russia through the hidden eye 3

Lalas

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The best, unprecedented and the only one in Internet report continues, which is deepens in and clarifies the new world order in connection with the "pandemic", which continued with the "military/special military operational" strain, the real participation of Russia, and so on - all things without which it is impossible to understand the current development (and the pre-planned) of the new world (technological, social) order. Continues from here:
here:
and - the very important related topic - here:

I received numerous - probably millions - encouraging personal messages from the members of the forum, which I can not share due to privacy, but generally they follow the heartwarming line that our esteemed co-forumer, the King Lizard, voiced aloud:
Is there anyone on this forum who reads whatever this is ? Who in their right mind cares about things that they can't do anything about.
and:
Who in their right mind would even read or right all this verbosity unless they are getting paid to do so?

This gives me the strength to move forward with the third and probably last part, because things are evolving, the (hidden) reality is quickly revealed behind the boundless fog on the issue, and soon there should be some development, changes.
 
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Lalas

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So, future technologies forum
what more (summary ):
12/11/2023
Mike Adams
Now, this title may change by the time you see this, but that last phrase is really critical to understand: To keep America alive. And what I’m going to reveal to you today here in this analysis is that the reinstatement of Alex Jones on Twitter is no accident. And it has much larger implications than what most people imagine. Because it coincides with Elon Musk, the military, what I call deep intelligence networks, and how they are now supporting Elon Musk, and they are supporting Tucker Carlson. And they’re also preparing to put Trump back into office..

And even though it’s not obvious on the surface, the number one most astonishing failure that has taken place that has actually handed power over to the military intelligence faction is the defeat of NATO in Ukraine. This is sending shockwaves throughout the system, that the United States military could not defeat Russia..

So the the pro America military intelligence faction, which is pro Trump, and pro Elon Musk, I believe worked to get Alex Jones reinstated.

So, let me be clear about this because this is not a black and white scenario. And I’m trying not to insert my own opinions into this. I’m trying not to say that Trump is good or Trump is bad, but rather just tell you cause and effect here. So Trump supports Big Pharma, big war, big banks.

..This is why even Pfizer right now is reducing production of COVID vaccines, and actually laying off many people in certain divisions of the company, Big Pharma needs, you could say, a new shot in the arm. And Trump is exactly the person that they believe will enable them to do that, because Trump will be all in for fast tracking drugs, fast tracking vaccines, and responding to upcoming pandemics in a way that favors the bottom line profits of pharmaceutical companies at the same time.

Now you might ask, Why then is Alex Jones reinstated on Twitter? And what does Elon Musk have to do with all of this? Well, Elon Musk is deeply involved in research projects for the military. Many experimental projects, which are exotic weapons systems, exotic launch systems, exotic optical systems, and of course, neural link systems, which is human brain interface, both surveillance and active motor control systems. The United States military knows that the future of warfare is going to very heavily involve drones and automated systems. And we’ll talk about AI coming up here in a little bit. But part of the answer here is also going to be cyborg systems…But the real aim here is to build cyborg soldiers.

But secondly, soldiers, I’m sorry to say this, but the new recruits are not as smart as they used to be. The military services are having more and more difficulty recruiting young soldiers…And so for these less sophisticated soldiers, in order to be outfitted with cyborg systems, which is the ultimate goal, they need to have systems that are simply more intuitive and less technical.

So what does this have to do with Elon Musk, and Alex Jones and Tucker Carlson, and Donald Trump? Well, everything, it’s simple. In order for the United States to remain viable, in terms of its military projection around the world, it needs to develop more autonomous drone systems and cyborg systems. It needs to become a world leader in AI, and also neuro link implants as well as other key technologies, such as hypersonic missiles, which by the way, AI systems can help theoretically develop. Elon Musk is seen as a key gatekeeper in this quest for applied technology
….
So I believe a deal has been made between the deep military intelligence networks and Elon Musk. And this deal involves the reinstatement of Trump. And Tucker Carlson was activated on Twitter in order to help bring back Trump by going full tilt at the fascist Biden regime. And the loser leftists who are losing our wars in Ukraine, and potentially in the Middle East, and certainly coming soon in Taiwan. In other words, Elon Musk has been given a green light to activate anybody that he thinks is necessary to help turn the tide against the anti Trump rhetoric that’s out there. And to expose the truth about how much the Democrats have been destroying America on purpose, in order to reinstate Trump as president, which would require a massive flood of voter support for Trump, and for this reason, I believe Alex Jones has been reinstated.

So again, Elon Musk was given a green light to reinstate people like Alex Jones, and I believe that you’re going to see Alex talking very favorably about the defense of America, which is a very important concept. And I agree with that concept. We need to keep America alive. And the importance of shoring up America’s military might in order to protect our borders, and to make sure that we don’t lose wars overseas, which is what’s happening right now. Now, Alex Jones has sharply criticized Trump in the past, and I’ve been critical of Trump as well on several issues such as Operation warp speed. But when push comes to shove, most people who are aware of what’s going on if given a simple choice between Joe Biden and Donald J. Trump, if those are the only options, the choice is crystal clear. It’s Trump all the way. No person in their right mind would vote for Joe Biden.

Trump is in essence being brought in as a kind of combat field medic for the dollar, to patch it up, stop the bleed, and bring the dollar back into viability so that more money can be printed, to hand it over to the military industrial complex to work on more exotic weapon systems such as autonomous drones, Cyborg interface systems, human machine systems, hypersonic missiles, and also exotic space weapons through Space Force. So this is why Tucker Carlson was brought on to Twitter. This is why Alex Jones is being reinstated. This is probably why I was reinstated. Although I probably haven’t followed the path that some of these people wanted me to follow. But I do admit that at the end of the day, if it comes down to Biden versus Trump, there’s no doubt I’m on Team Trump at that point, even though I have been extremely critical of some of Trump’s decisions, I would much rather live in a world where America still exists, rather than a world where we’re overrun by globalists, and we’re under UN control, and we’ve lost our Constitution. That’s why I say this is a very complex issue for all of us, including you listening to this, you’re not going to get a perfect candidate.”


January 30, 2024
Neuralink Implants First Implant in Human Brain

February 9, 2024
...
"Tucker Carlson: So when does the AI empire start do you think?

Vladimir Putin: (Laughing.) You are asking increasingly more complicated questions. To answer them, you need to be an expert in big numbers, big data and AI.


Mankind is currently facing many threats. Due to genetic research, it is now possible to create a superhuman, a specialized human being – a genetically engineered athlete, scientist, military man.

There are reports that Elon Musk has already had a chip implanted in the human brain in the USA.


Tucker Carlson: What do you think of that?

Vladimir Putin: Well, I think there’s no stopping Elon Musk, he will do as he sees fit. Nevertheless, you need to find some common ground with him, search for ways to persuade him. I think he’s a smart person, I truly believe he is. So you need to reach an agreement with him because this process needs to be formalized and subjected to certain rules.

Humanity has to consider what is going to happen due to the newest developments in genetics or in AI. One can make an approximate prediction of what will happen. Once mankind felt an existential threat coming from nuclear weapons, all nuclear nations began to come to terms with one another since they realized that negligent use of nuclear weaponry could drive humanity to extinction.

It is impossible to stop research in genetics or AI today, just as it was impossible to stop the use of gunpowder back in the day. But as soon as we realize that the threat comes from unbridled and uncontrolled development of AI, or genetics, or any other fields, the time will come to reach an international agreement on how to regulate these things."


( ...
On February 8, as part of the Day of Russian Science, students of the SESC MSU visited the VK office. Scientists from Moscow State University, the Russian Academy of Sciences, and Skoltech talked about how neural implants work, what kind of cyberpunk future awaits humanity, how to assemble a snowflake and program living matter, as well as how the everyday life of space navigators goes. The students heard speeches by Alexei Shaitan, Professor of the Faculty of Biology of Moscow State University, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Artem Oganov, Professor of Skoltech, Vasily Popkov, Head of the Invasive Neural Interfaces Development Group at the Institute of Artificial Intelligence of Moscow State University...)


Roscongress, February 10, 2024:
There are only a few days left before the start of the second Forum of Future Technologies [13-14 February]..

About the program
Almost all key areas contain amazing technological solutions. For example, developments in the field of neurobiotechnology.
First of all, when it comes to the brain-computer interface. In Russia, there are deeper and better developments in this area than those promoted by foreign colleagues. The forum will show how far we are at the forefront here.
..And, of course, we will talk about genetic technologies, where our country, in partnership with foreign experts, is at the forefront of technological progress.

(Even before that, on 06.02.2024,
the program of the Future Technologies Forum 2024 was published.)
Vladimir Putin [in main message on the face of the site]:
The Forum aims to provide an open platform for dialogue between representatives of the government, business and scientists in order to develop joint steps for research and technology in areas that
will shape global development and the future of mankind in the near term.

Klaus Schwab, February 12, 2024, at the World Government Summit:
“We are speaking about the transition of humankind into a new era, which is not just characterized by technological change — a new era where humankind will enjoy many more opportunities and possibilities”

..Envisioning a future propelled by the technologies of the fourth industrial revolution we see a NEW DAWN of human civilization”
..“We have to be prepared for a world where we see a fusion of our physical, our digital & our biological dimensions.. So it will be a new World”

“February 12, 2024 Elon Musk made bombshell claims on the Russia-Ukraine War and President Putin. The tech mogul shut down possibilities of Russia losing the war with Ukraine. He also asserted that Putin ‘Would be assassinated, if he backs off’….”
Greetings to participants, organisers and guests of the 2nd Future Technologies Forum
Vladimir Putin sent greetings to the participants, organisers and guests of the 2nd Future Technologies Forum.
en.kremlin.ru

February 13, 2024

The message reads, in part:

“Today’s rapid scientific progress opens up enormous potential in areas such as biomedicine, genetics, genomics, neurotechnology and artificial intelligence. It is crucial that the unique achievements of research teams and clinicians be implemented swiftly in practice, in our hospitals and health centres….And, of course, we are always open to cooperation and implementation of joint projects with foreign partners.”


Tucker, 13 Feb 2024, World Government Summit. Tucker’s first discussion since the Vladimir Putin interview. in the end, two sentences about:
Today’s rapid scientific progress opens up enormous potential in areas such as biomedicine, genetics, genomics, neurotechnology and artificial intelligence. It is crucial that the unique achievements of research teams and clinicians be implemented swiftly in practice…


Plenary session of the Future Technologies Forum
Vladimir Putin took part in the plenary session of the second Future Technologies Forum titled “Modern Medical Technologies. The Challenge of Tomorrow: Getting the Jump on Time”.

“Modern Medical Technologies. The Challenge of Tomorrow: Getting the Jump on Time”

February 14, 2024
Vladimir Putin:

Good afternoon, friends,

I am happy to welcome our Russian and foreign guests – scientists, physicians, business representatives and all participants in the Future Technologies Forum. We have created this platform to discuss promising solutions that are just being born and tested now. In some cases they are even ahead of the times, but very soon they should and certainly will dramatically change people’s lives.”


February 14, 2024
On Wednesday, February 14, Russian President Vladimir Putin visited a special exhibition of the II Future Technologies Forum in Moscow, where he was presented with advanced Russian medical technologies and developments.
..
Alexey Likhachev, Head of Rosatom State Corporation drew attention to the fact that implants are already being created from artificial biosimilar materials, and specialists are beginning to grow human organs from the patient’s own cells.
..
The Minister of Health Murashko also told the president about the vision restoration device, which implants a chip in the root of the brain.
..
Gazprombank specialists demonstrated exhibits and systems in the technological areas of in vitro molecular diagnostics based on quantum dots, neural implants..


Vsevolod Belousov, Director General of the Federal Center for Brain and Neurotechnology of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency of Russia… The bionic prostheses already being created by scientists are just the beginning: there are plans for implants that patients will be able to feel as if they were alive!

“We have set ourselves an ambitious goal to make bionic prostheses with feedback and integrate them directly with the nervous system,“ said V.V. Belousov.


Meeting of the Working Group on Legal Regulation in the Field of Genetic Technologies, including Genome Editing, and Bioethics Prevention of hereditary diseases and reproductive and genetic well-being
..
“Let me somewhat reduce the demonization of biologists, geneticists, and so on, and recall such a phrase as ‘discoveries and technologies in themselves cannot be demonic, they cannot be bad, but their application depends on us, how we use them’

“We see that new technologies, especially if they show good results, show their high efficiency in practice, they inexorably step by leaps and bounds into our lives and become part of our lives. Are we ready for this? And from the point of view of ethical and moral aspects, including legal issues”
— Maria Vorontsova, Member of the Presidium, Russian Association for the Promotion of Science.” [*officially unconfirmed, but it’s an open secret that she’s Putin’s young daughter]

TASS ru,
14 February
The expert [Vasily Popkov] predicted a “race of neural implants” due to the loss of technological unipolarity
[in the session “Why Does the Brain Need to Connect to a Computer?” in Future Technologies Forum 13-14 Feb, 2024, Moscow]
..
According to the scientist, this fear will lead in the near future to the relaxation of regulatory norms related to the development of implants to restore the normal functions of the human body, and in one or two decades, similar processes will take place in the field of creating augmentation systems, neural interfaces that improve cognitive and other human abilities.

“All ethical issues related to the development of neural interfaces will fade into the background, and an analogue of the “space race” of the last century will begin, which this time will be aimed at expanding human capabilities. Unlike microelectronics and many other technologies, we are not hopelessly behind in this area, and with proper investment of funds and efforts, we will be able to reduce this gap and compete in this regard with the leading participants in this race,” Popkov summed up.”
 
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Lalas

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Specialized Educational and Scientific Center (faculty) boarding school named after A.N. Kolmogorov
Lomonosov Moscow State University

Visit to VK office on Russian Science Day
11.02.2024
On February 8, as part of the Day of Russian Science, students of the SESC MSU visited the VK office. Scientists from Moscow State University, the Russian Academy of Sciences, and Skoltech talked about how neural implants work, what kind of cyberpunk future awaits humanity, how to assemble a snowflake and program living matter, as well as how the everyday life of space navigators goes. The students listened to speeches by Professor of the Faculty of Biology of Moscow State University, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexei Shaitan, Professor of Skoltech Artem Oganov, Head of the Group for the Development of Invasive Neural Interfaces at the Institute of Artificial Intelligence of Moscow State University Vasily Popkov, Associate Professor of the Faculty of Space Research of Moscow State University Ivan Samylovsky, Head of the Laboratory of New Materials for Solar Energy of the Faculty of Materials Sciences of Moscow State University Alexei Tarasov, Associate Professor of the Faculty of Psychology of Moscow State University Rykiel. The Russian crew of the International Space Station also got in touch with the schoolchildren. Well-known popularizers of science and authors of popular channels about science also spoke to the children.

Vsevolod Zhuravlev (10A):

Very cool! And it is very informative: there are a lot of professionals who talk about what they are very good at, simply and clearly. A very good format, instead of one three-hour lecture, at which everyone would be tired, there are a lot of small and varied ones.

Alina Azizova (10m):
The trip to the VK office was very informative and exciting. In honor of the Day of Russian Science, we were told a lot of interesting lectures on various topics...

Nastya Dubrovina (11N):
I liked the trip very much, the venue, the atmosphere and the technical support of the appropriate level. The series of mini-lectures was fascinating and informative. I especially liked that the lectures were from different fields, so that everyone could learn something new for themselves. I especially remember the presentations on psychology and neurobiology...






Head of the Group for the Development of Invasive Neural Interfaces at the Institute of Artificial Intelligence of Moscow State University Vasily Popkov

The expert named the main task for Russian and foreign neurophysiologists

According to Vasily Popkov, Head of the Invasive Neural Interfaces Development Group at the Institute of Artificial Intelligence of Moscow State University, this will be a solution to the problem of updating various neural implants and augmentation systems

February 14, 2024, at the Moscow Forum of Future Technologies.


The expert predicted a "race of neural implants" due to the loss of technological unipolarity

"All ethical issues related to the development of neural interfaces will fade into the background, and an analogue of the "space race" of the last century will begin, which this time will be aimed at expanding human capabilities. Unlike microelectronics and many other technologies, we are not hopelessly behind in this area, and with proper investment of funds and efforts, we will be able to reduce this gap and compete in this regard with the leading participants in this race," Popkov summed up.

Why would the brain connect to a computer?
February 14, 2024
Participants
..


Vasily Popkov
Head of the Invasive Neural Interfaces Research Group, Institute of Artificial Intelligence, Lomonosov Moscow State University
 
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Lalas

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Ministry of Science and Innovation Policy of the Novosibirsk Region
February 10, 2024
DNA passports were received by visitors to the stand of the Novosibirsk Region on the Day of Russian Science at VDNH

The flagships of Novosibirsk science, created under the national project "Science and Universities", initiated by the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the unique developments of innovative companies in the region, were presented at the stand of the Novosibirsk Region on the Day of Russian Science at the site of the exhibition and forum "Russia" at VDNKh.

Irina Manuilova, Deputy Governor, took part in the events at VDNH on the Day of Russian Science on 8 February, in particular, she stressed that Russia's technological sovereignty and economic growth in Siberia will be ensured by unique scientific developments and breakthrough projects in the field of science and innovation, which are being successfully implemented in the Novosibirsk Region.

"It is very symbolic that the Novosibirsk Region presents its programme at VDNH on the Day of Russian Science. We introduce visitors to the work of innovative companies – residents of Academpark and Skolkovo, in particular, with a new product for those who want to get their genetic passport and find out what recommendations in terms of maintaining reproductive health, physical condition, and a healthy lifestyle are most effective for them. We presented our scientific flagships, such as SKIF and the creation of "digital twins" – lectures by Siberian scientists were devoted to this. We are very pleased that our lectures and expositions aroused great interest among visitors to the Russia Exhibition and Forum at VDNH," said Irina Manuilova.

As part of the work of the Novosibirsk Region stand, innovative specialists took buccal epithelium from everyone, told about the path it goes through in the laboratory, gave the opportunity to work with some laboratory equipment, and also showed what result a person gets in the end - his genetic passport. Biologists presented research aimed at the safe control of pests - insects and mites - for plants and humans.

In addition, ambassadors of Novosibirsk science held a number of lectures at the forum venues, presenting the scientific achievements of the region. Siberian scientists told students of Moscow technical universities about the history of the creation and use of a digital twin of the urban atmosphere in Novosibirsk, the development of an artificial intelligence system for seismic data analysis and the installation of a megascience class on the example of the implementation of the SKIF project in the Novosibirsk region, as well as about the unique characteristics of the Center for Collective Use.

In the field of science and innovation, several breakthrough projects are being implemented in the Novosibirsk Region, aimed not only at ensuring the economic growth of Siberia, but also at achieving the technological sovereignty of the entire country as soon as possible. One of the key ones is the project for the comprehensive modernization of the Novosibirsk scientific center "Akademgorodok 2.0". Its most important facilities are the Siberian Ring Photon Source Center for Collective Use, the Genetic Technologies Competence Center, and Novosibirsk State University with an updated research base and a world-class campus. The developments of Novosibirsk scientists in a number of areas are unique and have no analogues in Russia and in the world. They concern, in particular, molecular research.

Recall that the international exhibition and forum "Russia" was organized in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin. The exposition of the Novosibirsk Region at VDNH is presented by order of the Governor Andrey Travnikov.






North Caucasus Federal University
NCFU SCIENTISTS HAVE DEVELOPED AN INNOVATIVE METHOD FOR ASSESSING THE EMOTIONAL STATE OF A PERSON

05 March 2024

The North Caucasus Federal University has developed a unique computer technique for diagnosing a person's emotional state. This development allows you to determine the level of awareness of your emotions and identify negative thoughts.

The methodology, developed by the research group of the Department of General Psychology and Personality Psychology of NCFU, is an electronic test that will help determine how well a person understands their emotions and feelings, whether they have any negative thoughts or attitudes that prevent them from experiencing emotions.

"The development of our scientists is an innovative tool for assessing the emotional state of a person. I would like to note that the new method has a wide range of applications in psychology, medicine, education and other related areas. I am sure that this development will make a significant contribution to the development of specialized science," said Dmitry Bespalov, Rector of NCFU.

Currently, scientists of the federal university are developing a web application to solve prognostic problems of monitoring the state of human emotional health. The program's capabilities include remote surveying, viewing results in a convenient graphical format, and on-line data processing.

This development will also be available for use by practicing psychologists. With its help, they will be able to assess the emotional state of their clients and identify possible problems that can lead to emotional disorders.

"Our goal in developing the methodology was to identify and concretize psychological phenomena that can interfere with the constructive processing of a person's past and current emotional experience. This makes it possible to make a probabilistic prognosis of the development of pathological emotional symptoms and conditions, as well as to create individual programs of psychological assistance," said Irina Belasheva, Head of the Department of General Psychology of NCFU.

Such an approach to the analysis of the psychological state can be applied by specialists in various fields, including clinical psychology, personnel management, medical institutions, as well as research centers dealing with problems of health and well-being of the population.

It is worth noting that the methodology is already being actively tested by teachers, graduate students and psychology students when conducting scientific research on the problems of psychological health and personal safety. The development is also included in the register of computer programs and has a certificate of state registration.




1 March 2024
AI Assists with Fact-Checking: HSE Scientists Streamline Information Verification

Specialists at the HSE AI Research Centre have developed an AI-powered fact-checking assistant. This software solution will improve the quality of working with information, reduce the risks of errors and biases, and save both time and resources. A notable advantage of the program lies in its capability to process a wide variety of statement types.

Today, neural networks are commonly used for statement verification, even though they were not initially designed for this purpose and may 'hallucinate’, generating texts that do not align with reality. Neural networks are trained on extensive datasets; if these datasets contain errors or inaccuracies, the network's outputs may be erroneous. The fact-checking assistant developed at HSE University aims to address this problem.

The program is made up of several key components, which include searching for text fragments relevant to the user's statement, comparing these fragments with the statement, and, finally, making a conclusive decision regarding the statement's accuracy. The program's outputs include the final decision, the probability of its accuracy, and the text fragments that either corroborate or contradict the statement.
...
The developers at HSE University can customise the program upon request and train it on data from specific sources. The virtual assistant features a user-friendly interface and is suitable for use by researchers, fact-checkers, or framework developers as either an integrated verification tool or a browser plug-in.




News of the FAI "Project Directorate of the Ministry of Construction of Russia"
A lecture on the implementation of the national projects "Housing and Urban Environment" and "Ecology" was held at the exhibition "Russia"

30.01.2024
On Friday, 26 January, Pavilion No. 15 of VDNH "Building the Future" hosted an interactive lecture for students of the faculties of State and Municipal Administration of leading Russian universities on the implementation of Russia's national projects. The event was organized by the Project Directorate of the Ministry of Construction of Russia, which accompanies the implementation of federal projects that are part of the national projects "Housing and Urban Environment" and "Ecology".
...
Today, it is difficult to imagine the development of any field of activity without the use of modern technologies. Digitalization has not bypassed the urban economy, in connection with which the departmental project "Smart City" is being implemented, which was presented in her report by Daria Dolgikh, Deputy Director of the Project Directorate of the Ministry of Construction of Russia.


"The Smart City project is a bridge between all spheres of modern life, and for us – between all federal projects that we support. Digital solutions and smart technologies are already being integrated into all of our lives: in a broad sense, it is everything that makes our lives easier and more comfortable in a technological sense. The digital affects the formation of a comfortable urban environment and the housing and utilities sector," said Daria Dolgikh. "Since the IT industry is developing very intensively, and one of the drivers is the companies themselves with their own ideas, and, of course, you need to follow the trends that they set. For this purpose, there is a Solution Bank that brings together effective business cases."
 
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Lalas

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A new approach to the study of brain activity has been proposed in Russia

According to the scientists, this approach is an alternative to two generally accepted theories describing brain activity when making limb movements




March 6, 2024. Russian neurophysiologists and mathematicians have developed a new approach to the analysis of brain activity, in which scientists have proposed to focus the attention of the scientific community on the waves of activity that run through the cerebral cortex in the process of its work. This was reported by the press service of the AIRI Institute of Artificial Intelligence.

"Our goal was to create a mathematical approach with strict requirements and conditions that would expand the existing scientific picture of the world. The methods we propose will be useful to scientists in the development of brain-computer interfaces and in the study of brain stimulation," said Ekaterina Kuzmina, a junior researcher at the AIRI Institute, whose words are quoted by the press service of the organization.

As the scientists note, the approach they created is an alternative to two generally accepted theories describing brain activity during limb movements. Proponents of the first of these ideas, the so-called representational approach, believe that each individual neuron in the cortex is responsible for its own parameter of limb movement: acceleration, speed and direction of arm movement, its angle, and other characteristics.

Many of the predictions of this theory have been successfully tested and proven in experiments with brain-computer interfaces, but it does not reflect all aspects of how the brain works, which has led to the creation of a competing model, the so-called dynamic approach. Its proponents suggest taking into account the overall dynamics rather than the work of individual neurons when analyzing brain activity. It reflects cyclical changes in the functioning of neurons, which occur according to a principle that scientists call "rotational dynamics."

Five years ago, Russian neurophysiologists and their colleagues from the United States, Brazil and Europe found evidence that this theory does not describe all the processes that occur in the cerebral cortex during voluntary movements of the limbs and other forms of activity. This forced them to study in detail the data collected during observations of the work of the cerebral cortex of monkeys and rodents, for which the scientists used machine learning methods.

The calculations carried out by the researchers showed that the existence of cyclical changes in the activity of neurons can be explained by the fact that special waves of activity "run" along the surface of the motor cortex of the brain. Based on this consideration, Russian scientists have developed two mathematical techniques that allow them to use the properties of these waves to study how the activity of neurons changes during brain function. As Kuzmina and her colleagues hope, the approaches they have created will accelerate the development of brain-computer interfaces and brain stimulation techniques for the treatment of neurological diseases.

The results of the study are published in:




The first expert meeting was held to prepare proposals for the Environmental Security Strategy of Russia until 2050

The round table 'Ecology of the Future Begins in Russia', the first of the expert meetings on the preparation of proposals for the Environmental Safety Strategy of Russia until 2050, organized by the Russian Society for Nature Conservation and the Roscongress Foundation, was held. Representatives of various spheres of the economy, science, business, and public organizations are involved in the preparation and thinking about how to balance the aspects of the development of society and man with nature, and what Russia's environmental policy should be.

Global environmental problems are felt anywhere in the world and are associated with climate change, degradation of water systems, desertification, loss of biodiversity, deforestation, air pollution, soil degradation and loss of fertility, and waste accumulation.
...
Changes in the climate agenda should be based on a specific territory, and not tied to money, have measurable indicators and resource efficiency, and not the degradation of natural resources, said Dmitry Skobelev, Director of the Research Institute Center for Environmental Industrial Policy. We and the BRICS countries have a large spatial resource, which is underestimated, and we need to capitalise and monetise this resource. It seems expedient to look at our natural areas not from the point of view of costs, but to make them a provision for a new emerging currency through environmental projects. And the main thing is that all over the world there are approaches that have already been recognized to ensure the uniformity of measurements. We need to agree only on standards." Dmitry Skobelev also proposes to consider the Concept of Natural Capital as a Gift Fund, as well as to shift the focus to green projects, the result of which is real effects, such as the restoration of disturbed ecosystems and territories. "This is an underestimated resource that countries such as Russia and the rest of the BRICS members possess," the expert believes.
...
Raif Vasilov, President of the Ovchinnikov Society of Biotechnologists of Russia, believes that the new Strategy should reflect: "The first is a change in man's attitude to nature as an object of exploitation, that is, nature should become a partner of man in his development. And the second, of course, is a radical revision of the technological base itself, the civilization that has been created by humanity." A new approach to transforming the technological base is truly a challenge on a planetary scale. We are talking about the introduction of nature-like technologies that make it possible to restore the balance between the biosphere and the technosphere. "In fact, we are talking about the formation of a new global ecological order," Vasilov said. This topic can be extremely attractive for third world countries, because for them it is the bioeconomy that can become the main tool for solving the problem of food security, the problem of ecology and the problem of energy."





St. Petersburg State University
March 6, 2024
St Petersburg University Scientists Have Developed a Method for Automatic Detection of Irony in Speech

Linguists from St. Petersburg University, having conducted a study of speech, have identified the gesture, intonation and mimic features of a person who uses ironic expressions in his speech. Identifying the key differences between an ironic conversation and a neutral one will improve automatic speech recognition and audiovisual synthesis systems based on artificial intelligence.

Voice and audiovisual assistants have become a part of modern life, but a significant part of the speech techniques that a person uses in everyday life is understandable only when talking between people. For example, ironic statements directly depend on the situation and intonation, so they are understandable, as a rule, only intuitively and are not picked up by artificial intelligence.


The results of the study are published in the proceedings of the International Conference on Speech and Computer
..
In gestures and facial expressions, irony is distinguished not only by specific movements, such as certain movements of the lips and eyebrows, but also by how they are combined, as well as their relationship to the audio signal. As part of the fundamental research, scientists have gained knowledge about what characteristics a person uses for the ironic coloring of his speech and what he uses to determine it in the speech of the interlocutor.


Work on the detection of speech patterns, such as irony, based on sound and gestures, makes it possible to improve automatic speech recognition and audiovisual synthesis systems based on artificial intelligence.

St. Petersburg State University, the first university in Russia, was founded on January 28 (February 8), 1724, when Peter the Great issued a decree establishing the University and the Russian Academy of Sciences. Today, St Petersburg University is a world-class scientific, educational and cultural centre. In 2024, St Petersburg University will celebrate its 300th anniversary.


Perm Polytechnic University
PERM POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY SCIENTISTS IMPROVE THE ACCURACY OF NEURAL NETWORKS FOR IMAGE RECOGNITION

06.03.24
Neural networks are taking over more and more different areas every day and automating many processes. One of the most popular areas is image recognition. It is used in medical diagnostics, in the automotive sector for recognizing signs on the road, for navigation and visual perception of the environment in robotics, for detecting incidents in video surveillance systems. Continuous modification and improvement of methods is required to reduce errors. PNRPU scientists have developed a machine vision subsystem that provides reliable recognition of small objects and objects at different distances from the camera. The proposed scheme will help, for example, to detect weapons or dangerous objects in a crowd.
..
The development of Perm Polytechnic University scientists will improve image recognition using neural networks, increase the accuracy of detecting small objects and objects at different distances from the camera. The proposed scheme will help, for example, to detect weapons or dangerous objects in a crowd.




FAI "Project Directorate of the Ministry of Construction of Russia"
The latest achievements of the digital transformation of the urban economy were discussed at the regional day "Digital Pumping. Smart City"

06.03.2024/SMART CITY
Ryazan hosted the regional day "Digital Pumping. Smart City" of the Central Federal District for the digital transformation of the urban economy.
..
Sergey Plugotarenko, CEO of ANO Digital Economy and moderator of the session, noted that digital transformation has been identified by Vladimir Putin as one of the national development goals, and the "monization" of cities is an integral part of this process:
"In 2023, ANO Digital Economy, together with the Ministry of Construction of Russia, set themselves the goal of assessing the degree of use of AI technologies in a smart city. With the use of AI, quality of life indicators increase by 10-30%. Already, 59 regions of the Russian Federation are actively implementing smart city solutions using artificial intelligence, and, according to our analytics, one of the likely next stages for the period from 2025 to 2040 will be the integration of infrastructure solutions into a single digital circuit."
..
According to Daria Dolgikh, Deputy Director of the Project Directorate of the Ministry of Construction of Russia, the regions of the Central Federal District have a high degree of activity in the implementation of the Smart City project, which is determined by the implementation of measures for the digitalization of the urban economy, the activities of the departmental Smart City project and participation in the All-Russian competition "Best Municipal Practice".
"3 projects from the regions of the Central Federal District were included in the top solutions according to the results of the Best Municipal Practice competition in 2023: the introduction of the Central Panel software module of the Digital Heat Supply software package in Voronezh, a digital platform for managing the municipal economy of the Novotalitsky rural settlement of the Ivanovo Region based on artificial intelligence technologies, and the dispatching of artesian wells in the rural settlement of Belokolodezskoye, Oryol Region. The potential of the regions is very high, and we are glad to get acquainted with the experience of the Ryazan Region," said Daria Dolgikh.

Andrey Ulyanov, Minister of Digital Development of the Ryazan Region, spoke about the projects that are being worked on in the Ryazan Region today and how they affect the lives of citizens:
"Digital technologies are becoming more and more deeply embedded in everyday life and help to make the right management decisions, structure data from various sources, and improve business efficiency. At present, the elements of the "smart urban environment" have been created separately and do not yet form an ecosystem. The task of the authorities today is to direct all these initiatives and undertakings in the right direction, for the benefit of the residents of the cities and the region as a whole."

A smart city is a whole range of solutions aimed at improving the comfort and safety of citizens' lives, using a wide range of technological solutions. The goal of this project is not only digital transformation and automation of processes, but also a comprehensive improvement in the efficiency of urban infrastructure.
 
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Games of the Future, Kazan, Russia, 2024
photobank Ria Novosti, few selected photos (click to enlarge)































 

Lalas

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:rolleyes: From the clergy of all religions must come to worship, obviously, because is near, the kingdom neurobiodigital..
BiometriNet (pre-Neuronet) (2014-2024),
The onset of the Neuronet (2025-2035),
Full-Fledged Neuronet (2035+)
...
When Biometrinet becomes commonplace, the “Neuronet Offensive” will begin (2025-2035), during which communication protocols based on digital models of mental processes will be developed and approaches to organizing a “collective consciousness” capable of “brainstorming” and solving tasks that require the concerted efforts of many people will be found.

 

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Scientists at the World Youth Festival spoke about modern challenges in the field of virology and the fight against epidemics

March 5, 2024



On March 5, as part of the scientific program of the World Youth Festival, the session "The World of Infections and Epidemics: How to Deal with Dangers" was held, at which Russian and foreign experts spoke about the experience of fighting epidemics and what lies ahead.

The session discussed fundamental research and development designed to save humanity from infections and epidemics, as well as ensuring biological safety, and new opportunities that are opening up within the framework of international cooperation. The pace of development of engineering approaches in the field of biology has led humanity to a surge in technologies that allow the creation of synthetic living systems and the modification of natural ones. Such knowledge creates a large space of opportunities for the development of the bioeconomy in all its directions.

The session was attended by Director of the Institute of Immunology of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency of Russia, President of the Russian Association of Allergists and Clinical Immunologists Musa Khaitov, Deputy Director for Research of the Gamaleya National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology Denis Logunov, Head of the Kurchatov Genome Center of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" Maxim Patrushev, Researcher of the Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Biocubafarma Tailin Lao Gonzalez. The session was moderated by Elena Maslenkova, Chairman of the Council of Young Scientists, Medical and Pharmaceutical Organizations of Higher Education and Science.

Scientists from leading research centres in Russia and Cuba, experts in the field of virology, epidemiology, and biotechnology spoke about the most reliable protection against epidemics – vaccines and innovative medicines, modern challenges in the field of virology, immunology, experience in combating epidemics, and the role of the National Genetic Information Database in the fight against pandemics.

Teams of modern scientists are exploring unattainable fundamental areas in immunology, epidemiology, and creating biotechnologies that make it possible to preserve the greatest value of this world – human life. Mir-19 was created in six months and has shown high efficiency in the treatment of coronavirus, demonstrating the ability of our scientists to work quickly and respond to the most acute biosafety challenges:

"Our country has developed a unique technological platform that made it possible to quickly create MIR-19, a drug that excludes a severe course of covid. In the event of the emergence of new dangerous infections, this platform will be used to defeat them," Musa Khaitov said.

According to Denis Logunov, the developed vector platforms make it possible to quickly obtain new candidate vaccines against pathogens that have not previously circulated in the human population, which have already proven themselves during the Ebola epidemic and the covid pandemic.


"The mRNA platform, which has now been developed at the Gamaleya Institute, has not only proven its effectiveness and safety, but also allowed us to prepare for infections that do not yet exist. Now our institute is developing vaccines for the main types of viruses that can cause viral pandemics. This approach is the basis for proactively ensuring the biosecurity of our country and the world," says Denis Logunov.

The National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" has developed a program of the state information system in the field of genetic information. The development of biological data analysis systems is the only way to revolutionary technologies that will ensure technological sovereignty, including in the aspect of combating emerging infectious and epidemiological hazards.

"The national database of genetic information being created at the Kurchatov Institute will make it possible not only to collect and store, but also to analyze large amounts of genetic information. With the help of artificial intelligence, we will put the development of new genetic technologies on stream, and we will also be able to predict possible biogenetic threats of the future. Such a platform of national genetic information and its technological solutions are already available to scientists of the Kurchatov Institute. In the near future, it will become the basis for combining the results of the work of the country's research groups," said Maxim Patrushev.


The Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in Cuba is a unique biotechnology company that implements a high-performance complex for the development of vaccines and innovative drugs. In December 2023, representatives of Russia signed a memorandum with them, which made it possible to implement bilateral ties in the scientific and technological sphere. A researcher at the Biocubafarma Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology said that the Abdala and Soberana vaccines showed more than 90% efficacy against SARS-CoV-2, and were used to vaccinate the entire population of Cuba, preventing the devastating consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic.

"Last year, we visited various research centers in Moscow and found a number of opportunities for cooperation in the fight against pathogens. For Cuba, this is a very promising cooperation, because Russia is a huge country with huge scientific resources and excellent experience," comments Tailin Lao González.

At the end of the session, the experts came to the conclusion that Russian technologies and developments allow the country to effectively ensure the safety and health of our citizens. The available platforms make it possible to predict and quickly respond to new biological risks and threats, quickly deciphering the genomic structure of pathogenic viruses and synthesizing drugs that protect against their impact. Active international cooperation allows our country to achieve sustainable high results, as well as to help partner countries and ensure international biosafety.


__________

The World Youth Festival is being held on the federal territory of Sirius from March 1 to March 7, 2024 in accordance with the Decree of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin in order to develop international youth cooperation.

The organizer of the World Youth Festival is the Federal Agency for Youth Affairs (Rosmolodezh), the operator of WFM-2024 is the Directorate of the World Youth Festival."


:rolleyes::eek:o_O:D:D:D





"We believe in Russia!"
Photo from the Sochi World Youth Festival 2024
 
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Autonomous Non-Profit Organization of Additional Professional Education 'Center for Advanced Professional Training of the Arkhangelsk Region'
On December 22, a master class "Art and "Drawing with Artificial Intelligence" was held at the Center

25.12.2023
Aurum Kettunen, a mentor in artificial intelligence, shared his experience and knowledge in the field of artificial intelligence and helped students from the Arkhangelsk College of Telecommunications named after Rosing, the Arkhangelsk Polytechnic College and the Technical School of Construction and Urban Economy to master unique techniques.

The children learned how technology can become a creative ally, opening up new opportunities in the world of art.




Northerner lived lnder the guidance of Artificial Intelligence for a month:
He told what had happened from that


The man even microchipped himself


March 2, 2024


The man gave the AI information about himself and his interests

Aurum Kettunen lived under the guidance of artificial intelligence for a month. The program controlled the daily routine, nutrition, training, and so on. And one day, the AI advised Aurum to install a chip under his skin... and Aurum agreed. How the man came to a life that resembles a fantasy novel, and what impressions he had from the bold experiment, he told in an interview with 29.RU.
...
The man created his own company, where they teach how to work with generative AI: they tell how technology can be used to develop business and in everyday affairs.


Generative artificial intelligence is a type of artificial intelligence capable of generating text, images, or other data in response to prompts.

"I tell you that man, as homo sapiens, has undergone a certain kind of transformation. This is not my invention, this is the so-called modern theory, anthropology, that now it is no longer homo sapiens, but its subspecies – homo digital. It may be a cliché, but exactly half of our personality is uploaded to the cloud. We interact with the Net and we don't pay attention to it anymore."

"You open your smartphone and immerse yourself in the web. How do the sensations change? A few bits of information in the form of emoticons can make your heart beat faster."

Aurum Kettunen, lived under the guidance of artificial intelligence


"It's unbelievable, if only for the simple reason that in the past, in order for a person to experience some kind of stress or their heart to start beating faster, they had to see a tiger or understand that there would be no harvest this year. Now everything is simpler: it is enough to open the phone, and a person will experience much more sensations than from the outside world.

Aurum does not presume to judge whether such a transformation is taking place for good or bad. But he himself willingly uses modern technologies. For example, his company has four people and 11 "digital employees":

— In fact, we have an analyst, a marketer, a copywriter, and someone who makes commercial offers. There is a doctor, just imagine, who is connected to databases with our medical records: if there are some tests that need to be sorted out, it works very well. In fact, we have a staff of robots. Plus, basic automation is all robots.



Lived by the advice of AI to debunk myths

Not only Aurum participated in the project, but also his colleagues. Artificial intelligence made a daily routine, prompted people what and in what quantities to eat, how and when to exercise.
...
With this experiment, Aurum wanted to debunk the prejudice that artificial intelligence is something dangerous:


"For people, artificial intelligence evokes associations with some crazy microwave oven with a machine that will run after you, like in the movies of the 2000s."

Close interaction with AI does not scare him:
"How can a well-functioning calculator or computer be intimidating? For many people, fright is associated with the so-called Eliza effect. In the 1960s, Eliza's chatbot relied on so-called emotional markers. That is, when you write the words "sad" or "love", she answered with a certain emotional coloring, which created the effect of the presence of a living creature in a person. But this is just an effect. It's a perceptual error, nothing more."


ELIZA is a virtual conversationalist, a computer program by Joseph Weizenbaum written in the 1960s that parodies a dialogue with a therapist.

"There's no need to be afraid. It's like being scared of a car. There is no difference between a hammer drill, a calculator, a machine, and an AI. These are all tools."

The man explains that AI can provide much more information than a regular search engine on the Internet, and allows you to work with data more efficiently.

Aurum gives an example that using a search engine, a person will write a book for six months, and with the help of AI, he will be able to do the same in two hours while drinking coffee.



He implanted three chips in his hands and ready to connect the chip to the brain

Artificial intelligence also advised Aurum to implant a chip. The man explained that he first gave the program some information about himself and his interests: based on them, the AI generated recommendations. Aurum decided to undergo implantation because he himself thought about it.



Now the man already has three devices under his skin. One with personal data, which Aurum calls a "business card", another works as a key to magnetic locks at home and at work, and the third allows you to pay without a card - with the touch of your hand.



The implantation of tiny chips was also done by Aurum's colleagues. Before that, they checked their health, since any interference in the body has contraindications.

"The whole team didn't have any problems, because the puncture is made with a thin needle. Everything is neat, no marks, no bleeding."




Thanks to the experiment, the northerner's company began to be discussed throughout Russia and abroad. For example, Aurum talked about his experience on Channel One.

At the same time, Aurum emphasizes that he does not advocate microchipping for everyone.


"It's everyone's choice. If you want to put veneers on yourself, for God's sake, if you want to implant some improvements in your body, no one forbids you to do this."

Aurum placed the payment implant under the skin on the back of his hand. If you look closely, you can see its outlines.

Aurum explains that so far such a procedure cannot be widespread, since it is no longer just a puncture, but an invasive operation, an incision is made for it.




To put a chip on their own, people take off-the-shelf electronics, create a sealed shell of special silicone, and then apply for implantation. And it is relatively inexpensive:

— For 15,000 rubles, you can get a payment implant.


The Northerner says that there are not so few chip carriers in the world:

"There are a lot of technicians and engineers who work in the IT field, work at facilities and do not carry passes with them. Everything is right here [under the skin]. I know people with military specializations who have implants: there is personal information, blood type, health information, and so on."

As Aurum says, for the most part, people around him have a positive attitude towards his modifications. When he pays in a store with a touch of his hand, it is surprising, and when people learn how it works, they react with admiration.

"People say, 'Look, I probably wouldn't do it for myself, but it looks cool,'" Aurum says. "It all depends on how you look. Of course, if you go around hitting people and say, "I'm a cyborg!" no one will say that you're a normal person. And if you are a socially pleasant person, if it brings good emotions, then why not? I only had positive reactions. Only once did it happen that a person was "stuck" and could not understand how I paid."


At the same time, the man understands that there are those who consider chips in the body to be something absolutely unacceptable:

"Even some archpriest hated us: he wrote that we were terrible people, that we were opening the Overton window. Although this (implantation of chips – Ed.) was ubiquitous before us. But, apparently, there is a high degree of social tension now, and that is why this has caused such emotions."


"I myself am a supporter of the idea of transhumanism. It's the idea that technology has the power to improve people's lives and bring some kind of social justice."
Aurum Kettunen, lived under the guidance of artificial intelligence


By his example, the man wants to show that new technologies should be studied and implemented in your life, and not be afraid of them:

"As you can see, nothing terrible happened to me. Aliens don't control me. The world government, too. Everyone is alive and well, and we use technology for people."

Aurum says that in the future he is even ready to supply a chip that connects to the brain: such technology is already being tested.

...
"As for me, patients with a foreign body in the body, and even more so in the brain, should take anticoagulants for life, and maybe even immunosuppressive drugs in order to prevent the same complications that I mentioned above, but in the late postoperative period," said Valentin Korotkiy [Candidate of Medical Sciences, surgeon, assistant of the Department of Faculty Surgery No. 2 of the I.M. Sechenov Perm State Medical University]. "Maybe, of course, the inventors have found some kind of "ultra-inert" material that is not rejected at all. But today I can hardly believe it, I have not seen reports of this nature. Summing up, at this stage of the development of science and technology, we are not yet threatened by mass chipping, unless some technological breakthrough occurs and hitherto unknown methods, forms and substances with a fantastic level of inertia are found.



Subcutaneous Chip Installation Kit

***
CHIP INSIDE ME

12+ 61 min. Production: Risk-Film Studio, directed by Yulia Kiseleva

Five stories of people with implants in their heads.


2023 — honorable mention of the festival "Germany International Film Festival" (Germany)

2023 — XXVIII International Film Festival "Cinema for Children", competition program

2022 — first place in the award "For Fidelity to Science" in the nomination "Science Director of the Year" – Yulia Kiseleva for the film "The Chip Inside Me" (Russia)

2022 — finalist of the National Laurel Branch Award in the field of non-fiction film and television in the nomination "Best Popular Science, Educational Film" (Russia)

..
2022 — nomination for the Jean Luc Godard Award (India, Calcutta)

2022official selection "Raw Science Film Festival" (USA)

2022 – official selection "Blue Star International Film Festival" (Brazil)
..
2022 — finalist of the
Stockholm City Film Festival (Sweden)
..
Against the backdrop of the growing popularity of the topic of "chipping" and people's fears of becoming controlled by artificial intelligence, the filmmakers find five dramatic stories where the "chip in the head" is a vital necessity. In medicine, this is called an "implant", it is used to restore hearing for the deaf, remove tremor in patients with parkinsonism, stop epileptic seizures and treat dystonia.

What the scientific discoveries of recent decades lead to, whether it is possible to control people with the help of such technologies and what neuroethical questions arise in connection with their use - world-class neurophysiologists discuss these topics in the film: Alexander Kaplan (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia), Mikhail Lebedev (Skoltech, Russia), Jonathan Wolpaw (National Center for Adaptive Neurotechnologies, USA) and others.

Among other things, the film solves the important problem of destigmatizing cyborg people and ridding society of technophobia.

- One simple operation - the installation of a cochlear implant - can radically change the life of a child born deaf: he acquires hearing and the ability to develop like ordinary children. The problem is that many parents are afraid to implant a foreign body into the child's head and deprive him of this opportunity, "says one of the heroines.



"Chip Inside Me" is produced with the financial support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.

 
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Complex and important
TECHNOLOGY
19 Feb 2024



The application of neurotechnology remains a complex topic for ordinary people. According to the results of a survey conducted by the All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center (WTsIOM) for the Forum of Future Technologies, only 9% of Russians are well versed in this issue, 58% have only heard about such developments, and 33% admitted that they first learned about it during a survey. People of the older generation showed the greatest awareness.

Neurotechnologies in medicine are modern methods of research and treatment that allow you to control brain functions in patients with neurological and mental diseases. As noted by the organizers of the Forum of Future Technologies, held in Moscow, today scientists are creating brain-computer interfaces, and neuroprostheses are able to restore lost body functions. These and other scientific achievements are designed to significantly improve the quality and duration of life.

As a rule, WTsIOM noted, young people are better versed in issues related to modern technologies. Young Russians under the age of 25 are the most optimistic about the possibilities of neurotechnologies in medicine: a total of 83% are convinced that new technologies will help achieve unprecedented results in the future.


However, awareness of neurotechnologies is higher in the older age group (73% among respondents 60+). This may be due to a greater focus on brain and nervous system health, as well as an interest in the possibilities of new treatments.

Seven out of ten respondents believe that neurotechnologies will have a significant impact on humanity in the future: thanks to them, we will be able to understand our brain, multiply its capabilities, be able to control it through gadgets, and even unite several into a single network.

At the same time, every third believes that this will happen in the near future, and 41% believe that this is possible only in the distant future. 22% do not believe in such a scenario at all.

Despite the awareness of the potential of neurotechnologies, the attitude towards them in society is rather ambiguous. Every second Russian admitted that they are wary of such innovations in medicine. Four out of ten pin their hopes on them. In other words, people understand what neurotechnology in medicine is capable of, but many people are frightened by it.

The higher the level of awareness of neurotechnologies, the more often they are perceived positively: among those who are well-versed in the topic, 53% are hopeful about them, and among those who know nothing about such technologies, 35% choose this option.

[:rolleyes::D]

"Neurotechnologies in medicine have a dual purpose. What was noted in the WTsIOM study is one of the aspects," says Vadim Tkachenko, chairman of the Consortium for Respiratory Support and Oxygen Therapy at Home. "An important function is to help the brain and neural connections work correctly and stably. This is especially important for people with disabilities. This is very important for the treatment of patients and for the development of healthcare in general. The second aspect is visualization and everything that has to do with how the neural system, the human brain, works."

As for the moral and ethical issues related to neurotechnologies, the expert states that there are indeed questions here. The problem is related to how it will work, whether it will help human development, whether it is possible to connect the human brain to some kind of network, etc.

Neurotechnology in Medicine: A New Hope?

Seven out of ten Russians believe that the use of neurotechnology in medicine will make it possible to solve the mysteries of the brain and even control it.

February 15, 2024



**
As a rule, WTsIOM noted, young people are better versed in issues related to modern technologies. Young Russians under the age of 25 are the most optimistic about the possibilities of neurotechnologies in medicine: a total of 83% are convinced that new technologies will help achieve unprecedented results in the future.
Alexander Chulok, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Director of the HSE Center for Scientific and Technological Forecasting (2021):
"..
I think the attitude to technology itself will change dramatically in the next 10 years. Generations will be updated, for the new ones — the Internet is not a miracle, and smart watches are not a gadget. It's all already part of their life as a shirt. It is not so important whether it will be embedded in the body or in clothes. Let's look at the history of mankind, it has always experimented.
It is difficult to say how inevitable the cyborgization of man is, but his merging with technology is indeed inevitable."
 
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Executive Order on awarding the 2023 Presidential Prizes in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists

Vladimir Putin signed Executive Order On Awarding the 2023 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists.


February 7, 2024

Text of the Decree:

Having considered the proposals of the Presidential Council for Science and Education, I decide:

To award the 2023 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists and the honorary title of Laureate of the Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists:


Susanna Gordleeva, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor of the Lobachevsky National Research University of Nizhny Novgorod, for the development of models and technologies of neuromorphic artificial intelligence based on biophysical neuron-astrocyte network models for memristive electronics;
...


Winners of the 2023 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists

February 7, 2024


Susanna Gordleeva, winner of the 2023 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists

The prize was awarded for the development of models and technologies of neuromorphic artificial intelligence based on biophysical neuron-astrocyte network models for memristive electronics.

Susanna Gordleeva was born on November 5, 1987 in the city of Gorky, Professor of the National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences.

Research interests: radiophysics, biophysics, mathematical modeling, numerical methods and software complexes. Scientometric indicators (number of publications / Hirsch index): WoS – 52/19, Scopus – 77/20, RSCI – 114/15.

S. Gordleeva's works are devoted to the development of mathematical models of neural networks of the brain, which are applicable in the creation of new biosimilar technologies of artificial intelligence - neuromorphic systems of artificial intelligence.

S. Gordleeva obtained a number of fundamental results that reveal new principles of information processing, learning and generation of functions in brain systems based on the interaction of neurons and glial cells, as well as the causes of the development of neurodegenerative diseases in the process of aging. The identified patterns made a significant contribution to the development of the theory of neural networks and contributed to the emergence of a new scientific direction dedicated to the development of the fundamental foundations of artificial intelligence systems based on biosimilar neural networks.

Based on the developed mathematical models, applied solutions have been created in the field of neuromorphic artificial intelligence and predictive medicine to prevent the development of neurodegenerative diseases and maintain healthy longevity. The developed technologies of neuromorphic artificial intelligence are able to overcome the limitations of existing machine learning methods in terms of energy efficiency and in solving problems with time encoding of information.

The capabilities of modern microelectronics allowed S. Gordleeva to start the physical implementation of the developed neural systems in the form of hardware applications of a new generation - microelectronic neurochips that imitate various functions of the brain. Such microelectronic devices are already being tested in the country's leading scientific organizations.


* * *

Nauka.rf is the official website of the Decade of Science and Technology in Russia. The site contains basic information about the main news, initiatives, projects and events of the Decade of Science and Technology.

(*The pictures on the main page, about the article "DIGITAL EVOLUTION: HOW SCIENTISTS CREATE NEUROMORPHIC SYSTEMS":





DIGITAL EVOLUTION: HOW SCIENTISTS CREATE NEUROMORPHIC SYSTEMS

March 5, 2024
Artificial intelligence technologies have become almost commonplace. Neural networks help diagnose diseases, become business consultants, and automate workflows. But there are tasks that algorithms are not yet able to do. For example, to completely reproduce the work of the human brain. Such developments at the intersection of biophysics, mathematics and biology are considered to be among the most promising in the world.


Susanna Gordleeva, professor at Lobachevsky University (Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod), winner of the 2023 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists, told how scientists are trying to teach a neural network to "think" intelligently and what robots can borrow from nature.



— In February of this year, you became a laureate of the Presidential Prize in the field of science and innovation for young scientists. For which development did you receive the award?

- I've developed models of neuromorphic artificial intelligence. Unlike the ubiquitous classical neural networks, it replicates the principles of the human brain. This simulation allows algorithms to spend less energy when processing large amounts of information.

The key feature of this technology is that I added astrocytes to it, which are glial cells in the central nervous system that are necessary for the physical and chemical support of neurons. This made it possible to increase the performance of neural networks, they began to cope better with applied tasks.


— How are astrocytes related to information processing? Why did you decide to add these cells?

— The fact is that in recent years there have been many scientific publications with very interesting experiments. They show that astrocytes are actively involved in the processes of information processing in the brain, the formation and storage of memory, and the work of cognitive functions.

In fact, these glial cells were discovered quite a long time ago. But for a long time it was believed that they served only as an auxiliary element of neurons: they nourish them and remove metabolic waste. At the same time, they do not know how to emit electrical signals, which means that they do not participate in the processing of information. Therefore, all information processing processes in the brain depend mainly on neurons that generate electrical signals. There are synapses between neurons through which these signals propagate through the neural network, transmitting information.




But recent experiments have shown that in response to neuronal signals, astrocytes can still generate something, namely a calcium impulse, that is, an increase in the concentration of calcium inside the cells. At the same time, such signals take three times longer to travel (the duration of electrical signals is one millisecond, and for astrocytes it is from one to ten seconds).

This causes the cells to release chemicals called gliatransmitters, which are identical to those involved in synaptic transmission between neurons. And since astrocytes are tightly attached to synapses, this release of particles can affect the efficiency of signal transmission between neurons: strengthen or, conversely, weaken it. Scientists have found that if, for example, you turn off some mechanism of astrocytes' influence on the transmission of signals between neurons, then in mice or rats, memory suffers and cognitive functions are impaired.

All this research has led to the emergence of the concept of the tripartite synapse: according to it, not only neurons, but also astrocytes are involved in the transmission of signals in the brain. So I added astrocytic mathematical models to our system that affect synaptic transmission between neurons.


— In what areas can such a neural network be used?

— In fact, in any place where information processing is needed. But one of the promising tasks, perhaps, is the creation of neural implants or neural interfaces. Such systems record brain activity. Therefore, it is necessary that information processing should be carried out with the help of systems adapted to biological mechanisms.

Similar neural networks are also suitable for memristive microelectronics. Memristors are memory resistors. In fact, they are artificial analogues of synapses. Currently, research is underway to find the ideal material for memristors.


*The photos are from the press service of Lobachevsky University

- You've been working on this project for more than ten years. What did the process of creating artificial intelligence look like?


— It all started with my scientific work in the fourth year of the Faculty of Radiophysics. In fact, my supervisor, Viktor Kazantsev, and I were among the first to add astrocytes to neural network models.

At first, I studied the scientific literature, in fact, the results of the above-mentioned experiments. In general, in our business, everything usually happens like this: for example, an article is published that shows how some biophysical mechanism affects memory. I analyze these materials and then write a mathematical equation describing this effect shown in the experiment. Then I add my calculations to a large neural network model. Next, I'll explore its dynamic modes and key parameters. All the work is done with the help of a simulation on a computer.

On this topic, I defended my master's thesis, then my PhD and doctoral theses. As a result, we were able to model large-scale neural networks consisting of a large number of elements, and quite detailed ones.




— How was the new neural network tested?

— Basically, we gave her the task of memorizing information and then checking how she classified the images.

In this regard, our models are good because they are biophysical. This means that all the processes and parameters in them are related to the living brain and can be measured in experiments.

We compare simulation results and experimental data to validate the model and make sure it's working correctly. This is very important. Because later, when we change the parameters, our model will begin to predict some things, which then also need to be confirmed experimentally, based on some hypotheses.

By the way, in 1952, British neurophysiologists Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley later received the Nobel Prize for such a biophysical, close to biology, description of mathematical models. They have written one of the most detailed and accurate biophysical models to date, mimicking the generation of electrical impulses in neurons. The scientists took one section of the membrane of the squid neuron and described its biophysical characteristics. And in quite detail.

All these parameters can be experimentally confirmed today. More than 70 years later, this model can still predict effects that are then confirmed in experiments. It's amazing!



Andrew Huxley and Alan Lloyd Hodgkin

— How did all this make it possible to improve the work of artificial intelligence?


— We compared the performance of a conventional spike neural network (the one that mimics the mechanism of the cerebral cortex) and our spike neural network with astrocytes. It turned out that the accuracy of the classification of the images that we feed to the input of this neuron-astrocyte network is 20% higher.

In addition, we have shown that it is only through the influence of astrocytes on the transmission of signals between neurons that it is possible to create short-term memory in a neural network. Although, from a biological point of view, this is not quite right. Because in reality, neurons and astrocytes are always switched on and involved in remembering information together. And in mathematical models, we can improve their performance by turning individual cells on and off.


— How much does brain science know? Can any biophysical process be shifted to the work of algorithms?

— In fact, there are many unresolved issues, especially when it comes to cognitive processes. Our brains are large and made up of different structures. We have studied cellular and subcellular mechanisms well. But we still have a poor understanding of what processes are associated with the formation of memory, how information is stored and processed by different departments.

This is the main difficulty when we write computational models. They describe only those cellular mechanisms that are known and confirmed by experiments. We need to put all these pieces together into one theory. And so, gradually, by adding new mechanisms, we will be able to understand how they interact with each other. It's a complex process. But that's exactly what mathematical models are for.

However, this is not the only problem. Now there are more and more international projects, their goal is to build a digital model of the brain. Such research is very interesting and brings together a world-class team of experts in neural network modeling, including experimental biologists who help biophysicists and mathematicians.

But the fact is that there are a huge number of cells in the brain that need to be taken into account. To do this, you need good computing power. To describe all these processes, many equations and parameters are required. And, most likely, it is unlikely that it will be possible to simulate an entire human brain.






— How do you plan to develop your technology?

— We intend to go further, adding more and more detailed mechanisms to the model, in particular, the influence of astrocytes on neuronal dynamics. We will study how long-term memory is formed and how glial cells are involved in this.

In addition, we plan to implement these models on physical media. Let's try to build a real computer, a prototype of a neural processor. We will create electronic circuits (electrical circuits) based on memristors that will work according to new principles. We are now actively developing this area within the framework of the program of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics (NCFM).




— Will artificial intelligence be able to increase its cognitive abilities and become more "human" in the near future? For example, will he learn to identify irony and sarcasm?

— Your example concerns a more general concept. It is customary to distinguish between weak and strong artificial intelligence. Weak is the name given to machine learning technologies, which surround us almost everywhere today. What we have taught them, they can do.

Strong AI refers to its ability to learn on its own. Your example with irony and sarcasm is about just that. The ability to recognize them is a property of the natural intellect, the rational one. If we introduce the principles of the brain into these technologies, we can make them self-learn. The main problem is to come up with algorithms for such learning. Because we don't yet fully understand how the real brain works. The implementation of the necessary mechanisms is one of the open issues that we are now facing.


If we manage to do this, then, of course, it will be a breakthrough. And I am absolutely sure that the future belongs to such neuromorphic technologies as ours. They will be more efficient and surpass current technologies in all areas."




***
February 8, 2018
The president held a meeting of the Council for science and education in Novosibirsk.

Vladimir Putin:
..
The world is undergoing dramatic technological change. In their scale, they are comparable to the epochs of industrial revolutions and scientific discoveries that radically changed the way of life of people on our planet.
..
In science, as in other fields, we need to make a real breakthrough. It is necessary to abandon once and for all the support for inefficiency, for outdated, outdated approaches to the organization of scientific activity. And, of course, the country expects from Science new solutions that can change the quality of people’s lives and give a powerful boost to the development of Russia.

These are the tasks that have been set in the strategy for scientific and technological development. And projects of scientific institutes, research programs, ministries and departments should be directed to this.
..
And today, our scientists are helping local companies succeed in the technology race, including in the processing and transmission of big data.

The interaction of Science and business should be a key condition for the implementation of the Digital Economy Program. On the basis of modern solutions, it is necessary to organize the activity of state and social institutions, transport and management of the city to a qualitatively new level, to take a leading position in the development and implementation of artificial intelligence systems.

Moreover: local scientists have taken a significant step forward in such relatively new interdisciplinary fields for us as life science, where research is carried out at the intersection of biology, chemistry, genetics, medicine, bioinformatics and physics.
..
I believe that the accumulated intellectual and scientific potential makes it possible to organize large-scale genomic research in Russia. And I ask you to develop a suitable program in a short time, to provide mechanisms to support strong teams, create modern infrastructure and train staff. We have just discussed this in detail with representatives of the Siberian branch of the Academy of Sciences.

Both in genetics and in other fields, t should be used more widely. pomegranate. convergent approach, nature-like technologies. On this basis, we will be able to create new drugs and methods for the treatment of severe diseases, a new energy based on technologies for the most careful treatment of resources. I would, of course, like to hear your suggestions on this.
..
Please give the floor to Mikhail Valentinovich Kovalchuk.


Mikhail Kovalchuk [director of the Kurchatov Institute]:
…We, speaking of the digital economy as a big breakthrough (which is indeed the case), should understand that according to the International Energy Agency, in the coming years the share of energy consumption in the network infocommunication sphere (only networks and terminal devices – consumer network equipment, communications, Wi-Fi) without industrial computing information infrastructure will exceed one third of the world’s electricity production.

When we talk to you about the digital economy, we have to understand that if we do not develop the energy sector appropriately, we will not have a digital economy. In the near future, this creates serious constraints on energy resources for the formation of a digital economy. At the same time, nature does not know resource crises and energy starvation. The explanation for this is the extremely high energy efficiency of natural sites.

I will repeat an example I have given so many times. The human brain, which actually created a unique civilization on Earth, consumes 30 watts, and a modern supercomputer consumes tens of megawatts. At the same time, the efficiency of all the computers in the world is far from reaching the efficiency of the brain of an ordinary person.

Thus, in order to solve the problem of sustainable energy supply to humanity, it is necessary to move to technologies based on the principles of functioning of living nature – nature-like technologies. It is these technologies that should form the basis of a fundamentally new technological base for the country’s economy.

Vladimir Vladimirovich, allow me to quote your speech at the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly when the Kyoto Protocol was being discussed. You said that we support the Kyoto Protocol, but it is only a partial solution to the civilizational problem. We need to talk about the introduction of fundamentally new nature-like technologies that do not cause damage to the surrounding world, but exist in harmony with it and will allow to restore the balance between the biosphere and the Technosphere, which has been disturbed by man. This is truly a global challenge.


I would like to say that a number of technologically significant results have already been achieved both in the field of energy production and in the field of energy consumption. For example, technologies have been developed to generate electrical energy based on the metabolic processes of living organisms. These are so-called biofuel cells, which can be used, in particular, to power microsensors of a biological nature and implantable medical devices.

The second is consumption technology. Hardware technologies are actively developing, I stress, not software, but hardware implementation of artificial neuromorphic networks for computing devices that work on the principles of the human brain and as a result consume significantly less energy. It should be noted that this research and development in all these areas is actively and systematically carried out in many countries around the world.

I would like to say that today we are at a world level in the field of studying processes in living nature and creating nature-like technologies.”


Press Center of the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, 03.11.2023
Russia will have a program for the development of nature-like technologies
The decree was signed by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.


[…]within 6 months, an action plan should be prepared, including “the creation of an advanced scientific infrastructure, the formation of human resources and the conduct of scientific research in this area.” Scientific guidance over the implementation of the plan, as well as monitoring and evaluation of scientific results in the field of nature-like technologies are entrusted to the NRC “Kurchatov Institute”.

“Back in the 1930s, Academician Vernadsky said that as soon as the technosphere spreads to most of the world, there will be a resource catastrophe. And we can see it. There are two ways: either a war for resources, which is already starting all over the world, or the creation of a nature-like technosphere,” commented Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the Center

Draft Decree of the President of the Russian Federation “On the Strategy for the development of nature-like (convergent) technologies” (June 14, 2022), full text (some quotes)

General characteristics of the big challenges that the Strategy is designed to answer:
The global challenge of the XXI century is the need to ensure the sustainable development of civilization.
..
The cause of the crisis is the antagonism of nature and the technosphere created by man.
..
Nature–like (convergent) sciences and technologies are a tool for responding to the great challenges of the modern world.
..
The symbiosis of nano- and biotechnologies allows not only to reproduce living matter, but also to create fundamentally new bioorganic materials and structures.
..
In order to intelligently and effectively use the possibilities of nature-like (convergent) sciences and technologies, a radical transformation of the consciousness of man himself as a social being is necessary. This is possible only on the basis of combining nano-, bio-, information, cognitive technologies with the achievements of socio-humanitarian sciences and technologies.

Nature-like (convergent) sciences and technologies are strategic priorities focused on the medium and long term, ensuring the creation of fundamentally new breakthrough technologies and leading to a change in the technological order.

Research and development in the field of NBICS convergence as a tool for creating nature-like technologies is actively conducted in a number of foreign countries, primarily in the USA.

In particular, in the USA there is a program of the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Commerce called NBIC – “Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information technology and Cognitive science”. In other countries, similar convergent programs are known by the acronyms GRAIN (Genetics, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence and Nanotechnology) and BANG (Bits, Atoms, Neurons, Genes). These programs are largely focused on the development of human resources. Thus, the NBIC program of the USA is called “Converging Technologies for Improving Human Perfomance”, and the NBIC program of the European Union is “Converging Technologies for the European Knowledge Society) (CTEKS).

The main content of this stage will be the development and creation of:

– nanobiotechnology products;

– hybrid devices and bionic devices;

– nanobiosystems and devices, including fundamentally new hybrid bionic-type sensing systems;

– biorobototechnical systems, including new generation artificial intelligence systems and neuromorphic processors.

The implementation of the task of the third stage will lead to the creation of a fundamentally new technological basis of the economy in the Russian Federation.

Stage 1. Formation of the scientific and personnel base for the development of nature-like (convergent) sciences and technologies (2022-2026).
Priority tasks of the stage:
[among them]
– development and creation of combined (hybrid) technical systems and technological processes using natural components, primarily biosensors, biofuel elements, brain-computer interfaces, additive technologies for creating separate biosimilar and artificial biological objects, nuclear medicine and radiation therapy technologies;

– creation of the first generation of the domestic neuromorphic processor and implementation of pilot projects for its application in real sectors of the economy and the military-industrial complex;

– search for available developments in the field of nature-like (convergent) sciences and technologies ready for industrial development.

Stage 2. Creation of technological foundations for the beginning of the formation of separate nature–like scientific and production clusters (2027-2032).
Priority tasks of the stage:

– transfer of the results of the first stage to the economy;

– research and technological reproduction of individual objects and processes of wildlife, primarily in the field of:

– synthetic biology (artificial cell, artificial virus);

– biophotonic devices;

– biorobots;

– additive manufacturing technologies and equipment for the creation of synthetic biological materials and artificial organs from them;

– new generation medicines and means of their targeted delivery;

– energy supply systems for implantable devices, artificial organs and biorobots due to energy processes in living organisms;

– development and creation of neuromorphic brain-machine and brain-brain interfaces, anthropomorphic bioprostheses, anthropomorphic robotic devices;

– development and creation of neuromorphic artificial intelligence systems, including those with the ability to self-study without connection to data storage and processing centers;

– creation of a fully functional (including the learning function) domestic neuroprocessor with characteristics that are not inferior or superior to foreign analogues;

– development of biocomputing technologies;

– creation of prototypes of components of nature-like nuclear power;

– development of the interdisciplinary education system.

Stage 3. Formation of the basic elements of the nature–like technosphere (2033-2037)
Priority tasks of the stage:

– transfer of the results of stages 1 and 2 to the economy;

– technological reproduction of systems and complexes of wildlife, first of all:

– nature-like energy systems, including nature-like nuclear power;

– cyberphysical additive production complexes (“Internet of everything”);

– medical systems based on technologies of correction of the psychophysiological sphere of a person;

– formation of basic elements of anthropomorphic biorobotonics, including communities of anthropomorphic biorobototechnical systems;

– creation of super-large neurocomputers based on the developed neuroprocessors, approaching the human in their cognitive capabilities;

– creation of a new generation of artificial intelligence systems with cognitive capabilities, providing approaches to creating a “strong” artificial intelligence;

– development of the interdisciplinary education system.

As a result of the implementation of the third stage, separate nature-like scientific and production clusters will be formed, as structure-forming elements of a nature-like technosphere."


Directorate of Digitalization, Technology and Agri-Business of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
 
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Amendments have been made to the law on state genomic registration

The President signed Federal Law On Amendments to the Federal Law On State Genomic Registration in the Russian Federation.

February 14, 2024

The federal law was adopted by the State Duma on January 30, 2024 and approved by the Federation Council on February 7, 2024.


Reference of the State Legal Department

The federal law is aimed at increasing the efficiency of the activities of the bodies authorized to carry out measures to search for missing persons, as well as to establish the identity of a person from unidentified corpses.

To this end, the Federal Law stipulates that close relatives of missing persons (parents, children, full siblings) are subject to mandatory state genomic registration. The authority to carry out mandatory state genomic registration of close relatives of these persons is vested in the preliminary investigation bodies and bodies of inquiry with the involvement of specialists in the field of criminalistics. The relevant genomic information will be stored until the whereabouts of missing persons are established or unidentified corpses are identified, but not for more than 70 years."


Advanced Engineering Schools
The goal of the project is to provide high-performance export-oriented sectors of the country's economy with highly qualified personnel to achieve technological independence. To create the latest types of high-tech products in partnership with high-tech companies of the Russian Federation.
February 05, 2024

In Novosibirsk, the results of the National Technological Olympiad in the field of "Genome Editing" were summed up

More than 450 students of Russian universities took part in the qualifying stage of the Olympiad. 15 teams from nine universities took part in the final.

The winner was the "Denzhaba" team of Lomonosov Moscow State University: Karina Karimova, Yakov Korobitsyn and Georgy Malakhov. They received privileges when applying for master's programs at a number of leading Russian universities, such as ITMO, TPU, etc.

"The topic of this year's finals is related to the developments that are being implemented within the framework of the NSU Advanced Engineering School "Cognitive Engineering": approaches to the creation of reagents for domestic high-throughput sequencing platforms and bioinformatics data analysis. The participants of the qualifying round and the final got acquainted with advanced bioengineering technologies, such as base editing methods, bioinformatics analysis tools that have the potential for import substitution," said Sergey Sedykh, the organizer of the Genome Editing profile, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Head of the Master's Program at NSU.

The key partner of the qualifying round and the final in 2024 was the NSU Advanced Engineering School, which implements the Master's program "Advanced Engineering Solutions for Biotechnology and Medicine". The federal project "Advanced Engineering Schools" is being implemented within the framework of the state program of the Russian Federation "Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation".



"National Technological Olympiad Genome Editing"

Russian Philosophical Society
— founded in 1971 —

II International Scientific and Practical Conference "SCIENCE. SOCIETY. THE FUTURE» Tver 4 — 5 April 2024
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 20240

Tver State University

Russian Philosophical Society


We invite you to take part in the II International Scientific and Practical Conference "SCIENCE. SOCIETY. FUTURE" in the city of Tver from April 4 – 5, 2024

The goals and objectives of the conference are the analysis of the latest scientific discoveries and their impact on man and society in the 21st century, forecasting the transformation of the social structure and emerging contradictions in the future society, the analysis and evaluation of scientific and humanitarian projects in Russia and friendly countries.

The conference is held in face-to-face and online formats.

On April 4, a plenary session and 3 sections will be held in the following areas:


"Science is the leading actor in the development of society in the 21st century",

"The Transformation of Man and Society through the Use of Scientific Discoveries in Practice",


"The Future of Science and Society in the 21st Century".


April 5 – School of Young Scientists. Designing the Future in the Humanities" — lectures by 5 invited speakers for students and teachers of TvSU, discussions, short speeches of the participants.


Government of St. Petersburg Education Committee
XIV St. Petersburg International Educational Forum


Program 2024 (some of them)
10:00 – 12:00 March 25
"Digital Transformation of the Educational Environment of the State Budgetary Educational Institution and Management of Its Components"

The workshop is addressed to teachers of older preschool children, teachers of additional education, senior educators and methodologists of preschool educational institutions.
The program of the seminar includes:
- acquaintance with the practice of creating an author's IT solution to support the activities of a kindergarten;
- development of engaging content in the design of the pages of the official website and public pages;
- Experience in using digital tools in organizing the work of technical and artistic orientation of additional education for children


March 25
"Development, Testing and Use of Digital Training Courses: From Microcontrollers to Robotics and VR"
Workshop

Research & Innovation

The participants of the seminar will be presented with the experience of school teachers in the development and testing of modern digital products and manuals for use in educational activities. The following topics were brought up for discussion:


1. Visual Programming Environments as a Means of Implementing Training Courses of Various Directions.
2. Specifics of the selection of digital resources for educational and project activities.
3. Examples of modern engineering projects.
4. Application of VR technologies in project activities.


The participants of the seminar will be presented with new innovative products and methodological developments of the school team. In particular, the latest product, free and free to use, is the digital educational resource "Laboratory of Creative Programming", which includes a manual for conducting courses both in full-time extracurricular activities and within the framework of distance learning, as well as an electronic archive of projects (https://clck.ru/35bVjY)*. The resource became a laureate of the "Strong Solutions" competition in 2023.
As part of practical laboratories, students will be able to get acquainted with block programming environments and their application in robotics classes in projects with microcontrollers and VR. VR design environment – VarWin (https :// education.varwin.com/ru/)**


the digital educational resource "Laboratory of Creative Programming", which includes a manual for conducting courses both in full-time extracurricular activities and within the framework of distance learning, as well as an electronic archive of projects (https://clck.ru/35bVjY)*
State Budgetary Educational Institution Secondary School No. 169 with In-depth Study of Individual Academic Subjects, Subject Areas of the Central District of St. Petersburg named after the Hero of the Russian Federation A.V. Voskresensky


Updated: 07 March 2024

The product is a participant of the "Fair of Pedagogical Ideas" 2024

Finalist and laureate of the Strong Solutions Innovation Results Competition 2023




We present a new promising innovative product - the digital educational resource "Laboratory of Creative Programming", which includes a manual for conducting courses both in the full-time form of extracurricular activities and in the form of classes within the framework of distance learning, as well as an electronic archive of projects. When developing the manual, the data obtained in the course of the OER were taken into account: the manual meets the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard, contains projects that in the form of a game introduce children not only to the elements of programming and design of modern games, virtualization and modeling, but also to many concepts from the subject areas of "physics", "biology", "drawing".
..
On the basis of the manual, you can organize both a course with a full passage of all the materials of the book, and choose individual areas: "Design of computer games", "Virtual robotics", "Elements of AI".
..
With the introduction of the sections "Virtual Robotics" and "Working with VR" in the manual, the name was changed to "Laboratory of Creative Programming". At the same time, the entire basic course "Computer Game Design" has been preserved, so the manual can be used for its implementation.

The project continues to develop!"


As part of practical laboratories, students will be able to get acquainted with block programming environments and their application in robotics classes in projects with microcontrollers and VR. VR design environment – VarWin (https :// education.varwin.com/ru/)**
Create VR apps on Varwin Education

Varwin Education is an educational environment for creating and managing interactive 3D/VR worlds, developing children's programming skills.




Online professional development program "Digital Teacher. Application of 3D/VR technologies in education and application development on Varwin"


Varwin Education: From Gaming to Programming Skills and the High-Paying Profession of the Future "VR Developer"

In 3 minutes, find out how to learn programming with Varwin Education.



Examples of VR projects
Make sure that any fifth-grader can create a new type of multimedia content using VR technology!



Video Testimonials
Watch the videos of the superfinalists of the Varwin Education hackathon about how they worked on the Varwin platform, what they dream about, and why they were fascinated by the topic of VR.



Who is Varwin Education for?

Teachers
Use 3D/VR technology
as a tool of cognition that allows you to fully explore the topic and subject.



For children and parents
Create your first 3D/VR project and take the first step towards the promising profession of a VR developer!



For School Administrators
Unlock additional education and advanced training courses on the topic of VR development.


Alexey Dovzhikov at TechDay in New York | Presentation of Varwin / 14.05.2019



30.11.2023
Results of the finals of the National Technology Olympiad Junior 2023


This year, more than 20 thousand schoolchildren in grades 5-7 took part in the junior track. About 3.2 thousand contestants made it to the finals. Prizes were won by 933 schoolchildren from 62 Russian regions. The TOP-3 regions in terms of the number of diploma winners included the Novosibirsk Region, St. Petersburg and the Moscow Region. Congratulations to all participants, their parents and mentors, regional coordinators and their team on the completion of the competitive season of the National Technology Olympiad Junior 2023!

This year, NTO Junior celebrated its fifth anniversary. Briefly about NTO Junior 2023:

Six areas: Technology and Virtual Reality, Technology and Artificial Intelligence, Technology and Computer Games, Technology and Space, Technology and Robots, Technology and Habitat;

Educational courses in each field;

Live broadcasts with industry leaders, contests and activities for participants and mentors;

Diplomas for winners and prize-winners;

And for the first time, there are privileges for the finalists, prize-winners and winners of NTO Junior 2022, who have moved to the 8th grade, in the senior track of NTO.






This year, the program was held on the Academic (free) version of Varwin software — Varwin Starter. A separate package of objects with new characters and locations of the Blokly universe was developed specifically for the National Technological Olympiad. The NTO package is available to all users of the Varwin platform for free!
..
387 of the best young VR developers made it to the Finals! They were the ones who helped Blockle and his friends find Mr. Riotkins, who was traveling the universe. At the same time, 65 teams (33%) coped with at least one task of the final. And the participant who solved the most difficult task of the final was rewarded with a six-month license from Varwin Education!
..
NTO Junior Rally 2023
At the end of December, the 6 best teams of the country will go to Moscow for the NTO Junior Meeting, where they will be fully immersed in virtual reality and get acquainted with the NettleDesk holographic system. See you at the NTO Junior 2023 Meeting!
..
Our team will answer any questions and help you figure everything out. The hardest part is getting started, but the world of 3D and VR with Varwin is addictive!
..

For reference: The National Junior Technological Olympiad is a team engineering competition among students in grades 5-7. Schoolchildren from all over Russia learn from the best and solve problems set by state-owned companies, leaders of technology industries, and breakthrough technology companies. NTO Junior is organized by the NTI Circle Movement together with the presidential platform "Russia is the Land of Opportunities".

27.12.2023
The NTO Junior Meeting was held in Moscow


On December 23-25, the final event of the National Technology Olympiad 2023 — the NTO Junior Meeting — was held in Moscow, at the site of the Voronovo Training Center of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. The Olympiad was organized by the NTI Circle Movement together with the presidential platform "Russia – Land of Opportunities" with the support of the Agency for Strategic Initiatives and the NTI Platform. 3215 finalists took part in the competitions of the final stage. The winners and prize-winners were 933 students in grades 5-7.



In 2023, NTO Junior was held for the fifth time. The total number of junior participants for the entire time of the competition exceeded 115 thousand, and this year more than 20 thousand students from all over Russia applied for participation.


Participants of the fifth season of NTO Junior competed in six areas:


technology and virtual reality;
technology and artificial intelligence;
technology and computer games;
technology and space;
technology and robots;
technology and habitat.


The tasks were prepared in such a way that the students tried on the role of a specialist of the future, taking into account the level of their knowledge and training. To solve the tasks of the NTO Junior, both theoretical knowledge of school subjects, for example, mathematics and the basics of physics, and practical competencies were required: skills in building algorithms and programming; 3D modeling; design of electrical circuits and boards; work with technical documentation; data collection and analysis.








Back to the 2024 program of the XIV St. Petersburg International Educational Forum
March 25
"The System of Introducing Innovative Formats of Public Administration in an Educational Institution"

Interregional Scientific and Practical Conference
Research & Innovation

We invite you to take part in the Regional Scientific and Practical Conference "System for the Introduction of Innovative Formats of Public Administration in an Educational Institution" in order to disseminate the experience of digital transformation of educational organizations (hereinafter referred to as PO) in the field of management.
In the course of the conference, successful practices will be summarized for the introduction of innovative formats for presenting the activities of an educational organization, including the official pages (publics) of NGOs in order to develop public administration in education (hereinafter referred to as GOE).


All-Russian (with the international participation of the CIS countries) interdisciplinary technological competitions for students "Techno-Challenge: Engineers of the Future"

All-Russian competitions with international participation
Special Events

All-Russian (with the international participation of the CIS countries) interdisciplinary technological competitions for students "Techno-Challenge: Engineers of the Future" are aimed at developing students 6-10 basic engineering competencies and skills in working with high-tech equipment in 7 areas: "Mobile Robotics", "Industrial Robotics", "Additive Technologies", "Fashion and Design", "Programming", "Virtual and Augmented Reality", "Mechanical Processing of Materials" - in 2 age categories (grades 6-7 and grades 8-10).


"Human. Citizen. Patriot"
Anti-conference
Upbringing

The purpose of the conference is to increase the interest of young people in the processes of formation of civil society and the establishment of the rule of law, the development of an active life position.
High school students and teachers (educational advisers, teachers, methodologists, deputy directors for educational work) are invited to participate.
At the conference, students will consider issues related to the national, cultural and spiritual values of Russia in the context of modern civil society and the rule of law, the problems of globalization, modernization and traditions.
At 3 sections: "Citizen and Politics: Opportunities for Interaction", "Globalization, Modernization and Tradition", "National, Cultural and Spiritual Values as the Foundation for the Innovative Development of Russia", there will be a presentation of students' research and projects.


"Technical Development of Preschoolers: Innovative Solutions and Approaches"

In the course of the seminar-laboratory, the experience of the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Kindergarten No. 41 in the implementation of the technical program "From Froebel to Robot: Raising Future Engineers" and the project "Technomir: Development Without Borders", as well as the experience of kindergartens in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region, will be presented.
In the first part of the workshop "Kaleidoscope of Successful Pedagogical Practices for the Involvement of Parents in the Technical Design of Preschoolers", the best innovative practices, specific forms, methods and techniques of involving parents in the process of technical creativity of preschoolers will be shown, as well as the experience of using intellectual games using the "brainstorming" method used to stimulate the cognitive activity of older preschool children.

In the second part, in the format of "Kaleidoscope of Successful Pedagogical Practices", the guests of the seminar explore "Ways to develop the technical abilities of preschoolers through mentoring with parents". Participants will be able to get acquainted with the experience of productive interaction with parents during the implementation of technical projects with older preschool children, the specifics of creating and using the interactive map "The Legacy of Peter the Great" in working with parents.

At the end of the seminar, the guests will take part in the "Laboratory Workshop "Territory of Joint Education" on the use of family forms of cooperation in the implementation of technical programs



"Towards a Safe, Environmentally Friendly and Healthy School: From Theory to Practice" Section 2. "Health and Physical Education: Nature-Like Technologies in Action"

In the course of the section, the best practices (theoretical and practical) of teachers, including physical education specialists, in the field of health-creating activities using nature-like technologies will be presented, as well as the problems of physical education of students in the context of the Strategy for the Development of Physical Culture and Sports in the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030 will be discussed.


(etc. - 6 pages program)

15:00 – 18:00
March 25


"Humanism, Posthumanism and Education"

Round table
Research & Innovation


The principle of humanism lies at the very foundation of modern European culture and acts as an organizing center for the most diverse areas of human activity, including education. What is the essence of humanism, meaning humanistic concepts in various philosophical, religious, and political systems?

For education, humanism is not only a theoretical problem, but also a broad problematic field of educational practice.

These and related issues will form the topics of discussion at the round table:

- What are the characteristics of humanism as an educational strategy and practice?

- Can it be said that education by its very nature has a humanistic character?

- Is the classical humanist tradition of education like Bildung acceptable today?

- What is the fate of the humanistic paradigm of education in the modern world, especially in relations with other paradigms?

- What are the main difficulties and challenges of the humanistic paradigm of education for a teacher? For example, how possible is subject-subject relations for a teacher?

- What are the fates of humanistic practices in modern culture in the face of the technological development of the world?


- Can posthumanism be considered the legitimate heir of classical humanism, or, on the contrary, its negation and degradation?

- Does the development of man's technical mastery not only of the external world, but also of himself in the event of posthumanism entail fundamental changes in the field of education?

We invite philosophers of education, educational researchers, teachers, educators, graduate students and all interested parties to participate."


the secret behind:

Alexander Chulok, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Director of the HSE Center for Scientific and Technological Forecasting (2021):
"..
I think the attitude to technology itself will change dramatically in the next 10 years. Generations will be updated, for the new ones — the Internet is not a miracle, and smart watches are not a gadget. It's all already part of their life as a shirt. It is not so important whether it will be embedded in the body or in clothes. Let's look at the history of mankind, it has always experimented. It is difficult to say how inevitable the cyborgization of man is, but his merging with technology is indeed inevitable."


How does attitude change?
 
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Lalas

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On the Fundamentals of Public Health Protection in the Russian Federation.

December 25, 2023

The federal law was adopted by the State Duma on December 14, 2023 and approved by the Federation Council on December 22, 2023.

Reference of the State Legal Department


The federal law expands the list of cases of medical intervention established by Article 20 of the Federal Law "On the Fundamentals of Public Health Protection in the Russian Federation", when such intervention is allowed without the consent of a citizen, one of the parents or another legal representative of the patient. In order to eliminate the threat to human life, it is proposed to include in this list cases of emergency medical care outside a medical organization.

The decision on such medical intervention is made by a medical worker of the mobile ambulance team, including specialized emergency medical care, and information about this is entered into the patient's medical records.



Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education 'Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University'
KFU has developed a mathematical model for the development of covid waves in Russia

19.02.2024

The methodology created by physicists made it possible to identify patterns in their formation.


Scientists from the Department of Computational Physics and Modeling of Physical Processes of Kazan Federal University have created an original methodology that characterizes the spread of a new coronavirus infection caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus in an arbitrary territory.

"It has been established that each wave of coronavirus infection contains the so-called "critical threshold", characterized by the corresponding moment in time and the number of cases. This critical threshold determines the beginning of the transition of the next wave of infection to the mode of "explosive growth" in the number of cases. The methodology we created made it possible to identify patterns in the formation of coronavirus waves in the Russian Federation," said Anatoly Mokshin, Head of the Department of Computational Physics and Modeling of Physical Processes.

The results of the scientists' study are published in the journal Nonlinear Phenomena in Complex System.

"Since SARS-CoV-2 is a 'young' virus, aspects related to its emergence and evolution, as well as the nature of the spread of the infectious disease it causes in the human population and the ability to transition to epidemic mode, are currently being actively studied by a large number of different research groups around the world," said A. Mokshin, Head of the Department of Computational Physics and Modeling of Physical Processes.

He explained why the staff of the department took up the solution of this seemingly epidemiological problem.

"We are engaged in the study of complex systems, the evolution of which is determined and characterized by an infinitely large number of factors and parameters – the so-called degrees of freedom. At the same time, it does not matter at all what nature this system is – physical, biological, economic, social or any other," says Anatoly Vasilyevich. "Studies of such a system are carried out using the methods of mathematical physics. As it turns out, a number of fundamental concepts, as well as the conceptual and mathematical apparatus formed in statistical physics and nonequilibrium thermodynamics, can be applied in a certain way to the study of arbitrary complex systems.

According to the scientist, human society in the context of covid can be considered as a complex system, the evolution of which is characterized by such parameters as the number of new cases, the number of seriously ill patients, the number of identified patients, etc. To analyze such a complex system of physics, KFU proposed to use a methodology known in statistical physics and used to characterize and theoretically describe the kinetics of phase transitions and the so-called activation-type processes.

"Based on the data obtained as a result of monitoring the course of the new coronavirus infection in the Russian Federation, as well as in its separate region - the Republic of Tatarstan, in the period from 2020 to 2023, we discovered previously unknown patterns that govern the processes of forming the sequence of waves of the spread of this infection," A. Mokshin informed.

With the help of the analysis and relevant calculations, it was established, the head of the department, that for each wave of coronavirus infection, there are its own values of the critical number of sick people, at which the spread of an infectious disease passes into the mode of explosive growth, as well as the moment in time from the beginning of the development of the next wave, at which the number of sick people approaches critical values. And, finally, quite specific patterns in the values of critical characteristics for the sequence of covid waves are revealed, indicating that the development of each subsequent wave significantly depends on the prehistory, i.e. on how the previous waves of infection proceeded and developed.





St. Petersburg State Electrotechnical University "LETI" named after. V.I.Ulyanova (Lenina)
https://etu.ru/ru/nauchnaya-i-innovacionnaya-deyatelnost/novosti1/pri-uchastii-uchenyh-leti-razrabotana-nejroset-opredelyayushhaya-nalichie-u-pacientov-ospy-obezyan
With the participation of LETI scientists, a neural network has been developed that determines the presence of monkeypox in patients.

The new tool will allow doctors to quickly diagnose monkeypox from photos of skin lesions that are a typical symptom of the disease.

27.02.2024



In 2022-2023, there was a global outbreak of monkeypox, a rare infectious disease most prevalent in remote areas of Central and West Africa. Since May 2022, cases of infection have been reported in countries where the disease is not typical and continue to be recorded. The recent outbreak of monkeypox has become a global health problem due to its lethal consequences and its rapid spread in more than 65 countries around the world.

Today, the detection of this disease is carried out in the laboratory by testing samples taken from skin lesions that appear in a patient with monkeypox by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). However, due to the similarity of the clinical and visual symptoms of this disease to those of smallpox, it is often difficult for doctors to diagnose its early signs and therefore refer the patient for a PCR test. As there is still a potential danger of a re-outbreak, experts around the world are faced with the challenge of finding new methods for detecting this infectious disease.

Such methods can be created, for example, on the basis of artificial intelligence technologies, which have been widely used in the field of medicine over the past few years.

"Together with colleagues from India, we trained an artificial neural network to determine whether a patient is infected with monkeypox or not from photographs of affected skin areas. This is an extremely dangerous disease, and its untimely diagnosis can lead to very serious consequences for the human body and society as a whole. Our development will allow us to quickly detect monkeypox in the early stages, and for this we only need a smartphone." Assistant of the Department of Automation and Control Processes (APU) of ETU "LETI" Georgy Alekseevich Efimenko

The neural network model created by the scientists will primarily be useful during the initial examination of a patient with a suspected disease - the doctor only needs to take a photo of the affected area of the patient's skin on his smartphone and wait for the results of the analysis of the resulting image. The developed model makes it possible to determine the presence of monkeypox in humans with an accuracy of 93.4%. The results of the work were published in the scientific journal PLOS One.

Scientists continue to work on improving the developed neural network model. In the future, they plan to improve its accuracy, as well as develop a specialized application for mobile phones, where it will be possible to quickly diagnose monkeypox.

The developed neural network model is one of the projects of the Laboratory of Computer Vision and Real-Time Signal Processing of the Department of APU, as well as the VibeLab Youth IT Laboratory of ETU "LETI"."



:eek:
(Indeed, the man behind the computer looks a bit like the someone of target group that was claimed to be potentially most threatened by a monkey...)
 
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The Russian Science Foundation
February 8, 2024

Day of Russian Science. RSF grantees spoke about advanced scientific research in Russia and global trends in science (video)

On the Day of Russian Science, February 8, TASS hosted a thematic press conference at which leading Russian scientists – RSF grantees – spoke about advanced research in the field of artificial intelligence, quantum and neurotechnologies, catalytic chemistry, genetic technologies in medicine and tissue bioprinting. Valentin Ananikov, Alexander Boukhanovsky, Irina Alekseenko, Alexander Kaplan, Oleg Astafiev and Fyodor Senatov spoke in more detail about the scientific areas on which the world community is working and the achievements of Russian scientists.



In recent years, artificial intelligence has made changes in many areas of life, including the goals, objectives, and methods of scientific research. Alexander Boukhanovsky has been working with the support of the Russian Science Foundation since 2014, and today he is one of the leading researchers in the field of artificial intelligence. The scientist spoke about how this area is developing, and what we have been able to achieve in this area.

"Russia is on a par with the rest of the world, lagging behind only a few months. But there are areas where we have quite serious parity, namely, research at the intersection of artificial intelligence technologies and classical mathematics, which allows us to solve acute applied problems. This was achieved, among other things, thanks to the activity of the Russian Science Foundation, which combines two areas in one section. The result has been a number of interesting works, for example, our laboratory is creating a fundamental industry model of the city's behavioral economy. We have not yet learned how to predict crises, but we can predict people's behavior in difficult situations. This helps to form recommendations to get through difficult periods with fewer problems," says Alexander Boukhanovsky, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering), director of ITMO University's School of Translational Information Technologies.



Alexander Boukhanovsky, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Director of ITMO University's School of Translational Information Technologies. Source: ITMO Press Service

He also noted that the Foundation diligently stimulates the expert community: "Now there are 20-25% of projects related to artificial intelligence. And this is the basis for the next step."

Another booming area of research is quantum mechanics and its applications. One of the participants of the press conference, Oleg Astafiev, who stood at the origins of the development of quantum computers and was engaged in the creation of the world's first qubits, spoke about the main trends in quantum technologies in the world.


Oleg Astafiev, Professor at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Head of the Laboratory of Artificial Quantum Systems at MIPT Oleg Astafiev.

"The second quantum revolution is taking place now. Over the past 20 years, humans have learned how to control single quanta and quantum states, and new advances are making it possible to create new devices. Quantum computers are the most obvious outcome. Although they have not yet been built, the progress is very great, and scientists are now able to control large quantum systems, from a few dozen to a hundred qubits. But there's also an area that's not on everyone's lips right now: quantum sensing. Quantum sensors, for example, are used in gravitational wave detectors, and in the future they should "shoot". Conventional devices have sensitivity limits, but using quantum mechanics, you can overcome this limit," commented Oleg Astafiev, Professor at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Head of the Laboratory of Artificial Quantum Systems at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.

The scientist also spoke about the prospects of quantum technologies in Russia:
"From the point of view of world science, we are moving at a good pace. On our processors, we solve machine learning problems and try to use quantum computers for practical applications. After all, quantum computers are not only about speed, but also about new opportunities," he said.

According to the participants of the meeting, it is unlikely that researchers will ever be able to teach a computer to think in the same way as a human, since the human brain is a complex system that is not currently very well understood.


According to Alexander Kaplan [*RSF Project 21-75-30024, Development of invasive and noninvasive corticospinal and peripheral interfaces using biomarker monitoring, for neurorehabilitation of motor functions and pain control.], the pioneer of the science of neural interfaces in Russia, in the near future, thanks to the results of many years of fundamental research, humanity will be able to solve such practical problems as early diagnosis of brain diseases, which will increase the life expectancy of older people, especially those prone to strokes, as well as the treatment of patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and epilepsy.

Alexander Kaplan, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Head of the Laboratory of Neurophysiology and Brain-Computer Interfaces, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University.

One of the promising interdisciplinary areas that Professor Kaplan's team is working on with the support of RSF grants is the development of neural interface technologies. These technologies make it possible to record different types of brain activity and convert them into commands for external actuators: household appliances, prostheses or wheelchairs.

"Our developments are relevant for rehabilitation medicine, they radically change the lives of immobilized people, expand the self-care area, and make it possible to communicate. The return of dialogue and other neuro-simulators is not an isolated success, in peak areas our results are at the world level or higher. This is confirmed by articles accepted in top scientific journals and technologies successfully used in hospitals. The competitive environment created by the RSF also played a role. The Foundation not only supports the project with a grant, it organizes our aspirations in science, stimulates us to think about what we will come to in three years at the stage of submitting an application," says Alexander Kaplan, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Head of the Laboratory of Neurophysiology and Braincomputer Interfaces at the Faculty of Biology of Lomonosov Moscow State University. ...

~~~
*Lyrical deviation: Alexander Kaplan [*RSF Project 21-75-30024, Development of invasive and noninvasive corticospinal and peripheral interfaces using biomarker monitoring, for neurorehabilitation of motor functions and pain control:
and more:
Russia 2045





The mission of the 2045 initiative is the creation and realization of a new strategy for the development of humanity.
Speakers:
Dr. Alexander Kaplan
Brain-Machine Connector

Psychophysiologist, founder of first Russian BCI laboratory.
...

MARCH 12, 2013
..
We, scientists, public figures and business leaders from Russia, the USA, the UK, and Canada as well as participants of the Second International Global Future 2045 Congress (15-16 June 2013, New York) would like to bring to your attention a number of serious issues.

The world stands on the threshold of global change. Ecological, political, anthropological, economic and other crises are intensifying. Wars are waged, resources wasted senselessly, and the planet is being polluted. ...
..
Humanity essentially faces this choice: slide into the abyss of global degradation, or find and realize a new model of development, a model capable of changing human consciousness and giving new meaning to life.
..
The key components of these studies are:

1. The construction of anthropomorphic avatar robots—artificial bodies.

2. The creation of telepresence robotic systems for long-distance control of avatars.

3. The development of brain–computer interfaces for direct mental control of an avatar.
Applications:

– rehabilitation of the disabled;

– replacement of people working in hazardous conditions, or those tasked with cleaning up during peacekeeping missions, etc.;

– telepresence technologies for personal and business communications, as well as tourism.

The successful further development of the above three studies is expected to lead to further breakthroughs, including:

4. Development of life-extension technologies involving life-support systems for the human brain integrated with an artificial Avatar body.

(Note: Per the Global Trends 2030 forecast of the US National Intelligence Council, using replacement limb technology advances, people may choose to enhance their physical selves as they do with cosmetic surgery today.)
.. etc. ..
To carry out this important mission, your support is key for us. We invite you to take part in the congress personally, or send a recorded or written appeal to the participants.

We believe that in the near future, the UN General Assembly will gather not to regulate military conflicts, but to recommend that heads of state and leaders of national and transnational organizations take it upon themselves to realize the strategy for the transition to neo-humanity.

Signed by:
..
Dr. Alexander Kaplan — Psychophysiologist, founder of the first Russian Brain-Computer Interface laboratory.
~~



7.03.2015
Global Future 2045 Congress: Towards a New Strategy for Human Evolution / New York City, 2013
http://gf2045.com/

Roundtable on Life-extension of the Brain in a Full-body Prosthesis with Biological Blood Substitutes and Brain-Computer Interfaces with Optional Neuroprostheses

Dr. Alexander Kaplan (far right)
Dr. Mikhail Lebedev
...
~~~
 
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...
Medical topics have also begun to actively develop in recent years thanks to the support of such an area of research and development as genetic technologies.

Irina Alekseenko has been engaged in genetic technologies in medicine for more than ten years. Her laboratory has become a vivid example of the transition from fundamental research to practical results.

"Genetic technology has revolutionized medicine and is now revolutionizing agriculture. The main areas that have an impact on human life are: next-generation sequencing, which makes it possible to see genetic mutations and develop new methods for diagnosing and treating diseases; CRISPR/Cas genetic editing, which demonstrates the importance of supporting basic research that can be turned into real technologies very quickly; And gene therapy is the direction in which we work. For quite a long time, we have been working with the support of the Russian Science Foundation, and now we have brought our developments to the stage of practical application. We made a drug for the treatment of solid tumors, and in December we completed the first phase of clinical trials,"
said Irina Alekseenko, Ph.D., head of the gene immunooncology therapy group at the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry. M. M. Shemyakina and Y. A. Ovchinnikova, Head of the Gene Cancer Therapy Sector at the Institute of Molecular Genetics of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute".


Irina Alekseenko, Ph.D. in Biology, Head of the Gene Immuno-Oncology Therapy Group of the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Gene Cancer Therapy Sector at the Institute of Molecular Genetics of the National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute".

Irina is convinced of the importance of cooperation between scientists and medical professionals in the development of therapy:

"Together with doctors, we are trying to find new targets for the treatment of cancer. Therefore, it is important that the Foundation supports multidisciplinary research, as only in close collaboration with doctors and scientists can technologies be created that change the treatment landscape."

The biologist also spoke about how genetic technologies will develop in the coming years:


"If we talk about genetic technologies on the horizon of 10 years, I think we will be able to grow human organs in the bodies of large animals for transplantation, we will be able to influence human health through genetic modification of the microbiome, and with the help of multi-omsk technologies we will be able to develop drugs of a new level. The latter is a technological trend, and I know for sure that the RSF will contribute to it, because it already supports such research. The future is about the RSF," she concluded.

Continuing the conversation about the medicine of the future, Fyodor Senatov, PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Director of the Institute of Biomedical Engineering at MISIS University, spoke about the possibilities of bioprinting and why it is more difficult to print a vessel than a skin.

"Today, we are trying to move from printing flat organs (skin, cartilage) to more complex tubular structures, such as blood vessels, elements of the esophagus, intestines. Those who succeed in creating blood vessels will quickly master the third most difficult stage – the printing of large functional organs, such as the liver and kidneys. Since it is through the vessels that the living cells that are used in bioprinting receive nutrition, thereby ensuring the correct functioning of the organ. This is what all scientific teams in the world strive for. I am also pleased to note that in situ bioprinting is an area in which our scientists have become the first in the world. In situ assumes that an organ, for example, a piece of skin, is printed directly on the patient during an operation performed by a robot under the guidance of surgeons," said Fyodor Senatov.


Fyodor Senatov, PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Director of the Institute of Biomedical Engineering, MISIS University.

According to the bioengineer, the ability to set bold goals and look for more effective ways to solve research problems are important qualities for a modern scientist.

"The RSF's systematic support of fundamental science allows us to develop new approaches to solving medical problems, find fundamentally new effective methods for solving them, and set ambitious goals. One of them is bioprinting in space: the first experiment using a magnetic field in bioprinting onboard the ISS was carried out in 2018, and in March 2024, a new experiment on 4D printing (where the fourth dimension is time) using magnetic biofabrication approaches will start on the ISS," added Fyodor Senatov.

A lot of the things around us are products of the chemical industry. Thanks to advances in the development of catalysts, scientists can create new materials, from polymeric materials to drugs.



Valentin Ananikov, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Laboratory of Metal-Complex and Nanoscale Catalysts of the Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Chairman of the RSF Expert Council on the Presidential Program.

"The efforts of leading laboratories around the world are focused on obtaining efficient, cheap and environmentally friendly catalysts.We started research in 2010-2012 and faced a number of difficulties, in particular, with a huge amount of information. In about a week, a volume of data was accumulated that would require 40-50 years of manual labor to process. Moreover, this is a global practice, since there are not enough resources for data processing. If 15 years ago researchers could manually decipher about 3-5% of data, and more than 90% remained in boxes with laboratory journals, then the emergence of artificial intelligence algorithms and neural networks for solving chemical problems will reduce the percentage of raw information," said Valentin Ananikov, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Laboratory of Metal-Complex and Nanoscale Catalysts of the Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Chairman of the RSF Expert Council on the Presidential Program.

At the end of the conference dedicated to the Day of Russian Science, Valentin Ananikov once again congratulated his colleagues and summed up the results of the RSF's work over the past 10 years, emphasizing that the Foundation is a driver of innovation, and its grant is a recognized quality mark in the scientific community.

"Today we are pleased to recall memorable dates – the 300th anniversary of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the tenth anniversary of the Russian Science Foundation. The emergence of the Foundation was a landmark event for Russian science, and it was not for nothing that all those present noted the impact of the RSF on the development of fundamental science as a driver of innovation and a structuring element. Now the Foundation is taking the next steps, expanding the range of its activities to applied research and development. The Foundation's exemplary expertise and systematic support for promising research projects have changed the research culture, and the competitive environment created by the RSF has helped research teams, including my team, hone their professional skills, set long-term goals, and take on things that no one else has done before. Winning RSF competitions means receiving high praise from the scientific community, and the RSF grant is a quality mark that we can be proud of," the expert concluded.

 
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Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin"
Scientists have created organic films for charging pacemakers

February 29, 2024

New Materials Will Help Solve the Problem of Replacing Used Batteries



The resulting films are highly biocompatible

UrFU scientists and colleagues from the University of Aveiro managed to obtain biocompatible crystal films. They have high piezoelectric properties – when mechanically or thermally applied, they generate an electric current. Such a feature will be useful when creating elements for invasive medical devices, for example, pacemakers. Detailed information about the obtained films and a new method for their synthesis was published by the scientists in ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering:
~~
Piezoactive Bioorganic Diphenylalanine Films: Mechanism of Phase Formation
Denis Alikin, Vladimir Yuzhakov, Larisa Semiletova, Vladislav Slabov, Dmitrii Kuznetsov, Lubov Gimadeeva, Vladimir Shur, Svitlana Kopyl, and Andrei Kholkin


~~

The study was carried out with the support of the Priority 2030 program:
~~
The Priority 2030 program will make it possible to concentrate resources to ensure the contribution of Russian universities to the achievement of the national development goals of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030, to increase the scientific and educational potential of universities and research organizations, as well as to ensure the participation of educational institutions of higher education in the socio-economic development of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

The goal of the Priority 2030 program is to form more than 100 progressive modern universities in Russia by 2030 - centers of scientific, technological, socio-economic development of the country.

Putin announced the extension of the Priority 2030 program for six years

The Priority 2030 program will be extended for six years, about 190 billion rubles will be allocated for this, Russian President Vladimir Putin said during his address to the Federal Assembly.

"Its financing is calculated until the end of this year. Of course, I propose to extend it for another six years and allocate an additional 190 billion rubles," he said.

The Priority 2030 program was launched in 2021, and during the announcement of his address to the Federal Assembly in 2021, Putin said that at least 100 universities would receive grants of 100 million rubles or more for the creation of business incubators, the renewal of educational and laboratory facilities, training programs, etc. Priority 2030 is designed until 2030.

It is also planned to expand the program of advanced engineering schools, a federal project of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the purpose of which is to train highly qualified engineers of a new generation. Vladimir Putin proposed to launch 50 more such schools. "Advanced engineering schools, which are being created on the basis of universities, should be aimed at increasing the efficiency of re-equipment of production. I propose expanding this programme to another 50 engineering schools. That is, to deploy a total of 100 such centers across the country, which will train highly qualified specialists and offer original technical solutions, in a variety of areas, in industry, agriculture, construction, transport, the social sphere, and, of course, always and in each of these areas, use artificial intelligence," - said the head of state.
..
In addition, it is planned to create at least 100 new technology parks.

In addition, the head of state said that it is planned to launch new national projects in the field of technological development.
..
Putin also said that by 2030 it is necessary to form digital platforms in all key sectors of the economy. To achieve this goal, the national project "Data Economy" will be launched. 700 billion rubles will be allocated for it in 6 years. The head of state also said that he had approved the updated Strategy for the Development of Artificial Intelligence.
~~


Back to the biofilm:
..
"We were able to obtain diphenylalanine films that have high piezoelectric properties comparable to inorganic analogues. Under mechanical or thermal influence, these films generate electricity. The use of such films will be especially useful for creating invasive pacemakers, devices that are located inside the human body. When the heart moves or beats, these films will generate current, which will then accumulate in the batteries of the pacemakers. Energy storage devices based on such materials can solve the problem of replacing used batteries, as well as reduce the number of surgical interventions," explains Denis Alikin, Head of the Laboratory of Functional Nanomaterials and Nanodevices at the Research Institute of Physics and Applied Mathematics of UrFU.

Diphenylalanine is a form of phenylalanine, one of the 20 amino acids that make up proteins and plays an important role in biological processes. This substance is a part of the human body, and, accordingly, diphenylalanine materials are highly compatible with living tissues of the body.

"Inorganic analogues carry risks of rejection, since such materials do not integrate well with biological objects. Diphenylalanine as an organic material is biocompatible, which is important for the creation of both invasive and non-invasive devices. For example, sensors made of organic material worn by a person will cause less irritation than analogues made of inorganic polymers," explains Denis Alikin.

Scientists have synthesized films using a new method — crystallization from an amorphous phase under the influence of water vapor. The traditional method of producing diphenylalanine involves crystallization in an aqueous solution, resulting in the formation of structures with poorly controlled morphology.

"Previously, our colleagues found high piezoelectric coefficients in diphenylalanine. But the problem is that it is difficult to create films with a flat morphology from this substance, since diphenylalanine collects in solution into tubular structures. And this caused great difficulties, because when it comes to creating elements for microelectronics, the surface of the film must be flat so that electrodes can be applied to it. The method we developed solved this problem – we were able to achieve films with a flat morphology. It should also be noted that our method is unique and has not been previously proposed by other research groups," adds Denis Alikin.



For reference
Virtually all pacemakers are implanted to treat a slow heart rate called bradycardia. At rest, the heart beats 50 to 70 times per minute, and when stressed or physically exerted, the heart rate increases two to three times. If the heart beats too slowly, then the brain and body do not receive enough blood flow, which negatively affects a person's health.

Invasive pacemakers differ from other types of devices in that they are implanted inside the patient's body through a surgical procedure. These devices provide high precision heart rate control.

According to Boston scientific, in 2022, about 3 million people worldwide used pacemakers to keep their hearts running. In addition, about 600,000 pacemaker surgeries are performed every year. - Sergey Lukyanchenko



Ural Federal University is one of the leading universities in Russia, located in Yekaterinburg. Participant in the project to create world-class campuses, part of the national project "Science and Universities", implemented by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. The university is a member of the state program for the support of Russian universities "Priority-2030", initiates the creation and performs the functions of the project office of the world-class Ural Interregional Research and Education Center "Advanced Production Technologies and Materials".


February 8, 2018
The president held a meeting of the Council for science and education in Novosibirsk.

Vladimir Putin:
..
The world is undergoing dramatic technological change. In their scale, they are comparable to the epochs of industrial revolutions and scientific discoveries that radically changed the way of life of people on our planet.
..
In science, as in other fields, we need to make a real breakthrough. It is necessary to abandon once and for all the support for inefficiency, for outdated, outdated approaches to the organization of scientific activity. And, of course, the country expects from Science new solutions that can change the quality of people’s lives and give a powerful boost to the development of Russia.

These are the tasks that have been set in the strategy for scientific and technological development. And projects of scientific institutes, research programs, ministries and departments should be directed to this.
..
Moreover: local scientists have taken a significant step forward in such relatively new interdisciplinary fields for us as life science, where research is carried out at the intersection of biology, chemistry, genetics, medicine, bioinformatics and physics.
..
I believe that the accumulated intellectual and scientific potential makes it possible to organize large-scale genomic research in Russia.
..
Both in genetics and in other fields, t should be used more widely. pomegranate. convergent approach, nature-like technologies. On this basis, we will be able to create new drugs and methods for the treatment of severe diseases, a new energy based on technologies for the most careful treatment of resources. I would, of course, like to hear your suggestions on this.
..
Please give the floor to Mikhail Valentinovich Kovalchuk.

Mikhail Kovalchuk [director of the Kurchatov Institute]:
..
…We, speaking of the digital economy as a big breakthrough (which is indeed the case), should understand that according to the International Energy Agency, in the coming years the share of energy consumption in the network infocommunication sphere (only networks and terminal devices – consumer network equipment, communications, Wi-Fi) without industrial computing information infrastructure will exceed one third of the world’s electricity production.

When we talk to you about the digital economy, we have to understand that if we do not develop the energy sector appropriately, we will not have a digital economy. In the near future, this creates serious constraints on energy resources for the formation of a digital economy. At the same time, nature does not know resource crises and energy starvation. The explanation for this is the extremely high energy efficiency of natural sites.

I will repeat an example I have given so many times. The human brain, which actually created a unique civilization on Earth, consumes 30 watts, and a modern supercomputer consumes tens of megawatts. At the same time, the efficiency of all the computers in the world is far from reaching the efficiency of the brain of an ordinary person.
..
I would like to say that a number of technologically significant results have already been achieved both in the field of energy production and in the field of energy consumption. For example, technologies have been developed to generate electrical energy based on the metabolic processes of living organisms. These are so-called biofuel cells, which can be used, in particular, to power microsensors of a biological nature and implantable medical devices.

..
Draft Decree of the President of the Russian Federation “On the Strategy for the development of nature-like (convergent) technologies” (June 14, 2022), full text (some quotes)
..
General characteristics of the big challenges that the Strategy is designed to answer:
The global challenge of the XXI century is the need to ensure the sustainable development of civilization.
..
The cause of the crisis is the antagonism of nature and the technosphere created by man.
..
Nature–like (convergent) sciences and technologies are a tool for responding to the great challenges of the modern world.
..
Research and development in the field of NBICS convergence as a tool for creating nature-like technologies is actively conducted in a number of foreign countries, primarily in the USA.

In particular, in the USA there is a program of the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Commerce called NBIC – “Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information technology and Cognitive science”. In other countries, similar convergent programs are known by the acronyms GRAIN (Genetics, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence and Nanotechnology) and BANG (Bits, Atoms, Neurons, Genes). These programs are largely focused on the development of human resources. Thus, the NBIC program of the USA is called “Converging Technologies for Improving Human Perfomance”, and the NBIC program of the European Union is “Converging Technologies for the European Knowledge Society) (CTEKS)

The main content of this stage will be the development and creation of:
– nanobiotechnology products;
– hybrid devices and bionic devices;
– nanobiosystems and devices, including fundamentally new hybrid bionic-type sensing systems;
– biorobototechnical systems, including new generation artificial intelligence systems and neuromorphic processors.
..
Stage 1. (2022-2026).
Priority tasks of the stage:
[among them]

– development and creation of combined (hybrid) technical systems and technological processes using natural components, primarily biosensors, biofuel elements, brain-computer interfaces, additive technologies for creating separate biosimilar and artificial biological objects, nuclear medicine and radiation therapy technologies;
..
Stage 2. Creation of technological foundations for the beginning of the formation of separate nature–like scientific and production clusters (2027-2032).
Priority tasks of the stage:
– research and technological reproduction of individual objects and processes of wildlife, primarily in the field of:

– synthetic biology (artificial cell, artificial virus);
– biophotonic devices;
biorobots;

– additive manufacturing technologies and equipment for the creation of synthetic biological materials and artificial organs from them;

– new generation medicines and means of their targeted delivery;

– energy supply systems for implantable devices, artificial organs and biorobots due to energy processes in living organisms;

– development and creation of neuromorphic brain-machine and brain-brain interfaces, anthropomorphic bioprostheses, anthropomorphic robotic devices;

– development and creation of neuromorphic artificial intelligence systems, including those with the ability to self-study without connection to data storage and processing centers;
– creation of a fully functional (including the learning function) domestic neuroprocessor with characteristics that are not inferior or superior to foreign analogues;
– development of biocomputing technologies;
– creation of prototypes of components of nature-like nuclear power;

Stage 3. Formation of the basic elements of the nature–like technosphere (2033-2037)
Priority tasks of the stage:

– technological reproduction of systems and complexes of wildlife, first of all:
nature-like energy systems, including nature-like nuclear power;
cyberphysical additive production complexes (“Internet of everything”);
– medical systems based on technologies of correction of the psychophysiological sphere of a person;
– formation of basic elements of anthropomorphic biorobotonics, including communities of anthropomorphic biorobototechnical systems;
– creation of super-large neurocomputers based on the developed neuroprocessors, approaching the human in their cognitive capabilities;
– creation of a new generation of artificial intelligence systems with cognitive capabilities, providing approaches to creating a “strong” artificial intelligence;


 
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(*in the Estonian media below, the Russian-Ukrainian Global Great Reset Virus Strain for a New World Technology Order (RUGGRVSNWTO-22), known in Russia and their "multipolar 'allies' as a "special military operation" or "fight against globalist proxy ukronazi," is called a "full-scale war." Which perfectly satisfies the requirement for different control narratives about the same thing, aimed at different audiences, each of which is subject to the effect of this the same thing.)

Head of Ukrainian company:
it sounds cynical, but the war gave a strong impetus to the development of medicine

March 8, 2024


...
- You started working in 2020. And now, after the start of a full-scale war, how much has the flow of people who need this kind of help increased?

- Yes, it has increased. We have many cases related to combat injuries. These are not only military personnel, but also civilians who suffered from missile strikes. In 2021, we had 150 implants in a year, but this was the first year of work, the certification was not yet completed.

In 2023, we made about eight hundred implants, and about two hundred of them are military cases. That is, quite a large part of them are elective surgeries, but the popularity of this technology is growing because more and more doctors understand its advantages. Plus, there are already clinical results over the years. Doctors look at the results, how this or that case will behave in a year, for example, and only then try to do it themselves.


..
- Is the war in Ukraine moving medicine forward, no matter how cynical it sounds?

- Yes, many of the surgeries that are being done now were impossible back in 2021. Many international companies began to take an interest in Ukraine, offer assistance and technology. Many of these companies are leaders in the market. Back in 2021, we were two to three years behind advanced solutions.

Because all the information that we used and learned from was from open sources. These are scientific publications, and to do all this, you need to carry out several operations, then write an article that is being peer-reviewed. And by the time of the publication itself, just two or three years have passed since the moment when some advanced solution was made. When these companies began to enter Ukraine, the exchange of information began to take place.

It may sound cynical, but companies are interested in working out new solutions here, but there is no other way. Because combat injuries are very specific, there are no general solutions in principle. And this experience can be used in other situations. But this gave a great impetus to the development of medicine.




March 12, 2024

St Petersburg University Scientists Have Created Smart Neuroprostheses



Stages of Work, Research Models and Methods

Neurobiologists from St Petersburg University, as part of an international research team, have developed and tested a biomimetic neurostimulation system capable of transmitting information close to natural information to intact parts of the nervous system. The development has shown its effectiveness in testing on animals and patients.

Influencing the brain through stimulation of peripheral nerves is one of the promising methods in neuroprosthetic limbs in patients with lost motor functions, amputated limbs and paralysis due to injuries and diseases of the nervous system. However, recently, an international team of scientists, including specialists from St. Petersburg University, found out that this approach does not always provide natural sensorimotor activity. According to St Petersburg University scientists, for patients to recover more effectively, it is necessary to explore new methods of sensory stimulation that are close to natural ones. The results of the study were published in the international scientific publishing house Nature.


An international team of researchers, including Professor Pavel Musienko, Head of the Laboratory of Neuroprostheses at the Institute of Translational Biomedicine of St Petersburg University, and members of his research group, has developed and tested a biomimetic neurostimulation system that transmits information close to natural information to intact parts of the human nervous system.

"Based on a mathematical model of mechanoreceptors, the endings of nerve fibers that respond to mechanical stress, we have created biomimetic stimulation strategies that mimic the activity of various afferent units that transmit impulses from receptors to the brain or spinal cord," said the author of the study, Head of the Laboratory of Neuroprostheses at the Institute of Translational Biomedicine of St. Petersburg State University, Scientific Supervisor of the Neurobiology Department of the University of Science and Technology Sirius, Head of the Neuromodulation Laboratory of the Pavlov Institute of Physiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences Pavel Musienko.

The work was carried out by St. Petersburg University together with Sirius University, the Pavlov Institute of Physiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the LIFT (Life Improvement by Future Technologies Center), NUST MISIS, and ETH Zurich.

The scientists experimentally evaluated the new paradigm in animal models, studied the somatosensory neural network, stimulating the nerve and recording reflex responses in the ganglia (spinal nodes) of the dorsal roots and the spinal cord. Such stimulation led to the activity of the neural network, and this activity in its spatio-temporal dynamics turned out to be close to the natural normal.

A new smart neurotechnology paradigm developed by the research team was implemented in a bionic device and tested on real patients, providing greater mobility and better coordination compared to traditional approaches.


March 12, 2024
Former USSR


Zelensky approved a bill on the storage of reproductive cells of the military


President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky signed a bill on the storage of reproductive cells of dead soldiers. This is evidenced by the information on the website of the Verkhovna Rada.

We are talking about bill No. 10448. It is noted that the purpose of the adoption of the document is to preserve the gene pool of the people of Ukraine. According to the bill, reproductive cells can be stored free of charge for three years from the date of death of a serviceman. The other person can then extend the retention period at their own expense.

In March last year, Rada deputy Yaroslav Zheleznyak said that the soldiers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine would be able to store their reproductive cells in cryobanks for free. As reported, the parliament supported a bill on the creation of state guarantees to preserve the possibility of biological fatherhood and motherhood for the Ukrainian military if they receive injuries that affect reproductive functions.


March 12, 2024
St Petersburg University:
AI Technologies Are Being Tested on Civilians in the Epicentre of Military Conflicts


The Kelch Mansion in St. Petersburg hosted a round table entitled "Artificial Intelligence and Geopolitics. The Experience of Western Asia", organized by the G.O.R.K.I. centre of St Petersburg University in cooperation with the National Centre for the Development of Artificial Intelligence under the Government of the Russian Federation and the Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Data Science of St Petersburg University.



Recall that the G.O.R.K.I. University Center was first presented at the SPIEF 2023 site. The new division of St Petersburg University is engaged in the study of the problems of Russia's economic development, its energy independence, migration and demographic development. An expert analyst in the field of energy, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Austria, Professor Karin Kneissl was invited to guide the G.O.R.K.I. She also moderated a round table on artificial intelligence, where its impact on geopolitics, international relations and state sovereignty was discussed for the first time.

Experts separately focused on the current use of AI technologies in Iran, Israel and the United Arab Emirates, where significant funds are attracted for the development of these technologies, including from governments.

"Despite all the statements that artificial intelligence is primarily designed to help people, it is most actively used today in military affairs, and AI technologies are also being tested on the civilian population, which is in the epicenter of today's military conflicts," the organizers of the discussion said in a statement provided to RG.

The participants of the round table also emphasized that structural changes are taking place in several areas of politics and economics at once due to the rapid development of artificial intelligence technologies. Therefore, the experts have compiled a list of thematic recommendations that can be taken into account by decision-making bodies.

The development of artificial intelligence does not threaten the existence of the state as such, they are convinced.

"Although artificial intelligence has already become a fact of objective reality, which will play an increasingly important role in many areas, interstate relations will remain due to the geopolitical shifts taking place in the world, as well as the fact that the development and maintenance of digital technologies require quite tangible energy resources," the participants of the round table conclude."

...
February 8, 2018
The president held a meeting of the Council for science and education in Novosibirsk.


Vladimir Putin:
..
The world is undergoing dramatic technological change. In their scale, they are comparable to the epochs of industrial revolutions and scientific discoveries that radically changed the way of life of people on our planet.
..
In science, as in other fields, we need to make a real breakthrough. It is necessary to abandon once and for all the support for inefficiency, for outdated, outdated approaches to the organization of scientific activity. And, of course, the country expects from Science new solutions that can change the quality of people’s lives and give a powerful boost to the development of Russia.

These are the tasks that have been set in the strategy for scientific and technological development. And projects of scientific institutes, research programs, ministries and departments should be directed to this.
...
Both in genetics and in other fields, t should be used more widely. pomegranate. convergent approach, nature-like technologies. On this basis, we will be able to create new drugs and methods for the treatment of severe diseases, a new energy based on technologies for the most careful treatment of resources. I would, of course, like to hear your suggestions on this.
..
Please give the floor to Mikhail Valentinovich Kovalchuk.


Mikhail Kovalchuk [director of the Kurchatov Institute]:

When we talk to you about the digital economy, we have to understand that if we do not develop the energy sector appropriately, we will not have a digital economy. In the near future, this creates serious constraints on energy resources for the formation of a digital economy. At the same time, nature does not know resource crises and energy starvation. The explanation for this is the extremely high energy efficiency of natural sites.

I will repeat an example I have given so many times. The human brain, which actually created a unique civilization on Earth, consumes 30 watts, and a modern supercomputer consumes tens of megawatts. At the same time, the efficiency of all the computers in the world is far from reaching the efficiency of the brain of an ordinary person.
..

I would like to say that a number of technologically significant results have already been achieved both in the field of energy production and in the field of energy consumption. For example, technologies have been developed to generate electrical energy based on the metabolic processes of living organisms. These are so-called biofuel cells, which can be used, in particular, to power microsensors of a biological nature and implantable medical devices."

...



 
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Electronic Nose and Mechanical Legs: What Devices Are Being Created at Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod

In addition to the electronic nose, scientists are now working on an audiovisual complex. It will allow you to adjust the optimal functioning of the brain.

2023-06-27


https://tvzvezda.ru/news/2023627142-NNKEG.html/player

The 5x5 millimeter sensor is called an "electronic nose". This device can replace a whole squad of dog handlers and a bunch of gas analyzers. The fact is that this development is able to smell even the slightest concentration of any substance in the air.

The principle of operation is about the same as that of a biological nose. The particle on which the sensor is programmed hits the device. It fixes it and notifies it of its presence in the air. The electronic sense of smell recognizes not only smells, but also tastes using a matrix of sensors, each of which is programmed for a specific substance.

"I took the panel like a cell phone, put a lot of sensors in there. And some kind of small system drives the air. Then, in principle, it will catch these molecules from the entire volume, and even a small amount will be captured," says Alexander Knyazev, Head of the Department of Analytical and Medicinal Chemistry at Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod.

The "electronic nose" can be used for environmental monitoring, in healthcare, in the food industry, or for early warning of man-made, chemical or biological threats. For example, TNT, produced in clandestine conditions, is recognized by the sensor.
...
Dozens of physicists, biologists, doctors, and engineers are working on an exoskeleton with a neural interface. In 2016, the first sample of mechanical legs appeared. A year later, testing began in the city's medical institutions. Then - entering serial production, exporting the batch to Uzbekistan. But these legs help the patient to rehabilitate with the help of manual control. The goal of scientists is movement through the power of thought.

"We can teach software to divide a person's thought, what they can imagine - some movement of some legs or, for example, arms. Then transmit these commands to the exoskeleton control system, and the exoskeleton can move," says Susanna Gordleeva, Professor of the Department of Neurotechnology at the Institute of Biology and Biomedicine of Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod"


Vladimir Putin signed Executive Order On Awarding the 2023 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists.

February 7, 2024

Text of the Decree:

Having considered the proposals of the Presidential Council for Science and Education, I decide:

To award the 2023 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists and the honorary title of Laureate of the Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists:

Susanna Gordleeva, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor of the Lobachevsky National Research University of Nizhny Novgorod, for the development of models and technologies of neuromorphic artificial intelligence based on biophysical neuron-astrocyte network models for memristive electronics;
...

Susanna Gordleeva told how scientists are trying to teach a neural network to "think" intelligently and what robots can borrow from nature.
..
— In what areas can such a neural network be used?


— In fact, in any place where information processing is needed. But one of the promising tasks, perhaps, is the creation of neural implants or neural interfaces. Such systems record brain activity. Therefore, it is necessary that information processing should be carried out with the help of systems adapted to biological mechanisms.


Susanna Gordleeva

Closing of the World Youth Festival

The President of Russia took part in the closing ceremony of the World Youth Festival.

March 6, 2024, 20:30, Sirius
..

Vladimir Putin: Good afternoon. Good evening, dear friends!
..
You're so different. I look at the audience: everyone is very different. I have just met with young people from different countries who are studying at Russian universities. Everyone is different. How did you manage to create this city of the world's youth? How, if they are so different? And apparently, there is something that unites us all. Today, in Russia, we call these our traditional values. It is the foundation of our life, our being.
..

I am sure you will have a lot of success. One of the slogans of today's festival is "Let's start the future together". Let's assume that the future has begun. But what it will be is up to you.

I wish you success. Be happy!"

Meeting with the participants of the World Youth Festival

Vladimir Putin met with participants of the World Youth Festival.

March 6, 2024, 22:50, Sirius
..

E. Orel:
And I want to thank you for this forum and share my history of festivals. For me, the 2017 festival, which was the previous one, played a huge role in my life, because then I learned about artificial intelligence together with teams from India, Greece, and Poland, with whom we worked at Foresight and presented our project to you.

A couple of years later, I flew to Italy to study and get an education at a top school in Europe. Then, thanks to the Leaders of Russia competition, I returned home, built robots here, and now, in the team of Dmitry Nikolayevich Chernyshenko, we are developing artificial intelligence in Russia. This is an example of how festivals work, how our social elevators work. And thank you very much for this.

Together with the team of the Ministry of Economic Development and Sberbank, we have developed a strategy for the national development of artificial intelligence. We expect a colossal economic effect, and we are moving on to the introduction of artificial intelligence. We sincerely believe that science and technology can be a place where all nations come together and work together.

I have a practical question. We are moving to the introduction of artificial intelligence. Mr President, do you use a voice assistant? Do you have Yandex or Sber or another smart speaker at home? Do you have a smart home? Do you generate greetings and pictures for your friends? Thank you.


Vladimir Putin:
Why do I need Sberbank if we have Sberbank executives who are always in touch? Gref German Oskarovich – he is always in touch. (Laughter.) But seriously, we can be proud of our achievements in this area. Why? Because our so-called "e-government" can be much more advanced, and we have achieved much greater success than in many other countries of the world. And this, of course, is the result of the work of those people, including Chernyshenko, whom you mentioned, who is one of the organisers of these events. And here we have taken certain steps forward. But, of course, this is not enough.

Of course, we must work on this issue together with our colleagues in the country and with our colleagues from other countries, perhaps even more intensively and intensively than we have done so far. Because, well, I need to say general things, because, of course, this is the future. The development of artificial intelligence creates huge competitive advantages for any country that develops these technologies. Of course, we will do this.

We are doing it and we will continue to do it. Many ethical issues arise here, but we also have something to boast about in the good sense of the word, because, as you probably know, we are agreeing on this with our leading companies. They are creating appropriate tools for self-control in this area, on this platform, to put it more precisely and broadly. This is also very important, because
the use of artificial intelligence cannot be stopped, this is an obvious thing.

I am not inclined to agree with those who see here some kind of end of the world, see that there will be some kind of frontier, a point of no return, when it will be impossible for humanity to return to the fact that we live in the world of man, and from some point of no return there will come another era in the life of humanity – the era of machines that will control people. As of today, at least, everything depends on us.

Among other things, this depends on the resolution of the issues that have already been raised here by our partner and friend from the United States, as well as by our friends from other countries, namely, that we need to come to an agreement among ourselves. Because if it gets out of hand, it can cause irreparable damage, that's true. I have already spoken about this: when humanity realises some real dangers for itself in the event of these technologies getting out of control, out of human hands, then, I think, the time is ripe for agreements. In the same way, the conditions were ripe for agreements in the field of nuclear non-proliferation and arms control. But we will definitely have to agree on this at the international level. It seems to me that common sense will prevail and we will be able to come to an agreement.

And it is impossible to stop the development of technology. Conclusion: you need to be ahead.
...
Valeria Montejo: I'm Valeria Montejo from Colombia.


Everyone knows how a leader, president, manager, or head of any corporation, business, or company should behave. But in fact, there are unforeseen situations, and sometimes you have to make some non-standard decisions, which sometimes harm someone, and someone, on the contrary, benefit.

My question. In your experience, how do you properly deal with the uncertainties associated with leadership and the consequences of such controversial decisions, and how do you take responsibility for those consequences?

Vladimir Putin:
You know, in my opinion, it is always necessary to have an internal reference point, and this internal reference point can have the right vector when we think not about the current event, but about the future. And one of the people who was involved in politics, he said: "A good politician thinks about future elections, and a real leader thinks about future generations." (Applause.) But, of course, you always have to choose, and it is clear that when choosing, we proceed from the fact that, of course, not everyone is satisfied with these decisions. But we need to think about the final result and work for the good of the country, for the benefit of the people, for the benefit of the people, for the future of the state. The process is not easy.

We had a statesman, a military commander of German origin – Marshal, I think, or Field Marshal Minich, who said that Russia is a country that is directly ruled by God, because if this is not the case, it is not clear how it exists at all. In the first part, I agree: Russia is a country that is directly governed by God. ..."
->

~~
Putin: Because our so-called "e-government" can be much more advanced, and we have achieved much greater success than in many other countries of the world. And this, of course, is the result of the work of those people, including Chernyshenko, whom you mentioned, who is one of the organisers of these events.
October 13, 2021 16:30 Moscow

National Program "Digital Economy of the Russian Federation"

The Government of the Russian Federation and the World Economic Forum signed a memorandum on the establishment of a Center for the Fourth Industrial Revolution in Russia. The event was held in the Coordination Center.


On the Russian side, on behalf of Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, the memorandum was signed by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko, on the part of the WEF - President of the forum Berge Brende.
https://www.weforum.org/press/2021/10/russia-joins-centre-for-the-fourth-industrial-revolution-network/



Putin: ...
...because, of course, this is the future. ...because
the use of artificial intelligence cannot be stopped, this is an obvious thing.
January 27, 2021
15:10 The Kremlin, Moscow


Session of Davos Agenda 2021 online forum
..
World Economic Forum Founder and Executive Chairman Klaus Schwab:

Mr President, welcome to the Davos Agenda Week.
..
Mr President, the world is waiting to hear from you.
...
President of Russia Vladimir Putin:
Mr Schwab, dear Klaus,
...

"Hopes that it will be possible to reboot the old growth model are connected with rapid technological development. Indeed, during the past 20 years we have created a foundation for the so-called Fourth Industrial Revolution based on the wide use of AI and automation and robotics. The coronavirus pandemic has greatly accelerated such projects and their implementation."



 
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Meeting with the winners of the Leaders of Russia contest

Vladimir Putin met with the winners of the Leaders of Russia management competition.

March 12, 2024

...
Alexei Komissarov [Director General of Russia – Land of Opportunity, Rector of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration]: You spoke about perseverance. We have a participant who tried to win the competition five times – Dmitry Volkov. On the fifth try, I succeeded. I think Dmitry will tell you how. Now he works in the Ministry of Digital Development.
..
Dmitriy Volkov:
In 2020, I moved to the Ministry of Digital Development and joined a new team. For the last two years, I have been working as Deputy Director of the Department at the Ministry. Our team is engaged in the development of services on the Public Services portal, that is, we strive to ensure that people can conveniently, quickly, online receive all the necessary services and solve their issues.
..
Vladimir Putin: ...

And what exactly are you doing? What do you do?

Dmitry Volkov: Specifically, digital services in the field of social protection. Now we are working on the creation of a digital identity card for a large family.


Vladimir Putin: This is very important. Thank you very much.

Dmitry Volkov: We are also launching new regions...

Vladimir Putin: Are there any difficulties with creating this digital service for large families?

Dmitry Volkov: Not yet. The Ministry of Labor is now creating a regulatory framework, we are designing a service. In other words, this is the stage of preparation. We hope that we will launch it by the end of the year.

Vladimir Putin: Why is it taking so long?

Dmitry Volkov: Because, in general, it takes longer for the regulatory framework to take shape.

Vladimir Putin: In other words, the Ministry of Labour is to blame?

Dmitry Volkov: No, it's a complicated process.

Vladimir Putin: Well done.

Dmitry Volkov: This is a complicated process: we need to create a data bank. It is already in place, and the regions are beginning to transmit information there. This is still in test mode. A lot of multifaceted work, the integration of several systems - the regional system, the system of the Ministry of Labor, the digital platform and the portal of public services as the final recipient.

Vladimir Putin: It's a lot of work. The faster, the better, right?

Dmitry Volkov: Yes.

Vladimir Putin: I will also talk to the Ministry of Labour.

Thank you very much.
 
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...
Alexei Komissarov: In order to save time, I would like to introduce the next two participants – Anton Urusov and Vlad Kreynin.

Anton Urusov: Mr President, it has already been said here that the Leaders of Russia contest is changing lives. That's what happened to me.

If I may, I will start with a personal story. We are meeting in the Year of the Family, and you recently launched a new national project called Family. The birth of my family took place at a competition. It was at Leaders of Russia that I met my wife five years ago. She is a talented doctor, she works at the Ivan Ivanovich Dedov Center for Endocrinology, and this month she is defending her doctoral dissertation.

We met when we were doing a social project to help cancer patients together at a competition, and since then we have been together. You know, I won the main prize at the competition even before it ended.

After the competition, career changes followed. At the time of the competition, I had been working in the investment business for 12 years, investing in the development of technologies, including socially significant projects in medicine and pharma. After winning the competition, Kirill Alexandrovich Dmitriev became my mentor. At his invitation, in 2020 I started working at the Russian Direct Investment Fund.

Last year, he was promoted to Senior Vice President. Now a new stage is being discussed. It was at RDIF that I was lucky enough to implement my most significant projects in my career.

In 2020, when the COVID pandemic began, RDIF, on your instructions, began to promote the Russian vaccine against coronavirus in the world – Sputnik V. I was responsible for technology transfer and organising vaccine production in a number of foreign countries, primarily India, and a number of others.

This work was a huge challenge for both me and the team, but the results followed. Sputnik has become the most exported drug in the history of Russia. Despite this opposition to Western big pharma, as you know, it has been delivered to more than 70 countries with a total population of more than four billion people.
..
Vladimir Putin: I congratulate you on this and that result. I wish you personal happiness and professional success.

..
Vlad Kreynin: Good afternoon, Mr President.

My name is Vlad Kreynin, I work at Sberbank, I am responsible for marketing, communications, and Senior Vice President. I am 35 years old, I was born in St. Petersburg, studied at St. Petersburg University, worked in St. Petersburg for a short time, then moved to Moscow. I participated in the competition in 2020.

Vladimir Putin: Everything is very similar.

Vlad Kreynin: All coincidences are coincidental.

Vladimir Putin: Where did you work in St Petersburg?

Vlad Kreynin: I worked in book publishing houses, and I worked for a short time at the Delovoy Peterburg newspaper. I am a journalist by my first education, but since then, thanks in part to the Leaders of Russia competition, I have received several more educations, including in the personnel reserve, where I studied together with Vitaly [Khotsenko] and other colleagues, including from the Leaders of Russia.

We met in 2020, and you told me that you could see the potential in your eyes. And indeed, just a few weeks later, amazing things began to happen. The scope of my responsibilities at Sberbank has significantly expanded.

Vladimir Putin: A diamond eye.

Vlad Kreynin: Yes. Thank you very much. I know that these stories are not unique, they happen to many "Leaders of Russia". Your focus attention, immersion in details, contests, and biographies of participants – this, of course, is worth a lot.

Over the past four years, not only has my area of responsibility at Sberbank grown, but Sberbank itself has also grown, primarily as a technological, innovative company, and a leader in the artificial intelligence agenda in the country. In many ways, you are also helping us to develop this area.

One of the challenges that I am facing now, we recently conducted a study, about 40 percent of Russians are still afraid of artificial intelligence technologies, they do not understand them, there is a barrier to use. My task is to help people understand the benefits of technology, the opportunities that these technologies create for them. How? Let me give you a few examples.

Vladimir Putin: First, answer the question: why?

Vlad Kreynin: It seems to me that artificial intelligence helps both to improve business processes and as a second opinion, for example, for doctors. Our neural network GigaChat has recently passed an exam in medical specialties and, of course, it should not replace a doctor, but be a doctor's assistant in the sense of a second opinion.

Vladimir Putin: No, why would Sberbank do that?

Vlad Kreynin: It helps us a lot to develop our business, including making a profit. We have optimized a lot of processes with the help of artificial intelligence.

For example, I am responsible for the marketing function, which is all design, communications, and advertising. A lot of what we produce, we produce using artificial intelligence technologies.

Among other things, we create services for the country, for our younger generations based on these technologies. For example, the Kandinsky neural network is a network for generating images and videos. Last year, we became the fastest-growing service in the world, surpassing even Chat GPT.

For example, you were at the Russia exhibition, in Pavilion No. 1, which is called Russia – Land of Opportunities. There's a show called "Kids Metas." It is created entirely on the basis of our technologies by artificial intelligence.

In my opinion, this is such a simple form of a child's first acquaintance with technology. They can make a dream and immediately see its visualization, start using it, and then try, for example, through a chatbot to use this technology and use it, including for the preparation of high-quality works at school, then at university. I'm sure it will help him later in life, too.

And the second example I want to share. The Voronezh Art Museum had a very large collection of Russian artists before the Great Patriotic War, and in 1942 it was completely lost, only descriptions of paintings remained. We came up with the following project: according to the descriptions, having studied in great detail the style of each of the artists who were presented in this museum, we recreated the works. We have a recreated collection, a revived collection of paintings by various Russian artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. Through your assistants, I gave you the album that we prepared, made by the Kandinsky neural network. I think it will be very interesting to get to know him.

This is a good example of how the technologies of the future are helping us, among other things, to revive our art and our culture, which was lost in certain events. Thank you.

Vladimir Putin: That's great. Sberbank is doing a lot in this area, and it is indeed one of the leaders. He sees good prospects in our country and helps many sectors of real production and the social sphere. Great.

And what you have just said about the museum, about the recreated canvases, is great. Honestly, I'd love to watch it. I very much hope that Sber's management will select such young, energetic specialists who are interested in the results of their work, and you will move forward. And in all areas, even completely unexpected, it would seem, for banking institutions.

Thank you very much, all the best. Success.


Mikhail Mishustin held a strategic session on the implementation of socio-economic development initiatives: a technological breakthrough

13 February 2024, Coordination Center of the Government of the Russian Federation


Mikhail Mishustin's [Prime Minister] opening remarks:

Good afternoon, colleagues!

Today, we will continue to discuss the implementation of significant projects aimed at addressing priority tasks to improve people's quality of life.

And let's consider the next, largest block, which includes 15 out of 42 strategic initiatives launched about two years ago at the initiative of the President. Each of these areas serves as a driver of our country's technological growth. And, what is very important, they are all part of the systemic decisions made by the President and the Government. They are fully synchronized with national projects and state programs, as well as with all comprehensive measures to support various industries.
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At a recent meeting of the Council for Science and Education, the President stressed that the priorities of scientific and technological development should be closely linked to all key challenges in the economy, social sphere, and security and should be aimed entirely at achieving sovereignty in all areas.
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Significant progress has been made in terms of unmanned transport systems. Now they are being actively tested for the transportation of goods both by road and by sea. In particular, on the basis of KamAZ, the production of highly automated trucks has been established. And their movement along the M-11 Moscow-St. Petersburg highway has been organized, which actually brings logistics between the two largest cities of the country to a completely different, new level.

As part of the Clean Energy initiative, about two dozen green power generation facilities with a total capacity of 340 MW have been built, including the Krasnogorsk Small Hydroelectric Power Plants, which were recently launched during our trip to Karachay-Cherkessia.

The wider use of such technologies makes it possible not only to increase the reliability of energy supply to the regions, but also to reduce the share of harmful emissions into the atmosphere, thereby improving the state of the environment in settlements.

We support innovative developments in the fields of hydrogen and nuclear energy. Russia has a huge potential here, as well as in the field of LNG production.

We are also working on modern solutions that help preserve people's health and increase the effectiveness of prevention and treatment of such complex diseases as diabetes mellitus and hypertension. A line of high-tech products is being created for remote monitoring of the state of health. And soon, patients will be able to continuously monitor life-saving indicators. ..."


March 11, 2024

Eternal Questions in the Information Society: St Petersburg University Scientist Talks About Digital Philosophy in the Heinrich Terahertz Podcast



The guest of the sixth episode of the popular science podcast of St Petersburg University 'Heinrich Terahertz' was Dmitry Yarochkin, coordinator of the Laboratory of Digital Philosophy at St Petersburg University. He spoke about how eternal questions have changed in the era of the information society, what data sonification is, and why it is important for everyone to understand artificial intelligence.

Philosophical questions about man, God, good, evil, truth, freedom, and morality have accompanied people since antiquity. Over time, they have undergone several reinterpretations and additions, but they still remain relevant. But how much has artificial intelligence changed these questions?

Dmitry Yarochkin, Coordinator of the Laboratory of Digital Philosophy at St Petersburg University, said that philosophical questions have only come to life more in the age of information technology. For example, there is a question about the morality and ethics of neural networks. Should technology creators be held accountable for their answers? The scientist could not give an unambiguous answer to this question, it passes into the category of philosophical ones.

"The fourth technological revolution is taking place now. We are at a point where technology has become so complex that it is no longer comprehensible to us. Our grandfathers could easily disassemble and reassemble the Moskvich. Moreover, knowledge of the technical aspect was a requirement for obtaining a driver's license. And we have no right to disassemble a modern car. As a result, we don't understand how it works. And we are no longer able to know everything. For example, artificial intelligence is no longer fully cognizable. And we need to teach people to live in this paradigm," said Dmitry Yarochkin.
 
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