the cornerstone: "the nature–like technosphere is a part of the noosphere.."


Nov 8, 2022
Kovalchuk said that Russia will protect itself from American bioweapons

July 13, 2022
The head of the Kurchatov Institute, Mikhail Kovalchuk, spoke about the threat of bioweapons for Russia.

At a meeting of the parliamentary commission, which was held today, he noted that Russia now faces another challenge

“And today a new challenge has arisen, which my colleagues talked about, but this challenge differs from the atomic one in the following thing — it is not visible to the eye and is not obvious to most living people. This is the first, very important, but this challenge is much more terrible because it is comprehensive and invisible,” Kovalchuk said.

He recalled that almost 40 years ago, the Kurchatov Institute National Research Center was established in response to the threat of nuclear weapons in connection with the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Today, there is no less threat from biological weapons in the world.

“I must say that, realizing this for a long time, even before we learned about the existence of American biological laboratories in the territories of the countries surrounding us, we began to form a kind of research pool aimed at studying living life,” Kovalchuk said.

He noted that over the past ten years, the initiatives of scientists in this field have been supported by the President and the government of Russia.

“We have actually created a new “Kurchatov Institute” of the XXI century inside the Institute of Atomic Electricity, preserving all our competencies in nuclear technologies, which, just as we responded to the emergence of a nuclear threat, will also respond to this existential challenge related to biological safety. There is no doubt about it,” Kovalchuk said.

Earlier it became known that the parliamentary commission to investigate the activities of US biological laboratories in Ukraine, together with the Kurchatov Institute Research Center, will develop additional security measures to protect Russia from aggressive viruses and pathogens.

Deputy Speaker of the State Duma and co-chair of the parliamentary commission Irina Yarovaya said that thanks to Russia’s special operation to protect Donbass, it was possible to find out that the technologies offered by the United States are aggressive today.

According to her, the creation of new security measures with the involvement of the Kurchatov Institute is an important and correct decision.

“Today, the scientific potential of the Kurchatov Center is the highest technologies that allow Russia to fully form an independent path of development in all spheres,” Yarovaya noted.

According to Konstantin Kosachev, Vice-Speaker of the Federation Council, co-chairman of the parliamentary commission to investigate the activities of US biological laboratories in Ukraine, Russia will be able to provide all necessary security measures against the background of threats from the United States.

“The conclusions that we propose to submit to the President and the Government of the Russian Federation through our parliamentary commission, of course, will contain recommendations on how to improve the international legal support of the relevant procedures. I think that it will contain direct recommendations on how to improve our national biosafety system, which is in a fairly advanced state, which absolutely needs improvement,” Kosachev said.”

The head of the Kurchatov Institute expects an increase in mortality from covid to 90%

According to Mikhail Kovalchuk, 9 out of 10 patients will die from the new version of the coronavirus

MOSCOW, November 11. The coronavirus variant with a mortality rate of 90% may become a new threat that humanity will face in the future. This opinion was expressed on Friday at the forum of innovative financial technologies Finopolis 2022 by the president of the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” Mikhail Kovalchuk.

“The atomic era has passed, and the atomic umbrella that saves us today is decaying. Because they will kill you and me in another way. A covid with a mortality rate of 90% will come, where 9 out of 10 cases will die, and that will be the end of it. <…> Bio-hazard has become the main one,” Kovalchuk said.

He called cyber threats the second significant challenge. However, unlike biological ones, it is possible to cope with them by turning off the “switch”, the scientist believes.

“But you can’t do anything about bio-hazard. The Americans have surrounded us in all the republics with biological laboratories. They can first make endemic viruses that destroy livestock, undermine agriculture. Here, the African swine fever is man-made, I can tell you in detail. Therefore, we must understand that today [there are] new challenges,” he also explained.

At the same forum for innovative financial technologies Finopolis 2022 was announced the pilot of the digital ruble, which was launched from April 2023.
Putin signed a law on the creation of a unified database of genetic information in Russia
The rights to the results of intellectual activity, information about which is provided to the information system, are proposed to be regulated by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation

MOSCOW, December 29. Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a law that establishes the procedure for creating a state information system in the field of genetic information. The relevant document was published on Thursday on the federal portal of legal information.

The state information System (the “National Database of Genetic Information”) is being created to “ensure national security, protect the life and health of citizens.” It is designed to guarantee sovereignty in the field of storage and use of genetic data, as well as the exchange of information between government agencies and holders of genetic data.

The law also prescribes the concept of “genetic information”. It means information about the genetic information of various biological objects, presented in a form suitable for the collection, systematization, accumulation, storage, clarification, use, dissemination and destruction of such data. As the developers of the initiative noted, the creation of a national database of genetic data “will ensure a high level of security, independence, and competitiveness of domestic developments in the field of genetics.”

Information included in a single database
According to the document, the owner of the information contained in the system will be the Russian Federation. The rights to the results of intellectual activity, information about which is provided to the information system, are proposed to be regulated by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. The functions of the customer will be performed by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the operator of the information system will be the federal state budgetary institution “National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” ...

The presidential decree on genetic passports of the population of the Russian Federation, issued back in March 2019, begins to be systematically implemented. At the end of December 2022, a law was signed on the creation of a federal database of genetic information. (earlier, Putin instructed the Government and the Kurchatov Institute to deal with this project). And so the deputies took out of the drawer a document adopted in the first reading back in December 2020. There is no question of voluntariness here – the obligation to donate DNA is expanding – for suspects and those who have received administrative arrest (for example, for participating in opposition actions, and not only). It was adopted today in the second reading – practically in the form in which it was "mothballed" for two years. And this means that almost all the standards for creating "genetic profiles of the population" are already available. After the mass collection of DNA, experiments on its "improvement" will inevitably start (the WHO personalized biotech medicine project implemented by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation), as well as police measures for those who have submitted samples and are "under suspicion" for any administrative error. The forced (mandatory) alienation of a person's unchangeable life code is an extremely sad phenomenon, especially since the federal gene. algorithms for its transmission are planned for the database.

We analyzed in detail the PFZ "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation on State Genomic registration (in terms of expanding the list of persons subject to mandatory state genomic registration)" ( ) in November 2020 – since then it has practically not changed significantly.

The main point: the objects of forced collection of biomaterial in will be not only criminals (found guilty by a court decision that has entered into force), but also citizens who were only suspected of committing a crime (and the accused), as well as persons involved in administrative offenses. For example, for refusing to obey a police officer's demand, even if it is illegal (as a citizen interprets it according to the situation) — which has often happened recently.

Hiding behind good motives – allegedly an increase in the detection of crimes – the security forces intend to take DNA samples from all citizens who have fallen under administrative arrest. According to the Administrative Code, administrative arrest is just one of the types of administrative punishment and is applied for three dozen types of offenses. These include, for example: drunken appearance in public places, organization or participation in any protest actions unauthorized by the authorities (!), petty hooliganism, gathering masses of citizens in a public place that led to a violation of public order or sanitary standards (!), public demonstration of prohibited symbols (attributes), sowing enmity and hatred (!), including on the Internet, as well as, which is especially relevant for our realities – disobeying the lawful requirements of a police officer (!). etc.

At the same time, in our country today it is extremely difficult in principle to obtain permission to hold meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches or picketing, as a result of which citizens do not have a legitimate way to express their disagreement with the actions and decisions of the authorities that infringe on their rights. Almost any public expression of people's dissatisfaction threatens to result in administrative arrest for them and, if this PFZ is adopted, forced collection of genomic information.

So far, the collection of genetic information is mandatory for people somehow connected with crimes/ offenses (although this is not obvious – in the case of suspects, for example). But after data is collected on all potentially dissatisfied, the next logical step may follow – the adoption of a law on the mandatory submission of genomic information to the entire population of the country. That is why, in the campaign against the adoption of this PFZ two years ago, the Public Commissioner for the Protection of the Family noted that "the document under consideration is another step towards the creation of a police state in our country, which annuls the basic rights and freedoms of citizens."

In a similar vein, the Communist Party deputy Kurinnoy also reflected, who proposed his amendment, according to which it was proposed to collect DNA only from suspects and accused of committing serious and especially serious crimes. But it was rejected.

Another important change: Article 11 of the profile 242-FZ will now look like this:

"The accounting of genomic information obtained during the state genomic registration is conducted by the federal executive authority responsible for the development and implementation of state policy and regulatory regulation in the field of internal affairs, using the federal database of genomic information, unless otherwise provided by another federal law."

That is, all the DNA of the people removed forcibly or voluntarily will go into a single database. It is noteworthy that the president signed a law on the creation of this very federal database of genetic data just before the new year 2023. The goal of creating a single database of gen. data sounds as streamlined as possible:

"Ensuring national security, protection of life and health of citizens, sovereignty in the field of storage and use of genetic data, as well as the exchange of information contained therein between federal government agencies, regional and local authorities and holders of genetic data in their interaction within the framework of genetic engineering activities."

The exchange of data from the database, including between its owners, "within the framework of genetic engineering activities" is a rather ominous formulation, because you can try to modify (change) anyone's DNA - including a person. And what kind of security can we talk about when information about the entire Russian gene pool is stored in one place is also completely unclear.

As we has already told, back in 2020 Putin instructed the Government and the Kurchatov Institute to create a National database of genetic information. And the head of Rosneft, Igor Sechin, was appointed curator of the project. And then it became clear that the unified genomic database was conceived as part of a large project to establish genetic passports for the entire population of Russia. Their introduction is provided for by the decree "On the fundamentals of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of chemical and biological safety", which Putin signed in March 2019. The document requires "to carry out genetic certification to the population, taking into account the legal basis for the protection of data on the personal human genome," as well as to form a "genetic profile of the population" and create conditions for "the development of technologies for screening human, animal and plant gene pools." That is, it is proposed to collect not just the data of the inhabitants of the country, but the genetic codes of all living organisms.

It is in this light that we should consider the legislative initiative adopted by deputies today, which seems to come from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, according to which, "if the relevant Federal Law is adopted, the FBDGI array may increase to 5.2 million accounting objects only in 2021-2023 (in the first year of implementation of the provisions of the relevant federal law, genomic information of over 945 thousand persons will be placed in the FBDGI and in the next two years – at least 1.8 million people annually, due to such categories as convicts, suspects, accused), which will correspond to 3.5% of the total population of the Russian Federation."

It is surprising that the security forces have already drawn up a plan in advance for the number of persons who will be genetically identified. Therefore, we have no doubt that suspects and administrative prisoners are only the first swallows in the big hunt of the state for the genome of citizens. Morality and ethics for transhumanists who seriously intend to "improve a biologically imperfect person", i.e. to change the very nature of homo sapiens and disrupt the natural course of our development, are in last place, which is clear from all their official statements. We can only call on the initiators and curators of this "Great Reset" to think hard and stop. "


Nov 8, 2022
April 11, 2018

How to build the technosphere of the future

Oleg Naraykin, Vice-President of the Kurchatov Institute, Corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told Izvestia about global projects, why a computer is not an artificial brain and how to switch to nature-like technologies.

Oleg Stepanovich, the Kurchatov Institute stood at the origins of the Soviet atomic project, for many years it was called the Institute of Atomic Energy, and now it is the first National Research Center in the country. How has the range of tasks and the direction of work changed over 75 years?

— I would say that the specific tasks that have been solved at the Kurchatov Institute since its inception have had much more significant consequences than the creation of only atomic weapons — for all its vital importance. A military-strategic monocel was achieved — nuclear weapons were created. But when it comes to a task of this scale, in the course of its solution, a fundamentally new technological appearance is formed and, as a result, a new geopolitical reality.

Often lately we have to hear the statement that the time of large scientific organizations has passed, and science is done in laboratories, if not by individuals, then by small teams: brains — and nothing else is needed.

— The whole history of science and in particular the Kurchatov Institute testifies to the exact opposite. Modern science and, most importantly, the technologies it produces give birth not only to a new industry or technological direction, but also to a fundamentally new industry. This was the case with both the atomic project and the space project — both of them are civilizational in scale, going beyond the national framework.

I would like to emphasize that to this day, a small number of states have nuclear and space industries. Precisely because only states that have enormous scientific and industrial potential are able to solve these problems and create such an industry. The entire modern technosphere is based on the fruits of atomic and space projects.

And another important feature of the Kurchatov Institute is that any seemingly fundamental work that was farthest from practice usually grew into applied tasks. The atomic bomb has not even been tested yet, and Kurchatov and his colleagues have already come out with plans on how to create nuclear power in the country.

What projects on a global scale can be compared with the nuclear project?

— With all the colossal significance of such projects as deep space exploration, genomic technologies, etc., they are all just components of a project of civilizational significance — the transition to a nature-like technosphere. The significance of the problem of its creation has not yet been fully realized.

Ultra-high-speed cars, airplanes that take on board a thousand people, new gadgets, productions that require more and more energy. According to the annual report of the International Energy Agency International Energy Agency, the energy consumption of the global grid structure alone — without industrial electronics, technologies, only network equipment — is approaching a third of the world's generation!

Let's think about it: there are resources of the Earth in the most general sense, thanks to which we live. And this is not only oil and gas, but also water, air, arable land. If they run out, and this is the direction we are moving in, we have nothing else. We want the whole world to become a developed digital paradise. This means that energy generation should be increased 15-20 times. It's just physically impossible!

That is, either increase generation or reduce consumption?

— Yes, the first thought is to increase generation. From the moment of coal-fired power generation alone, the extraction of energy from 1 kg of fuel has increased by 3 million times. Relatively speaking, one unit was extracted from 1 kg of coal, and 3 million times more from 1 kg of enriched uranium. It would seem that there is nothing to worry about with such an increase in generation efficiency. And thermonuclear energy promises an increase of two orders of magnitude. And with such an increase in the efficiency of generation, we are nevertheless on the verge of an energy crisis. This is a signal that we have a disorder in the field of energy consumption.

That is, consumption is growing at a much faster pace?

— Consumption is growing orders of magnitude faster with all the impressive indicators of energy efficiency growth. Let's compare it with the biosphere. An adult consumes only 140 watts of power. The human brain is 10-15 watts at a peak load of 30 watts. And at the same time, it was the human brain that created our entire civilization. This is energy efficiency! Let's compare it with a supercomputer that consumes tens of megawatts, most of which are simply processed into heat. The fact is that the brain and the computer work on completely different principles. A common thought: a computer is an artificial brain. It's just a beautiful phrase. The tasks may be similar, but they are solved in completely different ways.

The first problem. In all modern computers, memory and processing are separated. Humanity is justly proud that modern supercomputers have super-fast performance. But the higher the clock frequency, the more often I access memory per unit of time. And each appeal is an expenditure of energy.

Second. A modern computer is a digital device. It works in binary "yes/no" logic. Any object, in order for a computer to work with it, must be discretized. If there is a continuous curve in reality, the computer does not understand it. You need to break it into dots, then he works with it.

This is how analog computing differs from digital computing.

— That's right. And the brain is an analog machine. When I look, I don't need a million dots here, moreover, they are rather a hindrance to me. I see an image right away.

For a computer, the more points, the better, the more accurately you approach the curve, and each point is again a reversal.

Do you see a reduction in energy consumption on this path?

— It's not just an abbreviation. The local measures that humanity takes, realizing the limited resources, give something, but this is not enough.

Nature—like technologies imply a fundamentally different approach - these are technologically reproduced natural processes and systems. Let's try to imagine an artificial brain not as a metaphor for a computer, but as a computing system that works completely like a brain — on the same principles.

What does it give? We have nature, the biosphere. It does not know resource hunger — it has been living and existing for billions of years. Metabolism takes place in it — and in such a way that everything is in a closed self-reproducing cycle. That is, it is a closed, self-consistent resource turnover.

No one is concerned about the growth of energy consumption.

— We are concerned, but so far at the level of local technological solutions.

We have created a technosphere that has disrupted natural processes, while locally. But the root is precisely this: there is no self-reproduction, which exists in nature, there is no closed cycle. Therefore, nature—like and nature-like technologies are actually the transformation of the technosphere created by man into a state where it becomes part of nature and all technological processes become elements of a self-consistent resource turnover of nature.

It would seem that this is very far away — the Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy and nature-like technologies...
— The fact is that it has long been not only nuclear energy. As I said, the scope of the tasks was initially very wide. From nuclear power, we began to develop controlled thermonuclear fusion, plasma technologies. Few people know, but in 1958 a radiobiological department was created at the Kurchatov Institute, from which the Institute of State Genetics grew ten years later. By the way, last year he joined, one might say, returned to the SIC "Kurchatov Institute".
It was the interdisciplinarity of the Kurchatov Institute, which existed initially, that led us to the fact that a view of the natural system and the technological system as a single whole began to form. At first we were engaged in nanotechnology. Gradually, we came to the conclusion that nanotechnology allows us to create living systems with our "hands". This is nanobiotechnology.

Edit living molecules?

— And to rule, and the opportunity to create something that may not exist in nature. Gradually, in conjunction with the ideas we have just talked about, the concept of nature-likeness itself was naturally formed.

Are there any examples of any results on this path?

— To create something, you first need to understand in detail the systems and processes of wildlife at all levels of structural organization - starting from protein molecules and complexes and ending with the brain and the human body as a whole. It is the research of these living systems that requires large installations of the megascience class. This is a very interesting pattern.

Today, our research and technological tools, such as the Kurchatov synchrotron, provide spatial resolution that allows us to study matter at the level of atoms and molecules. But its temporary resolution is not enough to see the processes taking place in this substance. That is, we see the first frame of the film and the last one — we know the structure of the initial substances and consider the final structure. But we do not see how nature carried out these processes. This requires a different time resolution, which is given by free electron lasers, powerful installations with ultrashort pulses.

And then we will be able to see what is happening in nature?

- Yes! And if we have learned to see what reactions occur in nature, for example, to produce protein, we will reproduce them in this way. And there will be no need for grandiose electric generators, energy sources. We will make this protein as economically as nature has done."


Nov 8, 2022
Electricity will be extracted from human blood
Pacemakers will be able to work without periodic replacement of batteries

Scientists of the Kurchatov Institute are developing a method for generating electricity from glucose contained in human blood. It is assumed that this will allow users of pacemakers to do without replacing batteries, which means avoiding additional surgical interventions. Specialists managed to obtain an electric current with a capacity of 15-40 microwatts. This is quite enough for the operation of a modern pacemaker. The results of the study have been published in a number of international scientific publications.

Pavel Gotovtsev, deputy head of the Department of Biotechnology and Bioenergy of the NBICS-technologies complex of the Kurchatov Institute Research Center, told Izvestia that scientists have learned how to obtain an electric current from glucose, which is contained in blood and other physiological fluids.

— Electricity is generated by direct chemical conversion. A biofuel element is introduced into the bloodstream. This is a system with two electrodes, on one of them or on both there are biocatalysts. At the same time, organic compounds (in this case glucose) decompose at the anode, resulting in the formation of free electrons. They move along the chain to the cathode. And positively charged hydrogen atoms are sent through a special membrane located between the electrodes (it is permeable almost only for them) to the cathode, where they receive the lost electrons. Then they react with oxygen to form ordinary water," Pavel Gotovtsev explained.

To test the new technology, scientists have created models of fragments of the circulatory system in the laboratory. A small (about 5 cm in size) biofuel element was introduced into them. At the same time, it was possible to obtain an electric current with a capacity of 15 to 40 microwatts.

— This is enough for the operation of a modern pacemaker, and a person will not feel any discomfort, — Pavel Gotovtsev stressed.

Implanted biofuel elements are created from biocompatible materials to minimize the risks of possible rejection. It is assumed that the patient will have one operation, after which the pacemaker will be operated for life, remaining in the body. The creation of the described current sources will allow specialists in the future to develop other implantable devices that require constant power supply.

Now scientists are planning to test the new technology on animals. In case of successful completion of preclinical trials, its introduction into clinical practice will take about 10 years.

Director of the Institute of Personalized Medicine and Professor of the Department of Preventive and Emergency Cardiology of the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University Philip Kopylov called the research of scientists of the Kurchatov Institute very promising.

— This is a super interesting topic. The creation of such a technology is the blue dream of all cardiac surgeons. This will avoid unnecessary surgical interventions. However, until now, all scientists have faced one problem: it turns out a rather weak current. It is necessary either to increase its power, or to reduce the power consumption of the pacemaker. In these two directions, research is now underway all over the world," said Philip Kopylov.

Mehman Mammadov, Head of the Laboratory for Assessment and Correction of Cardiovascular Risk at the National Medical Research Center for Preventive Medicine of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, believes that the new technique involves some risks.

— There must be a battery of its own, because a person's glucose level is constantly changing. If it is sufficient, then the device can work autonomously, if not, a spare battery is needed," Mehman Mammadov believes.

The NBICS Center of the Kurchatov Institute is focused on interdisciplinary research and development in the field of nano-, bio-, information, cognitive, socio-humanitarian sciences and technologies."
Artificial intelligence technologies will be borrowed from nature
Kurchatov Institute teaches electronic mind to solve non-standard tasks

February 14, 2018
Scientists of the National Research Center (SIC) "Kurchatov Institute" reported on promising research in the field of artificial intelligence (AI). SIC is developing nature-like approaches, materials and technologies that can significantly reduce the energy consumption of artificial systems and, in particular, robots. It is extremely important for Russian science to take a leading position in the creation and study of AI — it is this field of science that will largely determine the success of developed countries in the coming decades.

Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke about the importance of AI on February 8 at a visiting meeting of the Council for Science and Education in Novosibirsk: "On the basis of advanced solutions to be... to take a leading position in the development and application of artificial intelligence systems." The meeting was attended by the head of the SIC Mikhail Kovalchuk. The results of the Kurchatov Institute in this direction were dedicated to the press conference held yesterday by Oleg Naraykin, Vice President of the Research Center, and Valery Karpov, head of the robotics laboratory of the Kurchatov NBICS Center.

Oleg Naraykin spoke about the concept adopted at SIC: to consider artificial intelligence in the general context of nature likeness. Usually, artificial intelligence is understood as the ability of a machine to perform human mental functions. Today, supercomputers are the closest to AI. But they are distinguished by gigantic energy consumption — tens of megawatts. Meanwhile, the human brain consumes only tens of watts, a million times less.

— We consider AI as part of what we call nature-like technologies. They reproduce the processes and systems of wildlife. If a supercomputer uses nature-like technologies, then it will consume as little energy as the human brain. The problem is that the computer is technically arranged in a completely different way. Therefore, we not only study the principles of the brain, but also try to reproduce them. The corresponding software algorithms already exist — these are so-called neuromorphic systems. Now we are working on the hardware: the computing system itself should also work like a brain. This is one of the main directions of our work — the creation of nature-like networks that simulate the work of the human brain. They already provide solutions to complex tasks and are at an approaching human level of energy consumption. We are trying to bring computers closer to the capabilities of the "crown of creation", but we are constantly thinking about how to do it in an optimal way, imitating nature," Oleg Naraykin stressed.

Valery Karpov, head of the robotics laboratory at the Kurchatov NBICS Center, proposed a "non-metaphorical" understanding of AI. This area of science is occupied by two types of problems: firstly, weakly formalized, and secondly, those for which there is no algorithm for solving. One of the ways to cope with a poorly formalized task is to spy on how nature does it. In this respect, the subject of AI is very close to robotics. All over the world, AI research is primarily work in the field of robotics.

— Our laboratory is just trying to borrow some things from nature, - said Valery Karpov. — The robot must understand human emotions — by face, by gestures. We have been carrying out these works for a long time. But no less interesting is another question: can the robot itself have emotions? We also have such systems. There is, for example, a robot whose psyche can be literally twisted with a pen, turning it from a melancholic into a choleric. Because in different situations, the AI must react differently to the outside world.

However, according to scientists, not only the robotics laboratory conducts work in the field of AI at the Kurchatov Institute: it belongs to a whole division where they also deal with neurocognitive sciences, neurobiology, the study of brain cells and their work.

— I assure you, we are at a good global level in all these areas, — said Oleg Naraykin. — And the other day, a meeting of the Presidential Council for Science and Education was held in Novosibirsk, at which very important decisions were made.

The Vice-president of the Kurchatov Institute expressed his conviction that they will allow Russian scientists to make a powerful scientific and technological breakthrough in the foreseeable future.""
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Nov 8, 2022

February 9 ― the border of science and diplomacy: on the 8th, the holiday of scientists is the Day of Russian Science, on the 10th ― the Day of the diplomatic worker. On Thursday, a scientific and practical meeting dedicated to two festive dates was held at the cultural center of the Kurchatov Institute. Minister of Science and Higher Education Valery Falkov, President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Gennady Krasnikov, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation Andrey Fursenko, President of the Kurchatov Institute Mikhail Kovalchuk, as well as heads of diplomatic missions of 13 states, scientists and public figures took part.

Despite the difficult foreign policy relations, Russia does not refuse international cooperation, is ready for contacts with other countries in various fields, including science. This was discussed a lot at the meeting.

"We will continue to maintain the openness of Russian science and education for international cooperation and attract foreign scientists and highly qualified specialists. We will continue to increase cooperation with friendly countries and organizations. The Ministry of Science and Higher Education is regularly contacted by our colleagues who have worked and are successfully working with their partners from various countries. We are talking about already existing large projects, about those that have not yet started, but can be launched: we were happy to support them. And we will continue to contribute to the development of Russia's relations with all countries in the world, so that science serves the lofty goals that all progressive humanity professes," Valery Falkov said.

The Minister of Science and Higher Education noted that one of the points of contact between the states in the scientific context could be megasience-class installations in Russia: the PIK reactor in Gatchina, the NICA collider in Dubna and SKIF in Novosibirsk. These installations attract scientists from all over the world, which as a result will serve the development of science on the whole planet, Valery Falkov believes. The Minister added that Russia's participation in international educational activities is also expanding today. More than 350 thousand foreign students study in Russia, and 44 branches of our universities work abroad.

In an aggravated international situation, it is science that can become a bridge between countries and strengthen relations. Gennady Krasnikov, President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said this at the meeting: "Scientific language, scientific formulas unite many people. All scientists speak the same language, thereby contributing to the international scientific movement. The Russian Academy of Sciences today has 467 foreign members, who are represented by many outstanding countries where science is developing. I believe that in these difficult times, the scientific platform is very comfortable for the development of international relations."

Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the Kurchatov Institute Research Center, noted that the institution he heads has always supported the development of scientific cooperation. "The Kurchatov Institute, implementing works aimed at preserving the country's sovereignty and strengthening national security and technological independence, has always paid special attention to the development of international cooperation. And today the Kurchatov Institute is a participant in major international projects," Mikhail Kovalchuk said. The scientist made a report "The New Scientific Landscape of Russia", in which he spoke about the potential of Russia and the projects of the Kurchatov Institute, under the roof of which about 20 iconic scientific institutions of the country are united.

The director of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Academician Grigory Trubnikov, also spoke about the projects, results and goals. JINR today is a vivid example of international scientific cooperation, which lasts three quarters of a century. Today it is the NICA collider under construction, the deep-sea Baikal telescope and the Superheavy Elements Factory: objects impossible without the participation of other countries.

"The very instrument of the intergovernmental scientific center is a good story that was offered in the world in the late 1950s. The Soviet Union then proposed to create a center in Dubna, European countries united on the territory of Switzerland and created CERN. Maybe now, during the deep political transformations that our world is experiencing, this is a good window of opportunity to replicate the creation of such international centers that really unite. The motto of our scientific center is "Science brings peoples together"," said Grigory Trubnikov."


Nov 8, 2022
Neurocognitive technologies at the Kurchatov Institute

The work of the Department of neurocognitive Technologies of the Kurchatov NBICS Center is conducted at the intersection of many areas of sciences and technologies included in the spectrum of NBICS at once – this is applied mathematics, neurophysiology, cognitive psychology, and even linguistics.

The researchers managed to develop a brain-computer interface that detects the waiting wave on an electroencephalogram using special mathematical algorithms, and allows the computer to respond only to the look delays in which these algorithms detect it


The Department of neurocognitive Technologies studies the mechanisms of the human brain, psyche and communication between people and develops new technologies based on these studies. One of the most striking developments of the department of recent times is a designer of emotionally colored speech for programming a small robot.

The Emotional machine
The robot (it is also developed in the department) "pronounces" the text given to it, equipped with a special "emotional" markup. This markup determines not only the intonation with which words should be pronounced, but also what facial expressions and gestures they are accompanied by. U?his "face" expression changes from time to time and his head and arms move very naturally.

The robot's speech is "colored" with emotions using a special BML language, which is used in programming the behavior of virtual anthropomorphic characters, for example, computer games. However, by itself, such programming will not give a natural character behavior: if you select combinations of speech with gestures and facial expressions at random, they often look fake. Employees of the department have been videotaping and researching examples of the behavior of hundreds of people in dialogue and monologue in natural situations for a long time, and this is what allowed them to develop such building blocks of emotional speech and gesture-mimic behavior, from which you can easily assemble the natural behavior of a robot.

Not so long ago, a group of schoolchildren talked to the robot. They were tasked with teaching a robot with an expression to read poetry and pronounce monologues. Although most of the guys were introduced to the BML language for the first time, they mastered robot programming very quickly. After several hours of such classes, students were already able to delve into the nuances of recitation using various intonation techniques, facial expressions and gestures. They independently determined when the robot looks immoderately pretentious and funny and which techniques of "programming" emotions make his speech, on the contrary, the most convincing.

Hands off the computer
Another area of work of the department of neurocognitive technologies, which combines completely seemingly disparate areas of fundamental knowledge and technology, is the development of new types of human–machine interfaces - devices with which a person controls various equipment. Today, there are two new types of such interfaces that allow you to interact with a computer without the help of hands – these are control systems using sight and control systems using signals of brain origin: brain–computer interfaces (BCI). First of all, such interfaces are necessary to help paralyzed people, but the possibility of their use by healthy people is increasingly being considered.

The IMC and the gaze control system are usually developed in different laboratories, but the Department of neurocognitive Technologies of the Kurchatov NBICS Center deals with both interfaces. It also creates hybrid interfaces that combine the positive aspects of both.

A look instead of a mouse
Before pointing the cursor at a link or a "button" on a computer screen and making a click, we first look at them, briefly holding our gaze, otherwise we would constantly miss. After deciding where to click, we still need to pick up the mouse, move the cursor to the target, check whether we are hitting it exactly...

Aren't there too many unnecessary actions if the place on the screen that we want to click on can already be determined by the direction of our gaze? Indeed, the technologies that do this exist: they are based on tracking the direction of view with the help of special video cameras. These technologies are increasingly being used in assistive devices that give paralyzed people the opportunity to control a computer and use it to communicate with the whole world.

But as soon as the eye acquires the ability to "click", like a computer mouse, it begins to make "clicks" on each object that interests the user. This is the so-called Midas touch problem, named after King Midas from ancient Greek myths, who turned everything he touched into gold. It is very difficult to avoid it: the eye tends to automatically focus on what interests us, and most often we completely do not notice this constantly ongoing work.

And that's where the brain–computer interface comes to the rescue. When a user interacts with a computer, does he expect something to happen in response to his actions?– for example, the color of links and buttons will change. And the waiting state is accompanied by the appearance of a special wave in the electrical signals coming from the brain – an electroencephalogram, which is called the waiting wave.

Specialists of the neurocognitive research department of the Kurchatov NBICS Center in the course of the work, which was attended by students of Moscow universities, for the first time found out that such a wave occurs when interacting with a computer with the help of a glance. The researchers managed to develop a brain–computer interface that detects it in short (less than a second) segments of the electroencephalogram using special mathematical algorithms and allows the computer to respond only to the look delays in which these algorithms detect it. In combination with the recognition of the direction of gaze, what the department calls the "eye– brain–computer" interface is obtained."


Nov 8, 2022
Fast-thinking neuron: microchips endowed with brain properties

Memristor-based processors will be able to simultaneously store and process a large amount of data

Computing systems capable of processing and storing images "through human eyes" have been created at the Kurchatov Institute Research Center. Data storage and processing in them are carried out using memristors — elements whose principle of operation is similar to the work of synaptic contacts between neurons of the brain. Scientists suggest that the created chips will be useful in voice and face recognition systems that are used in transport and security complexes. Memristor-based devices can have the power of supercomputers. Developments in this area will eventually allow you to store giant databases on a device the size of a regular smartphone and use them without the Internet.

Memory Effect
Memristors are able to memorize the value of electrical resistance, Vyacheslav Demin, director-coordinator in the direction of nature-like technologies of the Kurchatov Institute Research Center, acting head of the Laboratory of Artificial Intelligence technologies of the Kurchatov Complex of NBICS-nature-like Technologies, told Izvestia.

— Their electrical resistance may change under the influence of an electric field or current above a certain threshold value. They change their value, but retain it when the field is disabled. That is, they sort of remember. That's why they are called "memristors", from the English words memory and resistor — a resistor with memory, — Vyacheslav Demin explained.

According to scientists, memristors are analogs of biological synapses that connect neurons in living neural networks and have a similar "plasticity" — that is, they can change their bandwidth for nerve impulses.

Photo: SIC "Kurchatov Institute"

In addition to memristors, neuromorphic systems (processors with a "natural" architecture operating on the principle of living nervous systems) also use analog and digital devices that simulate the work of living neurons and perform the function of computational elements. Such hardware analogues of neurons are built from traditional electronic components: diodes, transistors, operational amplifiers, and so on. These artificial neurons connect to analog memristors, building networks similar to living nervous systems.

— Thus, for example, we managed to simulate the simplest perceptron. This is a model of information perception by the brain, invented in the middle of the last century by the first neuromathematics," Vyacheslav Demin said. — According to a certain algorithm, it learns to recognize visual images: from handwritten numbers to faces and other objects, such as cars, bicycles, pedestrians, and so on. It can also be sound images — speech objects and other types of complex signals that have an internal structure or, more simply, meaning.

According to scientists, in the future, on the basis of hardware neuromorphic systems running on memristors, "smart" microchips will be created, the advantages of which will be energy efficiency and high performance. Now the prototype of a neuromorphic system can fit on a table, but in the future it will be enough for a palm.

The Future of the Internet of Things
Memristor-based devices with supercomputer power will be able to be inserted into any wearable gadgets, including within the framework of the "Internet of Things" concept. Their additional advantage will be that it will be possible to work offline, regardless of the availability of the Internet, since all computational operations will be performed directly by the neuromorphic system.

— Now any request for speech recognition, for example, is sent to remote servers of companies providing the service, — said Vyacheslav Demin. — There this information is processed, stored and returned back as a result to your phone or computer. To process one request, on average, energy is required, which is enough to boil 1 liter of water. Neural chips based on memristors will allow you to process all this directly on your device. And thus save information only on your local gadget, simultaneously significantly saving energy and time.

Another vector of work is aimed at teaching neuromorphic systems based on memristors to self-learn.

— The main focus is shifting to the development of impulse neuromorphic systems, — explained Andrey Yemelyanov, head of the department of resource centers of the Kurchatov complex of NBICS-nature-like technologies. — For their training, we use the STDP approach, which means the implementation of "plasticity depending on the moments of arrival of impulses." This is learning by establishing causal relationships.

The principle of this approach is as follows: there are two neurons that are connected by a synapse. One can be called an input neuron, the other an output neuron. If the input neuron gives out an impulse as a cause and, reacting to it, the output neuron gives out an impulse as a consequence, then the synaptic connection between the neurons is strengthened. If the causal relationship is broken, that is, the impulses follow in reverse order, then such a relationship will weaken.

As a result, those neurons whose work does not follow the sequence of "cause–effect" simply do not form connections with each other and vice versa. For example, in the task of forming the Pavlovian conditioned reflex in a dog (salivating to the sound of a bell, which is accompanied by a type of food), the sound of a bell (that is, a conditional signal) can activate the input neuron, and the saliva is activated by the output neuron. Then, with the joint multiple feeding of food simultaneously with the sound of the bell, the connection between these neurons is developed and strengthened. At the same time, a connection is not formed between causally unrelated neurons: for example, between a neuron responsible for the image of a cat and a neuron activated at the sight of food.

— This principle also works in the human brain, including for much more complex tasks than the formation of a simple conditioned reflex, and we have shifted it to our hardware systems, — said Andrey Yemelyanov.

The attempt to replace supercomputers with small processor devices is a trend in world science, the head of the laboratory of neural network technologies and artificial Intelligence of St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (the university participating in the project "5-100") Lev Utkin is sure.

— One of the ways to implement this idea is to create complex deep neural networks in a microchip. This direction has been adopted by a number of large companies today, including nVidia, Intel, and so on. Another way is an attempt to model more biological processes of brain activity, which can lead to even more significant results. Without a doubt, this area of research is promising and can become a serious alternative to modern processors that implement the functions of neural networks," Lev Utkin is sure.

Sergey Udovichenko, head of the REC "Nanotechnologies" of TSU, agrees that the creation of artificial intelligence systems based on memristor technology is a promising area of research.

— In addition to the angles associated with the creation of artificial intelligence, memristor technologies open the way to universal memory. We are talking about the so-called calculations in memory, involving the combination of RAM, permanent memory and processor in one device. This will significantly speed up and reduce the cost of any calculations, starting from desktop computers and ending with the Internet of Things," Sergey Udovichenko emphasized.

It will take several more years to create such smart chips capable of analysis and even decision-making."""


Nov 8, 2022
"At the junction of sciences": Russian scientist - about nature-like technologies, artificial intelligence and global challenges

The technologies of the future are born at the intersection of sciences. This was stated in an interview with RT by Vyacheslav Demin, director-coordinator in the direction of "Nature-like Technologies" of the Kurchatov Institute Research Center. He told whether artificial intelligence will be able to replace the human brain, how innovative technologies will help in solving global problems and what predictions of science fiction writers are coming true right now.

– Vyacheslav, what are nature-like technologies, what are their tasks?

– The ideologist of the development of nature-like technologies in our country is the president of the Kurchatov Institute Mikhail Kovalchuk. Modern technologies are extremely resource-intensive. We take resources out of nature, but we don't give them back. We use a large amount of fresh water, pollute the environment, burn a huge amount of oxygen. The technosphere that man has created is in conflict with the biosphere.

The efficiency of energy generation has grown tremendously over the past two hundred years, but humanity's energy consumption has grown faster. Industrial generation for 200 years of its existence has come to the brink of a resource catastrophe. This is a global challenge, because increasing the efficiency of generation is not enough. We need revolutionary changes in the technologies of energy use and consumption. The idea of nature-like technologies is that our production facilities are integrated into the natural resource turnover, so that they become environmentally friendly, energy efficient, intelligent and expedient.

– At the Kurchatov Institute, this direction is called NBICS technologies, why?

– Nature-like technologies and NBICS technologies are not exactly the same thing. The NBICS paradigm, which is an abbreviation, stands for as follows: nano– (H), bio- (B), information (I), cognitive (K) and socio-humanitarian technologies (C). And all these technologies, being combined, converged into a single whole, are a tool for the development of nature-like technologies. Since the time of Newton, we have begun to divide nature into separate fields of knowledge. It's time to restore everything back into a single whole. Modern and promising technologies for the near future are being born at the junction of sciences.

– What are the main ideas of NBIX technologies?

– Nanotechnology is a material science component, they construct materials from individual atoms and molecules. Materials with new properties that did not even exist in nature can become the basis for future technologies. Biotechnologies work with the genome of a cell, with the protein component of all living things, make it possible to use natural mechanisms for technological purposes. The information component makes all processes intelligent. For example, bionanomaterials with a computing device, which information technologies give us, become intelligent, energy efficient. With the help of cognitive technologies, we are trying to transfer our knowledge into artificial intelligent systems, providing them with the ability to learn. And all this is interfaced with the socio-humanitarian aspects of technologies, since their end user is a person. The meaning of NBICS science consists precisely in the convergence of knowledge from various disciplines. These are suprasectoral knowledge and suprasectoral technologies.

– Has modern science come closer to the realization of these ideas? Or is all this just waiting for us in the future?

– There are quite specific examples of nature-like technologies and NBICS convergence. These are artificial intelligence technologies and hardware to support it. It is also biotechnology, the production of synthetic organisms, genomic research. In the cognitive field, we influence the psychophysiological sphere of a person, stimulate certain areas of the brain. The volume of technological solutions and products created using nature-like technologies is huge, it amounts to billions of dollars and continues to grow. Without the transition to nature-like technologies, humanity will come to a resource collapse in the foreseeable future.

– There are people and entire countries who deny both global warming and the destructive human impact on the environment…

– You know, the opposition point of view can be present in all spheres. But the fact that a person actively influences the environment is obvious. There are problems of greenhouse gas emissions, waste, limited food resources, especially water. Reserves of fuel resources are being discovered and developed, but something needs to be solved with the shortage of fresh water. If, for example, India and China with a population of almost three billion people reach the technological level of developed countries, there will not be enough energy sources and irreparable damage to the environment will be inflicted. Therefore, we consider nature-like technologies to be the only peaceful response to this global challenge. Otherwise, world wars will begin in the struggle for resources. We are already seeing some pockets of this struggle.

– Artificial intelligence is developing, it has entered into all areas of human life. What ideas underlie him, what can he do now, what is his future?

– Most developed and developing countries have adopted strategies for the development of artificial intelligence. Russia has been developing intelligent technologies for a long time. Expert systems that tried to simulate high-level human reasoning appeared in the middle of the last century, when there were no powerful computing resources, good computers. Such systems have not become intelligent, they have not begun to think. With their help, you can configure gadgets and other devices, up to microwaves. The current boom in the development of artificial intelligence technologies is associated with a new approach, an attempt to model calculations at the neural network level, that is, on the principles on which the human brain works. Trying to restore the architecture of the neural system of biological organisms, we have learned to encode the so-called signs of objects. Now artificial intelligence algorithms are not programmed, they are trained.

– How does the training of an artificial neural network work?

– There are two main components of a neural network system: artificial neurons and connections between them – artificial synapses. Learning consists of tuning a huge number of synapses. For example, we have a huge database of images of tables and chairs. And we need to train the neural network to distinguish tables from chairs. We submit thousands of photos to the input of our algorithm. When a neural network makes a mistake, a person notes it, submits this error with a special mathematical algorithm back to the network. That's what learning is all about. While a person learns much more efficiently. Two or three examples are enough for him to determine the class of the object, and further training is possible without a teacher. With neural networks, we have not achieved such efficiency, but we already know about how to do it.

– How soon will artificial intelligence be able to achieve the same efficiency as the human brain?

– It all depends on the task. For example, the neural network copes much better with face recognition in a crowd. But if recognition occurs among a small number of people, then a person is on the same level with her, even though she is already losing her position here. In many other industries, humans outperform intelligent algorithms by many orders of magnitude. The thing is that artificial neural networks do not understand what they recognize. Scientist John Searle has developed a thought experiment – the "Chinese room effect". A person is in a closed room, communicates with the outside world through a window. He is given a Chinese letter, in which he does not understand anything. However, he finds an identical sign in the room, to which several answer options are attached, and issues one of these options to the window. To the observer outside, it seems that the person sitting inside knows Chinese. Intelligent algorithms work in a similar way today, they are not aware of anything. Therefore, it is difficult to train him at this level of technology development.

– How soon do you think artificial intelligence will be able to understand what it is doing?

– It's hard to predict. But it is clear to us that we need to move towards the so-called impulse neural networks. Our brain consists of neurons that generate impulses. This is a more energy-efficient system than algorithms based on formal mathematical neural networks that are now common. When neurons communicate with each other through impulses, it is possible to lay the principles of their mutual competition in artificial neural networks. We will probably need fewer parameters to configure the algorithms, but further research in this direction is needed.

– What are the dangers of artificial intelligence?

– Even now, scientists do not fully understand how the adjustment of neural network algorithms takes place. At the same time, there are methods of deceiving them, artificial intelligence makes mistakes. Let's say a person puts on a T–shirt with a tropical forest print - and the algorithm recognizes it as a palm tree. Adding a certain combination of dots to the face prevents artificial intelligence from recognizing a person. However, this area is certainly developing.

– Can there be ethical problems associated with its development?

– The danger of using artificial intelligence is associated with the decision-making process. This applies, for example, to the behavior of unmanned vehicles, where errors in pattern recognition and decision-making can become critical. But the idea that artificial intelligence will surpass man in everything and will try to take the reins of government into its "hands" is very far from being realized. So far we can't even simulate a mouse brain. This is a daunting task even for modern supercomputers.

– The development of technology affects culture. Do you think pumping, digitizing the brain, adding some technological elements to the human body is still fiction or the near future?"


Sep 8, 2018
This Mikhail Kovalchuk is the president of the Kurchatov Institute.

"On April 12, 1943, the Vice-President of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Academician A. A. Baykov, signed an order on the establishment of Laboratory No. 2 of the USSR Academy of Sciences, which was later transformed into the Kurchatov Institute. Kurchatov I. V. was appointed head of the Laboratory, the main task of the laboratory is the creation of nuclear weapons.

The Kurchatov Institute team developed and created the first cyclotron in Moscow (1944), the first nuclear reactor in Europe (1946), the first Soviet atomic bomb (1949), the world's first thermonuclear bomb (1953), the world's first industrial nuclear power plant (1954), the world's first nuclear reactor for submarines (1958), the largest installation for conducting research on the implementation of controlled thermonuclear reactions (1958) and nuclear icebreakers (Nuclear icebreaker "Lenin", 1959), the largest installation for conducting research on the implementation of controlled thermonuclear reactions (1958). A flying atomic laboratory based on the Tu-95 aircraft was created, prototypes of nuclear rocket engines of minimal dimension were created, an electoreactive (pulse-plasma) engine was created, which was tested in space in 1964 on the Zond-2 satellite, an ion with volumetric ionization and stationary plasma engines on the Meteor satellite were created and tested in space". Research reactors were created, the first tokamaks were built, the experience of which was used in the construction of more modern installations.

Since its foundation, a huge number of myths have been circulating around Kurchatov, primarily related to the increased secrecy of the facility. A very narrow circle of people still has access there, and even government officials need to order a pass in advance to enter the institute's territory.

Nuclear project
There is a widespread perception that almost all the documents of the famous "Manhattan Project" (a project to develop an atomic bomb in the United States) were obtained by Soviet intelligence, and Academician Kurchatov and his colleagues had only to assemble a Soviet atomic bomb according to someone else's drawings.

Monsters of the Moscow dungeons
Moscow dungeons hide a special flora and fauna that is inaccessible to the eyes of ordinary citizens. Many people associate the mutation of various creatures with the dumping of waste from chemical enterprises, including waste from the nuclear production of the Kurchatov Institute.

Now an impressive number of research facilities are located on the territory of the Kurchatov Institute (which is located near the Oktyabrskoye Pole metro station):
Accelerator complexes; Research nuclear reactors; Plasma installations; Installations for the development of nuclear technologies;
Data Processing Center; Complex of biotechnologies; Complex of nanotechnologies; Complex of neuroscience and cognitive research."

Or, in Kovalchuk's words.

Meeting with the head of the Kurchatov Institute Mikhail Kovalchuk
M. Kovalchuk informed the President about the current work of the research center.
March 12, 2019

Vladimir Putin: Mikhail Valentinovich, it is well known that Kurchatnik was founded in 1943, when there were big problems in the country, the war was going on, nevertheless, work has already begun on an atomic project.

But then "kurchatnik" was transformed into a multidisciplinary center. Of course, we all know that the first nuclear reactor for peaceful purposes was created in Kurchatnik.

M. Kovalchuk: And nuclear medicine.

Vladimir Putin: Yes, nuclear medicine. Then superconductivity in the atomic sphere, then magnetic plasma confinement. And in the 80s, in my opinion, it was even, in fact, the center of the creation of the domestic Internet. How does the "chicken coop" live now?

Mikhail Kovalchuk: You know, Vladimir Vladimirovich, he lives by your concerns, let me say so, because since 2007, when you held a meeting on nanotechnology, since then we have been developing all the classical directions related to the nuclear complex, created fundamentally new directions related to nature-like technologies and the convergence of sciences and technologies.

We have created an unparalleled NBICS center, a base of nature likeness, and today we have a powerful genetic reserve. We have a huge reserve in the field of megascience. And to create a national research center, you signed the first decree in 2008.

He allowed the unthinkable to actually happen, because after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the scientific environment was clustered, everything crumbled and in fact, I would say so, our partners, as they say, managed our institutes individually by each, hiring separate groups of people to the institute.

The creation of the SIC, where the most powerful potential of the country was consolidated, nuclear and physical in the first place, allowed us to consolidate our efforts, and we have become an integral part of the global and European landscape.

Vladimir Putin: I congratulate you.

Mikhail Kovalchuk: I want to congratulate everyone and thank you."
Igor Kurchatov (1903 - 1960)

emblem of the Kurchatov Institute

3 rubles, Jubilee coin for 75th Anniversary Kurchatov Institute:)
The Evil Eye



Nov 8, 2022
The Evil Eye
But..but..but.. But! Russia is fighting the globalists.
Against the banksters.
Against NATO.
Against the Masons.
Against the Jews, the Satanists, The Devil and EVIL in general!

Russia is waging a fuc*king spiritual war for the future of humanity!

We know this well, so don't give me your American-NATO-Jewish propaganda!

Russia will defeat evil.

p.s: Chabad-Lubavitch trembles with fear.....


Nov 8, 2022
The President of the Kurchatov Institute named the most promising areas in science

February 6, 2023

Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the Kurchatov Institute Research Center, answered the questions of Russian schoolchildren during the lesson in the framework of the discipline "Conversations about important things". Among other things, the scientist spoke about which areas of science are the most promising today.

So, according to him, the main activity is the creation of an absolutely new nature-like way of life. He explained that, unlike the human brain, computers and supercomputers consume a huge amount of energy. And this is their main drawback.

"Imagine a simple thing: we have created a unique civilization based on microelectronics, built computers. But since their further development is associated with huge energy consumption and heat generation, it means that we have done something wrong. And why did we do the wrong thing? When we first started making computers 60 years ago, we didn't understand how living life works, how the brain works. It was very difficult. And today, thanks to synchrotron radiation, neutrons, thanks to the achievements of physics, we deeply understand how complex, living life works, and we can reproduce it," Kovalchuk said.

He noted that, based on the understanding of these processes, the concept of the development of nature-like technologies, the transition to a new economic and technological order based on them was formulated.

"That is, this way of life is based on processes that occur in nature, and today we can simply reproduce them and not consume energy, material," the scientist added.

The lesson with the participation of Mikhail Kovalchuk took place on Monday, February 6. It was dedicated to the Day of Russian Science, which is traditionally celebrated on February 8.

"Conversations about important things" is an academic subject that was introduced into the school curriculum in Russia in 2022. It takes place first on Mondays and is a thematic class hour. "


Nov 8, 2022
3D printing technology of nanoparticle implants has been created in St. Petersburg

According to the St. Petersburg State University, experiments on cells have proved the strength and biocompatibility of the created materials with the human body

ST. PETERSBURG, March 16. Scientists from St. Petersburg together with colleagues from Germany have developed a new technology for printing implants from nanoparticles on a 3D printer, the press service of St. Petersburg State University told TASS on Thursday.

"A team of scientists from St. Petersburg University, the Institute of High Molecular Compounds of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the University of Hanover have developed a new technology for 3D printing of materials for tissue engineering by photo-stitching nanoparticles. The development will allow us to reach a new level of implantation," the report says.

Today, tissue engineering makes it possible to repair defects in various human tissues - muscular, nervous, connective and others. For this purpose, implants are used based on combinations of stem cells from the patient's tissues and special materials necessary to ensure three-dimensional cell growth. Individual and precise selection of elements makes it possible to achieve high biocompatibility of implants with the human body and use them to replace areas of damaged tissue, and sometimes even for internal organs. Such materials are called scaffolds.

"We used suspensions of nanoparticles and used them to print scaffolds on a 3D printer. In vitro tests (on cells) have shown sufficient mechanical strength of these materials, as well as their biocompatibility. The experiments were carried out in vitro," Viktor Korzhikov-Vlakh, head of the Biomaterials Laboratory of St. Petersburg State University, associate professor of the Department of Medical Chemistry of St. Petersburg State University, was quoted in the press service as saying.

According to him, the advantage of using nanoparticles is that, unlike massive materials used in transplantology, they allow you to create structures that mimic complexly organized biological tissues, for example, human bone, which has a rigid external and porous internal structure, or bone and cartilage tissue that require recovery after injury.

According to the press service, for 3D printing of scaffolds, scientists used nanoparticles based on polylactic acid, which is a biodegradable polymer, as well as nanocrystalline cellulose. According to the authors of the study, "ink" can also be suspensions of various nanoparticles with different stiffness, using several 3D printer printing heads, which will allow creating scaffolds with a gradient of mechanical properties. In addition, the particles can be modified with biological components that will be distributed in the space of the scaffold during 3D printing, thus creating the basis for the formation of, for example, blood vessels or interstitial contacts."


Nov 8, 2022
Russian Science Foundation (RSF)
March 16, 2023

"To reproduce the mechanisms of the brain": Russian scientists — about the creation of a biological computer

Russian scientists from Lobachevsky Nizhny Novgorod State University are developing an artificial hippocampus based on memristors — special analog devices that mimic the work of neurons. As Alexey Mikhailov, head of the RSF grant project, head of the Laboratory of Memristor Nanoelectronics at the Physics of Solid-State Nanostructures Research and Educational Center of the UNN, told RT in an interview, in the future such devices will become the basis of many technical solutions, will help speed up the work of artificial intelligence and even, perhaps, can serve as implants of brain areas. In turn, Viktor Kazantsev, head of the Department of Neurotechnology at the Institute of Biology and Biomedicine of UNN, explained in an interview with RT what is the fundamental difference between the brain and computers, and also spoke about the main directions of creating biocomputers in Russia and in the world.

Viktor Kazantsev, Head of the Department of Neurotechnology at the Institute of Biology and Biomedicine of the UNN, Project Executor under the RSF grant

Viktor Borisovich, recently scientists from the American Johns Hopkins University proposed to create a biological computer, the basis of which should be organoids — artificially grown human brain cells. Tell us, please, what is a biocomputer? What are the main concepts of such systems currently being developed in the world and in Russia?

Let's start with the terminology: the very word "biocomputer", which is used by the media, is not quite correct. In fact, the correct term for this field of research has not yet been found. Such constructions can be called neurotechnological devices.

Biological cells, including neurons, have a completely different nature than a computer. They do not work on the principle of binary logic, neurons do not operate with bits, they give out electrical and chemical signals — analog, not digital.

We are already so used to the digital environment that it seems to us that numbers have always been with a person, but this is not the case. The human mind created mathematics quite recently by the standards of evolution.

Returning to the question, I will say
that research with live neurons is now being conducted very actively both in the world and in Russia, in particular at the UNN. We work with both animal brain cells and human neurons. The cells are planted in a test tube, where an optimal nutrient medium is maintained for them. An important difference between neurons and other cells is that they do not divide — this complicates our work. However, they can grow and establish new connections with each other through synapses (areas of the neuron responsible for contacts with other nerve cells. — RT). As a result, we get a model of a brain region in a test tube that can live for several months.

In practice, such cell cultures are now actively used in the development of pharmaceuticals. This is very convenient: you can immediately see how this or that chemical substance affects the work of neurons

As for the use of such cultures for neurotechnologies, although neurons are not designed for computing, you can try to teach them this. We conducted such experiments, we managed to teach neurons to remotely control a robot via the Internet. It was a long time ago, about ten years ago, then it was written about in the media.

But, of course, it is difficult to talk about serious computing systems in this case, because in a test tube neurons grow chaotically, in all directions. Whereas in the brain, neurons are organized into distinct structures.

However, now the world is working on the formation of a given cellular architecture in a test tube using a network of microchannels etched on a substrate — microfluidic channels. And if it turns out to structure the cell culture, form the input and output layers, then it already resembles those formal, mathematical algorithms that are used in computer neural networks. Only in this case, the work will be performed not by logical elements — ones and zeros, but by living cells

You have described one of the concepts of a conditional biocomputer or a neurotechnological device. And what other directions are there?

Three main approaches are being developed now. The first one I have already mentioned is the use of living neurons to perform some tasks in conjunction with technical devices.

The second way is when you understand exactly how the brain works and create a mathematical model that can reproduce its individual functions.

The third way is when you create a physical model based on this model and design a technological device, for example, a chip that can work as some part of the brain works. But without the participation of living neurons.

This path can be compared to the famous movie "Terminator", where the robot received computer intelligence similar to human. So far, people have not learned how to make such systems — primarily because science does not know exactly how the brain processes information. Much is known, but there is no complete picture.

That is why there is an interest in the use of living neurons as elements of a computing system — we don't know exactly how they work, but we can try to use them. Including to understand how our brain works.

However, you can't just connect neurons to a regular computer, because neurons exchange analog, not digital signals, as I said earlier. Therefore, we also need an information input and output system, an interface. One of the variants of such a system is the construction of memristors. An analogy for such neurohybrid systems can serve as another film — "Robocop", where the human brain was placed in a robot.

There is also a third line of research. Here, as an analogy, I will cite the movie "Avatar", in which the inhabitants of the planet Pandora "connected" to the dragons and controlled them. Approximately the same principle of operation of the so-called human-machine interfaces. They are usually used in medical rehabilitation, when a person with motor dysfunction can control machines directly — brain signals that are read by special sensors. This is already biometric monitoring, which is used in medicine

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using biocomputers compared to traditional computers?

As I said at the beginning, the human brain has not faced computational tasks throughout the history of its formation. It makes no sense for us to try to compete with the car in this.

However, the brain solves other tasks disproportionately more efficiently than the most powerful computers. I will give a fairly simple example — the motor skills of body movements, limbs. If we try to create a computer that could control the movement of the hand as accurately and synchronously as the brain does, we will need simply enormous computing and energy resources. Hence the interest in neurotechnologies and the prospects for their commercial use. If it were possible to create such a controller that could control the same number of drives with the same accuracy as the brain controls muscles, then no semiconductor processors could compare with it

And what prospects do molecular computers have that perform calculations using a sequence of molecules in DNA?

This is a slightly different scientific field. Frankly, I am skeptical about this direction, because DNA is a microstructure where everything is arranged on the basis of statistics, and not clear patterns. Such studies can be useful for geneticists and molecular biophysicists, biochemists, as well as for solving bioinformatic problems. However, it is unlikely that such calculations will be able to find application in the real world.

Alexey Mikhailov, Head of the Laboratory of Memristor Nanoelectronics of the Scientific and Educational Center "Physics of Solid-state Nanostructures" of UNN State University

Alexey Nikolaevich, earlier you and your colleagues implemented a project to interface electrical circuits with a neural network of brain cell culture. Please tell us more about this.

— It was a relatively simple system: we connected an artificial neural network based on memristors with a living system of nerve cells so that they worked together and exchanged signals. The work was carried out within the framework of the project of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF). The use of living neurons is associated with a number of problems: living cell cultures are constantly changing, aging, and functional connections organized in ordered cultures also change with biological degradation. The task of the artificial network of memristors was to track these changes. In this case, a special technique was invented to adapt the external stimulation of culture in order to minimize the consequences of these changes. The hybrid neurotechnological system could not only classify the response of living cells to external stimuli, but also feedback worked in it, which helped the living cell culture adapt to its own changes.

What are memristors?

— Unlike traditional semiconductor devices, for example transistors, which are logical digital elements, memristors are analog elements. They have a very simple structure: it is a nanometer-thick layer of oxide dielectric placed between layers of conductive metals. Part of the oxide layer contains an excess of oxygen atoms, the other, on the contrary, is deficient, and is also capable of conducting current. Under a certain electrical influence, oxygen ions pass into the neighboring layer, which changes the conductivity of the memristor sections — the changes persist until the reverse force is applied. Thus, the memristor stores information — its principle of operation is very similar to the principle of storing information by living neurons. After all, the synapses of a neuron also change their bandwidth depending on which signal passes through them.

The point is also that information is not only stored, but also processed in one place — this happens in neurons, and this principle is implemented in memristors. Unlike a classic computer, where there is a separate processor, separate memory, and data is constantly exchanged between them, which requires energy, memristors themselves store and process information.

Memristors based on metal—oxide—metal structures can be combined with traditional integrated circuits. We are currently developing such hybrid devices together with the Sedakov Research Institute (Nizhny Novgorod) and NIIME (Zelenograd). On the basis of such systems, it is possible to create accelerators for neuromorphic computing — this is a new artificial intelligence hardware, which is currently being developed as part of the scientific program of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics.

Now neuromorphic computing systems very conditionally reproduce the architecture of the nervous system. So far, they are able to repeat only very primitive operations — when compared with the capabilities of brain structures. Memristors provide much more opportunities to create brain-like systems that will no longer reproduce the mechanisms of the brain in form, but in essence.

You are also currently creating a prototype of an artificial hippocampus. At what stage is the research?

In certain brain structures, for example, in the hippocampus, which is responsible for memory and orientation in space, special neurons are concentrated that can selectively respond to individual images. Scientists sometimes call such cognitively specialized neurons "grandmother cells" — that is, cells that allow us to recognize our own grandmother, for example. These neurons react quickly and accurately only to images of a particular object and ignore the rest.

The peculiarity of these neurons is that they have a very large number of dendritic processes, that is, "inputs" of information, and the more of them, the more selectively the neuron is able to determine a specific image. Speaking in mathematical terms, the work of an individual neuron is usually reduced to the operation of scalar multiplication of the vector of input signals by the vector of synaptic weights. If two such vectors turn out to be co—directional, then when multiplied they give the maximum amount to which the neuron reacts - this is the moment of information consolidation, recognition. The same input vectors that are orthogonal to the vector of weights do not give a response at all

In a multidimensional space, with a large number of "inputs" of information, this recognition occurs much more efficiently, since two random vectors are very likely to be orthogonal. Mathematicians managed to explain the unique selectivity of "grandmother cells" in mathematical formulas. And with the help of memristors, it is very easy to reproduce this principle "in iron" and implement a physical model of the hippocampus. This work is now being carried out by us within the framework of the current RSF project.

What practical application will such a system find?

— Firstly, with its help we will be able to better understand how our brain and its specific structures work. Secondly, it will be able to quickly recognize various images - and, unlike modern neural networks, it will not require long training. Such a system will be able to remember the image needed for recognition from the first time.

I think that in the future a lot of technical products and solutions will be based on these technologies. For example, it will be possible to speed up the work of neural networks and artificial intelligence, increase their efficiency. Plus, such devices on memristors will be more compact and energy efficient than traditional silicon chips. In the very distant future, such systems will be able to replace the structures of the human brain in neurological diseases. Although it's too early to talk about it — fundamental and exploratory scientific research is still underway."


Nov 8, 2022
Ministry of Education and Science of Russia
"My country - my Russia"

February 2 - March 30

The XX season of the All—Russian contest "My Country - my Russia", one of the projects of the presidential platform "Russia is a country of opportunities", has been launched. The competition is held within the framework of the "Decade of Science and Technology", and is also timed to the 160th anniversary of the birth of V. I. Vernadsky and the 120th anniversary of the birth of I. V. Kurchatov.

Schoolchildren, students, postgraduates, teachers, young scientists, entrepreneurs, public figures and initiative residents of the regions can take part in the jubilee season of the competition. Applications are accepted until March 30 on the contest website.

The competition will be held in two main age categories: from 14 to 18 years and from 18 to 35 years. Children under the age of 13 will be able to participate in this year's special nomination: "Children's Fairy Tales about Science".

There are 15 nominations in total:

- "My story. Scientific heritage of my country",
— "My multinational Russia",
— Nomination "My pride. My small homeland (my city, my village)",
— "My family. My good Russia",
— "My pedagogical initiative",
— "My health",
— "Ecology of my country",
— "My hospitable Russia",
— "My Far East. My Arctic",
— "Intellectual property of my country",
— "Digital environment for improving the quality of life of citizens in the regions",
— "Big technological intelligence of my country",
— "My entrepreneurial initiative. Creative industries for the development of regions",
— "Railway Transport. The ways of communication of my country",
— "Children's fairy tales about science".

The All—Russian contest "My Country - my Russia" is held in order to attract young people to participate in the socio-economic development of Russian regions, cities and villages — the development and implementation of projects aimed at improving the management system, the development of the economic sector, social, scientific and pedagogical sphere. In 2022, over 93.2 thousand people from all regions of the Russian Federation and 13 foreign countries presented their projects."


Nov 8, 2022
"World Data Center for Geoinformatics and Sustainable Development, Non-governmental Organization, (hereinafter, the WDC-Ukraine) has been working in Ukraine since 2006 as a full-member of the World Data System (WDS) of the International Council for Science (ICSU). WDC-Ukraine specializes on providing interdisciplinary research of complex systems of different nature.

The WDC-Ukraine activities are focused on arrangements for access of Ukrainian scientific community to global information resources of the ICSU in Earth Sciences, Planetary and Space Physics and relevant related disciplines, as well as the collection and storage of global and regional data with significant value for research in the field of Sustainable Development and managerial decision-making.

WDC-Ukraine works on the “network of networks” model and negotiates with a lot of research and scientific organizations in Ukraine and abroad. ..."

International Scientific Congress "Globalistics-2103"

On October 23-25, 2013 the third scientific congress "Globalistics-2013", dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the birth of V.I. Vernadsky, was held at the Lomonosov Moscow State University on the initiative of the Faculty of global processes. The Congress was attended by more than 700 scientists from 40 countries. At this Congress World Data Center for Geoinformatics and Sustainable Development was represented by Deputy Director of WDC-Ukraine, I.O. Pyshnohraiev and employee of the international scientific and educational projects laboratory, I.S. Popadenko.

Events that took place in the Congress were devoted to topical issues of globalization and its impact on economic, social and environmental aspects of the society. In particular, the Symposium "Convergence as a global trend of science and technology", held at the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", can be mentioned. Among those who reported at the Symposium were Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences M.V. Kovalchuk, Academician A.A. Dynkin and professor at the Faculty of global processes at MSU A.A. Akayev, who is a chief researcher at Prygozhyn Institute of Mathematical Complex Systems Research of MSU.

Solemn closing of the Congress was held at the conference hall of the Russian Academy of Sciences Presidium, where the text of the resolution was approved. One of the results of Congress work, for example, was the creation of an informal club of scientists - Moscow club that will continue the tradition of such renowned expert centers as the Club of Rome.

More detailed information is available on the website of the Faculty of global processes of Lomonosov Moscow State University."
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Faculty of Global Processes
International Scientific Congress "Globalistics 2020: Global Problems and the Future of Humanity"

"October 24, 2020 on the online platform The summing up of the autumn session and the closing ceremony of the International Scientific Congress "Globalistics 2020: Global Problems and the Future of Humanity" took place.

The International Scientific Congress "Globalistics 2020" under the official auspices of UNESCO was held in several stages: the spring session — from May 18 to 22, the autumn session — from October 20 to October 24, 2020.

The Congress gathered more than 10 thousand participants from 76 countries and 10 international organizations, including the UN and UNESCO, at 35 virtual venues.

Mass media about the International Scientific Congress "Globalistics-2020"
Coverage of the autumn session of the Congress "Globalistics-2020"
VI International Scientific Congress "Globalistics-2020"

From May 18 to 22, the first stage of the VI International Scientific Congress "Globalistics 2020: Global Problems and the Future of Humanity" is being held in an online format. It is traditionally organized by the Lomonosov Moscow State University, and such influential international organizations as UNESCO and the Club of Rome are its partners. This year the Congress will be held in three stages — in May, June-August and October.

All participants of the global expert panel were greeted by the Rector of Moscow University, Academician V.A. Sadovnichy. [...]Viktor Antonovich noted that the participants of the congress are engaged in globalism, a science that has always been inherent in Moscow University since its foundation. Both Lomonosov, Vernadsky, and other outstanding scientists were engaged in problems that globalist scientists are working on today. [...]

The Rector of Moscow University stressed the special importance of the global status of the Congress, whose meetings are held under the auspices of UNESCO and the Club of Rome. According to Viktor Antonovich, he has a long experience of cooperation with the latter; and one of the meetings of the "Club of Rome" was held at the Moscow State University.

As V.A. Sadovnichy noted, the pandemic of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, of course, made significant amendments both to the agenda and to the format of the congress. Its participants are determined to try to answer the questions: "What will happen after the pandemic?", "What transformations associated with it will be especially significant for humanity?". Of course, the pandemic will make its own amendments to the education system, culture, and everyday relations. [...]

Within the framework of the congress, meetings of the sections "Global Governance and Security" and "Global Ecology" have already been held, a round table "Latin American vector of modern development: global challenges of the XXI century", a meeting on the program "UNESCO BRIDGE as a "Laboratory of ideas" in the post-COVID-19 era", an interdisciplinary discussion on the topic "Global civilizational the crisis is the start of a new historical era."

The work of the VI International Scientific Congress "Globalistics 2020: Global Problems and the Future of Humanity" continues."


Welcome to the VI International Scientific Congress "Globalistics 2020: Global Problems and the Future of Humanity"!


Lomonosov Moscow State University / Faculty of Global Processes
Results of the International scientific forum "COVID-19 and Human security"

23. 12. 2020 Main News
On December 22, 2020, at the initiative of the Faculty of Global Processes and the UNESCO Department for the Study of Global Problems of Lomonosov Moscow State University, an international Scientific Forum "COVID-19 and Human Security" was held with the participation of UNESCO, the World Academy of Art and Science, the Club of Rome, scientists from Russia and a number of foreign countries.

The forum began with an address to the participants by the Dean of the Faculty of Global Processes of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Professor Ilya Vyacheslavovich Ilyin, who noted the positive formation of the tradition of holding joint scientific events with UNESCO, the World Academy of Art and Science and the Club of Rome on the faculty's online platform, founded in May 2020 by a joint discussion of topical issues of global social transformations and civilizational the future of humanity.

The moderator of the Forum was the head of the UNESCO Department of the Moscow State University, Yuri Nikolaevich Sayamov.

The forum was continued by the Chairman of the Russian Committee on Bioethics, Ethics of Science and Artificial Intelligence, Vice-President of the Intergovernmental Council of UNESCO, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Grigoryevich Chuchalin, who made a report and presentation.

Professor Chuchalin 's report addressed three main issues:

1) the noosphere and the modern interpretation of this concept;

2) viral gene pool and prerequisites for the emergence of new infectious diseases;

3) modern approaches to human security.

Professor Chuchalin emphasized the special place and importance of V.I. Vernadsky's ideas about the biosphere and the noosphere for understanding how vulnerable a person and the whole world has become from external influences. Today we are struck by the far-sightedness of the views of this scientist, expressed by him in the mid-30s of the last century in relation to planetary processes in which human society is also involved.

Speaking about such a phenomenon as the spread of coronavirus, Professor Chuchalin noted that this infectious disease is one of the oldest human diseases, which currently has 52 serotypes. The gene pool of this viral disease indicates its extreme spread in the biosphere. It is difficult to name living matter that would not be affected by it or would not be infected with a virus.

Concluding the report, Professor Chuchalin expressed the opinion that the XXI century should be recognized as the century of creating a new generation of vaccines that will fight various types of infections.

Then the Forum participants entered into the discussion of this report. Opinion was expressed by the executive director of the Club of Rome Carlos Alvarez Pereira (Spain) and members of the club: Anitra Torhaug (USA), Kristin Vala Ragnarsdottir (Iceland), Alberto Zuconni (Italy), President of Romania in 1996-2000 Emil Constantinescu, Director of the Global Governance and Security Program at the University of Massachusetts in Boston Maria Ivanova (USA), President of the World Academy of Arts and Science Harry Jacobs (USA), former Head of the UNESCO Network Department at Mandsaur Jagdish Khatri University (India), Professor of the RANEPA Igor Fedorovich Kefeli (Russia), Head of the UNESCO Chair at the European Academy Benno Verlaine (Germany) and other participants.

More than 50 domestic and foreign researchers from 18 countries took part in the Forum.

About the Forum in the media:
December 23, 2020
The forum "COVID and Human security" was held at Moscow State University

"Moscow State University hosted the International Scientific Forum "COVID and Human Security" with the participation of UNESCO, the World Academy of Art and Science, the Club of Rome and scientists from Russia and other countries.

On December 22, at the initiative of the Faculty of Global Processes and the UNESCO Department for the Study of Global Problems of Lomonosov Moscow State University, an international Scientific Forum "COVID and Human Security" was held with the participation of UNESCO, the World Academy of Art and Science, the Club of Rome and scientists from Russia and other countries.

The Forum opened with a report and presentation delivered by Alexander Chuchalin, Chairman of the Russian Committee on Bioethics, Ethics of Science and Artificial Intelligence, Vice-President of the Intergovernmental Council of UNESCO, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The problem of human security is proposed for discussion due to its particular importance for the modern world, in which the coronavirus pandemic has highlighted the inability of States to effectively protect their citizens. The discussion focused on UNESCO's key humanitarian programs on managing social transformations and on bioethics, ethics of science and artificial intelligence, as well as ideas and proposals from scientists and the World Academy of Art and Science and the Club of Rome.

The Forum will continue the tradition of holding joint online events and brainstorming sessions with UNESCO, the World Academy of Art and Science and the Club of Rome."

VII International Scientific Conference "Actual problems of global research: Global development and limits of growth in the XXI century"

25. 06. 2021 Main news
On June 15-18, the seventh International Scientific Conference "Actual Problems of Global Research" was held. The conference was held in an online format on the site of the Internet portal .

The main topic of the current conference was related to global development and the limits of growth in the XXI century. It was attended by members of the Society for Global Studies, the World Academy of Art and Science, representatives of UNESCO, the Club of Rome, the International Academy of Global Studies and other organizations.

The first day of the conference was very busy. The work of the section "Theoretical Globalistics" was successfully held, moderated by Professor of the Federal State Educational Institution, editor-in-chief of the journal "Century of Globalization" A.N. Chumakov. The participants discussed the formation of the Russian philosophy of the global world, ways to create a new system of world order, the impact of globalization on social and individual values.

No less interesting discussions unfolded on the sidelines of the 22nd International Symposium on Biocosmology "Aristotle's Organic Cosmology and V.I. Vernadsky's Naturalistic scientific approach to solving modern problems of world development". Famous scientists from around the world discussed the legacy of the greatest philosophers, the evolution of their concepts in historical retrospect, as well as their relevance in the modern conditions of the global world. The symposium was moderated by the Secretary of the Biocosmological Association K.S. Khrutsky.

Another bright event was the III International Forum on Global Social Transformations. The forum was held on the topic "Global social transformations and the limits of growth in the XXI century". The forum was attended by more than 70 scientists and researchers from 36 countries and 7 international organizations.

Another bright event was the III International Forum on Global Social Transformations. The forum was held on the topic "Global social transformations and the limits of growth in the XXI century". The forum was attended by more than 70 scientists and researchers from 36 countries and 7 international organizations.

The holding of international scientific forums on global social transformations is an initiative of the FGP [Faculty of Global Processes, Lomonosov Moscow State University], which was supported by UNESCO, the World Academy of Arts and Science and the Club of Rome.

The Third International Scientific Forum on Global Social Transformations, by the decision of the UNESCO Intergovernmental Council on the BRIDGE program, was included in the action plan for the BRIDGE program for 2021 and was held for the first time as a planned UNESCO event.

The organizers of the III Forum on Global Social Transformations were again the FGP and the UNESCO Department for the Study of Global Problems, UNESCO, the World Academy of Art and Science, the Club of Rome.
The work of the Forum continued with the presentation of the scientific project "New limits of growth in the XXI century", explanations to which were presented by Professor A.V. Korotaev. The project is being developed by the MSU research team under the guidance of the Rector of MSU, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences V.A. Sadovnichy. Following the results of the presentation, a general discussion of the participants began, in which the speakers were: from UNESCO – John Crowley (Great Britain), from the World Academy of Art and Science – Harry Jacobs (USA), from the Club of Rome – Carlos Alvarez Pereira (Spain), from the MSU FGP – Yu.N. Sayamov (Russian Federation), as well as scientific reports were presented by the President of the International Institute of Pitirim Sorokin Nikolay Kondratiev, Professor Yu.V. Yakovets and Deputy Dean of the Federal State University I.A. Aleshkovsky together with V.M. Bondarenko.

The discussion showed that the presentation of the project was received with great interest by the participants. The Russian initiative was supported by representatives of UNESCO, the World Academy of Art and Science and the Club of Rome. They expressed their willingness to work together on the topic of the project and to exchange information, ideas and suggestions. The Forum participants also expressed their gratitude to MSU and FGP for its organization and expressed their support for the continuation of this initiative.
On the second day of the VII International Scientific Conference "Actual problems of Global Research", the work of the symposium on biocosmology was continued. The participants of the symposium presented reports on the ideals of general science, the ideas of transcendental law and noospheric research, the greening of education, the problems of interaction between different levels of space, anthropocosmism and biocosmological initiatives, and the work of four sections and an expert session was organized.

One of the main topics of discussion of the section "Sustainable development", moderated by the Deputy Dean of FGP R.R. Gabdullin and the teacher of FGP K.S. Leonova, was the updating of the definition of the term "sustainable development". The concept was considered not only from a widespread ecological, but also from a social and economic point of view. The work of the section continued with the meeting of the Commission on the Scientific Heritage of Academician A.D. Ursula.

The participants paid tribute to the memory of the great Russian scientist and considered the prospects for further development of research in the field of sustainable development and global evolutionism.[...]

An equally active discussion unfolded on the site of the section "Educational Globalism", moderated by Professor L.P. Voronkova and associate Professor O.Y. Kornienko. In their speeches, the participants of the section touched upon the issues of digitalization and global transformation of education, as well as social mobility in the context of globalization, the role and place of identity, anthropologization and education of patriotism in the structure of education. Close attention was paid to the cultural aspects of learning foreign languages.

On the margins of the section "Global Development and problems of global governance", researchers discussed topical issues of global and energy security, the ethics of artificial intelligence, as well as the crisis caused by the pandemic. An interdisciplinary approach to the study of the issues raised has become a distinctive feature. [...]

The International Expert Meeting on the formation of a new scientific discipline "Ethnoglobalistics" became significant for the development of world science. During the debates, the participants justified the need for its development, discussed the development of a methodology. The growth of ethnopolitical conflicts, the role of migration processes in the global world, the influence of globalization on the ethnic factor – this is not the whole list of reasons for the isolation of ethnoglobalism as an independent scientific discipline.
The third day of the conference was remembered by the interdisciplinary seminar of the scientific and educational school of Moscow University "Mathematical methods of analysis of complex systems".[...]

The participants touched upon both economic and political, philosophical, environmental aspects of modeling and forecasting global processes. At the seminar, the importance of scientific projects of the teaching staff of the entire scientific school was noted, since globalism is a scientific discipline that is a link between natural sciences and humanities. The increasing role of China and India as actors in international relations was noted, as well as the revolutionary nature of the Paris Climate Agreement and the relevance of the immortal legacy of V.I. Vernadsky.

It should be mentioned that India and China were discussed not only in this section. At a special expert session on the role of Europe in a changing world, moderated by V. Schwimmer and V.I. Kulikov, disputes broke out about scenarios for the development of the European region. Financial, migration and epidemiological crises indicate the need to reform the foreign and domestic policy of the European Union. What awaits Europe in the future? Cooperation with Latin America? Rivalry with India and China? Implementation of the Lisbon–Vladivostok concept? Scientists tried to find answers to these questions.

The moderators of the expert session "Transformation of ethno-confessional and political identities in the era of global development" were I.E. Krugovykh and I.L. Shershnev. Francis Fukuyama in his new work "Identity, the desire for recognition and the politics of rejection" notes the global trend of striving for a liberal world order. At the moment, the issues of the transformation of ethno-confessional and political identity are closely related to the civilizational identity and the deepening of the unity of the nation. The modern search for transformations will protect the identities and civilizational codes of many peoples of the world.

The final section of the third day was a round table of young scientists "Global development and growth opportunities in the XXI century", which was moderated by Professor O.G. Leonova and lecturer V.A. Goliney. The issues of country, regional and global development were on the agenda.

The VII International Scientific Conference "Actual Problems of Global Research: Global Development and limits of Growth in the XXI century" ended on June 18 with the summing up of the conference by the moderators of the venues and the meeting of the Society for Global Research (OGIS). In total, more than 380 people from various regions of Russia and 50 countries of the world took part in the conference.

It can be stated that the conference, despite the difficult epidemiological situation, was a great success. We thank the participants of the conference for a constructive discussion and wish them to conquer new scientific peaks in the future!"

International Scientific Assembly "New Global challenges in the field of international cooperation"

27. 11. 2021 Main news
On November 16-17, 2021, the Faculty of Global Processes hosted the international scientific assembly "New Global Challenges in the field of international cooperation".

On the first day of the assembly, the work of the IV School under the UNESCO program "Management of Social Transformations" (the BRIDGE Program) on the topic "Education, science, culture and communication as driving forces of social transformation for the younger generation" began. The lectures of the School on November 16 were timed to coincide with the celebration of the 76th anniversary of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

The participants were presented by Academician of the Russian Academy of Education, Professor Anatoly Nikiforovich Zahlebny with the topic "Education in a changing world"; Head of the Russian Partnership for Environmental Education for Sustainable Development, Professor Elena Nikolaevna Dzyatkovskaya with the topic "Didactic problems of embedding ESD in general education and their solutions".; Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of History of the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, President of the Association of Culture of Azerbaijan "Simurg" Fuad Teyub oglu Mammadov with the theme "Culture and the modern world"; President of the International Institute of Pitirim Sorokin — Nikolay Kondratiev, Chairman of the Yalta Civilization Club Professor Yuri Vladimirovich Yakovets with the theme "Dialogue of Civilizations: synthesis of scientific, educational and digital revolutions of the XXI century"; Deputy Editor-in-chief of the magazine "International Life" Evgeniya Borisovna Pyadysheva with the topic "Communications and modern diplomacy".

During the discussions, the participants showed great interest in the problems of sustainable development. [...]

On November 16, the 16th Civilizational Forum "Prospects and Strategy for the Formation of Space Civilization and the Preservation of Civilizational, Scientific and Cultural Heritage and Diversity" was also held, which was dedicated to the 60th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin's flight into space and the 20th anniversary of the UN General Assembly Resolution "Global Agenda for Dialogue among Civilizations" and the UNESCO Universal Declaration on cultural diversity.[...]

11The 6th report of the Yalta Civilization Club "Prospects and strategy for the formation of a humanistic-noospheric space civilization", a strategy for preserving civilizational, scientific and cultural heritage and diversity, was discussed within the framework of the forum. The participants also made a presentation of a number of books on this topic, in particular the monograph by Y.V. Yakovets "A new vision of the theory, history and future of civilizations", the monograph by A.I. Subetto "Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin – a symbol of the noospheric-cosmic breakthrough into the future of Russia and Humanity", the monograph by S.V. Krichevsky's "Prospects for human Space exploration: New ideas, projects, technologies", monographs by Farakh S.N., Mammadov F.T. "Culture will save the world", monographs by Gasparyan M.Yu., Beklaryan L.A., Zakharov V.A., Marukyan A.Ts., Mikaelyan A.D., Babakhanov V.R., Vaskov M.A. "Culturocide".

The traditional scientific event was the round table "The world is more complicated than war", where participants discussed the importance of preserving historical memory, heritage and legacy of Victory in the Great Patriotic War.[...]
The second day of the assembly continued with the work of the UNESCO BRIDGE School, dedicated to the International Students' Day (the 80th anniversary of the institution). Presentations were made by the Head of the UNESCO Department Yuri Nikolaevich Sayamov, a full member of the World Academy of Art and Science and the Club of Rome, a representative of the Student Council of the USSR, Vice-President of the International Union of Students in 1970 — 1977 (with the theme "International Day of Students and Student Diplomacy"); Vice-Rector of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Head of the Department of Geopolitics of the Faculty of Global Processes, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Igor Ishenalievich Abylgaziev (with the theme "Modern Russia and the role of student youth"); Head of the Department of Social Problems and Youth Work, Doctor of Sociology, Professor Natalia Leonovna Smakotina (with the theme "Youth in the global world"); Acting Deputy Dean, lecturer Goliney Vladimir Andreevich (with the theme "Involving youth in the implementation of the SDG agenda"); Project coordinator, advisor to the Dean of the Faculty of Global Processes of Lomonosov Moscow State University Alexey Igorevich Andreev (with the topic "New limits of growth. Presentation of the MSU scientific project").

In parallel with the School, a student scientific seminar "Partnership for Sustainable Development" was held, dedicated to SDG-17: Strengthening the means of implementation and intensifying work within the framework of the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development. The seminar was held on the initiative of the youth wing of the OGIS.[...]

As an expert, Mikhail Astanin, Youth Envoy of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, Secretary General of the International Youth Forum "Eurasian Model UN", Head of the regional youth branch of the Russian Society of Political Scientists, presented his report to the audience. Roman Lyaskun, a representative of the RANEPA YURIU, and Ignat Yakovlev of BUKEP also made presentations.[...]

The topic of discussion at the meeting was the 17th Sustainable Development Goal, prospects for international cooperation to achieve it, as well as the problems faced by actors in international relations in striving to achieve this goal. Close attention was paid to the national factor, the role of specific states in the implementation of the principles of sustainable development.[...]"

Yu.N.Sayamov, Head of the Department of the Faculty of Global Processes of Moscow State University, was elected a member of the Club of Rome

14. 10. 2020 Main News
The Head of the UNESCO Department for the Study of Global Problems of the Faculty of Global Processes of Moscow State University, Yuri Nikolaevich Sayamov, has been elected a member of the Club of Rome and since October 1, 2020 is the only full member, representative of Russia in this globally recognized expert center in the field of global studies.

A message on the Club's website notes that Dr. Yuri Sayamov is a diplomat and scientist combining his more than 50 years of international experience with scientific research and teaching at the Faculty of Global Processes of Lomonosov Moscow State University. He is interested in studying the evolution of international relations, global social transformations and emerging ethical challenges. He has recently published monographs "International Relations in the context of Global Processes" (2018) and "Bioethics and Global Challenges" (2020). His other well-known works include the study "The City in a Globalizing World", published in Russian in Moscow and in English in Hong Kong.

For more information, see the link.

Sayamov, Yury
"Dr. Yury Sayamov is a diplomat and scientist combining his international experience of over 50 years with scientific studies and teaching at the Faculty of Global Processes of the Moscow State University after he retired from the State Service in 2010.

He is Full Member of the International Global Research Academy, of the International Academy of Public Diplomacy, of World Academy of Art and Science, of Russian Academy of Ecology, of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, of Russian Academy of Geopolitical Problems, of the International Club of Nice on Energy and Geopolitics and of other scientific institutions.

As the Councilor to the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences he took part in the elaboration of the present Global Agenda 2030.

He is interested in exploring the evolution of international relations, global social transformations and emerging ethical challenges and published recently monographs “International Relations in the Context of Global Processes (2018) and “Bioethics and Global Challenges” (2020). Among his other known works is “City in the Globalizing World” published in Russian in Moscow and in English in Hong Kong."

Welcome to Sociostudies!
The interdisciplinary site devoted to the social sciences, which are key to the understanding of many societal issues. Social Studies encompass a range of disciplines that examine and explain human functioning on a variety of interlocking levels like anthropology, economics, history just to name a few.

Sociostudies aims at advancing social sciences by collecting and presenting theoretical and applied research, ideas and approaches driving from scholars from economics, political science, psychology, sociology and anthropology, global studies.
The Publishing House productively co-operate with many organizations:
• Volgograd Center for Social Research
• Faculty of Global Processes, Lomonosov Moscow State University
The Faculty of Global Processes in Lomonosov Moscow State University, founded in 2005, trains specialists in international political and economic relations, global and inter-regional processes.
• Eurasian Center for Big History & System Forecasting
[and others]
Mission Statement

The Eurasian Center for Big History & System Forecasting (ECBSF) seeks to develop a unified and interdisciplinary history of the Cosmos, Earth, Life and Humanity. It also seeks to develop system forecasting of social, political, demographic, ethnic and cultural processes at regional and global levels.

1) To conduct research in the following fields of study:
* Big History, as defined by the International Big History Association: “The attempt to understand, in a unified and interdisciplinary way, the history of the Cosmos, Earth, Life and Humanity”;
* Systems forecasting of social, political, demographic, ethnic and cultural processes at regional and global levels;
* Evolutionary and mega-evolutionary processes: regularities, mechanisms and trends;
* Cyclical processes in nature and society;
* Socio-environmental history;
* Psychological and sociological aspects of social evolution;
* World history and global processes.

2) To promote collaborative work of scholars and scientists from different countries and with various specializations who are working within an evolutionary paradigm, as well as teachers, NGO organizers and workers, politicians and political consultants.
3) To unite researchers, teachers and political participants in forming a humanistic world view, based on the latest scientific achievements, especially among the younger generations.
4) To enhance methodology and practices of system forecasting, as well as humanitarian technologies in the management of political, economic and social development.

Authors: Grinin, Leonid; Grinin, Anton L.
Journal: Journal of Globalization Studies. Volume 6, Number 2 / November 2015

"In the present paper, on the basis of the theory of production principles and production revolutions, we reveal the interrelation between K-waves and major technological breakthroughs in history and make some predictions about features of the sixth Kondratieff wave in the light of the Cybernetic Revolution which, we think, started in the 1950s. We assume that the sixth K-wave in the 2030s and 2040s will merge with the final phase of the Cybernetic Revolution (which we call the phase of self-regulating systems). This period will be characterized by breakthroughs in medical technologies which will manage to combine many other technologies into a single complex of MBNRIC-technologies (med-bio-nano-robo-info-cognitive technologies). The article offers some predictions concerning the development of these technologies."

"Leonid E. Grinin, PhD, is a Russian philosopher of history, sociologist, political anthropologist, economist, and a scholar of historical trends and future studies. He is Senior Research Professor at the Institute for Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow and Leading Research Fellow of the Laboratory for Destabilization Risk Monitoring of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. Grinin is Deputy Director of the Eurasian Center for Big History & System Forecasting (Russian Academy of Sciences). He is also is Research Professor and Director of the Volgograd Center for Social Research. He is Editor-in-Chief of the international journals Social Evolution & History and the Journal of Globalization Studies, as well as co-editor of the international almanacs Evolution, History and Mathematics, and Kondratieff Waves.

Grinin`s academic interests lie in the sphere of social laws, social evolution, driving forces of historical development, the theory of historical process and its periodization and certain aspects (the productive and political ones), evolution of statehood.

Grinin`s academic research in the field of Global Studies, futurology and Big History is connected with the analysis of modern problem of globalization and modernization, forecasts of the world political and social-economic development, current global crisis, economic cycles of different duration and their modeling, information-scientific revolution and its influence on global processes, history of globalization and periodization of global process analysis of global trends in historical processes, comparison of global processes in nature and society. Together with Alexander Markov and Andrey Korotayev, he studies regularities common to biological and social macroevolution."

"Anton L. Grinin, PhD in Biological Sciences, is Senior Research Fellow of the International Center for Education and Social and Humanitarian Studies as well as leading Research of Volgograd Centre for Social Research. His main research interests include Big History, evolution, biotechnologies, global technological transformations and forecasts. He is the co-author of the monograph From Biface to Nanorobots: The World on the Way to the Epoch of Self-Regulating Systems (2015; Uchitel Publishing House; in Russian) and a number of articles including ‘Macroevolution of Technology’ and ‘Global Technological Transformations’."

According to the World Economic Forum, Leonid E. Grinin and Anton L. Grinin are included in the list of 50 “foremost global thinkers and opinion-makers”. Their and other thinkers' interviews concerning the vision of the future world contributed to the new book "Great Narrative For a Better Future
The Great Narrative (The Great Reset Book 2) Kindle Edition
by Professor Dr.-Ing. Klaus Schwab (Author), Thierry Malleret
"The Great Narrative is a guide for anyone seeking to better understand how the world has evolved since the pandemic started and what solutions can make us more resilient, equitable and sustainable.
The book recognizes that the problems for which we collectively must find solutions are both major and manifold. Vital issues abound: economic, environmental, geopolitical, societal and technological. But solutions do exist and are within our grasp. The Great Narrative proposes some hopeful and inspiring narratives around them. In that sense, it is an optimistic book that categorically rejects the negativity that permeates too many doomsday narratives ready to consign us to a future of oblivion. It asserts that human creativity, ingenuity and innate sociality will prevail, and it offers a comprehensive framework to explain why.

Professor Klaus Schwab is the Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum. He is a life-long advocate of “stakeholder capitalism”, the author of various books, including The Fourth Industrial Revolution, and the co-author (with Thierry Malleret) of the international best-seller COVID-19: The Great Reset. Thierry Malleret is the Managing Partner of The Monthly Barometer, a succinct predictive newsletter that also provides tailor-made research to its subscribers. He has written several business and academic books and published four thrillers."
The book is now widely discussed around the world, while the contributors received a personal gratitude from the chairman of the forum, who noted that the interviews became “a great inspiration to the book, making it intellectually rich and diverse”.

Organized team of one of the leading faculties of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
❗ A unique project combining the coordination of student initiatives and the efforts of the teaching staff.
A remote platform for monthly interdisciplinary seminars on global studies, conferences and congresses.
Scientific, educational and informational Internet portal It operates under the auspices of the Moscow State University named after M. V. Lomonosov.
The site was founded on October 31, 2002 by the First Vice-president of the Russian Philosophical Society (FOR), Ph.D., Prof. A.N. Chumakov. The main objective of the site is to popularize the results of interdisciplinary research in the field of global studies.

MSU FGP [Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Global Processes]
The main task of the Faculty of Global Processes is to train highly qualified professionals in the field of international relations and global studies, combining broad theoretical training and interdisciplinary education, capable of conducting comprehensive monitoring and developing approaches to effective management of global and interregional processes.
All-Russian public organization called the Russian Ecological Academy, which is a creative scientific association of scientists and specialists working in various fields of ecology.
Society of Russian-Chinese Friendship (ORKD)
Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR)
Project "Cultural and philosophical foundations of Sino-Russian cooperation".

"The origins of the Budapest Club are connected with the events that took place in the second half of the twentieth century. One of them was the creation in 1968 of the Club of Rome, a progressive scientific and analytical center with a global base for activities, especially active in Europe. In Hungary, the club was represented by Erwin Laszlo, who became an active member of the Club of Rome, after the publication of The Limits of Growth (1972) in his country. Mr. Laszlo's active activity did not stand aside and, in turn, in 1977, he already presented the 5th report "The Goals of Humanity" to the Club of Rome.

[...] The period from 1988 to 1992 was the most dramatic for the countries of Eastern and Central Europe in the second half of the XX century. During this time , E. Laszlo put forward a proposal to create an international movement of "artists and writers", which was to become the basis for the creation of the Budapest Club and become a partner to the Club of Rome. The idea of creating such a movement included the "soft factors" of the limits of growth: values, expectations, worldviews and states of mind and consciousness. E. Laszlo suggested that Budapest has ideal conditions for such intellectual and cultural activities.[...]

The real work began after 1995, when the main directions of the club's activities were determined, and especially after the first conference was held in 1996, which was attended by the Dalai Lama, Vaclav Havel, Chingiz Aimatov, Yehudi Menuhin and other guests. All of them signed and published the "Manifesto of Planetary Consciousness", a document that became the basis of the club's activities, which specifies the main goals set.

The manifesto consists of 12 articles, each of which is aimed at explaining the problems facing humanity and possible ways to solve them. For example, the basis of all the activities of the club is an idea that connects all the articles of the Manifesto with a red thread. It consists in the following: what was the past will remain the same, to solve the problems of the present and the future requires a different mindset, a different view. The processes in the world that we initiated are not similar to those that were started by our fathers and grandfathers, and the view of our children and grandchildren will depend on whether we will be able to abandon the old way of thinking, whether they will be able to take a different, new look at the current problems, thereby finding the necessary solution.

The Manifesto emphasizes that humanity is on the threshold of a new stage of social, spiritual and cultural evolution. Many problems: problems of socio-economic development, environmental problems, demographic problems, problems of energy and raw materials, cannot be overcome only through political and economic instruments. A new way of thinking is the main tool and a necessary condition for further development. To create such a way of thinking, the Budapest Club sets itself the task of encouraging creativity in all people, in all parts of the world. Creativity is not a genetic, but a cultural capital of a person. Today, achievements in the economic, social and technological environment are actually the creation of man.
The club sees its mission in encouraging and facilitating the evolution of planetary consciousness, which is a vital aspect of our sustainable material and cultural well-being and socio-economic development.[...].
There are branches of the Budapest Club in many countries, and since 2015 such a branch has started its work in Russia. Thus, within the framework of the IV International Congress "Globalistics-2015", held from October 26 to 30, 2015 at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, the founding meeting of the Budapest Club branch in the Russian Federation was held. [...]The importance of involving students in the work of the club was also emphasized, which is especially well combined with the profile of the Faculty of Global Processes of Moscow State University.
[...]Professor A.N. Chumakov was elected coordinator of the Russian branch of the Budapest Club, and a 3rd–year student (now a graduate student) was elected secretary Faculty of Global Processes of Moscow State University V.A. Goliney."

"In the USSR, the Association for the Promotion of the Roman Club was established in 1989, and after the collapse of the USSR it was reformed into the Russian Association for the Promotion of the Roman Club (the first president of the Association was Academician D.V. Gvishiani). It currently has 50 members under the chairmanship of Sergey Kamionsky. The Association is actively developing a youth direction, the purpose of which is to attract young people from leading Russian universities, carriers of different cultures and ideas interested in the implementation of the Club's mission to the Club's activities. The Russian Association actively uses international experience and research methods aimed at solving the problems of the Club of Rome. Every year it holds two meetings to discuss the most important conceptual and organizational issues.

Address: 117312, Moscow, prospect 60-letiya
October, 9"


"The Society for Global Studies (OGIS) unites representatives of more than 20 regions of the Russian Federation. Its purpose is to provide scientific assistance to federal and regional studies of global processes. OGIS is a continuation of the traditions of the great Russian scientist, naturalist, outstanding specialist in the field of strategic planning of socio-economic development and statesman V. I. Vernadsky."
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Faculty of Global Processes

Date of publication: 02/19/2023

On the eve of the 270th anniversary of Lomonosov Moscow State University and the 220th anniversary of the Moscow Society of Nature Testers, the spring session of the VII International Scientific Congress "Globalistics-2023: Sustainable Development in the context of Global Processes", dedicated to the 160th anniversary of the birth of V.I. Vernadsky, will be held on April 17-27, 2023. The Congress will be held at Lomonosov Moscow State University, which has traditionally organized and hosted the Globalistics congresses since 2009.

In 2020, the International Scientific Congress "Globalistics 2020: Global Problems and the Future of Humanity" was held. The Congress was held under the official auspices of UNESCO. The Congress gathered more than 10 thousand participants from 76 countries and 10 international organizations, including the UN, UNESCO, the Club of Rome, the World Academy of Sciences and Arts, on 35 virtual platforms.

The Globalistics Congress is one of the main international platforms for interdisciplinary dialogue in the scientific and educational sphere, the formation and strengthening of ties between domestic and foreign science. The Congress discusses topical issues of interdisciplinary research from environmental, economic, political and other fields, as well as issues related to the future of humanity.

Russian and foreign scientists and researchers, teachers and students whose field of scientific and practical interests relates to the study of global problems and international relations are invited to participate in the Congress.

The Congress will be attended by a wide range of scientists and specialists in the field of interdisciplinary research of global natural, socio-natural and social processes, including members of the Moscow Society of Nature Testers, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Russian Society for Global Studies, the Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Society of Russian-Chinese Friendship, the National Committee for BRICS Research, The Russian-African Club at the Lomonosov Moscow State University."
Dear colleagues!
Monthly interdisciplinary seminar - "ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF GLOBALISTICS" will be held on March 29, 2023 (Wednesday) at 18:00.


Speaker: Valery Samsonovich Petrosyan
UN Expert on Chemical Safety;
Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Honored Professor of Lomonosov Moscow State University;
Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences;
Member of the European Chemistry and Environment Council;
General Director of Open Ecological University LLC;
Deputy General Director of RT-Invest for Scientific Development

The seminar works monthly online (ZOOM) on the basis of the Faculty of Global Processes of Moscow State University

Dear colleagues!
Monthly interdisciplinary seminar "ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF GLOBALISM" It will take place on February 22, 2023 (Wednesday) at 18:00.

Speaker: Paul A. Kalinichenko
Doctor of Law, Professor, Scientific director of the project of the Scientific and Educational Center of Law and Bioethics in the field of Genomic research and application of Genetic Technologies of the Moscow State Law University named after
01 february 2023

The 50th anniversary of the Limits of Growth and a memorable documentary video by Aurelio Peccei | Retrofocus

The video was prepared by the site team
Translated by Olga Bosnar and Maria Vysochkina
Voice acting – Ekaterina Balakshina, Alina Belousova, Lev Stark and Pavel Yurchenko
Editing by Pavel Yurchenko

The original of the video:

The Club of Rome celebrates 50 years since The Limits to Growth report was published and commemorates the life of Aurelio Peccei- founder of The Club of Rome in partnership


Nov 8, 2022
Commemorative events for the 160th anniversary of V.I. Vernadsky
Date of publication:19.03.2023

On Sunday, March 12, with the assistance of the Vernadsky Foundation, flowers were laid at the monument to V.I. Vernadsky at the Novodevichy Cemetery.

The event was dedicated to the 160th anniversary of the birth of an outstanding scientist, the founder of modern global studies, Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky.

V.I. Vernadsky is not only the author of concepts about the biosphere and the noosphere, but also the founder of such science as biogeochemistry, naturalist, geologist, mineralogist, geochemist, biologist, philosopher.

Yu.N.Sayamov, Head of the Department of the Faculty of Global Processes of Moscow State University, was elected a member of the Club of Rome

14. 10. 2020 Main News
The Head of the UNESCO Department for the Study of Global Problems of the Faculty of Global Processes of Moscow State University, Yuri Nikolaevich Sayamov, has been elected a member of the Club of Rome and since October 1, 2020 is the only full member, representative of Russia in this globally recognized expert center in the field of global studies.

A message on the Club's website notes that Dr. Yuri Sayamov is a diplomat and scientist combining his more than 50 years of international experience with scientific research and teaching at the Faculty of Global Processes of Lomonosov Moscow State University. He is interested in studying the evolution of international relations, global social transformations and emerging ethical challenges. He has recently published monographs "International Relations in the context of Global Processes" (2018) and "Bioethics and Global Challenges" (2020). His other well-known works include the study "The City in a Globalizing World", published in Russian in Moscow and in English in Hong Kong.

For more information, see the link.

Sayamov, Yury
"Dr. Yury Sayamov is a diplomat and scientist combining his international experience of over 50 years with scientific studies and teaching at the Faculty of Global Processes of the Moscow State University after he retired from the State Service in 2010.

He is Full Member of the International Global Research Academy, of the International Academy of Public Diplomacy, of World Academy of Art and Science, of Russian Academy of Ecology, of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, of Russian Academy of Geopolitical Problems, of the International Club of Nice on Energy and Geopolitics and of other scientific institutions.

As the Councilor to the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences he took part in the elaboration of the present Global Agenda 2030.

He is interested in exploring the evolution of international relations, global social transformations and emerging ethical challenges and published recently monographs “International Relations in the Context of Global Processes (2018) and “Bioethics and Global Challenges” (2020). Among his other known works is “City in the Globalizing World” published in Russian in Moscow and in English in Hong Kong."
Yuri Nikolaevich Sayamov defended his dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Political Sciences

Date of publication:05.01.2023

On December 29, 2022, the head of the UNESCO Department for the Study of Global Problems, Faculty of Global Processes, Moscow State University, Yuri Nikolaevich Sayamov, successfully defended his dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Political Sciences in the scientific specialty 5.5.4. "International relations, global and regional Studies" on the topic "EVOLUTION of INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS IN the DYNAMICS OF GLOBAL TRANSFORMATIONS". The defense was held at the dissertation Council of the Moscow State Linguistic University.

Yu.N. Sayamov is a prominent Russian diplomat, scientist, statesman and public figure, who has been successfully heading the UNESCO Chair on Global Studies in our country for more than 10 years. The dissertation was the result of many years of work by a scientist who was one of the first in our country to begin studying the political aspects of global problems.

The Faculty of Global Processes and the Russian Society for Global Studies cordially congratulate Yuri Nikolaevich on the successful defense of his dissertation and wish him further success in scientific, organizational and pedagogical activities!

"We need to stop living in the paradigm of today's technosphere and switch to nature—like technologies"

Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the Kurchatov Institute Research Center, talks about nuclear energy and the "sun in the head".

On the eve of his 75th birthday, Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the Kurchatov Institute, told Izvestia about fundamentally new low-power nuclear power plants, the development of electrodeless engines and other promising areas of science development. In addition, the scientist explained why Karl Marx was wrong when he said that "being determines consciousness," and shared how to set yourself up for a positive.

"To repeat what happens in nature"

— Mikhail Valentinovich, we congratulate you on your anniversary. I Googled several times to make sure that it's true your age, because you are so energetic, cheerful and there are always a lot of events going on around you. Young people do not always have time for what you have time for.
— My dad said when he was 95 years old: "What is an elderly person? This is someone who is 15 years older than you today." So count it. Biological age is an objective thing, but then it depends on what state you are in. Probably 80% of it is genetics, and the rest is a way of life. It is also important how a person feels himself. A teenager can feel like an old man, and vice versa.

— And how is it with you: the more you do, the more energy you have to do something else?
— A creative person differs from other people, perhaps, by such a feeling, which is called interest in everything that surrounds you: birds, butterflies, small children, beautiful women, wine, science, creativity, stars. Then you have something to do, and self-improvement takes place. And rest...I keep remembering how my mother taught the history of the party and, of course, read a lot of Lenin and Marx, who claimed that free time is a space for personal development.

— I read that this book by Norbert Winner "Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in an animal and a machine", which we are happy to give you in honor of the anniversary, prompted you to go to science in the 10th grade. Is it true?
— The pure truth, thank you very much.

— This is a second-hand book version, we specifically found the 1952 edition.
— Thank you very much, I am very touched. Especially the original.

I was born into a deeply humanitarian family, my mom and dad are historians. They both graduated from the history department of Leningrad University, but then Dad joined the army, he was a naval colonel. Then he was demobilized and became one of the largest researchers of the Leningrad blockade, the ice route. My mother was engaged in the history of the party, but the period was very interesting, which at that time was irrelevant — after the revolution of 1905, when the future Bolsheviks went underground — Stolypin, reaction. She had books about it. I went to the Hermitage to see the elder Piotrovsky, to the historical circle. And in parallel, very complex and interesting processes took place — the merging of humanitarian and natural science knowledge - the "thaw". The famous competition of physicists and lyricists, as a result of which interest in natural sciences has grown very much. Remember: "Now physics is in high esteem, now lyrics are in the pen."

— And how did you choose physics?
— Sitting in the kitchen with Mom, we discussed what to do. I was in the 10th grade, probably already. My mother said to me: "You know, you are interested in art, literature, history… This is, of course, a good thing, but for a man it is not a profession."

And somehow I immediately perceived it. I wasn't a child prodigy, but like any capable creative person, I was quite receptive to all sorts of things. And then I came across this book you gave me. And today my new book "The Ideology of Nature-like technologies" has already been published.

— And, perhaps, tenth graders will be inspired by it already…
— It completes a very interesting ten-year stage. 10 years ago, my book "The Ideology of Nanotechnology" was published. Then we launched a nanotechnology project. In 2007, a meeting was held within the walls of the Kurchatov Institute, at which the issue of the development of nanotechnology in the country was considered, and after that a presidential initiative was announced. Rusnano was created, and we entered into a project to create a European X-ray free electron laser XFEL in Hamburg. But in the depths of this ideology of nanotechnology, the ideology of convergent nature-like technologies was formed.

— In fact, today's system is simply the destruction of resources in colossal volumes.
— Yes, and this system began to gain momentum around the world after the Second World War. In our country, in many ways, patriarchal life still continued in some ways, without significant damage to nature. Even according to my recollections, there was stove heating in our communal apartment in Leningrad. I remember well how Dad carried bundles of firewood that we sawed in the yard. There were two cars on the whole street. We bought the "Victory" in 1956, and the second "Victory" was from the People's Artist Ivan Yashugin. We went to my grandfather, who lived between Gatchina and Pavlovsk, and took shovels, sand, supplies with us, because there were no roads, and we could get stuck in snow drifts. The technosphere in the modern sense, aimed at colossal consumption, more precisely, the destruction of resources, was then formed to serve residents of developed countries in Europe and the United States.

— But today we have already joined them.
— Yes, before our eyes, the system, which was designed for a narrow part of the world's population, covered China, India — half of the globe thus switched from bicycles to cars. The result is a resource collapse, which is getting worse.

If qualitative changes do not occur, this situation can only end in a war between everyone and everyone for access to resources, and first of all for water.

— What is the way out?
— We need to stop living in the paradigm of today's technosphere. After all, humanity, in fact, has been creating for itself for thousands of years a parallel habitat — a safer, more comfortable, manageable technosphere, consuming resources, changing many natural processes and phenomena, disrupting their natural course. That is, the way out is to create a fundamentally new technological base based on nature—like technologies, that is, in fact, to include modern technologies in the chain of resource turnover that has existed in nature for millions of years. And then it is possible to build a nature-like technosphere that lives according to the principles, laws, examples of nature. And the tool for creating such a technosphere is the convergence of sciences and technologies.

— What exactly do you mean?
— The highest achievement of nature is the human brain. Everything in the sublunary world is created by this small organ. At the same time, he spends only 10 watts, like a light bulb in a communal apartment, and in peak minutes, and not everyone has up to 30 watts. Such economical resource consumption is precisely because the human body is a single system in which all processes are interconnected and very well coordinated with each other. And at the same time, computers in general, especially supercomputers, consume tens of MW of energy, actually converting them into heat. That is, today's supercomputer is not a computing machine, but a heating one. So we obviously did something wrong. Now we are talking about the fact that the further development of computer technology will be limited by the fact that there will simply not be enough electricity. The fact is that the brain and the computer work on completely different principles. A common thought: a computer is an artificial brain, a kind of brain. But the tasks may be similar, but they are solved in completely different ways. This means that there is a need to develop some other technologies based on other principles.

Hence the answer: nature—like technologies are the reproduction of the processes of wildlife in the form of technical systems integrated into natural circulation.

And we are actively engaged in their development at the Kurchatov Institute on the basis of convergent nano-, bio-, information, cognitive and socio—humanitarian sciences and technologies - NBICS.

Artificial sun and new nuclear power plants

— What other priority areas are you developing?
— First of all, this is nuclear energy. We are its ancestors. Within our walls, a series of RBMK power nuclear reactors were invented, then VVER. So far, we are moving in the same direction, providing scientific guidance for the development and commissioning of reactors, their operation, developing new materials for housings, thus increasing the service life, further increasing their reliability.That is, we continue to develop nuclear energy and everything related to it. The second direction is nuclear power devices, devices for movement. These are nuclear submarines, nuclear icebreakers and so on. The third is thermonuclear fusion.

— Artificial sun?
- Yes. We recently launched the newest Tokamak T15MD. The word stands for toroidal chamber with magnetic coils. This is a huge installation in which, in fact, you can light an artificial sun in the laboratory. This is called controlled thermonuclear fusion, which was implemented for the first time in the world within the walls of the Kurchatov Institute back in the mid-1950s. A hybrid Tokamak project has already been developed as a neutron source for producing fuel for operating nuclear power plants. This is a two-component nuclear power industry.

— Is there anything absolutely new?
— I think that soon we will announce the "Atomic Project 2.0". If the first nuclear project was aimed at creating a bomb, then the second nuclear project will be clearly aimed at creating an absolutely safe, nature-like nuclear energy, with a completely closed fuel cycle built into the natural resource turnover.

— And new nuclear power plants will be created?
— We are developing fundamentally new low-power nuclear power plants on a completely different principle. There are special materials — thermoelectrics. You heat one part, cool the other, and electricity arises. We have had a prototype of the station for several decades. In fact, it is an atomic battery. You made it at the factory, assembled it, brought it, put it on. It is not necessary to serve it. And it gives in today's version up to 10 megawatts of heat and up to 1 megawatt of electricity.

— Where can it be used?
— In the Arctic, in hard-to-reach areas, during the exploration of the Moon, new planets.

— We still have to fly there.
— And this requires new technologies: different principles of engines and different fuels. Almost all the leading countries in technology are currently developing electric jet engines. In the 1970s, the Kurchatov Institute developed a plasma field of work, which included the development of space plasma engines. Our employee A.I. Morozov proposed his own, now widely used, scheme of a stationary plasma engine (SPD). Today they are produced by the NGO "Torch" in Kaliningrad. We have developments that we have been conducting for many decades, aimed at creating an electrodeless engine. This is a fundamentally different matter.

We also need a powerful source of energy. We offer thermonuclear.

— And cosmic radiation?
— This is another important problem. A person on a long flight needs to be protected from it. It should be understood that small doses of radiation can lead to the fact that some cognitive functions will be disrupted. This is a subject of deep study.

— You have such a busy life: then filming, then conferences, then presentations, then scientific work. Do you feel happy? And what is happiness for you at all?
— I think Karl Marx was wrong when he said: "Being determines consciousness." I think consciousness defines being. It means: you are happy or unhappy not because you are surrounded by inevitable problems, but because of what you think and feel, from your emotions. There is a wonderful autobiographical book by Yves Montand, which is called "The head is full of the sun". Therefore, it is necessary to always tune in to the positive. "

Mikhail Kovalchuk joined the commission of the Security Council of the Russian Federation

In accordance with the decree of the President of the Russian Federation V. The president of the Kurchatov Institute, Mikhail Kovalchuk, is included in the Interdepartmental Commission of the Security Council on ensuring the technological sovereignty of the state in the development of the Russian critical information infrastructure.

This Interdepartmental Commission of the Security Council was established in April 2022. Its tasks are to ensure the security of the subjects of the CII, assess their technological independence and state support for import substitution in this area. The commission includes a number of federal ministers and heads of law enforcement agencies, as well as heads of state corporations Rosatom, Roscosmos and Rostec. The commission is headed by Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev.

Press center of SIC "Kurchatov Institute"
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