory Scientific Research by Individual Scientific Groups"

Field of knowledge, the main code of the classifier is 03 - Chemistry and Materials Sciences, 03-405 - Nanostructures and Clusters. Supramolecular chemistry. Colloidal systems.

Keywords: flexible electronics, eutectic gallium-indium alloy, polyelectrolytes, machine learning, programmable interfaces, nanoengineering, composites, self-assembly, biosensors, laboratory robotics

GRNTI code: 31.00.00

INFORMATION FROM THE APPLICATION

Annotation:

This project is aimed at both the production of flexible electronics devices for neuromorphic computing and the use of such devices in medicine and healthcare (artificial neuron, human-machine interface, etc.). A new paradigm of adaptive materials and ways of self-organization of such materials will be proposed, aimed at certain applications in soft electronics and biorecognition, which is a relevant strategic direction of science and technology in Russia and around the world. Artificial adaptive systems for digital devices capable of learning tend to be based on neuromorphic technologies and semiconductor devices such as memristors. The objectives of the research are to program learning and adaptation functions for "smart materials", obtaining the necessary component from diode to memristor depending on the applied potentials and the chemical composition of the materials used, and to establish connections for multi-electrode systems.

As materials, semiconductor films and polymers that are able to react to external influences, in particular, ionic currents and undergo electrochemical switching, are of particular interest. Charged polymers, polyelectrolytes can realize the ability to react and adapt to local changes in the electric field and chemical environment, as well as control signals, which will create feedback loops between the components of the material. As electrode materials for flexible electronics, the liquid eutectic alloy GaIn is promising. The scientific problem is to find the possibilities of adaptation and learning using the formation of semiconductor films of oxides, phosphates, fluorides, etc. on the surface of the liquid eutectic alloy GaIn and the change in the conformation of polymeric materials to create flexible electronics devices for neuromorphic computing. For example, macromolecules are highly dynamic and undergo conformational rearrangements to adapt to changes in the environment and affect charge transfer processes and electrode surface states. As a consequence, semiconductor films can 1) broadcast a new signal in their new state; 2) generate the opposite stimulus for soft matter and initiate the process of relaxation (restoration); 3) Start a new onboarding process.

The desired reliability and response efficiency of the material can be achieved using the proposed approach. This project brings together the applicants' broad expertise in semiconductor materials, phase-change materials, synthesis and characterization of colloidal systems, colloidal assembly, and the study of polymers that respond to external influences. The scientific novelty also lies in the use of machine learning algorithms to identify the necessary complex architectures and implement flexible devices based on their origin. Thus, it is planned to create robotic platforms and use big data and artificial intelligence (AI) both for the development of specific functional materials and for the comparison of theoretical knowledge. The AI will be trained in predictive synthetic planning, and the web application that we will present on the online platform will be a useful resource to assist materials scientists and companies in their daily tasks of adaptive material design. Thus, the development of a set of domain-oriented digital methods and technologies that ensure the automation of the technological chain for the creation of functional materials and systems based on AI methods.

Creation of intelligent digital engineering technologies that ensure the receipt and reproduction of breakthrough subject results: for new functional materials; for a new generation of multifunctional flexible electrical devices; to identify and manage the biochemical states of living organisms. The results of this project will have a significant impact on several industries. Thus, intelligent flexible devices that can be created using the proposed approach can be used in a wide range of areas, in particular, in the development of wearable electronics for health monitoring.


Expected Results
The resulting functional materials will have the functions of self-healing, adjustable permeability for certain classes of ions and molecules with the ability to remotely control such functions using an electric field. For this purpose, polyelectrolyte gels will be created, which, at the time of their assembly on GaIn electrodes, will be programmed to react to certain external influences. It will be identified how the main elements for the creation of flexible soft devices can be combined into hierarchical structures to form an 'impact-logic-action' relationship with complex functions. To demonstrate the versatility of the approach, it is planned to create composite materials with the following functionality: hydrogels that implement simple logical calculations: certain chemicals will diffuse through the gel under a certain combination of external stimuli, while other types will be able to diffuse under a different combination of external influences; materials that can create and maintain an electrochemical potential gradient; materials with controlled anisotropic electronic and thermal conductivity; Materials that can be charged/discharged remotely and used to deliver power.

A set of domain-oriented intelligent methods and technologies will also be proposed, which ensure the automation of the technological chain for the creation of functional materials and systems: machine learning methods for building and identifying surrogate and hybrid models, as well as intelligent methods for optimizing the parameters of physical, chemical, and biologicalprocesses and phenomena. A real-time monitoring facility will be created for the formation of new flexible elements from diodes to memristors by measuring their voltage-ampere characteristics, depending on the conditions and molecular composition of polyelectrolyte-based gels. The supply of reagents (liquid, solid and gaseous) during synthesis will also be robotized so that the synthesis of substances of new compositions and the accumulation of data about them can be carried out autonomously on a large scale. The input parameters (chemical composition of the components, their concentration, pH and ionic strength, temperature, etc.) will be compared with the electrical properties of the materials obtained under specific conditions.

Using multiple input/output pairs, we will create a sufficiently large training sample that we expect to have predictive power to predict new flexible components for smart devices with desired properties.

The results of the project will correspond to the world scientific level and are planned for publication in Q1 journals, which are included in the Web of Science Core Collection and Scopus databases.

The results of the project will have a positive impact on the social sphere, since adaptive devices of flexible electronics are in high demand in biomedical technologies and medical devices.



REPORTING MATERIALS

Annotation of the results obtained in 2021
Currently, polyelectrolytes and supramolecular assemblies play an important role in the development of new materials. Their use makes it possible to create new properties of materials and surfaces and change them in a wide range. For polyelectrolytes, modern methods are divided into three areas: layer-by-layer deposition process, free films, polyelectrolyte-based hydrogels (Macromol. Biosci. 2021, 2100117). In this project, hydrogels based on polyelectrolytes and supramolecular assemblies are in focus to create programmable materials, flexible electrical components.

In 2021, the following areas were developed.
Control hydrogel actuators with chemical reaction networks play an important role in the creation of artificial materials that inspire life. Hydrogel drives are proposed, which are regulated by the autocatalytic front of thiols. This inclusion also makes it possible to transmit chemical signals by relay and convert the chemical signal into an electrical signal. The locations and times of the spontaneous initiation of the autocatalytic fronts can be pre-programmed in the spatial distribution of the reactants in the hydrogel. To get closer to the functionality of living matter, autocatalytic front driven actuators can be integrated into smart materials controlled by chemical circuits. The article has been accepted for publication in Advanced Materials (IF= 30.849).

A soft hydrogel actuator for rapid detection of bacteria using machine learning was demonstrated. The bioelectrochemical platform reduces the detection time from a 3-day period with cultivation by the classical method to 15 minutes using the proposed technique. Machine learning and robotic bioanalytical platforms require new principles, such as hydrogel-based actuators, to quickly and easily analyze bioactive analytes. Volt-ampere curves are used to train the multilayer perceptron algorithm. The multilayer perceptron model is capable of detecting bacteria in the concentration range of 104-108 CFU/mL in both culture media and dairy products with high accuracy (94%). Such fast and easy biodetection is extremely important for the food and agricultural industries, biomedicine and the environment. The article is reviewed by the journal of the first quartile Q1.

Polyelectrolyte membrane hydrogels have been proposed with a design implying the ability to control the formation and therefore the thickness and spatial configuration of the membrane in the hydrogel layer using the applied voltage. The electrodes were connected to a hydrogel to form a membrane. The initial thickness of the membrane was 2.42 mm. Then a 5 W spun was applied to the system for one hour. At the applied voltage, the NH4+ and Na+ cations were released from the membrane and moved to the cathode, while the F-anions moved to the anode. After the ions are released, the loosely held polyelectrolytes also begin to diverge towards the anode and cathode. As a result of these processes, the thickness of the membrane is reduced to 1.1 mm. Once the applied voltage is removed, the polyelectrolytes and ions begin to form the membrane again, resulting in an increase in membrane thickness. Within 24 hours, the membrane partially recovered its thickness to 1.83 mm due to the diffusion of polyelectrolyte and ions. Thus, ensuring constant drainage and influx of ions and polyelectrolytes makes it possible to obtain membranes of arbitrary thickness and capacity. The different rates of diffusion into the electrode of small ions and polyions throw the polyelectrolyte system out of balance. It takes longer for the system to return to equilibrium due to the formation of a polyelectrolyte complex, since it is not exposed to external stimulation in the form of an applied voltage. Thus, approaches to the healing of polyion membranes are proposed. The article is reviewed by the journal of the first quartile Q1.

Advances in the synthesis and chemometer of new organic compounds have revolutionized the pace of scientific progress and have made it possible to approximate the understanding of the functioning of complex systems. We show that the combination of chiral sensing based on EGaIn electroanalytical methods, weak interactions in the hydrogel, and powerful chemometric analysts accumulates an optimized methodology for multimodal measurements. The proposed measurement method makes it possible to analyze the enantiomeric composition and concentration without time-consuming and time-consuming physical separation. The practicality, high accuracy and speed of this approach are demonstrated with the help of L- and D-tyrosine and their mixtures. Advantages over chromatographic methods and other classical methods for identifying enantiomer mixtures include ease of operation, increased speed, reduced waste generation, low cost, and the ability to analyze large numbers of samples at once. The article is ready to be sent to the journal of the first quartile Q1.


Annotation of the results obtained in 2022
These days, the importance of soft-material electronics is growing rapidly. Due to its outstanding properties (such as flexibility and extensibility), this type of electrical components can find potential applications for creating portable and wearable electronics, biocompatible devices. Particular attention is drawn to hydrogels doped with various chemical compounds, supramolecular assemblies based on hydrogels, liquid alloys as potential electrical components, with the ability to switch between them.

At the moment, two articles on the project have been published in Q1 journals: the article was published in Adv. Mater. 2022, 2106816 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.202106816, (outside front cover page), and an article in ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 14 (2022) 7321 https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.1c22470. Two more articles are in the editorial office of Q1 journals, after replies to reviewers, and one review and two articles have been submitted for publication.

Thus, in 2022, the following new areas have been developed, articles on which are in publishers, or are being prepared and will be submitted for publication in the near future.

A part of the prepared review is devoted to hydrogels and shows specific examples of using machine learning techniques to study the structure and properties of hydrogels at the molecular, microscopic and macroscopic levels. Artificial intelligence approaches have dramatically improved the prediction of material properties, spurred advances in simulation methodologies capable of detecting physical phenomena, and opened up new perspectives in the design and use of soft materials devices. For this reason, we also provide guidance on machine learning techniques and recommendations for data best practices insights.

One of the works after answering the reviewers, now in the publishing house, was an approach to the periodic formation of polyelectrolyte complexes by means of a hierarchical organization of the Lisegang type. Adjusting the reaction conditions allows you to collect materials with configurable spatio-temporal geometry and set material production cycles with variable frequency. The proposed technique allows the membrane to self-assemble in an effort to achieve balance and to self-heal after exposure to external stimuli, such as potential differences and high pH. Chronopotentiometry was used to demonstrate the permeability behavior for K+ ions of coacervate membranes.

Intermittently self-assembling coacervate membranes can be further integrated into new energy storage devices and smart biocompatible membranes for bionics, soft nanorobots, biosensors, and biocomputers. The article is reviewed in the journal of the first quartile Q1. ...
 

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20/11/2023
The Republic of Altai is a new member of the Vernadsky Consortium

On November 20, at a meeting of the Academic Council of Moscow University chaired by the Rector, Academician V.A. Sadovnichy, a solemn ceremony was held to sign an agreement on the establishment of the Vernadsky-Gorny Altai Consortium. The document on the creation of the 37th scientific and educational consortium was signed by the Rector of Lomonosov Moscow State University V.A. Sadovnichy and the Head of the Altai Republic O.L. Khorokhordin.

Rector of Moscow State University, Academician V.A. Sadovnichy:

"We are glad to welcome the Altai Republic to the community of regions participating in the Vernadsky scientific and educational consortia. This is a unique initiative of Moscow University, our contribution to the successful development of the country's territories. The Vernadsky project is aimed at increasing the role of universities in the scientific, technological and socio-economic development of Russia, and is being successfully implemented with the involvement of the potential of the regions."

Head of the Altai Republic O.L. Khorokhordin:
"Cooperation with Moscow University is of particular interest to the Altai Republic. In addition to solving personnel issues, building cooperation between universities and enterprises, it is especially important for us that the region was the first to declare a noosphere approach in the development program. We would like to invite the country's leading university to provide expertise and support for the implementation of such an innovative approach."

The idea of creating the Vernadsky Scientific and Educational Consortium was put forward at the XI Congress of the Russian Union of Rectors (April 26, 2018, St. Petersburg) by the President of the Russian Union of Rectors, Academician V.A. Sadovnichy, who proposed to combine the potential of the country's leading university, several regional universities and research institutes, as well as socially-oriented federal and regional business. This initiative was supported by the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin and approved by the delegates of the Congress.

Within the framework of the project, advanced multidisciplinary training of interdisciplinary personnel for the socio-economic needs of the regions is carried out on the basis of scientific and educational consortia, which include Moscow State University, regional universities and research institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences, production sites of state corporations and innovation-centric private business.

Consortia are formed in priority areas of regional economic development and taking into account the established scientific schools of regional higher education institutions. The formats of the project are targeted training and retraining of personnel for the needs of regional enterprises, the creation of partnerships of scientific departments and scientific schools, the establishment of interaction between universities and their industrial partners, the organization and holding of summer schools for teachers of secondary educational institutions, the development of cooperation between young scientists, etc."
 

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Press Center of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"

Genetics in "digital"
28.11.2023

The digitalization of genetic information in the world is outpacing the growth of the global data sphere. Such data are given in an article by scientists of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", assessing global trends in this area.

The work was published in the international scientific journal Nanobiotechnology Reports.

There are several large databases of genetic information in the world and are regularly updated, and their growth rate is now from 22 to 41% per year. By comparison, the annual growth of all digitized data in the world is projected to be only 23% between 2020 and 2025.

Scientists note that today the acquisition and digitization of genetic information has already become a well-established technological process. More complex tasks arise at the next stage: the growth of the volume of data outstrips the development of the means of their analysis and decision-making on this basis.


"Data analysis includes several stages that differ in labor intensity. It is necessary to take into account the processing time, as well as the time spent on the work performed by specialists and the interpretation of the results obtained," says Alexey Korzhenkov, a researcher at the Genome Factory laboratory of the Kurchatov Genome Center. — Of course, the power of computing devices is constantly growing. However, the bulk of resources are now provided by graphics accelerators, not the CPU. And genetic data has its own specifics, and not all tasks have effective algorithms and software that allows you to operate graphics accelerators. Fully automatic processing and lack of thorough control can lead to an accumulation of errors in those public databases where the material is not manually checked. As a result, you have to balance between the quality and quantity of processed information."

Artificial intelligence and machine learning methods can help in processing genetic information. Scientists of the Kurchatov Genome Center distinguish several areas where it is possible: obtaining three-dimensional structures of biological molecules and predicting their interactions with various substances, classifying biological and biomedical data, predicting gene expression, and some other tasks. However, the role of artificial intelligence should not be overestimated.

"This is a powerful technology, but at the current level, AI often works on the principle of a "black box", giving a result and not explaining the patterns. And our task is to understand the laws by which biological systems work. Today, there are already a huge number of tasks where classical algorithms allow you to process data quickly and efficiently," explains Alexey Korzhenkov.

According to scientists, today the priority can no longer be considered the collection and accumulation of genetic data, but the development of productive and functional tools for their processing and the training of qualified specialists for this.

There is another crucial aspect that must be taken into account when working with large amounts of genetic data: security. The exponential growth of genetic information opens up huge opportunities for medicine, biotechnology, and agriculture, but at the same time creates new threats.


"Genetic technologies, like nothing else, are as close as possible to nuclear technologies in terms of their dual application," comments Zorigto Namsaraev, head of the Synthetic Biology Laboratory at the Kurchatov Genome Center. "Therefore, it is necessary to create mechanisms of state and interstate control in this area with the broad involvement of both the scientific community and business. We have yet to find a balance between the need for further scientific research, security considerations, as well as the requirements of privacy and other legal and ethical standards."

**
The work was published in the international scientific journal Nanobiotechnology Reports.
Digitalization of Genetic Information: Prospects and Challenges
Z. B. Namsaraev, A. A. Korzhenkov, D. Yu. Fedosov & M. V. Patrushev

2 INTRODUCTION
Genetic and, more broadly, biological information is at the heart of critical areas such as food production, medicine, the environment, as well as key issues in human development, including the development of means to combat pandemics, and ensuring the long-term resilience of society in times of climate change and global biodiversity loss. The development of DNA analysis technologies has led to a sharp decrease in the cost of sequencing and an increase in the amount of digitized genetic information. According to data of the National Human Genome Research Institute (USA), the cost of sequencing a single human genome fell from $100 million in 2001 to $1000 in 2017. Since 2007, the rate of decline in the cost of DNA sequencing even exceeds the rate of increase in the performance of computer chips according to Moore’s Law. As a result, as of 2023, the reported cost of human-genome analysis for 30× coverage may reach $299 and 100× coverage, $999.

The growth in sequencing productivity is accompanied by an increase in the volume of databases of genetic information. One of the world’s leading databases of genetic information GenBank, maintained by the US National Center for Biotechnology Information, is growing at a rate of 61% per year as of 2022. This greatly exceeds the rate of increase in the volume of digitized information in the world, with a projected total annual growth rate of 23% between 2020 and 2025. Upon maintaining such rates of digitalization of genetic information in a time frame of a few decades to 110 years, the DNA of all living organisms on Earth can be analyzed and digitized. The development of methods for analyzing information received and its application to change the properties of living organisms will lead to the global introduction of genetic technologies both in agriculture and in everyday human life: through the technologies of medicine, ensuring the quality of life, and life expectancy. Nevertheless, genetic technologies can be used to the detriment of humanity by individual states, and criminal and terrorist groups. Thus, humanity is at a stage of development when an increase in the amount of knowledge about the biological foundations of life can lead both to an improvement in the quality of life and to global challenges to the very existence of mankind. In this vein, genetic technologies, like nothing else, are as close as possible to nuclear technologies in terms of the possibility of their dual use.

The purpose of this work is to analyze the current situation in the field of the digitalization of genetic information and the global challenges facing humanity when genetic information and tools for the implementation of genetic technologies become widely available.
...

3 UNIVERSAL DATABASES OF GENETIC INFORMATION
..
As of the end of 2021, according to the annual review “Molecular Biology Database Collection” of the journal “Nucleic acid research,” there were 1645 databases of molecular biological information in the world.
..

In accordance with Federal Law no. 643-FZ dated December 29, 2022 “On Amendments to the Federal Law “On State Regulation in the Field of Genetic Engineering,” the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” created a prototype of the National Genomic Information Database (NGID), created to ensure national security, the protection of life and health of citizens, sovereignty in the field of storage and use of genetic data, as well as ensuring the exchange of information contained in it between state bodies, local governments, and owners of genetic data when they interact within the framework of the implementation of genetic-engineering activities. From September 1, 2024, all genetic information received in the Russian Federation will be deposited with the NGID.

...
4 DATABASES OF GENETIC INFORMATION OF THE POPULATION

In the 1990s, the development of genetic technologies prompted national governments to create genetic databases of the population, the main incentives for the creation of which were security issues, namely the rapid identification of dangerous criminals, as well as the solution of medical problems.

China currently has the largest population database. The Institute of Forensic Science, Ministry of Public Security, China, has a database with information on the genetic profiles of at least 68 million people as of September 2018, while the size of the database grew from 55 to 68 million in less than a year [10]. According to third-party estimates made by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, as of 2020, the database contained information on 105–140 million people.

The United States has the second largest database of population genetic profiles, where the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) database, owned by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, operates. The database was founded in 1998 and included more than 17 million profiles as of 2018.[...]In the United States, there are other projects of genomic analysis of the population. In 2018, in the United States, under the auspices of the National Institute of Health, for medical purposes, a program for the mass analysis of the genomes of the population named “All of US” was launched.

The third largest national database belongs to the UK. Since 1995, the Home Office’s National DNA Database (NDNAD) program has collected, as of June 30, 2022, 6.9 million genetic profiles of individuals who have been prosecuted in one way or another.[...] In addition to the NDNAD database, which solves forensic tasks, the UK Biobank program has been operating in the UK since 2006. As part of the program, by mid-2023, it is planned to make available the full-genome DNA sequences of 500 000 people. The program is being implemented as part of a public-private partnership with the participation of Wellcome Sanger Institute and companies deCODE Genetics, and pharmaceutical companies Amgen, AstraZeneca, GlaxoSmithKline, and Johnson & Johnson.

The fourth largest national database is located in France. Since 1998, the Fichier National Automatisé des Empreintes Génétiques (FNAEG) network has been operating, which as of December 31, 2021 had collected more than 6 million genetic passports, mostly offenders.

Currently, the European Union is working to combine national population DNA databases into a single network, which will include at least 16.8 million profiles by the end of 2021. The network will include the national bases of the EU member states and the UK.

Interpol has one of the largest international databases of genetic information. It is reported that the database contains 247 thousand profiles provided by 84 member countries.
..
The size of the genetic databases of commercial companies providing DNA analysis services to the public is comparable to the size of the largest government databases.[...] We note that genetic testing can be quite a profitable business. In August 2020, Ancestry was acquired by Blackstone for $4.7 billion, with Ancestry reported to have over $1 billion in annual revenue.

~~
.
~~
..
Increasing the productivity of sequencing and reducing its cost have led to the involvement of a wider range of countries in programs of genetic certification of the population, as well as the transition from the analysis of individual sections of the genome to whole-genome sequencing. This made it possible to move from tasks aimed primarily at identifying a person to the tasks of identifying genes encoding rare diseases, developing targeted pharmaceuticals, etc.
..
There are a number of programs for genetic analysis of the population in Russia. Neonatal screening of all newborns for five diseases has been carried out since 2006 (adrenogenital syndrome, galactosemia, congenital hypothyroidism, cystic fibrosis, phenylketonuria), three more tests for spinal muscular atrophy and primary immune disorders were added to the mandatory list in 2022 [20]. Starting from 2021, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation has been conducting a pilot project to analyze 2000 newborn exome genes [21].
The Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of March 11, 2019 no. 97 established the foundations of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring chemical and biological safety for the period up to 2025, which implies “the implementation of genetic certification of the population, taking into account the legal framework for the protection of data on the personal genome of a person and formation of the genetic profile of the population.”

In Belarus, the issuance of genetic passports has also begun, a special program is underway. The leading organization is the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Testing is carried out for genetic predisposition to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome; athletes are tested to identify genetic features favorable and unfavorable for sports; women with miscarriage problems are tested, etc. Over 15 thousand people have been tested [22].

...
5 IMPACT ON THE HEALTH SYSTEM
The accumulation of information about the genomes of the population is of paramount importance for the development of personalized medicine, which may become the main driver of the digitalization of genetic information in coming years, as well as lead to the more intensive development of precision medicine and pharmacogenomics, especially in terms of the effect of drugs on different races and ethnic groups.

[...]The development of new approaches in health insurance is required.[...]Changes are also needed in medical training [33]. Training courses are required to include advanced knowledge of epigenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. As technology advances rapidly, physician training will be paramount, and there will be a need for innovative methods to support the education of health workers.


...
6 ACCEPTANCE BY THE POPULATION OF PROGRAMS OF GENETIC CERTIFICATION

With the exception of programs for the genetic certification of criminals, a key factor in the further growth of the population’s genetic databases is the consent of the population to conduct genetic analysis and store the information obtained in databases. Nevertheless, there are factors that can slow down further growth in the amount of genetic information about the population.
..

The negative perception of genetic certification by the broad masses of the population can become an obstacle to the development of genetic databases. Apparently, the closest analogue of such behavior may be the reaction of residents of various countries to vaccination during the COVID-2019 pandemic. This example becomes most obvious both in view of the wide spread of the disease, and in view of the fact that the need for vaccination is actively emphasized by government and public institutions. Vaccine hesitancy, defined by the WHO as a “delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccination despite availability of vaccination services” was declared by the WHO in 2019 as one of the top ten threats to public health [46]. As of 2021, the readiness to be vaccinated averaged 75.2% in the 23 countries studied, which is 3.7% higher than in 2020 [47]. However, a significant proportion of the population is hesitant about vaccination and may show a similar attitude towards genetic certification. The introduction of COVID-19 vaccination certificates and varying degrees of freedom of movement depending on the availability of vaccination also raise questions about the ethical aspects of introducing genetic passports. One potential issue could be the theoretical presence of a genetically determined immunity to a disease in a person, which could lead to greater freedom of movement and greater opportunities in a person with the presence of such genes [48]. The availability of information about a person’s “bad” and “good” genes rightly causes concern among the population, as this can manifest itself in the creation of unequal conditions in employment, tariffs for health insurance, etc. [49]. Therefore, the adoption of any decisions on the use of genetic technologies in relation to a person should take into account their interests, the results of scientific research, and ethical standards [50]. It is necessary to find an optimal balance between the requirements of personal-data confidentiality, the need for scientific research, the development of personalized-medicine technologies, and the development of a business model that can support the exponential growth of genetic data in the future [51, 52].
"
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Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation

Valery Falkov at the III Congress of Young Scientists: nature-like technologies are another important step towards the development of science


28.11.2023
Speaking at the plenary session of the III Congress of Young Scientists, the head of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Valery Falkov spoke about the development of nature-like technologies. They are new approaches and techniques inspired by nature that are used to solve various technical and engineering problems.

"The development of such technologies will be another step towards the development of science and will contribute to the support of advanced scientific research. Now it is important to give talented children the opportunity to devote their lives to science," the Minister said.

In November, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree aimed at the advanced development of nature-like technologies. In addition to preparing an appropriate development plan, the head of state instructed to create an advanced scientific infrastructure and form human resources in this area. Scientific research in the field of nature-like technologies will be supervised by the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute".

The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, together with the Kurchatov Institute, is already working to determine the basic principles and criteria for classifying technologies as nature-like.

Recall that the Congress of Young Scientists is held from November 28 to 30 on the federal territory "Sirius". This year, it brought together over 5,000 people from more than 25 countries. The average age of the participants was 30 years.


***



***
NATURE-LIKE TECHNOLOGIES AS A NEW ERA OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT


29.11.2023
The business program of the III Congress of Young Scientists opened with the session "Nature-Like Technologies: A New Era of Human Development".

The session was moderated by Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute". Starting the discussion, he noted that ensuring the sustainable development of modern society and preserving world civilization is one of the global challenges of the present time.

Mikhail Valentinovich recalled that on April 18, 2017, at the initiative of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, a meeting was held at the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" on the issue of nature-like technologies (PPT) and the creation of a network of scientific institutions to work in this area. "At that time, Rusnano and the Advanced Research Foundation were established. Despite the fact that our nanoinitiative was at the tail end of the developments of the United States, China and Japan, we went our own way, understanding that sustainable development is, first of all, resources," Mikhail Kovalchuk emphasized. In order to ensure the technological independence and competitiveness of the country, achieve national development goals and the advanced development of nature-like technologies, on November 2, 2023, Decree No. 818 of the President of Russia was signed, and the NRC "Kurchatov Institute" was designated as the leading scientific organization in this area.

The decree stated that a new technological order is being created. "Today we are the richest country in the world – we have everything, and we must be strong in order to preserve and preserve for future generations sufficient and usable various material resources (water, food, energy, etc.)," the speaker said. He believes that to do this, it is necessary to consistently replace existing technologies with nature-like technologies that do not harm the environment. This will make it possible to restore the balance between the biosphere and the technosphere, which has been disturbed by man. "We can move to a resource-free existence. This approach was voiced by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin at the plenary session of the 70th session of the UN General Assembly on September 28, 2015 in New York," Mikhail Valentinovich concluded his greeting.

Alexander Habibov, Director of the Shchemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, believes that "today the requirements for scientists have increased significantly, since at the beginning of the path humanity moved from natural philosophy to narrow specialization, and today it is again returning to integration and synthesis in order to properly spy on and understand how nature does it, including at the cellular level. Evolution has shown that research requires a synthetic approach."

Valery Falkov, Minister of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, noted that "nature-like technologies are based on reflections and knowledge about how wildlife works. This knowledge is interdisciplinary, because nature is one. It is necessary to unite the efforts of partners and scientific and educational institutions in this area." The minister indicated that "for this purpose, the task of creating federal universities and large scientific and educational holdings is being implemented. It is also necessary to develop principles and criteria for classifying the developed technologies as PPT. In addition, it is necessary to assess existing (working) technologies, determine their prospects and identify the main priorities. Now there is a reboot for a new management cycle, and we plan to carry out this work quickly and efficiently," the head of the department assured.

Vladimir Avdeenko, Deputy Executive Director for Agrobiotechnology at Innopraktika, emphasized that "philosophy is the ability to generalize and the basis of our worldview, which brings us back to the basics of clean farming. It is necessary to preserve the fertile layer of land, because it is quickly depleted." "To do this," he continued, "we are developing new effective drugs due to the achievements of modern molecular biology. Also on the agenda is genomic selection of cattle."

Raif Vasilov, Deputy Head of the Kurchatov Complex of Nature-Like Technologies of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", said that "the purpose of the PPT [= prirodopodobnye tehnologii = nature-like technology] is to preserve the biosphere for the life of mankind. We have offered the world a new model of civilizational development. It and all PPT are based on energy. The main source of energy on Earth is the Sun. This is 200,000 terowatts, and the capacity of all power plants on Earth is 20 terowatts. By 2050, biofuels could replace 25% of traditional energy resources (currently its share is about 10%). Bioenergy and renewable energy sources can become the basis for the dynamic development of all territories of the country," Raif Vasilov believes.

Viktor Ilgisonis, Director of Scientific and Technical Research and Development of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom, noted that "we should also include those technologies that are harmoniously integrated into nature, for example, a wheel, among the PPT. This statement also applies to large-scale energy, which is necessary for all of humanity, including for the functioning and development of artificial intelligence. Nuclear power can be environmentally friendly and efficient. For example, spent nuclear fuel from burial grounds can be reused for the extraction of useful components with subsequent afterburning in special fast neutron reactors. That is, there is not only afterburning, but also the production of new fuel. The result is a clean, closed nuclear cycle. Nuclear and thermonuclear technologies can be referred to as PPT. We should be proud that our ancestors created such an industry. This is energy 2.0, i.e. green energy," the speaker stated.

Ilya Eremin, Deputy Director for Research of the Russian Scientific Center of Surgery named after Academician B.V. Petrovsky, told the participants about the practical application of nature-like technologies in medicine. These are the creation of implantable bioprostheses, biopolymers, biobandages, biospinal cages, prostheses with a biodegradable framework for the aorta, as well as neuromuscular interfaces and pacemakers.

Gennady Onishchenko, Deputy President of the Russian Academy of Education, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, informed that "there are more than 90 specialties in modern medicine. A multidisciplinary task for doctors today is to ensure the average life expectancy of the country's citizens up to 78 years. It is necessary to carefully interfere in the processes of nature's vital activity, including the creation of human-like technologies. When deciphering the human genome, one must first of all think about the consequences. There are a lot of ethical problems in this area, and we need to calculate where it will lead us," the speaker said.


Oleg Naraykin, Vice President of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, believes that "artificial intelligence is a technology that claims to be an integral copy, but the problem is in technical feasibility. If we want to reproduce AI, we need a completely different technological base, because the power of all the computers in the world is not enough. We need a transition to computer technology based on new principles – the so-called "neurobrain". Such work is carried out in our research center," the speaker concluded.


The Congress of Young Scientists is a key event of the Decade of Science and Technology in Russia, announced by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin in 2022. The Congress brings together representatives of leading scientific schools from different regions of Russia, scientific and educational organizations, authorities, industrial partners, outstanding leaders of domestic science, and most importantly - young scientists, winners of grant competitions, students and schoolchildren from Russia and other countries.

The Congress of Young Scientists is organized by the Roscongress Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, and the Coordinating Council for Youth Affairs in Science and Education of the Presidential Council for Science and Education. The operator of the Decade of Science and Technology is ANO National Priorities."


**
Draft Decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the Strategy for the development of nature-like (convergent) technologies" (June 14, 2022), full text
...
Stage 1. Formation of the scientific and personnel base for the development of nature-like (convergent) sciences and technologies (2022-2026).

Priority tasks of the stage:

..
- development and creation of combined (hybrid) technical systems and technological processes using natural components, primarily biosensors, biofuel elements, brain-computer interfaces, additive technologies for creating separate biosimilar and artificial biological objects, nuclear medicine and radiation therapy technologies;


Stage 2. Creation of technological foundations for the beginning of the formation of separate nature–like scientific and production clusters (2027-2032).

Priority tasks of the stage:
..
- research and technological reproduction of individual objects and processes of wildlife, primarily in the field of:

- synthetic biology (artificial cell, artificial virus);

- biophotonic devices;

- biorobots;

- energy supply systems for implantable devices, artificial organs and biorobots due to energy processes in living organisms;

- development and creation of neuromorphic brain-machine and brain-brain interfaces, anthropomorphic bioprostheses, anthropomorphic robotic devices;

...
Stage 3. Formation of the basic elements of the nature–like technosphere (2033-2037).

Priority tasks of the stage:

- technological reproduction of systems and complexes of wildlife, first of all:
..
- cyberphysical additive production complexes ("Internet of everything");

- medical systems based on technologies of correction of the psychophysiological sphere of a person;

- formation of basic elements of anthropomorphic biorobotonics, including communities of anthropomorphic biorobototechnical systems;

- creation of super-large neurocomputers based on the developed neuroprocessors, approaching the human in their cognitive capabilities;

- creation of a new generation of artificial intelligence systems with cognitive capabilities, providing approaches to creating a "strong" artificial intelligence;


As a result of the implementation of the third stage, separate nature-like scientific and production clusters will be formed, as structure-forming elements of a nature-like technosphere."
 
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Press Center of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"
A caravel school and a city under the water
21.11.2023

At the All-Russian Children's Center "Orlyonok", the last scientific session of this year, prepared and conducted by specialists from the Kurchatov Institute, has ended.

Its theme is "Architectural Bionics – Learning from Nature". During the session, the students were able to get an idea of bionic design, modern composite materials and additive technologies, as well as get acquainted with working on a 3D printer.

A special feature of the program was its focus on practice: the children were offered to find solutions to specific environmental and technological problems included in "fantastic" projects: "School of Dreams", "City Under the Sea" and others.

"Thanks to the program, I learned a lot about bionics, both architectural and any other. And I really liked the practical classes because they gave us freedom in what to do, and when we needed help, they gave us good advice," Christian Dijun from the Altai Territory shares his impressions.

The Kurchatov Institute plans to continue cooperating with the Orlyonok Children's Center next year."




**
Bionics or biologically inspired engineering is the application of biological methods and systems found in nature to the study and design engineering systems and modern technology.

The word bionic, coined by Jack E. Steele in August 1958, is a portmanteau from biology and electronics which was popularized by the 1970s U.S. television series The Six Million Dollar Man and The Bionic Woman, both based on the novel Cyborg by Martin Caidin. All three stories feature humans given various superhuman powers by their electromechanical implants.
...
In the field of computer science, the study of bionics has produced artificial neurons, artificial neural networks, and swarm intelligence. Bionics also influenced Evolutionary computation but took the idea further by simulating evolution in silico and producing optimized solutions that had never appeared in nature.

A 2006 research article estimated that "at present there is only a 12% overlap between biology and technology in terms of the mechanisms used".

...
The name "biomimetics" was coined by Otto Schmitt in the 1950s. The term "bionics" was later introduced by Jack E. Steele in August 1958 while working at the Aeronautics Division House at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio. However, terms like biomimicry or biomimetics are preferred in order to avoid confusion with the medical term "bionics." Coincidentally, Martin Caidin used the word for his 1972 novel Cyborg, which was adapted into the television film and subsequent series The Six Million Dollar Man. Caidin was a long-time aviation industry writer before turning to fiction full-time.


...
Specific uses of the term

In medicine

Bionics refers to the flow of concepts from biology to engineering and vice versa. Hence, there are two slightly different points of view regarding the meaning of the word.

In medicine, bionics means the replacement or enhancement of organs or other body parts by mechanical versions. Bionic implants differ from mere prostheses by mimicking the original function very closely, or even surpassing it.
..
Another, more recent meaning of the term bionics refers to merging organism and machine. This approach results in a hybrid system combining biological and engineering parts, which can also be referred as a cybernetic organism (cyborg). Practical realization of this was demonstrated in Kevin Warwick's implant experiments bringing about ultrasound input via his own nervous system."
 
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Edelgeriyev, Ruslan
Adviser to the President, Special Presidential Representative on Climate Issues

Ruslan Edelgeriyev read Russia’s national statement at United Nations Climate Change Conference or Conference of the Parties

Adviser to the President Ruslan Edelgeriyev delivered the official statement on behalf of the Russian Federation during the High-Level Segment of the 28th United Nations Climate Change Conference or Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC held on November 30-December 12 in Dubai, UAE. Ruslan Edelgeriyev is leading the Russian delegation at this international event.

December 9, 2023

Colleagues,

First of all, allow me to thank the people and the Government of the United Arab Emirates for the warm welcome and for the excellent organisation of the Conference.

The main task of COP-28 is to evaluate the ability of the international community to achieve previously established goals and, based on the results of this evaluation, to present a vision for the future of climate cooperation. This vision must be ambitious, but also holistic, realistic, and inclusive.

It must be holistic, because we cannot ignore the diversity of needs experienced by people around the world, including the need for affordable and reliable energy, for water and food, and more generally, for a better quality of life.

It must be realistic, because we cannot ignore the crisis of confidence fuelled by previously broken promises, and that will only worsen if the same thing happens to our new promises.

It must be inclusive, because it is utmost hypocrisy when some demand enormous efforts to be made for the common cause, while trying at every opportunity to slander others and make money off them. I am telling you here and now: it does not work that way.

It was in this way that the Convention itself was conceived to be: holistic, realistic and inclusive.


We also remain committed to the goals of the Paris Agreement. We intend to achieve carbon neutrality no later than 2060 and meet all other national goals adopted in pursuance of this important document.

In our country, we continue to develop our carbon market, combining both voluntary elements, such as climate projects, as well as mandatory ones, such as the experimental emissions trading system in the Sakhalin region. We make special efforts to ensure that the methodological pillar of this work is of high quality, and for that we continuously improve our regulatory framework.

We intend to make maximum use of our potential in implementing ecosystem projects, nature-like technologies and other nature-based solutions that contribute several Sustainable Development Goals at the same time. We are also trying to create and implement innovative means to restore ecosystems to increase their absorptive capacity.
Deserving of special notice is the project for the development of the Pleistocene Park in the Republic of Yakutia, and – we invite everyone to visit the site dedicated to it in the Green Zone. We welcome international participation in this project and other projects in our territory.

Colleagues,

We are ready to announce that Russia is considering making a voluntary financial contribution to the Loss and Damage Fund from the frozen national gold and foreign exchange reserves in international organisations. This is meant to address the urgent need to bridge the gap between the needs of developing countries and their capabilities.

We expect talks on delivering cooperative mechanisms under article 6, the global goal on adaptation and the new collective quantified goal on climate finance for the period after 2025.

We welcome the compromise in the Eastern European Group regarding the 29th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC. The climate agenda has proven itself to be a uniting factor for all.

Mr President,

I am counting on your wise guidance to bring the Conference to a successful conclusion. We have a responsibility to show the world that, despite our differences, we indeed can reach agreement on the most difficult challenges of our time.


Thank you.


December 9, 2023

Russian Presidential Election 2024

Head of the Kurchatov Institute: Union State scientists are encouraged by Putin's decision to participate in the elections

Mikhail Kovalchuk recalled that the current President of the Russian Federation stood at the origins of the development of the Union State
...

The head of the Kurchatov Institute also noted Vladimir Putin's contribution to the restoration of Russian science, which suffered "catastrophic damage" after the collapse of the Soviet Union, pointing out, among other things, the creation of a network of scientific and educational institutions in the country and initiatives to develop such areas as nanotechnology and nature-like technologies."

~~


Draft Decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the Strategy for the development of nature-like (convergent) technologies" (June 14, 2022)
...
Research and development in the field of NBICS convergence as a tool for creating nature-like technologies is actively conducted in a number of foreign countries, primarily in the USA.

In particular, in the USA there is a program of the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Commerce called NBIC – "Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information technology and Cognitive science". In other countries, similar convergent programs are known by the acronyms GRAIN (Genetics, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence and Nanotechnology) and BANG (Bits, Atoms, Neurons, Genes). These programs are largely focused on the development of human resources. Thus, the NBIC program of the USA is called "Converging Technologies for Improving Human Perfomance", and the NBIC program of the European Union is "Converging Technologies for the European Knowledge Society) (CTEKS).


...
Stage 1. Formation of the scientific and personnel base for the development of nature-like (convergent) sciences and technologies (2022-2026).

Priority tasks of the stage:
..

- development and creation of combined (hybrid) technical systems and technological processes using natural components, primarily biosensors, biofuel elements, brain-computer interfaces, additive technologies for creating separate biosimilar and artificial biological objects, nuclear medicine and radiation therapy technologies;

Stage 2. Creation of technological foundations for the beginning of the formation of separate nature–like scientific and production clusters (2027-2032).

Priority tasks of the stage:
..
- research and technological reproduction of individual objects and processes of wildlife, primarily in the field of:

- synthetic biology (artificial cell, artificial virus);

- biophotonic devices;

- biorobots;

- energy supply systems for implantable devices, artificial organs and biorobots due to energy processes in living organisms;

- development and creation of neuromorphic brain-machine and brain-brain interfaces, anthropomorphic bioprostheses, anthropomorphic robotic devices;

...
Stage 3. Formation of the basic elements of the nature–like technosphere (2033-2037).

Priority tasks of the stage:

- technological reproduction of systems and complexes of wildlife, first of all:
..
- cyberphysical additive production complexes ("Internet of everything");

- medical systems based on technologies of correction of the psychophysiological sphere of a person;

- formation of basic elements of anthropomorphic biorobotonics, including communities of anthropomorphic biorobototechnical systems;

- creation of super-large neurocomputers based on the developed neuroprocessors, approaching the human in their cognitive capabilities;

- creation of a new generation of artificial intelligence systems with cognitive capabilities, providing approaches to creating a "strong" artificial intelligence;


As a result of the implementation of the third stage, separate nature-like scientific and production clusters will be formed, as structure-forming elements of a nature-like technosphere."
 
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National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"
news

Kurchatov Institutes
12.01.2024

"Kurchatov always left himself the opportunity to concentrate on the management of specific projects – the main business of his life... To implement these projects, he contributed in every possible way to the creation and development of new scientific and technological centers in the country, just as his teacher A.F. Ioffe did, developing numerous areas that were emerging in the laboratories of the Leningrad Institute of Physics and Technology"
Andrey Zabrodsky, Academician, in 2003-2017 – Director of the Ioffe Institute of Physics and Technology (in the past, Kurchatov's "native" "Leningrad Phystech").

On the birthday of the founder of Russia's leading scientific laboratory, Academician Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov, we remember his role in creating the scientific infrastructure of our country - research, engineering and educational centers.

VNIIEF (Sarov). In 1946, a branch was established at Laboratory No. 2 – KB-11. It was placed at the munitions factory in Sarov, which was relatively close to Moscow and at the same time far enough from major population centers to allow for test explosions. The chief designer of the design bureau is Yuliy Borisovich Khariton, one of Kurchatov's closest associates. This is how the history of the first Soviet atomgrad "Arzamas-16" began.

In 1967, KB-11 was renamed the Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF). Today, the institute works within the structure of Rosatom and continues to solve the most important tasks to ensure the security of our country.

MIPT. In March 1946 the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR issued a decree "On the Organization of the Higher School of Physics and Technology of the USSR"; Igor Kurchatov is a member of its board In November, the new university begins its work (at the first stage - as the Faculty of Physics and Technology of Moscow State University), I.V. Kurchatov is one of the leading teachers.

In 1951, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology was established on the basis of this faculty. The famous "Phystech system" is based on a combination of theoretical knowledge and practice on the basis of leading scientific centers. The Kurchatov Laboratory (LIP AS USSR) becomes a partner of MIPT. Scientific cooperation continues today: on the basis of MIPT and the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", INBICST (Institute of Nano-, Bio-, Information, Cognitive and Socio-Humanitarian Sciences and Technologies) was created.

...
GosNIIgenetics and IMG. After the defeat of genetics as a "pseudoscience" at the session of the All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences (1948), I.V. Kurchatov, A.P. Aleksandrov and I.E. Tamm defended it. However, their appeals to the country's leadership did not meet with support, and then I.V. Kurchatov invited a group of disgraced scientists at that time to work at the Institute of Atomic Energy. To continue the research, two sectors for the study of biological problems were created, and later the Radiobiological Department.

The biological subdivisions of the Institute of Nuclear Energy were successfully developed and "gave life" to two new organizations: in 1968, the Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms was established on the basis of the structures of the Kurchatov Institute of Nuclear Energy, and in 1977 – the Institute of Molecular Genetics (IMG) of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Today, they are again working as part of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"
 

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Newspaper about Russia
Good news portal



https://gor.press/article/podrazaia-prirode/

Irina Shlionskaya 01/09/2024

Imitating nature

Nature-like technologies will be developed in Russia




There is nothing more perfect than what was created by nature itself. Why not learn from her and copy these things in the form of technical solutions?

Recently, Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed the government to develop a plan for the development of nature-like technologies (NLT), which includes the creation of scientific infrastructure, training and research in this area. The implementation of the program is entrusted to the staff of the Kurchatov Institute.

In fact, it’s not for nothing that they say that everything new is well forgotten old. The applied science of bionics, which studies the methods and principles of using the properties and functions of living nature in technical devices and systems. arose only in the last century. But in fact, one of the first examples of such devices could be an ornithopter - an aircraft that flaps bird-like wings, which the famous Renaissance painter and inventor Leonardo da Vinci tried to build. However, to fly like birds was an age-old dream of mankind, and in the end, as you know, this led to the era of aviation and astronautics.

It is also believed that the popular zipper was invented based on the structure of a bird's feather, the grooves of which are equipped with natural “hooks” that provide reliable adhesion to each other.


Nowadays, it is customary to classify as nature-like primarily bio- and nanotechnologies, as well as, to some extent, sciences and technologies related to artificial intelligence.

At a visiting meeting of the Committee on Science, Education and Culture, held at the Kurchatov Institute at the end of last year, Chairman of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko said that a legal framework would be formed in Russia regulating the implementation and use of NLT.

In turn, the President of the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” Mikhail Kovalchuk spoke about the provisions of the Strategy for the Development of NLT in our country. In particular, he said that the creation of a biosimilar technosphere can solve the problem of access to natural resources, which are quite limited in today's world. The use of this kind of technology will not harm the environment, while maintaining a balance between the biosphere and the technosphere, to which human activity makes its “adjustments,” the speaker believes.

And the director of scientific and technical research and development of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom, Viktor Ilgisonis, is convinced that nuclear and thermonuclear technologies should also be classified as nature-like:

- Let's take spent radioactive fuel from burial grounds. It is quite possible to reuse it, using processing in neutron reactors to extract useful components from it.


Later in Sochi, as part of the session “Nature-like technologies: a new era of human development” of the III Congress of Young Scientists, Mikhail Kovalchuk made a report that a project on membrane proteins that can influence cellular processes is being implemented at the NBIC Center of the Kurchatov Institute. According to experts, this direction will find application in the development of industrial biotechnologies, biosensor devices, as well as biorobotic anthropomorphic systems.

That is, we can expect the emergence of robots with a biological component and enhanced cognitive functions. In addition, people or other biological objects will be able to interact with technical devices through an information interface based on semiconductor crystals. These are the same chips that have been talked about so much lately. It looks like we still can’t do without them. But they will be able to solve the problems of patients with limited mobility or help in finding missing children and animals.

Organs from the bank.

At the Russian Scientific Center for Surgery named after Academician B.V. Petrovsky NLT are widely used to treat patients. As Ilya Eremin, deputy director of the Russian Research Center for Research, told Gazeta o Rossii, nature-like technologies are a step forward in the field of prosthetics.

“In our surgery center, we actively use implantable bioprostheses, biopolymers, biobandages, biospinal cages, prostheses with a biodegradable frame for the aorta, as well as neuromuscular interfaces and pacemakers,” says Ilya Igorevich.

For example, if you take stem cells from a patient and place them on a frame, and then send them to a bioreactor, then from these cells you can later grow a fragment of living tissue or even an entire artificial organ that will be completely compatible with the donor’s body. And by printing the fabric on a three-dimensional printer, you can use it to test drugs. For example, if a person is allergic to some medicine, this will be revealed even before it enters the body. In the future, artificially grown organs will be able to be connected to each other, completely simulating the functioning of the body of a given patient.

According to Eremin, in the near future, people will simply be able to give samples of their cells and tissues to special banks so that later they can easily replace a lost or damaged organ. And the problem of prosthetics and biocompatibility will be solved forever.



Nature-like technologies are a step forward in the field of organ prosthetics

You can't replace nature!
But should NLT be considered as a futuristic panacea? As it turned out, there are many nuances here. For example, Mikhail Kovalchuk points out that in general, people have too little knowledge about nature-like technologies, and many cannot form an adequate idea about them.


"Yes, we are talking about the technological reproduction of wildlife systems, which leads to a significant renewal of the fields of energy, medicine, biology, and materials science," the scientist says. "But we don't know how this will ultimately affect a person's quality of life.

In turn, Yuri Tkachenko, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor at Bauman Moscow State Technical University, believes that although technology can artificially recreate the structure of a biological organism, it is almost impossible to recreate the habitat of living creatures, including humans. After all, a living system is not a biorobot, and it is impossible to program all the processes in it in advance.

As you know, even if you clone a biological being, the clone will never be completely identical to the original, since it will have a different neural structure of the brain, a different hormonal background, and so on. It will be possible to achieve only external resemblance. “We need to carefully intervene in natural processes,” said Gennady Onishchenko, Deputy President of the Russian Academy of Education, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, at the last Congress of Young Scientists.


While working in this area, we cannot ignore problems related to ethics. And before we create technologies that imitate nature, we need to understand where this will lead us.

And according to the vice-president of the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Oleg Naraikin, problems may arise with technical implementation:

– This requires a very powerful technological base, which we do not yet have at our disposal. Now our center is working to create a neurobrain that is capable of controlling such a system. But the project is only at the development stage.

So, of course, it is necessary to develop NLT. But it’s hardly time to talk about creating complete analogues of natural creations. All these technologies can only serve auxiliary purposes. Although it is possible that in many ways they will be breakthrough.
 
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In a nutshell: these are among the meanest satanic transhumanist infernal spawns.
But no one anywhere says or shows it. On the contrary: over 90% of the alt-media "for truth" claim exactly the opposite: that Russia and the "multipolar world" opposed of the plan of the elites (and the very few critical and objective, again do not mention it; although I have informed some of them (the main ones who are expected to mention it).
And people are "unraveling the new world order, the coming antichrist system of the beast" and whatever in this regard. Without they including this here in the account.
What are you unraveling? The nwo is here and you are already cooked in the pot.

Well.. ok :)

*After all, dystopias and utopias are all with developed and implemented high technologies. But in utopias "they are used for good." Maybe Russia and the multipolar (and Western "anti-globalists") are ultimately the good boys. Do you think? Hope (that's an order).
 
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"Parlamentskaya Gazeta" is the official weekly publication of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
Mazhuga spoke about the key tasks facing Russian scientists

29.01.2024

At present, Russian scientists are facing two key super tasks: to develop genetic and nature-like technologies. This was stated by the First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Science and Higher Education Alexander Mazhuga during the opening of the parliamentary exhibition.

The exposition dedicated to the 80th anniversary of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" and the 120th anniversary of the birth of academicians Igor Kurchatov and Anatoly Alexandrov opened in the State Duma on January 29. According to the deputy, scientists need super tasks. For example, to create a nuclear fleet, to send a man into space and to ensure technological sovereignty in the nuclear sphere.

The key supertasks are still there, Mazhuga emphasized. The first concerns genetic technologies. "30 percent of the total scientific potential, scientists and research that are being implemented in our country today in the field of genetic technologies are concentrated in the Kurchatov Institute," the parliamentarian said. And genetics is safety in food and pharmaceutical technology, he added.


The second direction is related to nature-like technologies in electronics, energy, medicine and other areas, Mazhuga said.

Also during the ceremony, representatives of various Duma factions assured the leadership of the Kurchatov Institute of their readiness to develop and adopt bills necessary for the development of science.


United Russia faction in the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation
UNITED RUSSIA: THE HISTORY OF THE KURCHATOV INSTITUTE IS THE HISTORY OF OUR COUNTRY

29.01.2024

Today, on January 29, the State Duma hosted a solemn opening ceremony of an exhibition dedicated to the 80th anniversary of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" and the 120th anniversary of the birth of academicians I.V. Kurchatov and A.P. Alexandrov, organized by the Committee on Science and Higher Education.

As Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, noted, "the entire exposition helps to understand why and how our country survived, withstanding the nuclear threats of the Americans."

"80 years ago, the right strategic decisions were made, there were people who created the nuclear shield under which we live today sovereignly," he stressed. "We have become the greatest scientific power. On the one hand, we keep our powder dry – our nuclear complex is the best in the world today, in particular, the weapons complex. On the other hand, over the past decades, with the full support of the President of Russia, we have created a fundamentally new part of the Kurchatov Institute, which is called the Center for Nature-Like (Convergent) Technologies."

Alexander Mazhuga, Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Science and Higher Education, noted that "the history of the Kurchatov Institute is the history of our country."

"80 years ago, two outstanding academicians – Kurchatov and Alexandrov – ensured the technological sovereignty of our country in the nuclear sphere and our security for many decades. To this day, we live only because they created the nuclear shield of our country," the parliamentarian said.

He pointed out two super tasks that the Kurchatov Institute is facing today – genetic and nature-like technologies. "This is a brilliant idea: to spy on nature's idea, principle, mechanism, and on the basis of these approaches to create fundamentally new technologies in electronics, energy, and medicine," Mazhuga said.

As Alexander Zhukov, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma, emphasized, "the exhibition presents the glorious, I would even say heroic history of the Kurchatov Institute." "And today it plays a huge role as a cutting-edge research center where huge knowledge is concentrated," he said. "In addition to the traditional nuclear industries, this is also a historic project to study the materials of cultural heritage, which makes it possible to preserve many cultural monuments."

At the end of the opening ceremony of the exhibition, the First Deputy Speaker, on behalf of Vyacheslav Volodin, presented the employees of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" with letters of acknowledgement from the Chairman of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation."



Draft Decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the Strategy for the development of nature-like (convergent) technologies" (June 14, 2022), full text:

"Kurchatov Institute"
The Union State of Russia and Belarus has a Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development

01.02.2024
The Supreme State Council of the Union State of Russia and Belarus approved the Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development for the period up to 2035. The document was developed in 2023 at the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" with the participation of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus and the State Committee on Science and Technology of the Republic of Belarus.

The Strategy defines the main areas of scientific and technological development of the Union State, including nature-like technologies, nuclear technologies, the development of mega-science projects, digital technologies and information security, additive technologies, genetics and biotechnology, high-tech medicine, agriculture and aquaculture, the study of cultural heritage and socio-humanitarian research.

The purpose of the document is to structure Russian-Belarusian scientific and technical cooperation and form a common approach to the creation of full-cycle competencies: from training students to the commercialization of technologies. As a result of the implementation of the Strategy, the sphere of science, technology and innovation of the Union State should become a single system integrated with the economy and ensuring independence, competitiveness and improving the quality of life in both countries.

The National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" was designated as the leading scientific organization for the implementation of the Strategy on the Russian side, and the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus was designated as the leading scientific organization for the implementation of the Strategy on the Belarusian side. Currently, the Kurchatov Institute is working on an action plan within the framework of the Strategy.
 
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Information and advertising media "Business of Russia is the main industrial portal of the country"
November 8, 2023

Nature-Like Technologies in Russia: Plans, Prospects, Opinions

Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed the government to develop and approve a plan for the development of nature-like technologies within six months. The decree of the head of state was published on the website of regulatory legal acts on November 2. Let's figure out whether nature-like technologies can become a response to new global challenges.

According to the decree of the President of the Russian Federation, the government should determine the basic principles and criteria by which technologies can be classified as nature-like. In addition, it is necessary to outline the prospects and priorities for the development of such developments, as well as to develop and approve an action plan aimed at their development within six months. An important aspect of the plan is the creation of an advanced scientific infrastructure, the formation of human resources and the conduct of scientific research in this area.

The National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" will be responsible for managing the implementation of the plan and evaluating its results.

The President stressed that the development of nature-like technologies is necessary to increase the effectiveness of Russia's state science and technology policy, as well as to ensure the country's technological independence and competitiveness.

The strategy for the development of nature-like (convergent) technologies in the Russian Federation was presented back in 2021. The document says that at the first stage (2022-2026), the scientific and personnel base for the development of nature-like sciences should be formed. At the next stage (2027–2032), it is planned to create technological foundations for the formation of separate research and production clusters. The third stage (2033–2037) will be devoted to the formation of the basic elements of a nature-like technosphere.


What Are Nature-Like Technologies?
On September 28, 2015, Vladimir Putin said that in order to overcome the current environmental crisis, it is necessary to use nature-like technologies to create a technosphere that harmoniously coexists with the biosphere and regional ecosystems, at the plenary session of the 70th anniversary UN General Assembly. However, what should be understood by nature-like technologies, the president did not indicate in his report.

Employees of the Kurchatov Institute claim that the so-called NBICS technologies (nano-, bio-, information, cognitive and socio-humanitarian sciences and technologies) are nature-like. Scientists argue that convergent NBICS technologies open up the possibility of reproducing absolutely all systems and processes of living nature, since they use the same "technological techniques". NBICS technologies, according to the Institute's specialists, will make it possible to create a harmonious noosphere, in which its three components – the biosphere, the technosphere and society – will not conflict, but complement each other, that is, they will be convergent.

"Nature-like technologies are based on the study of samples, objects and processes of wildlife, comprehension of their mechanisms and then reproduction in the form of technical solutions. And all the areas presented in the NBICS complex are "tools" for working for this purpose," Ekaterina Yatsishina, Deputy Director for Research at the National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, shared her opinion in an interview with Izvestia.


How does it work?
Describing the work carried out at the NBIC Center of the Kurchatov Institute, the scientists point out that the "protein factory" is implementing a project on membrane proteins that trigger signal cascades in the cell, thanks to which it is possible to influence many processes in it. In the near future, these studies will make it possible to approach the creation of industrial biotechnologies, biosensor devices and biorobotic anthropomorphic systems capable of implementing some cognitive functions.

Also, according to the employees of the Kurchatov Institute, electrically active structures based on semiconductor crystals will provide an information interface between the biological object and technical systems, allowing the structure created with the help of nanobiotechnologies to perform the most important functions of a nature-like system and adequately reproduce the processes of living nature. This will make NBICS technologies a practical tool for the formation of a qualitatively new technosphere, which will become an organic part of nature.

"If you take the stem cells of a particular person and place them on a scaffold, you can grow a fragment of his organ tissue in a bioreactor. [Then] we can make a biochip from such fabric by printing it on a 3D printer. And then create a panel on which drugs will be tested. In this way, you can verify how the patient's tissue will react to them. In the future, it will be possible to collect organs "in jars" from a specific person "on the table", connect them with tubes, imitating processes in the body, and test drugs for this particular person on them," said Timofey Grigoriev, deputy head of the Kurchatov complex of NBICS-nature-like technologies, in an interview with AiF.

Ideally, it is possible to create a "bioartificial cell system". A person will donate his cells to the bank, and in case of any disease or injury, he will have the opportunity to restore the damaged parts of the body with the help of his own cells. And these are also nature-like technologies.

The development of nature-like technologies can become a peaceful alternative to the ongoing struggle for limited resources, said Mikhail Kovalchuk, president of the Kurchatov Institute National Research Center. According to him, they will not cause damage to the environment and at the same time will be able to restore the balance between the biosphere and the technosphere, disturbed by human activities.

"Nature-like technologies will actually reproduce the processes of living nature and will give us a fundamentally different, economical, as in nature itself, level of energy consumption, will open up new opportunities for increasing life expectancy and improving its quality," says Kovalchuk, adding that today humanity has a good understanding of life, human substance, so it has become possible not to technically copy the properties of a living system, but to reproduce them.


A path to the dehumanization of science?
However, not everyone believes in the possibilities of nature-like technologies. Thus, according to Yuri Tkachenko, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Bauman Moscow State Technical University, such developments violate the biological integrity of a person.

"On the basis of NBICS technologies, it is possible to build an artificial organism, including a human one, but it is impossible to build a human habitat. That is, this is a path to the dehumanization of science, the violation of the biological integrity of a person and the conservation of the existing global socio-economic order based on the property and financial inequality of members of the global society," Tkachenko believes.

In natural ecosystems, there are no computers, rigid algorithmic programs, human-readable interfaces, and 3D printers, the scientist explains. The biosphere is characterized by self-development on the basis of flexibility of connections and competitive selection of diverse biological species for the performance of certain ecosystem functions. At the same time, all organisms – representatives of biological species interacting in a common habitat – are independent living systems, and not pre-programmed biorobots.

From Tkachenko's point of view, it is possible to transform the existing technosphere only through the use of the living matter of the biosphere in the form of biological species specially selected for specific tasks, which have their own goal-setting and are most suitable for fulfilling the main function of the IES, which is to support human life.

"To do this, a person must physiologically remain the person we know him to be throughout the history of civilization, and not become an artificial organism that can be created with the help of NBICS technologies. Therefore, the future does not belong to individual "scientific geniuses" who, like Procrustes, come up with ways to transform a person in order to "fit" him to the extremely complicated processes of the modern extremely energy- and information-saturated technosphere, but to the ecologically competent behavior of all members of society who have an objective picture of the world around them," the scientist emphasizes.
 
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The Union State of Russia and Belarus has a Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development
01.02.2024
The Strategy of Scientific and Technological Development of Russia was approved

Vladimir Putin signed Executive Order On the Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation.

February 28, 2024, 17:05 pm


 
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II. The Role of Science and Technology in Ensuring the Sustainable Future of the Nation, in the Development of Russia and Determining Its Position in the World

8. This Strategy has been developed in conditions where the high rate of assimilation of new knowledge and the creation of high-tech products on its own technological basis is a key factor determining the competitiveness of national economies and the effectiveness of national security strategies.

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10. In 1991, with the formation of the Russian Federation and the transition of the economy to a market path of development, there was a need to redefine the place of science in Russian society. Since 1991, there have been three significant stages in the state policy in the field of scientific and technological development:

a) 1991-2001 - the stage of crisis optimization and adaptation to a market economy, the main strategic goal of which was to preserve the country's scientific and technological potential, to form new institutional mechanisms to support the development of science and technology, to provide targeted financing to leading scientific organizations and to create conditions for international cooperation;

b) 2002 - 2021 - the stage of Russia's transition to the creation of an innovative economy, which was accompanied by a significant increase in the amount of funding for science, the development of financial, organizational, human resources, the launch of programs and projects to create a national network of unique scientific facilities of the "megascience" class and the advanced development of areas of science and technology that respond to major challenges;


c) from 2022 to the present - the stage of mobilization development of the scientific and technological sphere in the face of sanctions pressure, accompanied by the consolidation of society and economic entities to solve the problems of scientific and technological development.

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19. A key role in preparing the country's science and technology sector for new major challenges should be played by Russian fundamental science, which provides new knowledge and is based on the internal logic of its development.

Priorities and Prospects of Scientific and Technological Development


20. The implementation of the measures provided for by the state policy in the field of scientific and technological development in the first two stages of its implementation has made it possible to obtain the results and form the competencies necessary for the implementation of the priorities of scientific and technological development that respond to major challenges.

21. In the next decade, the priorities of scientific and technological development should be considered to be areas that make it possible to obtain significant scientific and scientific-technical results, create domestic science-intensive technologies and ensure:

a) transition to advanced technologies for the design and creation of high-tech products based on the use of intelligent production solutions, robotic and high-performance computing systems, new materials and chemical compounds, results of processing large amounts of data, machine learning and artificial intelligence technologies;

b) transition to environmentally friendly and resource-saving energy, increasing the efficiency of production and deep processing of hydrocarbons, the formation of new energy sources, methods of its transmission and storage;

c) transition to personalized, predictive and preventive medicine, high-tech healthcare and health-saving technologies, including through the rational use of medicines (primarily antibacterial) and the use of genetic data and technologies;

d) transition to highly productive and environmentally friendly agricultural and aquatic farming, development and implementation of systems for the rational use of chemical and biological protection products for agricultural plants and animals, storage and effective processing of agricultural products, creation of safe and high-quality, including functional, food products;

e) countering technogenic, biogenic, socio-cultural threats, terrorism and extremist ideology, destructive foreign information and psychological influence, as well as cyber threats and other sources of danger to society, the economy and the state, strengthening the country's defense capability and national security in the context of growing hybrid threats;

f) increasing the level of connectivity of the territory of the Russian Federation through the creation of intelligent transport, energy and telecommunication systems, as well as occupying and maintaining leadership positions in the creation of international transport and logistics systems, the development and use of outer space and airspace, the World Ocean, the Arctic and the Antarctic;

g) the possibility of an effective response of Russian society to major challenges, taking into account the growing relevance of synthetic scientific disciplines created at the intersection of psychology, sociology, political science, history and scientific research related to the ethical aspects of scientific and technological development, changes in social, political and economic relations;

h) objective assessment of emissions and absorption of climatically active substances, reduction of their negative impact on the environment and climate, increasing the possibility of qualitative adaptation of ecosystems, population and sectors of the economy to climate change;

i) transition to the development of nature-like technologies that reproduce the systems and processes of living nature in the form of technical systems and technological processes integrated into the natural environment and natural resource circulation.

22. The creation of a wide range of general-purpose technological solutions (scientific and technological platforms) in the physical, digital and biological spheres is of particular relevance for the implementation of the priorities of scientific and technological development."


 
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29. The creation of infrastructure and conditions that meet the modern principles of organizing scientific, scientific, technical and innovative activities and are based on the best Russian and world practices for conducting research and development and introducing high-tech technologies shall be ensured by:


a) creation and development in the territory of the Russian Federation of a network of unique scientific facilities (including the "megascience" class), centers for the collective use of scientific and technological equipment, centers for experimental production, engineering, prototyping, pilot and small-scale production of high-tech products, test centers and certification centers in conjunction with ensuring the development of the territories where the relevant facilities are located, and the establishment of special legal regimes;
..
e) Creating and maintaining domestic systems for storing unique information and data (including biological collections and genetic data) necessary for research and development;

g) integration of artificial intelligence technologies and active use of their capabilities to improve the quality and efficiency of research and development, including through the creation of a methodology for the exchange of scientific data and information, the development of domestic services designed for the collection, storage and processing of such data.

...

47. Until 2030 and beyond, as part of the implementation of this Strategy, it is planned to:

a) Restructuring the management system in the field of science, technology and technological entrepreneurship in the context of a mobilization regime resulting from the long-term nature of political, economic and technological sanctions;

b) taking into account the forecast of scientific and technological development when making managerial decisions in the field of science, technology and technological entrepreneurship, ensuring the consistency of strategic planning in this area and the budget process;

c) transition to a new system of training qualified personnel for high-tech and science-intensive sectors of the economy;

d) accelerated development of import-independent technologies, development and localization of well-known foreign technologies in order to ensure sustainable development of healthcare, housing and utilities, energy, key industries, security, culture, education, social sphere, replacement of obsolete technologies and a stable increase in the export of domestic high-tech technologies and products;

e) advanced development of fundamentally new scientific and technological solutions, including those based on nature-like technologies and ensuring the competitiveness and development of the Russian economy in a strategic perspective.
 
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Putin and Russia are so smart and ahead of the USA. But what do the estonians and lithuanians and Latvia think about all this? Probably not much because I doubt they would understand it much like 99 per cent of people around the world wouldn't either. Who in their right mind would even read or right all this verbosity unless they are getting paid to do so? BTW Russia is winning Ukraine war and none of this changes that. Unfortunately I neither speak Russian or can read it either. Putin looks more honest than the western leaders. Hopefully when the nuclear bombs start falling they will be contained to Ukraine, Israel and DC. I'm still safe in California and have no desire to go east or visit Europe so whatever happens hopefully I will be safe and eventually not have to think about this anymore.
 
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