We don't believe angels can fall and disobey God. God created them with the sole purpose of obeying his commands and carrying our various duties.
We believe Satan is a Jinn. He was a great Jinn who used to be on the same level as the angels. When God decided to create Adam , God instructed the angels and Satan to bow out of respect. Satan refused, he told God he was better than Adam because Adam wasn't made out of clay and he was from a smokeless fire.
So Satan then grew in arrogance and envy and asked God for respite until Judgement day, which is why he's reeking havoc on earth with his minions. Satan promised God there and then he'd make it impossible for us to worship and follow God's way.
Islam: basic beliefs
Islam is a pure monotheistic religion. Which means it is a religion that teaches us there is only one God that has the right to be worshiped and everything else that exists is God's creation. Further more Islam teaches us that God exists outside His creation. That God is unique, has no son nor partner, there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him, He is All powerful, none can harm or benefit him and none has the right to be worshipped but Him alone
In the Name of Allah, most Compassionate, most Merciful
1. Say (O Muhammad ): "He is Allâh, (the) One.
2. "Allâh-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks).
3. "He begets not, nor was He begotten;
4. "And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him."
(Quran Surah Al-Ikhlaas)
Therefore God is not a tree or inside plants, animals, humans or stones. Nor does God become a human being. Nor can a human being become God. But rather God is separate from His creation.
If there was more than one God then there would be chaos. One God may want it to be cold and rainy and the other God may want it to be hot and sunny. This would end up in chaos for human beings in particular.
Islam is not a new religion. It is, in essence, the same message and guidance which Allah revealed to all His Prophets, like Adam, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, David, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad (peace be upon them all). But the message which was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Islam in its comprehensive, complete and final form
In 610 CE God (Allah) commissioned the Muhammad son of Abdullah (peace be upon him) to be His last and final Prophet and Messenger to mankind, in the city of Makkah (Mecca) in present day Saudi Arabia.
Every Prophet was sent exclusively to his own people, but Allah sent His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to all of mankind as Allaah said (interpretation of the meaning):
"Allah revealed to His messenger the Quran by which to guide people And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a giver of glad tidings and a Warner to all mankind, but most of men know not"
Allah sent the Quran to His Messenger, to guide people and bring them forth from darkness to light by the will of their Lord.
Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"(This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you (O Muhammad) in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of belief in the Oneness of Allah and Islamic Monotheism) by their Lord's Leave to the path of the All Mighty, the Owner of all praise"
The Quran is a Message from Allah to the whole of humanity. It was transmitted to us in a chain starting from the Almighty to the Angel Gabriel, The Angel Gabrial then transmitted it to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). This message was given to the Prophet (peace be upon him) in pieces over a period spanning approximately 23 years (610 CE to 622 CE). The Prophet (peace be upon him) was 40 years old when the Quran began to be revealed to him, and he was 63 when the revelation was completed. the Quran was revealed in Arabic.
To study the amazing history of Islam in depth please click the following link
Perfection of the Quran
Since God is perfect. Therefore any book from God must be perfect. Any religious book that claims it is from the Creator has to be error free. there cannot be any contradictions in it. A person may think Oh no what if they find a 'contradiction in my holy book' . This is not a problem with the Muslims. Allah challenges the whole of humanity to find even one single contradiction in the Quran. For 1400 years the enemies of Islam all over the world have been trying to find a single contradiction in the Quran and they have not been able to do so. Every time they think they have the Muslims fooled by taking certain verses out of context or not giving the true meaning of that verses. The Muslim scholars easily refute them and make them lower their heads in shame. For their cheap tricks. God is more powerful than Satan. Any book that is purely from God will be error free. Any book from other than God will have errors as no one is more powerful than God nor equal in power. It is not the aim of Muslims to insult other religions but we will challenge other religion to bring a book that is error free to us. No other religion is able to do that. And when we point out the mistakes in their books, such as the bible they are not able to refute us.
The following articles will explain about the Quran and its authenticity
Science and Islam
Scientific advancement in the 20th century lead to many Non Muslims leaving their religion on mass scale. Such as what has happened in Britain. which used to be a fundamentalist Christian country, Which waged religious wars all over the world for centuries. The religious wars it fought may not have stopped but the majority population left Christianity.
However, with regards to Islam. Scientific advancement has lead to people becoming Muslim. The Quran which is more than 14 centuries old, contains so many scientific facts that only know we know about. Thus science has helped us understand some of the verses of the Quran and has lead many non Muslims to embrace Islam. Some of which are scientists.
For instance Allah revealed in the Quran more than 1400 years ago a barrier between two seas
"He has set free the two seas meeting together. There is a barrier between them. They do not transgress. (Quran, 55:19-20)
The figure shows the Mediterranean sea water as it enters the Atlantic over the Gibraltar sill. It does does not mix with the Atlantic ocean. but rather it has its own salinity and temperature Which are are higher than Atlantic ocean.
Although there are large waves, strong currents, and tides in these seas the two seas do not mix. One would naturally expect these two seas to mix. However it is as if there is an invisible barrier which prevents them from mixing. Something which is truly amazing. Not only that, Allah had revealed this verse to Prophet peace be upon him more than 14 centuries ago. A prophet who lived in the desert and could not read nor right. And these facts have only been discovered in recent times with the help of modern technology such as deep sea diving equipment.
As we know when one goes deep down into the sea. The pressure starts to increase the more deeper we sink into the sea. So much so that without the deep sea diving equipment our rib cage would crush under the pressure and we would die.
There are many more amazing scientific facts that are mentioned in the Quran that we only know of today with the Aid of equipment such as microscopes, deep sea diving kits, the Hubble telescope and so on.
The following Articles will reveal some of the other scientific facts that God tells us about in Quran.