- Mar 15, 2017
You're missing https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comprehensive_Drug_Abuse_Prevention_and_Control_Act_of_1970, which Nixon crony Ehrlichman admitted was a war on black people, that continues to this day. It's not a war on drugs it's a war on blacks.Don't believe the hype, mecca. America has done nothing but try and institutionalize fair treatment and equality for blacks under it's legal and welfare systems. If blacks choose to focus on the racist actions of a minority of jerks instead of taking the opportunities that are available to them, they have no one to blame but themselves and those in their own community who promote the idea that the deck is eternally, systematically stacked against black people.
What legislation, constitutional amendments, executive orders and specially created bureaucratic departments do you feel are missing in the US today? What would you add to the following list? By the way, I have not included the court decisions in the US made on behalf of blacks because it took the character count of the post too high.
Bills signed into law
U.S. Constitutional Amendments
- Missouri Compromise (1850) - Series of Congressional legislative measures addressing slavery and the boundaries of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War (1846–1848)
- Civil Rights Act of 1866 - Declared that all persons born in the United States were now citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition
- Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands (1866)
- Southern Homestead Act of 1866
- Naturalization Act of 1870 - Allowed persons of African descent to become citizens of the United States
- Enforcement Act of 1871 Also known as the Ku Klux Klan Force Act. It was the third enforcement act passed by Congress. The act gave the United States President the power to suspend the writ of habeas corpus to combat the Ku Klux Klan and other white terrorist organizations during the Reconstruction Era.
- Amnesty Act (1872)
- Civil Rights Act of 1875
- Morrill Land Grant Colleges Act (1890) - Required each state to show that race was not an admissions criterion, or else to designate a separate land-grant institution for persons of color. Among the seventy colleges and universities which eventually evolved from the Morrill Acts are several of today's Historically Black colleges and universities
- Racial Integrity Act of 1924
- Civil Rights Act of 1957
- Civil Rights Act of 1960
- Civil Rights Act of 1964
- Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
- Voting Rights Act of 1965
- Civil Rights Act of 1968
- Civil Rights Act of 1982
- Civil Rights Act of 1991
Executive Orders and Proclamations
- Thirteenth Amendment (1865)
- Fourteenth Amendment (1868)
- Fifteenth Amendment (1870)
- Twenty-fourth Amendment (1964)
- Emancipation Proclamation (1862) - Issued by President Abraham Lincoln. It declared that all slaves in Confederate territory still in rebellion were freed.
- Executive Order 8802 (1942) - Issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. It banned racial discrimination in government departments and defense industries. It also established Fair Employment Practice Committee directed to oversee compliance with the order.
- Executive Order 9981 (1948) - Issued by President Harry S. Truman. It desegregated the armed forces.
- Executive Order 10590 (1955) - Issued by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. It established the President's Committee on Government Employment Policy. It aimed to eliminate discrimination in federal hiring.
- Executive Order 10925 (1961) - Issued by President John F. Kennedy. It established the President's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity, which later became the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and requires equal opportunity in placement and promotion in the U.S. military.
- Executive Order 11063 (1962) - Issued by President John F. Kennedy. It banned segregation in federally funded housing.
- Executive Order 11246 (1965) - Issued by President Lyndon B. Johnson. It prohibited discrimination in employment decisions on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
- Executive Order 11478 (1969) - Issued by President Richard M. Nixon. It prohibited discrimination on certain grounds in the competitive service of the federal civilian workforce, including the United States Postal Service and civilian employees of the United States Armed Forces.
- Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands (June 1865 through December 1868)
- Fair Employment Practice Committee (1941)
- President's Committee on Civil Rights (December 1946 through December 1947)
- Civil Rights Commission (created 1957)
- Civil Rights Division in the Department of Justice (created 1957)
- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (created 1964)